Famous Ancient Roman Writers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Ancient Roman Writers

 1 
Virgil
(Poet)

Virgil
9
Birthdate: October 15, 0070
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cisalpine Gaul
Died: September 21, 0019
1st-century B.C. Roman poet Virgil is best remembered for his epic The Aeneid, which was based on Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. He has also written the Latin poems the Eclogues/Bucolics and the Georgics. His Aeneid, considered ancient Rome’s national epic, inspired other influential works, such as Dante’s Divine Comedy.

 2 
Pliny the Elder
(Philosopher, Writer)

Pliny the Elder
5
Birthdate: 0023 AD
Birthplace: Como, Italy
Died: 0079 AD

Pliny the Elder was a Roman natural philosopher, author, and army and naval commander of the Roman Empire. His work Naturalis Historia became an editorial model for the present-day encyclopedias. Today, his statue greets the visitors of Cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore in his hometown, Como.

 3 
Vitruvius
(Roman Architect)

Vitruvius
4
Birthdate: 0080 BC
Birthplace: Italy, Roman Empire
Died: 0015 BC

Roman architect Vitruvius, believed to have served as a military engineer for Caesar’s army, is best remembered for his iconic work On Architecture, which consists of 10 parts, each detailing topics such as construction of temples, public buildings, and others. His book remains a vital treatise on ancient classical architecture.

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 4 
Horace
(Roman poet)

Horace
9
Birthdate: December 8, 0065
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Venosa, Italy
Died: November 27, 0008

Horace was a Roman lyric poet who was influential during the time of Augustus. Renowned for his Odes, Horace's ode-writing style was imitated by a number of aspiring poets in England during the 17th and 18th centuries when ode-writing was considered highly fashionable.

 5 
Livy
(Historian)

Livy
4
Birthdate: 0059 BC
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: 0017 AD

Livy was a Roman historian. His seminal work, Ab Urbe Condita, covers the history of Rome through several centuries. A respected figure in society, he was on friendly terms with members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He wrote during the reign of Emperor Augustus, who was reportedly his friend. Livy was married and had at least two children. 

 6 
Lucretius
(Poet)

Lucretius
3
Birthdate: 0099 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0055 BC

Lucretius was a Roman philosopher and poet. He is credited with originating the three-age system, which was formalized by C. J. Thomsen in 1836. His only known work De rerum natura, a philosophical poem, influenced several Augustan poets, including Virgil. The poem also played a prominent role in the development of atomism.

 7 
Catullus
(Poet)

Catullus
3
Birthdate: 0084 BC
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: 0054 BC
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 8 

Luke the Evangelist
4
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: February 29, 0084

Widely considered as the author of the two books of the New Testament, Saint Luke the Evangelist contributed far more to the New Testament than any other author and had a huge impact in the development of Christianity. He was also the companion of St. Paul the Apostle, a physician as well as the patron saint of artists and physicians.

 9 
Petronius
(Generally believed to be the author of the Satyricon)

Petronius
3
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: 0066 AD

Gaius Petronius Arbiter, better known as Petronius, was a Roman author who lived during Nero’s reign. He was known for his satirical novel Satyricon, which reflected the Roman society of his time. Petronius’s noble birth aroused the jealousy of many. He apparently committed suicide after being accused of treason.

 10 
Lucan
(poet)

Lucan
3
Birthdate: November 3, 0039
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: April 30, 0065

 11 
Plautus
(Playwright)

Plautus
3
Birthdate: 0254 BC
Birthplace: Sarsina, Italy
Died: 0184 BC

 12 

Gaius Maecenas
3
Birthdate: April 15, 0068
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Arezzo
Died: 0008 BC

 13 
Apuleius
(Writer)

Apuleius
4
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: M’Daourouch, Algeria
Died: 0170 AD

 14 
Columella
(Writer)

Columella
3
Birthdate: 0125 AD, 0004
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: 0070 AD

Best known for his detailed works on agriculture and farming, his 12-volume treatise De re rustica and the smaller De arboribus, Columella was a Roman soldier who later focused on farming at his multiple estates in Italy. He had previously also been a legal official in Syria.

 15 
Aulus Cornelius Celsus
(Medical doctor)

Aulus Cornelius Celsus
2
Birthdate: 0125 AD, 0004, 0026
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Roman Empire
Died: 0050 AD

 16 

Propertius
5
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Umbria, Italy

 17 
Statius
(poet)

Statius
2
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Naples
Died: 0096 AD

 18 
Ulpian
(Roman jurist)

Ulpian
2
Birthdate: 0170 AD
Birthplace: Tyre, Lebanon
Died: November 30, 0228

 19 
Cornelia
(Aristocrat)

Cornelia
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0110 AD

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0450 AD

 21 
Martianus Capella
(Prose writer)

Martianus Capella
2
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Carthage, Tunisia
Died: 0428 AD

Sidonius Apollinaris
2
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Birthplace: Lugdunum
Died: July 31, 0489

 23 

Valerius Maximus
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

 24 
Ausonius
(Poet)

Ausonius
2
Birthdate: 0310 AD
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: 0395 AD

 25 

Prudentius
2
Birthdate: 0348 AD
Birthplace: Hispania Tarraconensis
Died: 0413 AD

 26 
Persius
(Poet)

Persius
2
Birthdate: December 4, 0034
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Volterra, Italy
Died: November 24, 0062

 27 

Livius Andronicus
2
Birthdate: 0280 BC
Birthplace: Taranto, Italy
Died: 0205 BC

 28 
Claudian
(Poet)

Claudian
2
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0404 AD

 29 
Sextus Julius Frontinus
(Author, politician, civil engineer)

Sextus Julius Frontinus
2
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Died: 0103 AD

Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus
2
Birthdate: 0064 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0008 AD

 31 
Marcus Manilius
(poet, astrologer)

Marcus Manilius
2
Birthdate: 0001 AD

 32 
Priscian
(Grammarian)

Priscian
2
Birthdate: 0500 AD
Birthplace: Cherchell, Algeria

 33 
Aelius Donatus
(Grammarian)

Aelius Donatus
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0380 AD

 34 

Silius Italicus
2
Birthdate: 0025 AD
Died: 0101 AD

 35 
Joannes Zonaras
(Byzantine historian)

Joannes Zonaras
2
Birthdate: 1074 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 1130 AD

 36 
Agathias
(Poet, Historian)

Agathias
2
Birthdate: 0536 AD
Birthplace: Myrina
Died: 0582 AD

 37 

Helvius Cinna
2
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: March 20, 0044

 38 
Kâtip Çelebi
(Polymath)

Kâtip Çelebi
1
Birthdate: 1609 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul Eyaleti
Died: October 6, 1657

Gaius Valerius Flaccus
1
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0090 AD

 40 
George The Syncellus
(Byzantine historian)

George The Syncellus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 0810 AD

Publius Annius Florus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Africa
Died: 0130 AD

Rutilius Claudius Namatianus
1
Birthdate: 0416 AD
Birthplace: Gaul

 43 
Constantine Manasses
(Byzantine author)

Constantine Manasses
1
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1187 AD

Marcus Antistius Labeo
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0010 AD

Statius Caecilius
1
Birthdate: 0220 BC
Died: 0166 BC

 46 
George Hamartolos
(Byzantine historian)

George Hamartolos
1
Birthdate: 0842 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 0867 AD

 47 

Gaius Asinius Pollio
1
Birthdate: 0075 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0004 AD

 48 

Theodore Prodromus
1
Birthdate: 1115 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1166 AD

 49 

Licinius Macer Calvus
1
Birthdate: May 28, 0082
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: 0047 AD

 50 

Decimus Laberius
0
Birthdate: 0105 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0043 AD