Libra Artists & Painters

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 1 
Caravaggio
(One of the Most Prominent Italian Painters of His Generation)
Caravaggio
16
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.
 2 
Mark Rothko
(American Painter Known or His Abstract Expressionism and Color Field Paintings)
Mark Rothko
10
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Birthplace: Daugavpils, Latvia
Died: February 25, 1970

Considered part of the New York school of painters of the 1940s, Mark Rothko was best known for his signature color field paintings, consisting of vertically set rectangular patches of color. A significant figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement, he also experimented with murals and mythological themes.

 3 
El Greco
(Greek Painter, Sculptor and Architect of the Spanish Renaissance)
El Greco
7
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.
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Jean-François Millet
5
Birthdate: October 4, 1814
Birthplace: Gréville-Hague, La Hague, France
Died: January 20, 1875
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 5 
Yvonne McGuinness
(Irish Visual Artist)
Yvonne McGuinness
5
Birthdate: October 12, 1972
Birthplace: Kilkenny, Ireland
Irish visual artist Yvonne McGuinness is renowned for her video installations and prints. Most of her art works revolve around themes of conflict between revealing and hiding one’s true self. She has also made several short films, such as Charlie's Place. She is married to Irish actor Cillian Murphy.
 6 
Melissa Villaseñor
5
Birthdate: October 9, 1987
Birthplace: Whittier, California, USA
 7 
Jay Pharoah
5
Birthdate: October 14, 1987
Birthplace: Chesapeake, Virginia, United States
 8 
Jade Jagger
6
Birthdate: October 21, 1971
Birthplace: Paris

Jewelry and home designer Jade Jagger, daughter of Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger, has also been a model. She launched the fashion brand Jade Inc. and a lifestyle concept called Jezebel. She has also worked for Garrard and designed luxury apartments in New York and Mumbai.

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 9 
Will Sampson
(Painter)
Will Sampson
4
Birthdate: September 27, 1933
Birthplace: Okmulgee, Oklahoma, USA
Died: June 3, 1987
 10 
Alberto Giacometti
(Sculptor, Painter)
Alberto Giacometti
5
Birthdate: October 10, 1901
Birthplace: Borgonovo, Bregaglia, Switzerland
Died: January 11, 1966

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss painter, sculptor, printmaker, and draftsman. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most important sculptors, Giacometti's career and his friendship with American writer James Lord inspired the 2017 British-American drama film Final Portrait, in which Alberto Giacometti is portrayed by Australian actor Geoffrey Roy Rush.

 11 
Robert Rauschenberg
4
Birthdate: October 22, 1925
Birthplace: Port Arthur, Texas
Died: May 12, 2008
 12 
Neil Buchanan
(Television presenter)
Neil Buchanan
5
Birthdate: October 11, 1961
Birthplace: Aintree, Liverpool, England, UK
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 13 
Peter Max
(American artist)
Peter Max
4
Birthdate: October 19, 1937
Birthplace: Berlin
 14 
Günter Grass
(German Novelist & Nobel Prize Laureate, Best Known for His 1959 Novel, 'The Tin Drum')
Günter Grass
4
Birthdate: October 16, 1927
Birthplace: Free City of Danzig, Poland
Died: April 13, 2015

Günter Grass was a German novelist, illustrator, graphic artist, poet, playwright, and sculptor. A much revered and decorated writer, Grass was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1999. Over the course of his illustrious career, Günter Grass won many other awards, including the Georg Büchner Prize and the Hermann Kesten Prize.

 15 
Nicholas Roerich
(Russian Painter, Archaeologist and Philosopher)
Nicholas Roerich
4
Birthdate: October 9, 1874
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 13, 1947

Russian painter, writer, philosopher, theosophist and archaeologist, Nicholas Roerich, counted among the greatest Russian painters, is noted for initiating the modern movement for the defense of cultural objects. One of the greatest feats that he achieved during his lifetime was the Roerich Pact that was signed into law by the US and most nations of the Pan-American Union.

 16 
Jim Starlin
(Comics artist)
Jim Starlin
4
Birthdate: October 9, 1949
Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan
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 17 
Jean-Antoine Watteau
(Former Painter whose notable works include Embarkation for Cythera, L'Enseigne de Gersaint)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1684
Birthplace: Valenciennes, France
Died: July 18, 1721
 18 
Théodore Géricault
4
Birthdate: September 26, 1791
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: January 26, 1824
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 19 
Pierre Bonnard
(French Painter and Member of the Post-Impressionist Group of Avant-Garde Painters ‘Les Nabis’)
Pierre Bonnard
4
Birthdate: October 3, 1867
Birthplace: Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
Died: January 23, 1947

French painter Pierre Bonnard was part of Les Nabis and later led the Intimists. Known for his love for bright colors, he painted a range of subjects, from domestic scenes to nudes, and could even paint from memory. Though a womanizer, Bonnard was married to his muse Marthe de Méligny.

 20 
Umberto Boccioni
(Painter and Sculptor)
Umberto Boccioni
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1882
Birthplace: Reggio Calabria, Italy
Died: August 17, 1916

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian painter and sculptor credited to have shaped the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement. Even though he died at the young age of 33, he left behind a rich legacy as an artist. He was of a rebellious nature and played a key role in the development of the Futurism movement. 

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 21 
Suzanne Valadon
3
Birthdate: September 23, 1865
Birthplace: Bessines-sur-Gartempe, France
Died: April 7, 1938
 22 
Frederic Remington
(Sculptor, Writer, Painter)
Frederic Remington
4
Birthdate: October 4, 1861
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 26, 1909

Frederic Remington was an American sculptor, painter, illustrator, and writer. Best remembered for his depictions of the Western United States, Remington is a member of several cowboy halls of fame, including the Texas Trail Hall of Fame. Frederic Remington was regarded as one of the most successful and popular Western illustrators during the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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 23 
Vincenzo Peruggia
(Italian Museum Worker Best Known for Stealing the 'Mona Lisa' Painting on 21 August 1911)
Vincenzo Peruggia
4
Birthdate: October 8, 1881
Birthplace: Dumenza, Varese, Italy
Died: October 8, 1925

Known as the man who stole the Mona Lisa, La Giaconda was an amateur artist and a worker at the Louvre. Though he hid the painting in his apartment in Paris and then took it to Florence, he failed to sell it, and was eventually caught by the police after 2 years.

 24 
Romero Britto
(Sculptor, Painter)
Romero Britto
3
Birthdate: October 6, 1963
Birthplace: Recife

Romero Britto is a Brazilian painter, artist, sculptor, and serigrapher. He is best known for his distinctive style that fuses elements of pop art, cubism, and graffiti painting. Romero Britto is also known for using bold patterns and vibrant colors as a visual expression of happiness, dreams, and hope.

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 25 
N. C. Wyeth
(Painter)
N. C. Wyeth
3
Birthdate: October 22, 1882
Birthplace: Needham, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 19, 1945
 26 
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
(Italian Classical Archaeologist, Architect, and Artist)
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1720
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 9, 1778

Italian architect, artist, and archaeologist Giovanni Battista Piranesi is best known for his 16-print series name The Prisons. His remarkable etchings of the famous landmarks of Rome exhibited his unique etching technique, which involved contrasts of light and shade. He made about 2,000 plates throughout his life.

 27 
Mary Pinchot Meyer
(Painter & Journalist)
Mary Pinchot Meyer
4
Birthdate: October 14, 1920
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: October 12, 1964
 28 
James Tissot
(Painter)
James Tissot
3
Birthdate: October 15, 1836
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: August 8, 1902
 29 
Faith Ringgold
3
Birthdate: October 8, 1930
Birthplace: Harlem
 30 
Heather Hunter
6
Birthdate: October 1, 1969
Birthplace: New York City, New York, USA
 31 
François Boucher
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1703
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1770
 32 
Rumiko Takahashi
(Japanese manga artist)
Rumiko Takahashi
4
Birthdate: October 10, 1957
Birthplace: Niigata, Niigata Prefecture

Rumiko Takahashi is a Japanese manga artist counted among the country’s best-known and wealthiest manga artists. She began her career in the late 1970s and has created numerous commercially successful works. In 2019, she received the Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême, becoming the second woman to win the prize. She has been inducted into the Eisner Hall of Fame.  

 33 
Winsor McCay
(Cartoonist, Animator, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer)
Winsor McCay
3
Birthdate: September 26, 1869
Birthplace: Canada
Died: July 26, 1934

Winsor McCay was an American animator and cartoonist. McCay is best remembered for creating the popular fictional character Little Nemo, who originated in a comic strip titled Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. Winsor McCay is credited with pioneering several animation techniques, such as inbetweening and cycling. An early animation pioneer, Winsor McCay’s work has influenced generations of illustrators and cartoonists. 

 34 
Walter Keane
(Plagiarist)
Walter Keane
3
Birthdate: October 7, 1915
Birthplace: Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
Died: December 27, 2000
 35 
Benjamin West
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820
 36 
Arnold Böcklin
(Symbolist painter)
Arnold Böcklin
3
Birthdate: October 16, 1827
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: January 16, 1901

Though born to a silk trader, Arnold Böcklin ditched his family business and deviated toward art instead. Initially part of the Düsseldorf school of painting, the Symbolist painter later found inspiration in Rome and infused mythological elements in his art. Isle of the Dead and Pan in the Bulrushes remain his best-known works.

 37 
Romano Mussolini
(Pianist and Painter & Youngest Son of Italy’s Fascist Dictator 'Benito Mussolini')
Romano Mussolini
6
Birthdate: September 26, 1927
Birthplace: Forli, Italy
Died: February 3, 2006

Italian jazz-pianist, painter and film producer Romano Mussolini, youngest son of fascist dictator of Italy Benito Mussolini, developed interest in music during childhood. He played jazz under the assumed name Romano Full following the Second World War and formed a leading Italian jazz band, Romano Mussolini All Stars, which spawned albums like Jazz Allo Studio 7 and At the Santa Tecla.

 38 
Mary Blair
(Artist, animator, designer)
Mary Blair
3
Birthdate: October 21, 1911
Birthplace: McAlester
Died: July 26, 1978
 39 
Lawren Harris
(Painter)
Lawren Harris
4
Birthdate: October 23, 1885
Birthplace: Brantford
Died: January 29, 1970

Lawren Harris was a Canadian painter best remembered as one of the most important members of the influential group of Canadian landscape painters, Group of Seven. Harris played an important and influential role in shaping early modernism in Canadian art. He is also credited with inspiring and mentoring several modernist painters like Emily Carr.

 40 
Maggi Hambling
3
Birthdate: October 23, 1945
Birthplace: Suffolk
 41 
Louise Nevelson
(Sculptor, Painter)
Louise Nevelson
3
Birthdate: September 23, 1899
Birthplace: Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
Died: April 17, 1988

Louise Nevelson was an American sculptor best remembered for her monochromatic outdoor sculptures and wooden wall pieces. Although she was not a feminist, Nevelson's work played a major role in the development of the feminist art movement in the United States. Louise Nevelson is widely regarded as one of the 20th-century's most prominent American sculptors.

 42 
Han van Meegeren
(Dutch Painter and One of the Most Ingenious Art Forgers of the 20th Century)
Han van Meegeren
4
Birthdate: October 10, 1889
Birthplace: Deventer, Netherlands
Died: December 30, 1947
Han van Meegeren was a Dutch painter best remembered for his skills as an art forger; he successfully forged and sold paintings attributed to famous and respected painters like Johannes Vermeer among other Dutch masters. Han van Meegeren developed this art in order to humiliate art critics of his time who had ridiculed his original works.
 43 
Alexandre Cabanel
(Former Painter, who painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style)
Alexandre Cabanel
3
Birthdate: September 28, 1823
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: January 23, 1889
 44 
Childe Hassam
(Painter)
Childe Hassam
3
Birthdate: October 17, 1859
Birthplace: Dorchester
Died: August 27, 1935
 45 
Torben Ulrich
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1928
Birthplace: Frederiksberg, Denmark

Torben Ulrich is a Danish former professional tennis player turned writer, musician, and filmmaker. As a tennis player, he was the top-ranked senior player in the world in the mid-1970s. He became a writer after retirement and primarily wrote on music, film, athletics, and culture. He eventually founded a New Orleans-type jazz band and made films as well. 

 46 
Kerry James Marshall
(American Artist and Professor, Known for His Paintings of Black Figures)
Kerry James Marshall
3
Birthdate: October 17, 1955
Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States

Kerry James Marshall is an American professor and artist renowned for his artworks and paintings of Black figures. His work has inspired and influenced contemporary artists like Hank Willis Thomas. In 2017, he was mentioned in Time magazine's list of 100 most influential people. Marshall has also taught at prestigious institutions like the University of Illinois Chicago (UIC).

 47 
Chris Ofili
(Painter, Sculptor, Artist, Visual artist)
Chris Ofili
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1968
Birthplace: Manchester

Chris Ofili is a British painter best known for such works that have been created using elephant dung as part of their creation. His paintings earned him the prestigious Turner Prize in 1998. Chris Ofili, whose work has been categorized as punk art, also utilizes cut-outs from porn magazines, glitter, beads, resin, and oil paint as painting elements.

 48 
Alfred Munnings
3
Birthdate: October 8, 1878
Birthplace: Mendham, Suffolk
Died: July 17, 1959
 49 
Canaletto
(Italian Topographical Painter, Landscape Artist and Printmaker Known for Using the Etching Technique)
Canaletto
4
Birthdate: October 18, 1697
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 19, 1768

Canaletto was an Italian painter who achieved popularity in England as his works were largely appreciated by King George III. Regarded as one of the most prominent representatives of the 18th-century Venetian school, Canaletto was also renowned for his skills as a printmaker.

 50 
Sophie Calle
(French Writer, Photographer, Installation Artist, and Conceptual Artist)
Sophie Calle
3
Birthdate: October 9, 1953
Birthplace: Paris, France

Sophie Calle is a French photographer, writer, conceptual artist, and installation artist. Her work is associated with and evokes a popular French literary movement called Oulipo which came into existence in the 1960s. Renowned for her ability to investigate strangers, Calle’s work often depicts human vulnerability. Also an educator, Calle has taught at popular educational institutions like European Graduate School.