Famous Ancient Roman Writers

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 1 
Virgil
(Ancient Roman Poet of the Augustan Period)
Virgil
9
Birthdate: October 15, 0070
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cisalpine Gaul
Died: September 21, 0019
1st-century B.C. Roman poet Virgil is best remembered for his epic The Aeneid, which was based on Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. He has also written the Latin poems the Eclogues/Bucolics and the Georgics. His Aeneid, considered ancient Rome’s national epic, inspired other influential works, such as Dante’s Divine Comedy.
 2 
Pliny the Elder
(Roman Author, Natural Philosopher and Army Commander)
Pliny the Elder
5
Birthdate: 0023 AD
Birthplace: Como, Italy
Died: 0079 AD

Pliny the Elder was a Roman natural philosopher, author, and army and naval commander of the Roman Empire. His work Naturalis Historia became an editorial model for the present-day encyclopedias. Today, his statue greets the visitors of Cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore in his hometown, Como.

 3 
Josephus
(Romano-Jewish Historian and Military Leader)
Josephus
4
Birthdate: 0037 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0100 AD

Josephus was a Romano-Jewish historian. He played a major role during the First Jewish–Roman War, where he fought against the Romans as head of Jewish forces. However, he surrendered to Roman forces in 67 CE. As a historian, Josephus' works provide the first-known source for stories considered Biblical history. These stories include the narration of the Siege of Masada

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 4 
Horace
(Leading Roman Lyric Poet During the Time of Augustus)
Horace
9
Birthdate: December 8, 0065
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Venosa, Italy
Died: November 27, 0008

Horace was a Roman lyric poet who was influential during the time of Augustus. Renowned for his Odes, Horace's ode-writing style was imitated by a number of aspiring poets in England during the 17th and 18th centuries when ode-writing was considered highly fashionable.

 5 
Vitruvius
(Roman Architect)
Vitruvius
5
Birthdate: 0080 BC
Birthplace: Italy, Roman Empire
Died: 0015 BC

Roman architect Vitruvius, believed to have served as a military engineer for Caesar’s army, is best remembered for his iconic work On Architecture, which consists of 10 parts, each detailing topics such as construction of temples, public buildings, and others. His book remains a vital treatise on ancient classical architecture.

 6 
Livy
(Roman Historian)
Livy
4
Birthdate: 0059 BC
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: 0017 BC

Livy was a Roman historian. His seminal work, Ab Urbe Condita, covers the history of Rome through several centuries. A respected figure in society, he was on friendly terms with members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He wrote during the reign of Emperor Augustus, who was reportedly his friend. Livy was married and had at least two children. 

 7 
Lucretius
(Roman Poet and Philosopher)
Lucretius
3
Birthdate: 0099 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0055 BC

Lucretius was a Roman philosopher and poet. He is credited with originating the three-age system, which was formalized by C. J. Thomsen in 1836. His only known work De rerum natura, a philosophical poem, influenced several Augustan poets, including Virgil. The poem also played a prominent role in the development of atomism.

 8 
Petronius
(Roman Novelist and Poet)
Petronius
3
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: 0066 AD

Gaius Petronius Arbiter, better known as Petronius, was a Roman author who lived during Nero’s reign. He was known for his satirical novel Satyricon, which reflected the Roman society of his time. Petronius’s noble birth aroused the jealousy of many. He apparently committed suicide after being accused of treason.

 9 
Apuleius
(Numidian Latin-Language Prose Writer, Platonist Philosopher, and Rhetorician)
Apuleius
4
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: M’Daourouch, Algeria
Died: 0170 AD
Apuleius was a Numidian prose writer who wrote in latin. A Platonist philosopher and rhetorician, Apuleius studied Platonism in Athens and was initiated into several cults. He is known to have used magic and was once accused of using magic to gain the fortune and attention of a wealthy widow. He is best remembered for his novel The Golden Ass.
 10 
Lucan
(One of the Outstanding Poets of the Imperial Latin Period Who is Known for His Epic Poem 'Pharsalia')
Lucan
3
Birthdate: November 3, 0039
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: April 30, 0065
Lucan was a Roman poet who is counted among the most important personalities of the Imperial Latin period. He is best remembered for his epic poem Pharsalia, which narrates the civil war between the forces of the Roman Senate and Julius Caesar. Lucan was renowned for the speed of his composition, which set him apart from his contemporaries.
 11 
Gaius Maecenas
(Political Advisor to Octavian, the First Roman Emperor)
Gaius Maecenas
3
Birthdate: April 15, 0068
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Arezzo
Died: 0008 BC
Gaius Maecenas was a political advisor to Octavian, the first Roman emperor. A patron for several important Augustan poets, including Virgil and Horace, Gaius Maecenas also served as a quasi-culture minister during the reign of his friend Octavian, who came to be known as Augustus after becoming the Roman emperor.
 12 
Columella
(Writer)
Columella
3
Birthdate: 0004
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: 0070 AD

Best known for his detailed works on agriculture and farming, his 12-volume treatise De re rustica and the smaller De arboribus, Columella was a Roman soldier who later focused on farming at his multiple estates in Italy. He had previously also been a legal official in Syria.

 13 
Aulus Cornelius Celsus
(Medical doctor)
Aulus Cornelius Celsus
2
Birthdate: 0026
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Roman Empire
Died: 0050 AD
 14 
Statius
(Greco-Roman Poet of the 1st Century CE)
Statius
2
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Naples
Died: 0096 AD
Statius was a Greco-Roman poet whose extant Latin poetry includes an epic titled The Thebaid, which consists of 12 books and recounts the clash of two siblings, Polynices and Eteocles, over the throne of Thebes. Among his other surviving works are a collection of occasional poetry titled The Silvae and The Achilleid, an unfinished epic.
 15 
Cornelia
(Aristocrat)
Cornelia
2
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0110 AD
 16 
Ulpian
(Roman jurist)
Ulpian
2
Birthdate: 0170 AD
Birthplace: Tyre, Lebanon
Died: November 30, 0228
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
3
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0450 AD
 18 
Sidonius Apollinaris
(The Single Most Important Surviving Author from Fifth-Century Gaul)
Sidonius Apollinaris
2
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Birthplace: Lugdunum
Died: July 31, 0489
Sidonius Apollinaris was a poet, bishop, and diplomat. He is regarded as the most prominent author from fifth-century Gaul whose works are extant. He is one of the four Gallo-Roman aristocrats from the fifth and sixth centuries whose letters survive in quantity. Sidonius Apollinaris is revered as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
 19 
Persius
(Roman Poet and Satirist of Etruscan Origin)
Persius
2
Birthdate: December 4, 0034
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Volterra, Italy
Died: November 24, 0062
Persius was a Roman poet and satirist whose works display a Stoic wisdom. Persius' works, which were published posthumously by his friend and mentor Lucius Annaeus Cornutus, became extremely popular in the Middle Ages. His satires, which were composed in hexameters, went on to become popular even among modern-day satirists.
 20 
Valerius Maximus
2
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 21 
Ausonius
(Roman Poet and Teacher of Rhetoric)
Ausonius
2
Birthdate: 0310 AD
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: 0395 AD
Ausonius was a Roman poet best remembered for his works, Mosella and Ephemeris. Also a teacher of rhetoric, Ausonius worked as a tutor for a brief period to the future emperor Gratian. Gratian liked and respected Ausonius; after becoming the emperor in 375, he started bestowing on Ausonius the highest civil honors.
 22 
Prudentius
(Roman Poet and One of the Most Famous Medieval Authors)
Prudentius
2
Birthdate: 0348 AD
Birthplace: Hispania Tarraconensis
Died: 0413 AD
Prudentius was a Roman poet and one of the most famous medieval authors. His most influential work is titled Psychomachia, an allegory which incorporates elements of inner psychological conflicts and Hellenic epic. Psychomachia became the wellspring and inspiration of medieval allegorical literature. 
 23 
Sextus Julius Frontinus
(Author, politician, civil engineer)
Sextus Julius Frontinus
2
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Died: 0103 AD
 24 
Claudian
(Latin Poet and Panegyrist of the Roman Army Military Commander Flavius Stilicho)
Claudian
2
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0404 AD

Latin poet Claudian was noted as a panegyrist of Flavius Stilicho, the powerful military commander of Roman Emperor Honorius. Claudian’s oeuvre includes mainly poems for Honorius and Stilicho, and mythological-epic. His panegyrics addressed to Stilicho forms major source for events of Stilicho’s reign before 404. The unfinished epic, De raptu Proserpinae is considered the most significant non-political work of Claudian.

Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus
2
Birthdate: 0064 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0008 AD
 26 
Marcus Manilius
(Roman Poet and Astrologer Who Wrote 'Astronomica', a Latin Didactic Poem)
Marcus Manilius
2
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Marcus Manilius was a Roman astrologer and poet. He is credited with writing Astronomica, a Latin didactic poem written in hexameters. Astronomica, which is about celestial phenomena, has been divided into five books. Marcus Manilius's Astronomica has fascinated many scholars and intellects, including Alfred Edward Housman.  
 27 
Priscian
(Grammarian)
Priscian
2
Birthdate: 0500 AD
Birthplace: Cherchell, Algeria
 28 
Aelius Donatus
(Grammarian)
Aelius Donatus
2
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0380 AD
 29 
Silius Italicus
(Roman Senator, Orator and Epic Poet of the Silver Age of Latin Literature)
Silius Italicus
2
Birthdate: 0025 AD
Died: 0101 AD
Silius Italicus was a Roman orator, poet, and senator. An epic poet of the Silver Age of Classical Latin literature, Silius Italicus is best remembered for his only extant work Punica. The Punica, which narrates the Second Punic War, is the longest extant Latin poem with more than 12,000 lines.
 30 
Helvius Cinna
(Influential Neoteric Poet of the Late Roman Republic)
Helvius Cinna
2
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: March 20, 0044
Helvius Cinna was a neoteric poet who was active during the late Roman Republic period. His most famous literary work is his magnum opus Zmyrna, which is a mythological epic poem that narrates the incestuous love of Smyrna for her father Cinyras. Cinna has also been depicted in stories involving Julius Caesar as he was lynched at the latter's funeral.
 31 
Joannes Zonaras
(Byzantine historian)
Joannes Zonaras
2
Birthdate: 1074 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 1130 AD
 32 
Agathias
(Greek Poet and Historian Who was the Principal Historian During Roman Emperor Justinian I's Reign)
Agathias
2
Birthdate: 0536 AD
Birthplace: Myrina
Died: 0582 AD
Agathias was a Greek poet and historian. He was the principal historian during Roman Emperor Justinian I's reign. Agathias is best remembered for his work Histories, which discusses the reign of Justinian. Agathias' Histories, which consists of five books, also provides information about pre-Islamic Iran. 
 33 
Kâtip Çelebi
(Polymath)
Kâtip Çelebi
1
Birthdate: 1609 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul Eyaleti
Died: October 6, 1657
 34 
George The Syncellus
(Byzantine historian)
George The Syncellus
1
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 0810 AD
 35 
Publius Annius Florus
(Roman Poet and Rhetorician Who Influenced Latin Literature During the Second Century)
Publius Annius Florus
1
Birthplace: Africa
Died: 0130 AD
Publius Annius Florus was a Roman poet and rhetorician. He is generally counted among a group of writers who influenced Latin literature during the second century. Publius Annius Florus is also credited with founding a school in Tarraco.
 36 
Gaius Valerius Flaccus
(Roman Poet Who was Active During the Silver Age of Classical Latin Literature)
Gaius Valerius Flaccus
1
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0090 AD
Gaius Valerius Flaccus was a Roman poet who was active during the Silver Age of Classical Latin literature. He is best remembered for his only surviving work titled Argonautica, which is a free imitation of Apollonius of Rhodes' more famous epic of the same name.
 37 
Rutilius Claudius Namatianus
(Roman Poet Best Remembered for His Poem 'De reditu suo')
Rutilius Claudius Namatianus
1
Birthdate: 0416 AD
Birthplace: Gaul
Rutilius Claudius Namatianus was a Roman poet best remembered for his poem, De reditu suo. Written in Latin, the poem describes a coastal voyage between Rome and Gaul in 416. Rutilius Claudius Namatianus' poem is credited with inspiring an Italian film titled The Voyage Home, which premiered in 2004.  
 38 
Constantine Manasses
(Byzantine Chronicler of 12th Century During the Rule of Manuel I Komnenos)
Constantine Manasses
1
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1187 AD
Constantine Manasses was a Byzantine chronicler who was active in the 12th century during the rule of Manuel I Komnenos. He is best remembered for his work which chronicles important events from the formation of the world until the end of the rule of Nikephoros Botaneiates. The work achieved immense popularity and was translated into Bulgarian during 14th century. 
 39 
Gaius Asinius Pollio
(Roman Soldier, Orator, Politician, Playwright, Poet, Historian, and Literary Critic)
Gaius Asinius Pollio
1
Birthdate: 0075 BC
Birthplace: Chieti, Italy
Died: 0004 AD
Gaius Asinius Pollio was a Roman soldier, orator, politician, playwright, poet, historian, and literary critic. A friend of Horace and a patron of Virgil, Asinius Pollio had poetic works devoted to him by both men. Gaius Asinius Pollio is credited with constructing Rome's first public library.
Marcus Antistius Labeo
1
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0010 AD
 41 
George Hamartolos
(Byzantine historian)
George Hamartolos
1
Birthdate: 0842 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 0867 AD
 42 
Statius Caecilius
(Roman Comic Poet)
Statius Caecilius
2
Birthdate: 0220 BC
Died: 0166 BC
Statius Caecilius was a Roman comic poet who is regarded as one of the most important and popular comic poets of his generation, although his works achieved popularity only after his death. Among his extant works is Plocium, which is the best preserved work of Statius Caecilius.
 43 
Theodore Prodromus
(Byzantine Author Who Was Known for His Dark Satirical Works)
Theodore Prodromus
1
Birthdate: 1115 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1166 AD

Byzantine author Theodore Prodromus is remembered for his prose and poetry. Also known as Poor Prodromus, he was initially a monk who went around for alms. He was well known during the reigns of John II Komnenos and Manuel I Komnenos. He was also known for his darks satirical tone in his works.

 44 
Licinius Macer Calvus
(Ancient Roman Poet and Orator Who Wrote in a Style Similar to His Friend Catullus)
Licinius Macer Calvus
1
Birthdate: May 28, 0082
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: 0047 AD

Ancient Roman poet Licinius Macer Calvus was also a leading orator who followed the Attic school. Often mentioned along with his poet friend Catullus, he also shared his poetic style with him. Unfortunately, only 20 fragments of his poems survive, including The Fragmentary Latin Poets.

 45 
Decimus Laberius
0
Birthdate: 0105 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0043 AD
 46 
Fenestella
(Historian)
Fenestella
0
Birthdate: 0052 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0019 AD
 47 
Euthymius Zigabenus
(Byzantine theologian)
Euthymius Zigabenus
0
Birthdate: 1050 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 1120 AD
 48 
Publius Valerius Cato
(A Neoteric Movement Leader and an Avant-Garde Latin Poet of 1st Century BCE)
Publius Valerius Cato
0
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Cisalpine Gaul

Grammarian and poet Publius Valerius Cato of the Roman Republic was a leader of the Neoteric movement and one of the avant-garde Latin poets of the 1st century BCE who rejected conventional social and literary norms and turned away from classical Homeric epic poetry. Two notable works of Cato, who wrote several grammatical treatises and poems, include Lydia and Diana.

 49 
Joseph Genesius
0
Birthdate: 0000
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Constantinople
 50 
Albinovanus Pedo
(Roman Poet of the Augustan Era Whose Works Included Several Epigrams and an Epic)
Albinovanus Pedo
0
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Augustan era Roman poet Albinovanus Pedo wrote many iconic works, such as an epic dedicated to Roman ruler Germanicus Caesar and several epigrams. However, the remains of his works have been reduced to a fragment preserved in the Suasoriae of Seneca the Elder. Some sources claim he was also a cavalry commander.