Libra Leaders

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 1 
Mahatma Gandhi
(Indian Freedom Fighter who Employed Non-violent Resistance & Known as 'Father of the Nation')
Mahatma Gandhi
262
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Birthplace: Porbandar, India
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 2 
Horatio Nelson
19
Birthdate: September 29, 1758
Birthplace: Burnham Thorpe
Died: October 21, 1805

Horatio Nelson was a British flag officer whose inspirational leadership brought about several British naval victories, especially during the Napoleonic Wars. Regarded as one of Britain's heroic figures, Horatio Nelson's legacy remains influential and several monuments, including the Nelson Monument and Nelson's Column, have been created in his memory.

 3 
David Ben-Gurion
(Former Prime Minister of Israel)
David Ben-Gurion
21
Birthdate: October 16, 1886
Birthplace: Płonsk, Poland
Died: December 1, 1973
David Ben-Gurion was the founder of the State of Israel and also served as Israel’s first prime minister. He was the leader of the Jews in British Mandate Palestine and had also been the country’s defense minister and the chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel.
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 4 
Jomo Kenyatta
(1st President of Kenya (1964–1978) and the 1st Prime Minister of Kenya (1963–1964))
Jomo Kenyatta
16
Birthdate: October 20, 1893
Birthplace: Gatundu, Kenya
Died: August 22, 1978
After being held as a prisoner by the British for 9 years, anti-colonial activist Jomo Kenyatta was released shortly before Kenya achieved its independence, and became the country’s first prime minister and then its first president. The Father of the Nation, Kenyatta was also named Mzee, meaning “grand old man.”
 5 
Paul von Hindenburg
(President of Germany (1925-1934))
Paul von Hindenburg
26
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 2, 1934
Paul von Hindenburg served as the second president of the German Weimar Republic, from 1925 to 1934. In 1933, he appointed Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany, and also signed the Enabling Act, which gave Hitler total administrative powers. Following his death, Hitler declared himself the Führer.
 6 
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(34th President of the United States (1953–1961))
Dwight D. Eisenhower
87
Birthdate: October 14, 1890
Birthplace: Denison, Texas, United States
Died: March 28, 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

 7 
Imran Khan
(22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and Former Cricket Captain)
Imran Khan
581
Birthdate: October 5, 1952
Birthplace: Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Imran Khan is the former Prime Minister of Pakistan who was in office from 2018 to 2022. He is also the founder and chairman of the political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Before making an entry into politics, Imran Khan was an extremely popular international cricketer who led Pakistan to its first ever Cricket World Cup title in 1992. As a philanthropist, he established Pakistan’s first cancer hospital in Lahore.

 8 
Margaret Thatcher
(The Longest-Serving British Prime Minister of the 20th Century)
Margaret Thatcher
118
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Birthplace: Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 9 
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
(Aerospace Scientist & 11th President of India)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
84
Birthdate: October 15, 1931
Birthplace: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: July 27, 2015
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, India’s 11th president, had earlier been an aerospace scientist at DRDO and ISRO. Known as the “People’s President” and the “Missile Man of India,” he was instrumental in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests. He died of a cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture at IIM Shillong.
 10 
Jimmy Carter
(39th President of the United States (1977 -1981))
Jimmy Carter
120
Birthdate: October 1, 1924
Birthplace: Plains, Georgia, United States

Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of USA, is one of the rare Presidents whose legacy continues even after leaving office. He is known as a champion of human rights and a mediator of peace efforts across the world. His humanitarian works earned him the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

 11 
Chester A. Arthur
(The 21st president of the United States)
Chester A. Arthur
15
Birthdate: October 5, 1829
Birthplace: Fairfield, Vermont, United States
Died: November 18, 1886
Chester A. Arthur became the 21st president of the U.S. in 1881, after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, and served till 1885. Arthur represented Elizabeth Jennings Graham in the 1854 case against segregation in streetcars. He signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act and rebuilt the U.S. Navy.
 12 
Jesse Jackson
(United States Shadow Senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997)
Jesse Jackson
7
Birthdate: October 8, 1941
Birthplace: Greenville, South Carolina, United States
Civil rights activist and politician Jesse Jackson, father of former U.S. representative Jesse Jackson Jr., is also a Baptist minister. He has been a shadow U.S. senator from the District of Columbia and established organizations that merged into the non-profit Rainbow/PUSH. He also hosted CNN’s Both Sides with Jesse Jackson.
 13 
Bhagat Singh
(Revolutionary Hero of the Indian Independence Movement)
Bhagat Singh
26
Birthdate: September 28, 1907
Birthplace: Banga, Punjab, British India
Died: March 23, 1931

Bhagat Singh is one of the most revered freedom fighters of Indian Independence movement. His execution by the British rulers at a young age of 23 inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle. His life’s mission was to free India from colonial rule and his legacy as a symbol of bravery and patriotism continues to live on.

 14 
Michael Collins
(Politician)
Michael Collins
8
Birthdate: October 16, 1890
Birthplace: County Cork, Republic of Ireland
Died: August 22, 1922
Revolutionary leader Michael Collins was a significant figure in the Irish struggle for independence. He was the director of intelligence of the Irish army and was responsible for attacks such as the "Bloody Sunday" killings of British agents. He negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty but was assassinated by anti-Treaty rebels.
 15 
Rutherford B. Hayes
(19th President of the United States)
Rutherford B. Hayes
10
Birthdate: October 4, 1822
Birthplace: Delaware, Ohio, United States
Died: January 17, 1893
Rutherford B. Hayes served as the U.S. president from 1877 to 1881. He won a close election through the Compromise of 1877, thus putting an end to Reconstruction and withdrawing troops from the South. An attorney, he owned several law firms and had also served as the Ohio governor. 
 16 
Pompey
(Roman General and Statesman)
Pompey
10
Birthdate: September 29, 0106
Birthplace: Picenum
Died: September 28, 0048

Considered ruthless by his opponents, Pompey was an ancient Roman general who was a veteran of many wars and played a key role in changing Rome from a republic to an empire. Pompey was first an ally of his more illustrious compatriot Julius Caesar whose daughter he married, and then became his enemy. He was assassinated in Egypt, an end not uncommon in history.

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 17 
Paul Kagame
(4th President of Rwanda)
Paul Kagame
7
Birthdate: October 23, 1957
Birthplace: Ruanda-Urundi
Paul Kagame has been the president of Rwanda since 2000. He has previously been the chairperson of the African Union, and the vice president and the defense minister of Rwanda. As part of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, he helped put an end to the Rwandan Genocide by the Hutu extremists.
 18 
Vladimir Putin
(President of Russia (2000 - 2008, Incumbent Since 2012))
Vladimir Putin
187
Birthdate: October 7, 1952
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

The current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is a popular politician, with the highest approval rating of any leader in the world as of July 2020. As a high-level politician who has the support of his citizens, he is a powerful figure in world politics. He has been accused by human rights organizations of persecuting political critics and activists.

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 19 
Sadiq Khan
(Mayor of London)
Sadiq Khan
17
Birthdate: October 8, 1970
Birthplace: Tooting, London
Sadiq Khan, the current mayor of London, has previously been the shadow secretary of state for transport and the minister of state for transport. He has also been a solicitor specialising in human rights. Named to Time 100, he has been praised for promoting tolerance reducing polluting vehicles in London.
 20 
Mobutu Sese Seko
(President of Zaire (1965 - 1997))
Mobutu Sese Seko
10
Birthdate: October 14, 1930
Birthplace: Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: September 7, 1997

Mobutu Sese Seko was a Congolese military officer and politician. From 1965 to 1997, Mobutu served as the president of Zaire. During his long reign as the president, Mobutu garnered notoriety for nepotism and corruption. His life and work inspired Belgian filmmaker, Thierry Michel, to make a three-part documentary titled Mobutu, King of Zaire.

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 21 
Manmohan Singh
(Former Prime Minister of India)
Manmohan Singh
15
Birthdate: September 26, 1932
Birthplace: Gah, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)

The 13th Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh became the first Sikh in office when he took office in 2004. A prominent economist and academic, he held several key posts in the Government of India in the 1970s and 1980s. Known for his humility, he  has been described by the media as "one of the world's most revered leaders."

 22 
Lech Walesa
(Former President of Poland)
Lech Walesa
8
Birthdate: September 29, 1943
Birthplace: Popowo, Gmina Tłuchowo, Poland

Lech Walesa is a Polish dissident and statesman. From 1990 to 1995, Walesa served as the first elected president of Poland. A Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Walesa was adjudged Time Person of the Year in 1981. In 1999, he was named in the magazine's most important people of the 20th century list. 

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 23 
Éamon de Valera
(Former President of Ireland)
Éamon de Valera
7
Birthdate: October 14, 1882
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 29, 1975

Irish statesman Éamon de Valera served as the 3rd President of Ireland from 1959 to 1973. An influential political leader in 20th-century Ireland, he played a key role in introducing the Constitution of Ireland. Prior to becoming the president, he served as Taoiseach on three different occasions. He was an austere, stern, and unbending figure.

 24 
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(2nd Prime Minister of India)
Lal Bahadur Shastri
20
Birthdate: October 2, 1904
Birthplace: Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: January 11, 1966

The second prime minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, was known for his environmental campaigns and his support for the White Revolution. His slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan,” during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, became immensely popular. He ended the war by signing the Tashkent Agreement, but died a day later.

 25 
Steve Scalise
(Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives)
Steve Scalise
5
Birthdate: October 6, 1965
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Steve Scalise is the current U.S. House of Representatives minority whip and represents Louisiana's 1st district. Scalise made headlines when, in 2017, he and three others were injured after a left-wing extremist shot them with a rifle at a Congressional baseball practice. Strangely, he still remains a gun rights supporter.

 26 
Samuel Adams
(American Political Philosopher and 4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794–1797))
Samuel Adams
13
Birthdate: September 27, 1722
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 2, 1803
Samuel Adams, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, also served as the governor of Massachusetts. Samuel formed the Boston Tea Party and also played a major role in drafting the Articles of Confederation and the Massachusetts Constitution. He was a second cousin of President John Adams.
 27 
Friedrich Paulus
(German Field Marshal Best Known for Commanding the 6th Army During the Battle of Stalingrad)
Friedrich Paulus
9
Birthdate: September 23, 1890
Birthplace: Guxhagen, Germany
Died: February 1, 1957

Friedrich Paulus was a German field marshal who played a major role in World War II. He is best remembered for his role in the Battle of Stalingrad, where he commanded the 6th Army. As German General Staff's deputy chief, he also helped plan Operation Barbarossa, the code name for the invasion of the Soviet Union.

 28 
Robert M. Gates
(Politician)
Robert M. Gates
6
Birthdate: September 25, 1943
Birthplace: Wichita, Kansas Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
 29 
Pierre Trudeau
(15th Prime Minister of Canada)
Pierre Trudeau
25
Birthdate: October 18, 1919
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
Died: September 28, 2000

Pierre Trudeau was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister of the country. His personality generated excitement within Canada's mass media, which gave rise to the term Trudeaumania. The effects of Trudeau's contribution to Canadian nationalism can still be felt in Canada. 

 30 
Devin Nunes
(Member of the U.S. House of Representative from California (2003 – 2022))
Devin Nunes
11
Birthdate: October 1, 1973
Birthplace: Tulare, California, United States
Devin Nunes is a dairy farmer-turned-politician who is the incumbent U.S. representative from California’s 22nd congressional district and a Ranking Member of the House Intelligence Committee. He earlier established the Congressional Hispanic Conference and also released the Nunes Memo, accusing the FBI of conspiring against Donald Trump.
 31 
Robert Clive
(The First British Governor of the Bengal Presidency in British India)
Robert Clive
8
Birthdate: September 25, 1725
Birthplace: Styche Hall, England
Died: November 22, 1774

Robert Clive was a military officer and the first British Governor of the Bengal Presidency in British India. Nicknamed Clive of India, Robert Clive is credited with laying the foundation of the East India Company rule in Bengal. He won the Battle of Plassey in 1757, which enabled him to establish Company rule in Bengal.

 32 
Enver Hoxha
(Former Communist Leader of Albania)
Enver Hoxha
9
Birthdate: October 16, 1908
Birthplace: Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died: April 11, 1985

Enver Hoxha was an Albanian politician. From 1944 to 1954, Hoxha served as the prime minister of Albania. He is credited with rebuilding Albania after World War II. He was also responsible for building the country's first railway line, wiping out epidemics, raising the adult literacy rate, and electrification the country.

 33 
Sean Duffy
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin's 7th District (2011 - 2019))
Sean Duffy
8
Birthdate: October 3, 1971
Birthplace: Hayward, Wisconsin, United States

Politician, prosecutor, and former sports commentator Sean Duffy is currently a Fox News contributor. He earned a J.D. degree from William Mitchell College of Law and practiced law for several years before entering public life. He has been both a competitor and commentator on ESPN's Great Outdoor Games. As a politician, he is a member of the Republican Party. 

 34 
Václav Havel
(The Last President of Czechoslovakia (1989-1992) & the First President of the Czech Republic (1993-2003))
Václav Havel
5
Birthdate: October 5, 1936
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: December 18, 2011

Vaclav Havel was a Czech statesman, poet, playwright, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003. He also served as the President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until its dissolution in 1992. Havel was a recipient of several awards including the Gandhi Peace Prize and Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 35 
Bill Nelson
(Former United States Senator)
Bill Nelson
6
Birthdate: September 29, 1942
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States
 36 
Ramsay MacDonald
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom)
Ramsay MacDonald
4
Birthdate: October 12, 1866
Birthplace: Lossiemouth
Died: November 9, 1937
 37 
Tommy Douglas
(Canadian Politician Who was Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961)
Tommy Douglas
4
Birthdate: October 20, 1904
Birthplace: Camelon, Falkirk, Scotland
Died: February 24, 1986

Tommy Douglas was a Scottish Canadian politician. From 1944 to 1961, he served as premier of Saskatchewan. His cabinet was the first to introduce North America's first single-payer, universal health care program. His life and career inspired a TV miniseries titled Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story, in which Douglas was played by actor Michael Therriault.

 38 
William O. Douglas
(Former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States)
William O. Douglas
4
Birthdate: October 16, 1898
Birthplace: Maine Township, Minnesota, United States
Died: January 19, 1980
 39 
Lewis Nixon
(Was a United States Army officer who, during World War II)
Lewis Nixon
4
Birthdate: September 30, 1918
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: January 11, 1995
 40 
Ursula von der Leyen
(President of the European Commission )
Ursula von der Leyen
21
Birthdate: October 8, 1958
Birthplace: Ixelles, Belgium
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen is currently serving as the first president of the European Commission. Named to Time 100 in 2020, she has previously been the first female defense minister of Germany, and has held positions such as the deputy leader of the CDU and the minister of labor.
 41 
Michael Steele
(Politician)
Michael Steele
7
Birthdate: October 19, 1958
Birthplace: Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland
Michael Steele was the first African-American to chair the Republican National Committee, from 2009 to 2011. He has also worked with MSNBC, Fox News, and the online magazine The Root. He was the lieutenant governor of Maryland, from 2003 to 2007, and a partner at LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae.
 42 
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
(Politician)
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
7
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Birthplace: Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died: October 18, 1865
 43 
Diane Abbott
(Former Shadow Home Secretary)
Diane Abbott
12
Birthdate: September 27, 1953
Birthplace: Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom
 44 
Georges Clémenceau
(Former French Prime Minister)
Georges Clémenceau
4
Birthdate: September 28, 1841
Birthplace: Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Vendee
Died: November 24, 1929

Georges Clémenceau, or The Tiger, who had served as the French prime minister, is remembered as a key figure of the French Third Republic. He not only played a major role in the Allied victory in World War I, but was also a key framer of the Treaty of Versailles.

 45 
Louis Botha
(Politician)
Louis Botha
6
Birthdate: September 27, 1862
Birthplace: Greytown
Died: August 27, 1919
 46 
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
(Politician, Anti-Apartheid Activist)
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
31
Birthdate: September 26, 1936
Birthplace: Bizana, Eastern Cape
Died: April 2, 2018
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela had first met legendary anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela at a bus stop when she was barely 22. They ended up getting married the following year. Winnie’s journey was marred by bans and harassment by the South African government, but the determined social worker revolutionized South African politics.
 47 
Albrecht von Wallenstein
(Bohemian Statesman and Military Leader Best Remembered For His Role in 'The Thirty Years' War')
Albrecht von Wallenstein
5
Birthdate: September 24, 1583
Birthplace: Heřmanice, Czechia
Died: February 25, 1634

Albrecht von Wallenstein was a Bohemian statesman and military leader best remembered for his role in the Thirty Years' War. During the war, he served as the supreme commander of the armies of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.  By the time of his death, Wallenstein was one of the most influential and richest men in the Holy Roman Empire.

 48 
Paul Kruger
(5th President of the South African Republic (1883 - 1902))
Paul Kruger
11
Birthdate: October 10, 1825
Birthplace: Steynsburg, South Africa
Died: July 14, 1904

Paul Kruger was a South African politician who served as the last State President of the South African Republic. Revered by his admirers as a tragic folk hero, Kruger was one of the most influential military and political personalities in 19th-century South Africa. His life inspired the 1941 German film Ohm Krüger, in which Kruger was played by Emil Jannings.

 49 
Boris Nemtsov
(1st Governor of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (1991 - 1997), First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (1997 - 1998))
Boris Nemtsov
5
Birthdate: October 9, 1959
Birthplace: Sochi, Russia
Died: February 27, 2015

Boris Nemtsov was a Russian liberal politician and physicist. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Russia in 1998. A fierce critic of Vladimir Putin, Nemtsov claimed that Putin's government was becoming increasingly authoritarian. Nemtsov was murdered in 2015 in Moscow. Interestingly, Boris Nemtsov expressed fear that Vladimir Putin would hire men to kill him weeks before his assassination.

 50 
Diosdado Macapagal
(Former President of the Philippines)
Diosdado Macapagal
12
Birthdate: September 28, 1910
Birthplace: Lubao, Pampanga, Philippine Islands
Died: April 21, 1997

Diosdado Macapagal was a Filipino politician who served as the president of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965. Prior to his presidency, Macapagal served as the sixth vice-president from 1957 to 1961. Diosdado Macapagal is credited with inspiring his daughter Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, who later became the president of the Philippines.