Jesse Jackson Biography

(United States Shadow Senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997)

Birthday: October 8, 1941 (Libra)

Born In: Greenville, South Carolina, United States

One of the most fierce and outspoken political figures in the USA, Jesse Jackson is known for his crusade against racism in America. Ever since he entered high school, he came face to face with the tortures that all African-Americans had to go through while trying to lead a normal life. Thus, from a very young age he involved himself in various civil rights movements, which earned the favor of Martin Luther King Jr. He conducted several marches and participated in various movements in support of equality and to end racial discrimination. In a short span of time, he became one of the leading personalities among the African-Americans to fight against racial discrimination. He was even looked upon as the successor of Martin Luther King Jr. but he fell prey to certain controversies and was suspended from Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the brainchild of King. Apart from advocating equal rights for the African-Americans, Jackson also promoted numerous global causes. He has been fighting against abortion and has been working hard to stop drug abuse.
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Quick Facts

Also Known As: Jesse Louis Burns

Age: 82 Years, 82 Year Old Males

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Jacqueline Brown (m. 1962)

father: Noah Robinson

mother: Helen Burns

siblings: Chuck Jackson, Noah Robinson Jr.

children: Ashley Laverne Jackson, Jacqueline Lavinia Jackson, Jesse Jackson Jr., Jonathan Jackson, Santita Jackson, Yusef DuBois Jackson

Quotes By Jesse Jackson Political Leaders

Height: 6'3" (190 cm), 6'3" Males

political ideology: Democratic Party

U.S. State: South Carolina

Notable Alumni: North Carolina Agricultural And Technical State University, Chicago Theological Seminary

Ideology: Democrats

More Facts

education: North Carolina Agricultural And Technical State University, Chicago Theological Seminary

awards: 1989 - Spingarn Medal from the NAACP
1991 - American Whig-Cliosophic Society's James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service
2000 - American Whig-Cliosophic Society's James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service

2002 - Presidential Medal of Freedom
- Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album

  • 1

    What is Jesse Jackson known for?

    Jesse Jackson is known for his civil rights activism and work as a Baptist minister.

  • 2

    Where was Jesse Jackson born?

    Jesse Jackson was born in Greenville, South Carolina, United States.

  • 3

    What is the Rainbow PUSH Coalition founded by Jesse Jackson?

    The Rainbow PUSH Coalition is a nonprofit organization founded by Jesse Jackson that focuses on social and economic justice issues.

  • 4

    What is Jesse Jackson's role in the civil rights movement?

    Jesse Jackson played a significant role in the civil rights movement as a close associate of Martin Luther King Jr. and later as a prominent activist in his own right.

  • 5

    What political positions has Jesse Jackson held?

    Jesse Jackson ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and has been involved in various political advocacy efforts throughout his career.

Childhood & Early Life
Jesse Jackson was born to Helen Burns, who was only 16 at the time of his birth. His biological father was Noah Louis Robinson, a 33 year-old former professional boxer, who was married. When Helen married Charles Henry Jackson, he adopted her son and gave him his last name.
Jesse was sent to the Sterling High School in Greenville, a school for the African-Americans, and graduated in 1959. He went to the University of Illinois after receiving a scholarship but transferred to North Carolina A&T in 1960, after his second semester.
After graduating from North Carolina A&T in 1964 with a bachelor’s degree in sociology, he attended the Chicago Theological Seminary on a scholarship.
While at the North Carolina A&T, he was an active participant in several civil rights protests which he continued in Chicago Theological Seminary. He dropped out of the university to fully dedicate himself to the civil rights movement.
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Career
In 1966, he was appointed the head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), an African-American civil rights organization started by Martin Luther King Jr.
He was appointed as the organization’s national director in 1967 and under him the protestors boycotted consumer goods in an attempt to force the owners of several businesses to hire African-Americans.
However, his enthusiasm was not well-received by several members in the organization. Even Martin Luther King Jr. was a little annoyed by the young activist’s insolence.
Jackson was ordained a Baptist minister by the Chicago church in 1968.
In 1968, after King’s assassination, Jackson was in trouble for exaggerating the scene. He described to the reporters that King died in his arms and that he was the last person King spoke to before dying, whereas Jackson was not even there at the exact spot where the assassination happened.
People were enraged by his remarks and he was suspended from Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), before he resigned in 1971. Following his resignation, he established the ‘People United to Save Humanity’ (PUSH) in Chicago.
By this time, Jackson was increasingly getting involved in the national politics. He travelled to South Africa in 1979 where he gave a public speech disapproving apartheid. He also went to the Middle East and extended his support for the formation of a Palestinian state.
He founded the ‘National Rainbow Coalition’ in 1984 with the aim of attaining equal rights for African-Americans, women and homosexuals. The same year he contested the Presidential election. Though he did not succeed, he was a third Democratic candidate to have earned the highest number of votes.
He made a second run for presidency in 1988 which he lost to Massachusetts Governor, Michael Dukakis. After this, he withdrew from his campaign for presidency.
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He continued working for the right and equality of African-Americans and in 1990 he was elected the shadow senator for the District of Columbia.
In 1996, both his institutions ‘PUSH’ and the ‘National Rainbow Coalition’ merged to form the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition.
Jackson got into a yet another controversy in 1999 while trying to defend six high-school students who were expelled for fighting in Decatur, Illinois. He tried to convince the board to take back the students, a request the board simply declined. In response, he led a march at the school and was arrested for trespassing.
He remains active in socio-political activities and in 2012 he openly praised Obama's decision to support gay marriages.
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Major Works
His organization PUSH (People United to Save Humanity), which later merged with another establishment ‘National Rainbow Coalition’, works towards establishing social equality and advocates the sharing of economic as well as political power in America.
PUSH also launched a campaign against abortion and supported the United States pro-life movement which argues that human fetus is a (living) person who has right to live.
He was the second African-American Democrat candidate, after Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm, to run for the Presidential office.
Awards & Achievements
In 2000, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor of America, for his social and political activism.
Molefi Kete Asante, an African-American scholar, historian, and philosopher included Jackson’s name in the list of the ‘100 Greatest African-Americans’ in 2002.
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Personal Life & Legacy
On December 31, 1962, he married Jacqueline Lavinia Brown, with whom he has five children.
In 2001, it was revealed that he had an illicit affair with Karin L. Stanford, a writer and professor, with whom he had a daughter and was paying $4,000 a month to support his child.
Facts About Jesse Jackson

Jesse Jackson is known for his distinctive speaking style, which often includes rhyming and repetition to engage his audience.

He was a key figure in the civil rights movement and worked alongside Martin Luther King Jr.

He founded the Rainbow PUSH Coalition, a social justice organization that advocates for civil rights, economic justice, and equal opportunity.

Jackson is a skilled negotiator and has played a role in securing the release of hostages and prisoners in various international conflicts.

Recommended Lists:

See the events in life of Jesse Jackson in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Jesse Jackson Biography
Author
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/jesse-louis-jackson-sr-1816.php

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