Famous People Born In 1853

Discover the most famous people born in 1853. The list includes people like Vincent van Gogh, Hendrik Lorentz, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Wilhelm Ostwald, Albrecht Kossel and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include physicists, mathematicians, political leaders and chemists born in 1853. This list includes people from United Kingdom, United States, Netherlands and many more countries.
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 1 
Vincent van Gogh
(One of the Most Famous and Influential Artists of All Time)
Vincent van Gogh
103
Birthdate: 30th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zundert, Netherlands
Died: July 29, 1890

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter and is said to be one of the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. However, he was not commercially successful in his lifetime and died by suicide at 37 after years of mental health issues and poverty. He gained recognition and respect in the 20th century.

 2 
Jose Marti
(Cuban Nationalist, Poet and Philosopher)
Jose Marti
12
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: May 19, 1895

Son of Spanish immigrants, Jose Marti spent his childhood in a strife-torn Cuba and attended high school on financial aid. Marti’s poems, essays, and articles were laced with his patriotic vigor to free Cuba from the Spanish rule. He died battling on the field at Dos Ríos.

 3 
Bat Masterson
(U.S. Army Scout, Lawman and Columnist for ‘The Morning Telegraph’)
Bat Masterson
9
Birthdate: 26th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Henryville, Canada
Died: October 25, 1921

Bat Masterson was a lawman and professional gambler known for his exploits in the late 19th and early 20th-century American Old West. He was known for his hunting skills and earned fame as a gunfighter. Later in his life, he became a reporter and columnist for The Morning Telegraph and gained popularity as a leading sports writer.

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 4 
Tad Lincoln
(Son of Abraham Lincoln)
Tad Lincoln
2
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Springfield, Illinois, United States
Died: July 15, 1871
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 5 
Lillie Langtry
(Actress)
Lillie Langtry
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 13th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Jersey
Died: February 12, 1929
 6 
Chulalongkorn
(Former King of Siam (1868 - 1910))
Chulalongkorn
7
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 20th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bangkok, Thailand
Died: October 23, 1910

Chulalongkorn reigned as the king of Siam from 1868 until his death in 1910. Nicknamed the Royal Buddha, Chulalongkorn's reign witnessed the modernization of Siam; several social and governmental reforms marked his reign. Since the reforms ensured Siam's survival despite Western colonialism, Chulalongkorn earned the title, the Great Beloved King.

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 7 
Stanford White
(Architect, Painter)
Stanford White
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: June 25, 1906

Stanford White was an American architect who designed several important monuments including the Washington Square Arch. He also helped construct Nikola Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower, which happens to be his last design. Although White was an influential and prominent designer of his time, he is best remembered for his illicit relationship with Evelyn Nesbit which has inspired several works of art.

 8 
Hendrik Lorentz
(Dutch Physicist and Winner of the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics)
Hendrik Lorentz
2
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 18th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Arnhem, Netherlands
Died: February 4, 1928

Nobel Prize-winning Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz, a major figure of the Second Dutch Golden Age, is remembered for his discovery of the Zeeman effect, along with his former student Pieter Zeeman, who shared the Nobel with Lorentz. His research on electromagnetic radiation prepared ground for Einstein’s special theory of relativity.

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 9 
Alva Belmont
(socialite)
Alva Belmont
3
Listed In: Sociologists
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mobile, Alabama, United States
Died: January 26, 1933

Alva Belmont was an American socialite who played a major role in the women's suffrage movement in the United States of America. Remembered for her intelligence, energy, and strong opinions, Belmont is credited with founding the Political Equality League which aimed at promoting suffrage-supporting politicians. Alva Belmont is also credited with co-founding the National Woman's Party in 1916.

 10 
Hans Christian Gram
(Danish Bacteriologist)
Hans Christian Gram
2
Listed In: Bacteriologists
Birthdate: 13th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 14, 1938

Hans Christian Gram was a Danish bacteriologist best remembered for developing a technique called Gram stain, which is still used today to classify bacteria. He achieved international recognition after developing the Gram stain technique. Hans Christian Gram also served as a professor at the University of Copenhagen.

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 11 
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
(Duchess)
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
5
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alexander Palace, Tsarskoye Selo, St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 24, 1920
 12 
Sir Flinders Petrie
(Egyptologist)
Sir Flinders Petrie
1
Listed In: Archaeologists
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 28, 1942
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 13 
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
(Politician)
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
2
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28, 1884
 14 
Vladimir Solovyov
(Philosopher)
Vladimir Solovyov
3
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 13, 1900
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 15 
Wilhelm Ostwald
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 2nd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Riga
Died: April 4, 1932

Wilhelm Ostwald was a Baltic German philosopher and chemist who is credited with co-founding the field of physical chemistry. A polymath, Ostwald made significant contributions to philosophy, art, and politics, especially after his retirement from academic life. His contributions to the fields of reaction velocities, chemical equilibria, and catalysis earned him the 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

 16 
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 21st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands
Died: February 21, 1926

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is best remembered for his discovery of superconductivity and his research on low-temperature physics, which eventually led to the liquefaction of helium. He is also said to have coined the term enthalpy. The Kamerlingh Onnes Award, named after him, honors achievements in low-temperature science.

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 17 
Sarada Devi
(Saint)
Sarada Devi
0
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 22nd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Joyrambati, Bengal, British India
Died: July 20, 1920
 18 
David Belasco
(Theatrical Producer)
David Belasco
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: May 14, 1931
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 19 
Aleksei Brusilov
(Army General)
Aleksei Brusilov
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 1st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia
Died: March 17, 1926
 20 
Teresa Carreno
(Pianist an internationally renowned virtuoso pianist and was often referred to as the)
Teresa Carreno
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 22nd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: June 12, 1917

Teresa Carreno was a Venezuelan composer, conductor, and pianist. During the course of her illustrious career, which spanned more than 50 years, Carreno achieved international popularity as a virtuoso pianist and was nicknamed the Valkyrie of the Piano. Carreno is also credited with teaching pianists like Edward MacDowell, who went on to become a popular pianist in his own right.

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 21 
Princess Thyra of Denmark
(Princess)
Princess Thyra of Denmark
1
Birthdate: 29th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: February 26, 1933
 22 
Albrecht Kossel
(Biochemist)
Albrecht Kossel
1
Listed In: Biochemists
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany
Died: July 5, 1927

Albrecht Kossel was a German biochemist whose work in ascertaining nucleic acids' chemical composition earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910. Kossel is also remembered for conducting prominent research into protein's composition. His work influenced several other important researchers like Henry Drysdale Dakin, Edwin B. Hart, Friedrich Miescher, and Felix Hoppe-Seyler.

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 23 
Alphonse Bertillon
(Police Officer)
Alphonse Bertillon
1
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 13, 1914
 24 
José Santos Zelaya
(President of Nicaragua (1893 - 1909))
José Santos Zelaya
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: May 17, 1919

José Santos Zelaya was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909. During his presidency, Zelaya enacted many progressive programs, such as established steam ship lines and improved railroads and public education. José Santos Zelaya also enacted a number of constitutional rights.

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 25 
Frank Dicksee
(Painter, Illustrator)
Frank Dicksee
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London
Died: October 17, 1928
 26 
Charles Howard Hinton
(Mathematician, writer, science fiction writer)
Charles Howard Hinton
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: England
Died: April 30, 1907
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 27 
Sophia Perovskaya
(Revolutionary)
Sophia Perovskaya
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 13th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881
 28 
Kitasato Shibasaburo
(Physician)
Kitasato Shibasaburo
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: 29th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oguni, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 13, 1931
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 29 
Alexius Meinong
(Austrian Philosopher Known for His Unique Ontology)
Alexius Meinong
1
Listed In: Philosophers
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: November 27, 1920

Austrian philosopher Alexius Meinong is best remembered for his work on the theory of values and the theory of objects. He introduced four classes of objects and penned the iconic work Über Annahmen, discussing the assumptions people make when they decide if they know or don’t know about something.

 30 
Émile Roux
(French Bacteriologist Who is Credited With Founding the Field of Immunolgy)
Émile Roux
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 17th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Confolens, France
Died: November 3, 1933

Pierre Paul Emile Roux was a French bacteriologist, physician, and immunologist. A close collaborator of Louis Pasteur, Roux was responsible for the Pasteur Institute's production of the famous anti-diphtheria serum. Credited with founding the field of immunology, Pierre Paul Emile Roux also investigated chicken-cholera, cholera, tuberculosis, and rabies. He was honored with the prestigious Copley Medal in 1917.

 31 
Charles Gore
(Clergyman)
Charles Gore
0
Birthdate: 22nd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wimbledon, London, England
Died: January 17, 1932
 32 
Thomas Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy
(Railway administrator)
Thomas Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy
0
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Died: December 10, 1923
 33 
Adolf Furtwängler
(Archaeologist)
Adolf Furtwängler
0
Birthdate: 30th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Died: October 10, 1907
 34 
Philander C. Knox
(Politician)
Philander C. Knox
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 6th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brownsville, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: October 12, 1921
 35 
Carl Larsson
(Swedish Painter Known for His Watercolors of Idyllic Family Life)
Carl Larsson
1
Birthdate: 28th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: January 22, 1919

Part of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late 19th century, Swedish painter Carl Larsson is best remembered for his iconic painting Midvinterblot, or Midwinter Sacrifice. Born to a poor casual laborer, he had a tough childhood and began working as an illustrator at age 18.

 36 
Tok Janggut
(Malay Warrior)
Tok Janggut
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Jeram, Malaysia
Died: June 25, 1915

Legendary Malaysian peasant rebellion leader Muhammad Hasan was known as Tok Janggut because of his long white beard. He led a strong anti-colonial movement of about 2,000 farmers against the British and also led a tax boycott. He eventually died in an attack and became a martyr of the struggle.

 37 
William Henry Moody
(Jurist)
William Henry Moody
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 23rd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Newbury, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 2, 1917
 38 
Ian Hamilton
(Army General)
Ian Hamilton
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 16th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corfu, Greece
Died: October 12, 1947
 39 
Hamoud bin Mohammed of Zanzibar
(Sultan)
Hamoud bin Mohammed of Zanzibar
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Samail, Oman
Died: July 18, 1902
 40 
Hector MacDonald
(Soldier)
Hector MacDonald
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Black Isle, Scotland
Died: March 25, 1903
 41 
Heinrich Lammasch
(Jurist)
Heinrich Lammasch
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Seitenstetten, Austria
Died: January 6, 1920
 42 
Théophile Delcassé
(Statesman)
Théophile Delcassé
0
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pamiers, France
Died: February 22, 1923
 43 
Nikolai Kibalchich
(Revolutionary)
Nikolai Kibalchich
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 19th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Krolevetsky Uyezd, Ukraine
Died: April 3, 1881
 44 
Antonio Maura
(Spanish Politician)
Antonio Maura
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Palma, Spain
Died: December 13, 1925
 45 
Vladimir Korolenko
(Ukrainian-Russian Writer and Journalist)
Vladimir Korolenko
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: December 25, 1921

Most renowned for his short novel The Blind Musician, Russian author and journalist Vladimir Korolenko was known for his depiction of the plight of the disadvantaged sections of society. In his early days, his revolutionary activities got him expelled from two colleges. Makar’s Dream remains one of his best-known stories.

 46 
Tasker H. Bliss
(Military Officer)
Tasker H. Bliss
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 31st December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: November 9, 1930
 47 
John Drew, Jr.
(Actor)
John Drew, Jr.
0
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 13th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 9, 1927
 48 
Antonio Salandra
(21st Prime Minister of Italy (1914 – 1916))
Antonio Salandra
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Troia, Apulia, Italy
Died: December 9, 1931

Antonio Salandra had been the prime minister of Italy during the beginning of World War I. Initially a law professor, he later made Italy join the war as part of the Triple Entente, rejecting the Triple Alliance. He had also penned books such as Italy and the Great War.

 49 
Ernest Fenollosa
(Art Historian)
Ernest Fenollosa
0
Birthdate: 18th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 21, 1908
 50 
Pierre Marie
(Neurologist)
Pierre Marie
0
Listed In: Neurologists
Birthdate: 9th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 13, 1940