Born In: Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain
Isabella I was the Queen of Castile and after her husband Ferdinand II became the King of Aragon, Isabella became the Queen consort of Aragon. Marriage of the royal couple laid foundation for political unification of Spain and although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms till Philip V of Spain signed the Nueva Planta Decrees of 1716, Isabella and Ferdinand are respectively considered the first de facto Queen and King of Spain. Isabella reorganized the governmental system in Castile, unburdened the huge debt left by her predecessor, and substantially decreased crime rate of the kingdom. The royal couple gained repute for finishing the Reconquista, emerging victorious in the Granada War against Nasrid dynasty's Emirate of Granada leading to end of all Islamic rules on the Iberian peninsula and annexation of Granada by Castile. This victory of the Christians led Pope Alexander VI to award the couple the title of Catholic Monarchs. The Catholic Church later recognized her as a Servant of God. The royal couple also sponsored first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492 when the latter independently discovered the Americas and magnetic declination.
Also Known As: Isabella I, Queen of Spain
Died At Age: 53
Spouse/Ex-: Ferdinand II of Aragon (m. 1469)
father: John II of Castile
mother: Isabella of Portugal
siblings: Alfonso;Prince of Asturias, Catherine; Princess of Asturias, Eleanor; Princess of Asturias, Henry IV of Castile, María de Castilla
Born Country: Spain
Died on: November 26, 1504
place of death: Medina del Campo, Spain
Ancestry: English Spanish, Portuguese Spanish
Isabella was born on April 22, 1451, in Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Ávila, to the King of Castile and León, John II of Castile, and his second wife, Isabella of Portugal.
At the time of her birth Isabella’s older half-brother Henry IV of Castile was the heir apparent and she was second in line to the throne, and following birth of her younger brother Alfonso of Castile in 1453, she became third in line to the throne.
John II died in 1454, following which Henry ascended as King Henry IV of Castile. Isabella and Alfonso were virtually exiled to Segovia and their mother to Arevalo. The siblings were later moved to Henry's court at Madrid and were placed in the household of Henry’s wife, Queen Joan.
Initially France backed Joanna, however following the March 1, 1476, Battle of Toro, France refused to help Joanna and signed a peace treaty with Isabella in 1478.
On March 31, 1492, the couple issued an edict called the Alhambra Decree, also referred as Edict of Expulsion ordering expulsion of Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon if they refuse to baptise and convert to Christianity. The edict allowed converso Marrano Jews and Mudéjar Moors (Islamic) to remain in the kingdoms.
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