Friedrich Paulus Biography
(German Field Marshal Best Known for Commanding the 6th Army During the Battle of Stalingrad)
Birthday: September 23, 1890 (Libra)
Born In: Guxhagen, Germany
Friedrich Paulus was a German field marshal during World War II whose advance on Stalingrad and subsequent surrender to the Red Army marked the turning point of the war. He was commanding the 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad, and was able to capture most of the city at severe losses to his army. Following a misadventure, he was surrounded by the Soviets and was denied the option of retreat by German leader Adolf Hitler. Hitler promoted him to field marshal in the face of certain defeat, implying that he should commit suicide rather than surrender, but he chose the latter. He subsequently agreed to work as a propagandist for Moscow and was released from captivity in 1953. He had previously served in the First World War in France and the Balkans. Described as "clever, conscientious, hardworking, original and talented", he rose up the ranks quickly, even though some thought that he had lacked decisiveness, toughness and command experience.