Libra Leaders

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 1 
Mahatma Gandhi
(Indian Freedom Fighter who Employed Non-violent Resistance & Known as 'Father of the Nation')
Mahatma Gandhi
210
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Birthplace: Porbandar, India
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 2 
Horatio Nelson
12
Birthdate: September 29, 1758
Birthplace: Burnham Thorpe
Died: October 21, 1805

Horatio Nelson was a British flag officer whose inspirational leadership brought about several British naval victories, especially during the Napoleonic Wars. Regarded as one of Britain's heroic figures, Horatio Nelson's legacy remains influential and several monuments, including the Nelson Monument and Nelson's Column, have been created in his memory.

 3 
David Ben-Gurion
(Former Prime Minister of Israel)
David Ben-Gurion
14
Birthdate: October 16, 1886
Birthplace: Płonsk, Poland
Died: December 1, 1973
David Ben-Gurion was the founder of the State of Israel and also served as Israel’s first prime minister. He was the leader of the Jews in British Mandate Palestine and had also been the country’s defense minister and the chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel.
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 4 
Jomo Kenyatta
(1st President of Kenya (1964–1978) and the 1st Prime Minister of Kenya (1963–1964))
Jomo Kenyatta
10
Birthdate: October 20, 1893
Birthplace: Gatundu, Kenya
Died: August 22, 1978
After being held as a prisoner by the British for 9 years, anti-colonial activist Jomo Kenyatta was released shortly before Kenya achieved its independence, and became the country’s first prime minister and then its first president. The Father of the Nation, Kenyatta was also named Mzee, meaning “grand old man.”
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 5 
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(34th President of the United States (1953–1961))
Dwight D. Eisenhower
79
Birthdate: October 14, 1890
Birthplace: Denison, Texas, United States
Died: March 28, 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

 6 
Imran Khan
(22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Imran Khan
486
Birthdate: October 5, 1952
Birthplace: Lahore, Pakistan

Imran Khan is the former Prime Minister of Pakistan who was in office from 2018 to 2022. He is also the founder and chairman of the political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Before making an entry into politics, Imran Khan was an extremely popular international cricketer who led Pakistan to its first ever Cricket World Cup title in 1992. As a philanthropist, he established Pakistan’s first cancer hospital in Lahore.

 7 
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
(Aerospace Scientist & 11th President of India)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
64
Birthdate: October 15, 1931
Birthplace: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: July 27, 2015
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, India’s 11th president, had earlier been an aerospace scientist at DRDO and ISRO. Known as the “People’s President” and the “Missile Man of India,” he was instrumental in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests. He died of a cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture at IIM Shillong.
 8 
Kublai Khan
(Founder of the Yuan dynasty in Mongolia and China,)
Kublai Khan
20
Birthdate: September 23, 1215
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: February 18, 1294

Also known as the Emperor Shizu of Yuan, Kublai Khan served as the fifth khagan of the famous Mongol Empire. After the division of the empire, Kublai Khan founded the Yuan dynasty in China and ruled as the first Yuan emperor from 1271 until his death in 1294. Hence, he played an important role in re-creating a militarily powerful China.

 9 
Margaret Thatcher
(The Longest-Serving British Prime Minister of the 20th Century)
Margaret Thatcher
102
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Birthplace: Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 10 
Jimmy Carter
(39th President of the United States (1977 -1981))
Jimmy Carter
111
Birthdate: October 1, 1924
Birthplace: Plains, Georgia, United States

Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of USA, is one of the rare Presidents whose legacy continues even after leaving office. He is known as a champion of human rights and a mediator of peace efforts across the world. His humanitarian works earned him the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

 11 
Chester A. Arthur
(The 21st president of the United States)
Chester A. Arthur
14
Birthdate: October 5, 1829
Birthplace: Fairfield, Vermont, United States
Died: November 18, 1886
Chester A. Arthur became the 21st president of the U.S. in 1881, after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, and served till 1885. Arthur represented Elizabeth Jennings Graham in the 1854 case against segregation in streetcars. He signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act and rebuilt the U.S. Navy.
 12 
Benjamin Netanyahu
(Prime Minister)
Benjamin Netanyahu
29
Birthdate: October 21, 1949
Birthplace: Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel

The current Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu is the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Israel. Before becoming a politician, Netanyahu had a prolific military career; he played important roles in the Yom Kippur War and the War of Attrition and participated in missions, such as Operation Isotope and Operation Gift.

 13 
Bhagat Singh
(Revolutionary Hero of the Indian Independence Movement)
Bhagat Singh
24
Birthdate: September 28, 1907
Birthplace: Banga, Punjab, British India
Died: March 23, 1931

Bhagat Singh is one of the most revered freedom fighters of Indian Independence movement. His execution by the British rulers at a young age of 23 inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle. His life’s mission was to free India from colonial rule and his legacy as a symbol of bravery and patriotism continues to live on.

 14 
Rutherford B. Hayes
(President of the United States (1877-81))
Rutherford B. Hayes
10
Birthdate: October 4, 1822
Birthplace: Delaware, Ohio, United States
Died: January 17, 1893
Rutherford B. Hayes served as the U.S. president from 1877 to 1881. He won a close election through the Compromise of 1877, thus putting an end to Reconstruction and withdrawing troops from the South. An attorney, he owned several law firms and had also served as the Ohio governor. 
 15 
Jesse Jackson
(United States Shadow Senator from the District of Columbia (1991-97))
Jesse Jackson
4
Birthdate: October 8, 1941
Birthplace: Greenville, South Carolina, United States
Civil rights activist and politician Jesse Jackson, father of former U.S. representative Jesse Jackson Jr., is also a Baptist minister. He has been a shadow U.S. senator from the District of Columbia and established organizations that merged into the non-profit Rainbow/PUSH. He also hosted CNN’s Both Sides with Jesse Jackson.
 16 
Michael Collins
(Politician)
Michael Collins
6
Birthdate: October 16, 1890
Birthplace: County Cork, Republic of Ireland
Died: August 22, 1922
Revolutionary leader Michael Collins was a significant figure in the Irish struggle for independence. He was the director of intelligence of the Irish army and was responsible for attacks such as the "Bloody Sunday" killings of British agents. He negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty but was assassinated by anti-Treaty rebels.
 17 
Paul von Hindenburg
(President of Germany (1925-1934))
Paul von Hindenburg
25
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 2, 1934
Paul von Hindenburg served as the second president of the German Weimar Republic, from 1925 to 1934. In 1933, he appointed Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany, and also signed the Enabling Act, which gave Hitler total administrative powers. Following his death, Hitler declared himself the Führer.
 18 
Kenny Omega
(Wrestler)
Kenny Omega
11
Birthdate: October 16, 1983
Birthplace: Transcona, Winnipeg, Canada

Kenny Omega is the ring name of Tyson Smith, a Canadian-born professional wrestler. He had a successful tenure in New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) after which he joined All Elite Wrestling (AEW), in which he is an executive vice president as well. He also appears in Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide and Impact Wrestling. He considers himself straight edge. 

 

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 19 
Pompey
(Roman General)
Pompey
8
Birthdate: September 29, 0106
Birthplace: Picenum
Died: September 28, 0048

Considered ruthless by his opponents, Pompey was an ancient Roman general who was a veteran of many wars and played a key role in changing Rome from a republic to an empire. Pompey was first an ally of his more illustrious compatriot Julius Caesar whose daughter he married, and then became his enemy. He was assassinated in Egypt, an end not uncommon in history.

 20 
Sadiq Khan
(Mayor of London)
Sadiq Khan
16
Birthdate: October 8, 1970
Birthplace: Tooting, London
Sadiq Khan, the current mayor of London, has previously been the shadow secretary of state for transport and the minister of state for transport. He has also been a solicitor specialising in human rights. Named to Time 100, he has been praised for promoting tolerance reducing polluting vehicles in London.
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 21 
Joseph P. Kennedy II
(Businessperson)
Joseph P. Kennedy II
7
Birthdate: September 24, 1952
Birthplace: Brighton, Massachusetts, United States
 22 
Qianlong Emperor
(Emperor of China)
Qianlong Emperor
6
Birthdate: September 25, 1711
Birthplace: Lama Temple, Beijing, China
Died: February 7, 1799
The Qianlong Emperor of the Qing Dynasty was the fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor and reigned over China from 1735 to 1796. Known for the economic prosperity and military prowess his kingdom gained under his rule, he continued to indirectly rule as the Retired Emperor even after his abdication.
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 23 
Mobutu Sese Seko
(President of Zaire (1965 - 1997))
Mobutu Sese Seko
8
Birthdate: October 14, 1930
Birthplace: Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: September 7, 1997

Mobutu Sese Seko was a Congolese military officer and politician. From 1965 to 1997, Mobutu served as the president of Zaire. During his long reign as the president, Mobutu garnered notoriety for nepotism and corruption. His life and work inspired Belgian filmmaker, Thierry Michel, to make a three-part documentary titled Mobutu, King of Zaire.

 24 
Martin Luther King III
(Human Rights Activist)
Martin Luther King III
12
Birthdate: October 23, 1957
Birthplace: Montgomery, Alabama
The American civil rights activist has continued his legendary father Martin Luther King Jr.’s struggle for racial equality. Martin Luther King III headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded by his father and endorsed Barack Obama’s nomination for American presidency. King fought against police brutality, but he also denounced capital punishment, saying he did not belive in retributional justice.
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 25 
Paul Kagame
(President of Rwanda (Since 2000))
Paul Kagame
7
Birthdate: October 23, 1957
Birthplace: Ruanda-Urundi
Paul Kagame has been the president of Rwanda since 2000. He has previously been the chairperson of the African Union, and the vice president and the defense minister of Rwanda. As part of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, he helped put an end to the Rwandan Genocide by the Hutu extremists.
 26 
Vladimir Putin
(President of Russia (2000 - 2008, Incumbent Since 2012))
Vladimir Putin
170
Birthdate: October 7, 1952
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

The current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is a popular politician, with the highest approval rating of any leader in the world as of July 2020. As a high-level politician who has the support of his citizens, he is a powerful figure in world politics. He has been accused by human rights organizations of persecuting political critics and activists.

 27 
George Weah
(25th President of Liberia)
George Weah
11
Birthdate: October 1, 1966
Birthplace: Clara Town, Liberia
George Weah, who has been the president of Liberia since 2018, was once a star footballer. The striker was named the 1995 FIFA World Player of the Year, and played for clubs such as A.C. Milan and Paris Saint-Germain. Following his retirement, he established the Congress for Democratic Change.
 28 
Manmohan Singh
(Former Prime Minister of India)
Manmohan Singh
12
Birthdate: September 26, 1932
Birthplace: Gah, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)

The 13th Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh became the first Sikh in office when he took office in 2004. A prominent economist and academic, he held several key posts in the Government of India in the 1970s and 1980s. Known for his humility, he  has been described by the media as "one of the world's most revered leaders."

 29 
Linda McMahon
(25th Administrator of the Small Business Administration (2017 - 2019))
Linda McMahon
12
Birthdate: October 4, 1948
Birthplace: New Bern, North Carolina, United States

Linda McMahon is an American political executive and former professional wrestling executive. She is credited with co-founding Titan Sports, Inc., which is now called as WWE, Inc., along with her husband Vince McMahon. She then left WWE to focus on her political career; from 2017 to 2019, she served as the Administrator of the Small Business Administration under Trump’s presidency.

 30 
Robert Gould Shaw
(Military Personnel)
Robert Gould Shaw
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1837
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: July 18, 1863
Union Army officer Robert Gould Shaw commanded an all-Black regiment, the 54th Massachusetts, during the American Civil War. A staunch abolitionist, he died in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in 1863, but became a hero after his death, especially among the Black community. He inspired the 1989 film Glory.
 31 
Lech Walesa
(Former President of Poland)
Lech Walesa
8
Birthdate: September 29, 1943
Birthplace: Popowo, Gmina Tłuchowo, Poland

Lech Walesa is a Polish dissident and statesman. From 1990 to 1995, Walesa served as the first elected president of Poland. A Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Walesa was adjudged Time Person of the Year in 1981. In 1999, he was named in the magazine's most important people of the 20th century list. 

 32 
Theresa May
(Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom)
Theresa May
27
Birthdate: October 1, 1956
Birthplace: Eastbourne, United Kingdom

Theresa May is a British politician who became the United Kingdom's second female prime minister. She served as prime minister from 2016 to 2019. During her prime ministership, May's involvement in the Brexit negotiations gave rise to the Brexit withdrawal agreement. She is also credited with co-founding Women2Win, which promotes women empowerment.

 33 
Devin Nunes
(Member of the U.S. House of Representative from California (2003 – 2022))
Devin Nunes
10
Birthdate: October 1, 1973
Birthplace: Tulare, California, United States
Devin Nunes is a dairy farmer-turned-politician who is the incumbent U.S. representative from California’s 22nd congressional district and a Ranking Member of the House Intelligence Committee. He earlier established the Congressional Hispanic Conference and also released the Nunes Memo, accusing the FBI of conspiring against Donald Trump.
 34 
Victoria Woodhull
(The First Woman to Run for the American Presidency)
Victoria Woodhull
4
Birthdate: September 23, 1838
Birthplace: Homer, Ohio, United States
Died: June 9, 1927

Victoria Woodhull was an American politician, suffragist, and writer who played an important role in the women's suffrage movement. She is credited with founding Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly, America's first newspaper to be founded by a woman. Her life and career inspired the Broadway musical Onward Victoria. In 2001, she was posthumously inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 35 
Éamon de Valera
(Former President of Ireland)
Éamon de Valera
7
Birthdate: October 14, 1882
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 29, 1975

Irish statesman Éamon de Valera served as the 3rd President of Ireland from 1959 to 1973. An influential political leader in 20th-century Ireland, he played a key role in introducing the Constitution of Ireland. Prior to becoming the president, he served as Taoiseach on three different occasions. He was an austere, stern, and unbending figure.

 36 
Pierre Trudeau
(15th Prime Minister of Canada)
Pierre Trudeau
24
Birthdate: October 18, 1919
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
Died: September 28, 2000

Pierre Trudeau was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister of the country. His personality generated excitement within Canada's mass media, which gave rise to the term Trudeaumania. The effects of Trudeau's contribution to Canadian nationalism can still be felt in Canada. 

 37 
Ursula von der Leyen
(President of the European Commission )
Ursula von der Leyen
15
Birthdate: October 8, 1958
Birthplace: Ixelles, Belgium
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen is currently serving as the first president of the European Commission. Named to Time 100 in 2020, she has previously been the first female defense minister of Germany, and has held positions such as the deputy leader of the CDU and the minister of labor.
 38 
Enver Hoxha
(Former Communist Leader of Albania)
Enver Hoxha
7
Birthdate: October 16, 1908
Birthplace: Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died: April 11, 1985

Enver Hoxha was an Albanian politician. From 1944 to 1954, Hoxha served as the prime minister of Albania. He is credited with rebuilding Albania after World War II. He was also responsible for building the country's first railway line, wiping out epidemics, raising the adult literacy rate, and electrification the country.

 39 
Samuel Adams
(American Political Philosopher and 4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794–1797))
Samuel Adams
13
Birthdate: September 27, 1722
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 2, 1803
Samuel Adams, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, also served as the governor of Massachusetts. Samuel formed the Boston Tea Party and also played a major role in drafting the Articles of Confederation and the Massachusetts Constitution. He was a second cousin of President John Adams.
 40 
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(Prime Minister of India (1964-66))
Lal Bahadur Shastri
18
Birthdate: October 2, 1904
Birthplace: Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: January 11, 1966

The second prime minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, was known for his environmental campaigns and his support for the White Revolution. His slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan,” during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, became immensely popular. He ended the war by signing the Tashkent Agreement, but died a day later.

 41 
Friedrich Paulus
(German Field Marshal Best Known for Commanding the 6th Army During the Battle of Stalingrad)
Friedrich Paulus
8
Birthdate: September 23, 1890
Birthplace: Guxhagen, Germany
Died: February 1, 1957

Friedrich Paulus was a German field marshal who played a major role in World War II. He is best remembered for his role in the Battle of Stalingrad, where he commanded the 6th Army. As German General Staff's deputy chief, he also helped plan Operation Barbarossa, the code name for the invasion of the Soviet Union.

 42 
Sean Duffy
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin's 7th District (2011 - 2019))
Sean Duffy
5
Birthdate: October 3, 1971
Birthplace: Hayward, Wisconsin, United States

Politician, prosecutor, and former sports commentator Sean Duffy is currently a Fox News contributor. He earned a J.D. degree from William Mitchell College of Law and practiced law for several years before entering public life. He has been both a competitor and commentator on ESPN's Great Outdoor Games. As a politician, he is a member of the Republican Party. 

 43 
Robert M. Gates
(Politician)
Robert M. Gates
5
Birthdate: September 25, 1943
Birthplace: Wichita, Kansas Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
 44 
Diane Abbott
(Former Shadow Home Secretary)
Diane Abbott
10
Birthdate: September 27, 1953
Birthplace: Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom
 45 
Steve Scalise
(Member of the U.S. House Minority Whip)
Steve Scalise
5
Birthdate: October 6, 1965
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Steve Scalise is the current U.S. House of Representatives minority whip and represents Louisiana's 1st district. Scalise made headlines when, in 2017, he and three others were injured after a left-wing extremist shot them with a rifle at a Congressional baseball practice. Strangely, he still remains a gun rights supporter.

 46 
Louis Riel
(Canadian Political Leader and Founder of the Province of 'Manitoba')
Louis Riel
6
Birthdate: October 22, 1844
Birthplace: Red River Colony, Canada
Died: November 16, 1885

Louis Riel was a Canadian politician. He is credited with founding the province of Manitoba. He holds a significant place in the history of the Métis people as he served as their political leader in pre-Manitoba Northwest Territories. Louis Riel is regarded as a folk hero by the Métis and other Canadian minorities for his efforts to defend their rights.

 47 
Bill Nelson
(Former United States Senator)
Bill Nelson
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1942
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States
 48 
Juan Perón
(President of Argentina)
Juan Perón
10
Birthdate: October 8, 1895
Birthplace: Lobos
Died: July 1, 1974
Juan Perón, the Argentine president who reigned first from 1946 to 1955 and then from 1973 to 1974, established the movement known as Peronism, now known as Justicialism. Both he and his wife, Evita, became icons for the working class. His critics, however, termed him a dictator.
 49 
Robert Clive
(The First British Governor of the Bengal Presidency in British India)
Robert Clive
8
Birthdate: September 25, 1725
Birthplace: Styche Hall, England
Died: November 22, 1774

Robert Clive was a military officer and the first British Governor of the Bengal Presidency in British India. Nicknamed Clive of India, Robert Clive is credited with laying the foundation of the East India Company rule in Bengal. He won the Battle of Plassey in 1757, which enabled him to establish Company rule in Bengal.

 50 
Hafez al-Assad
(President of Syria (1971-2000))
Hafez al-Assad
9
Birthdate: October 6, 1930
Birthplace: Al Qardahah, Syria
Died: June 10, 2000
Hafez al-Assad was the Syrian president from 1971 to 2000. He also served as the country’s prime minister from 1970 to 1971. The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party leader was part of the 1963 coup that dethroned President Nazim al-Kudsi and the 1966 coup which made him the Syrian defense minister.