Famous People Born In 1834

Discover the most famous people born in 1834. The list includes people like Dmitri Mendeleev, William Morris, Edgar Degas, Ernst Haeckel, Charles Spurgeon and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, mathematicians, historians and biologists born in 1834. This list includes people from United Kingdom, Germany, France & United States and many more countries.
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 1 
Dmitri Mendeleev
(Inventor of Periodic Table)
Dmitri Mendeleev
10
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tobolsk
Died: February 2, 1907
Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev created the Periodic Law and his version of the Periodic Table of Elements that revolutionized the field of chemistry. His table was independent of German chemist Julius Lothar Meyer’s version of the table. Mendeleev also assisted in the development of the first oil refinery in Russia.
 2 
Edgar Degas
(French Impressionist Artist Best Known for His Pastel Drawings and Oil Paintings)
Edgar Degas
9
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 27, 1917

French Impressionist artist Edgar Degas is best remembered for his oil paintings and pastel drawings and for his signature use of dancers and bathing women as themes in his works such as Fin d'Arabesque and Woman in a Tub. He had also experimented with bronze sculptures and called himself a realist.

 3 
William Morris
(Textile Designer, Poet)
William Morris
22
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Walthamstow, England
Died: October 3, 1896

William Morris was a British poet, novelist, textile designer, translator, and socialist activist. He played a major role in reviving the traditional British textile arts and the various methods of production. As a novelist and poet, Morris helped establish the fantasy genre, which is prevalent today. He is counted among the most important cultural figures of the Victorian era.

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 4 
Charles Spurgeon
(One of the Most Influential and Extraordinary Preachers of the 19th century)
Charles Spurgeon
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 19th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kelvedon, England
Died: January 31, 1892

Charles Spurgeon was an English Particular Baptist preacher who was a powerful figure in the Reformed Baptist tradition. Hailed as the "Prince of Preachers", he was well respected by Christians of various denominations. He was pastor of the congregation of the New Park Street Chapel for almost four decades. He was the author of several books, sermons, and commentaries. 

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 5 
Ernst Haeckel
(Zoologist & Evolutionist Who Was a Strong Proponent of 'Darwinism')
Ernst Haeckel
4
Birthdate: 16th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: August 9, 1919

Ernst Haeckel had initially practiced medicine before he gained an interest in Charles Darwin’s theory and began exploring zoology and related fields. He not only coined terms such as ecology, but also named numerous species and created a genealogical tree. He drew numerous figures of animals and sea creatures, too.

 6 
Gottlieb Daimler
5
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Schorndorf, Germany
Died: March 6, 1900

Gottlieb Daimler was a German engineer, industrialist, and industrial designer. A pioneer of automobile development and internal combustion engines, Daimler is credited with inventing the liquid petroleum-fueled engine. In 1978, Gottlieb Daimler was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.

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 7 
Anna Leonowens
(British Travel Writer, Educator, and Social Activist)
Anna Leonowens
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 5th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ahmednagar, India
Died: January 19, 1915

Indian-born British author Anna Leonowens is best remembered for her memoir The English Governess at the Siamese Court, which related her experience as a governess of the children of King Mongkut of Siam. The musical The King and I and the novel Anna and the King of Siam were inspired by her life.

 8 
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
(French Sculptor and Painter Best Known for Designing the 'Statue of Liberty')
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
0
Birthdate: 2nd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Colmar, France
Died: October 4, 1904

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was a French painter and sculptor remembered for designing the Statue of Liberty. He is also credited with designing other iconic statues like The Lion of Belfort and Marquis de Lafayette. In addition to being a sculptor, Bartholdi also played an important role in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, serving as a liaison officer to Giuseppe Garibaldi.

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 9 
John Wesley Powell
(Explorer, Geologist)
John Wesley Powell
1
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mount Morris
Died: September 23, 1902

John Wesley Powell was a geologist and explorer of the American West. He undertook a series of adventures as a young man and later joined the military. He is best known for the three-month-long geographic expedition he undertook down the Green and Colorado rivers. He was made the director of the U.S. Geological Survey in 1881.  

 10 
John Venn
(Mathematician)
John Venn
3
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 4th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kingston upon Hull
Died: April 4, 1923
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 11 
Hetty Green
(financier)
Hetty Green
1
Listed In: Business Women
Birthdate: 21st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: July 3, 1916
 12 
Kamehameha IV
(King)
Kamehameha IV
3
Birthdate: 9th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Died: November 30, 1863
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 13 
Samuel Langley
(American Aviation Pioneer, Astronomer and Physicist Known for Inventing 'Bolometer')
Samuel Langley
0
Birthdate: 22nd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 27, 1906

Astrophysicist Samuel Pierpont Langley had worked as an engineer before he taught physics and astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania. He later took over as the director of the Allegheny Observatory. He is best remembered for his research on solar radiation and for inventing the bolometer.

 14 
Norodom of Cambodia
(King of Cambodia (1860 - 1904))
Norodom of Cambodia
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 3rd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Angkor Borei, Cambodia
Died: April 24, 1904

Cambodian ruler Norodom, the eldest son of King Ang Duong, was trained in the concepts of Buddhism from an early age. His initial goals included strengthening ties between Siam (Thailand) and Cambodia. A treaty he signed with France handed over Cambodia’s foreign relations to the French.

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 15 
Carl Bloch
(Painter)
Carl Bloch
0
Listed In: Realist Painters
Birthdate: 23rd May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: February 22, 1890

Carl Bloch was a Danish artist. His parents wanted him to become a naval officer, but he went against their wishes to pursue painting. He studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Art (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi) under Wilhelm Marstrand and went on to become a well-known painter. He made 23 paintings for the King's Chapel at Frederiksborg Palace. 

 16 
Thomas Sutherland
(Founder of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation)
Thomas Sutherland
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: January 1, 1922

Thomas Sutherland was a British politician and banker best remembered for founding The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC),  the founder member of HSBC Group. After his demise, a street in Sheung Wan was named after him.

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 17 
Amilcare Ponchielli
(Opera composer)
Amilcare Ponchielli
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paderno Ponchielli, Italy
Died: January 16, 1886
 18 
George du Maurier
(Writer, Illustrator)
George du Maurier
0
Listed In: Cartoonists
Birthdate: 6th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 6, 1896
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 19 
Christopher Dresser
(Designer)
Christopher Dresser
0
Listed In: Designers
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: November 24, 1904
 20 
Julia Pastrana
(Performer)
Julia Pastrana
3
Listed In: Entertainers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Sinaloa, Mexico
Died: March 25, 1860
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 21 
Aleksis Kivi
(Finnish Author Who Wrote the First Significant Novel in the Finnish Language)
Aleksis Kivi
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 10th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palojoki, Finland
Died: December 31, 1872

Aleksis Kivi, a national writer of Finland, created modern-literary-language of the nation His only novel Seitsemän veljestä is widely-regarded as first significant novel written in Finnish language. He is counted among the earliest and greatest authors of prose and lyrics in Finnish. Another famous work of Kivi, whose birthday is celebrated as Finnish Literature Day, is the play Heath Cobblers.

 22 
Majid bin Said of Zanzibar
(Politician)
Majid bin Said of Zanzibar
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Unguja, Tanzania
Died: October 7, 1870
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 23 
Miguel Grau Seminario
(Peruvian Naval Officer Who Played an Important Role in the Battle of Angamos)
Miguel Grau Seminario
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paita, Peru
Died: October 8, 1879

Miguel Grau Seminario was a Peruvian naval officer best remembered for his role in the Battle of Angamos, which was part of the War of the Pacific. Nicknamed Gentleman of the Seas, Miguel Grau Seminario is also remembered for his chivalrous and kind treatment of defeated enemies.

 24 
Viktor Hartmann
(Architect)
Viktor Hartmann
0
Birthdate: 23rd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 23, 1873

Orphaned as a toddler, Viktor Hartmann was raised by her aunt, who was the wife of architect Alexandre Hemilian. While he initially worked as an architect, he later focused on pencil sketching and water-color painting. He died of aneurysm at 39, following which most of his work was lost.

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 25 
Charles William Eliot
(Educator)
Charles William Eliot
1
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 20th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 22, 1926
 26 
Lev Ivanov
(Dancer)
Lev Ivanov
3
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: 2nd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 24, 1901

Lev Ivanov was a Russian choreographer and ballet dancer. Ivanov worked at the Imperial Russian Ballet where he served as the Second Balletmaster. He is best remembered for choreographing Acts II and IV of Swan Lake, including the famous Dance of the Little Swans. Lev Ivanov is also credited with choreographing The Nutcracker and Act II of Cinderella.

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 27 
Prince Edmond de Polignac
(Composer)
Prince Edmond de Polignac
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 19th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 8, 1901
 28 
Edwin Klebs
(Pathologist)
Edwin Klebs
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 6th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia
Died: October 23, 1913
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 29 
Vasily Perov
(Russian Painter)
Vasily Perov
0
Listed In: Realist Painters
Birthdate: 2nd January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tobolsk, Russia
Died: June 10, 1882

Vasily Perov was a Russian painter who played an important role in the Realist movement in Russia. He is credited with co-founding one of the most popular groups of Russian realist artists called Peredvizhniki. Over the course of his career, Vasily Perov received several prestigious awards and honors like the grand gold medal from the Russian Academy of Arts.

 30 
Debsirindra
(Queen)
Debsirindra
1
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bangkok, Siam, Thailand
Died: September 9, 1861
 31 
William John Wills
(Explorer)
William John Wills
0
Listed In: Explorers
Birthdate: 5th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Totnes, Devon, England
Died: June 28, 1861
 32 
Peter Benoit
(Flemish Composer)
Peter Benoit
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 17th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Harelbeke, Belgium
Died: March 8, 1901

Peter Benoit was a Flemish composer best remembered for his compositions like De Schelde and Lucifer. He also wrote numerous essays on musical matters. Peter Benoit, who studied primarily with François-Joseph Fétis, earned the latter's respect and praises over the course of his illustrious career. 

 33 
Frank R. Stockton
(Writer)
Frank R. Stockton
0
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 20, 1902
 34 
Léon Walras
(Economist, University teacher, Mathematician)
Léon Walras
1
Birthdate: 16th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Évreux
Died: January 5, 1910

Léon Walras was a French mathematical economist and Georgist. He is known for formulating the marginal theory of value independently of William Stanley Jevons. Considered a pioneer in the development of general equilibrium theory, he authored the book Éléments d'économie politique pure. He is also considered one of the three leaders of the marginalist revolution. 

 35 
James Gibbons
(American Prelate)
James Gibbons
1
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 23rd July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: March 24, 1921

James Cardinal Gibbons was a prelate of the Catholic Church. From 1868 to 1872, he served as Apostolic Vicar of North Carolina. From 1872 to 1877, he served as the Bishop of Richmond. From 1877 to 1921, he served as the ninth Archbishop of Baltimore. He is also remembered for his writing skills and many of his works remain influential.

 36 
William Henry Preece
(Engineer)
William Henry Preece
0
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Caernarfon, England
Died: November 6, 1913

Welsh inventor William Henry Preece spent his entire life working at the British Post Office, where he experimented on the post office telegraph system. He helped Guglielmo Marconi gain financial assistance and also developed the wireless telegraphy and the telephone system of Britain. He was knighted for his achievements.

 37 
José Hernández
(Journalist)
José Hernández
1
Birthdate: 10th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: October 21, 1886

Argentine poet José Hernández is best known for his long epic poem Martín Fierro. Having spent a part of his life in the pampas, he learned the ways and means of the gauchos and often described them in his works, such as The Gaucho Martin Fierro, a fine work of gaucho poetry.

 38 
August Weismann
(Biologist, Zoologist, Geneticist)
August Weismann
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frankfurt
Died: November 5, 1914
 39 
Charles Farrar Browne
(Writer)
Charles Farrar Browne
0
Birthdate: 26th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Waterford, Maine, United States
Died: March 6, 1867
 40 
Johann Philipp Reis
(Physicist, Inventor)
Johann Philipp Reis
0
Birthdate: 7th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gelnhausen
Died: January 14, 1874
 41 
John C. Heenan
(Boxer)
John C. Heenan
0
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 2nd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Watervliet, New York, United States
Died: October 28, 1873
 42 
Gustav Nachtigal
(German Explorer and Army Surgeon Who Went on Expeditions in the Sahara)
Gustav Nachtigal
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 23rd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Eichstedt, Germany
Died: April 20, 1885

German explorer who served as a military surgeon in Central Africa and is remembered for his pioneering explorations of the Sahara. He was commissioned by the Prussian king William I to explore Bornu. He also covered Chad, Sudan, and Cairo, and was later sent to western Africa by Bismarck.

 43 
Abigail Scott Duniway
(Writer)
Abigail Scott Duniway
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Groveland, Illinois, United States
Died: October 11, 1915
 44 
Ludovic Halévy
(Author)
Ludovic Halévy
0
Listed In: Playwrights
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 7, 1908
 45 
Gaston Planté
(Physicist)
Gaston Planté
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Orthez, France
Died: May 21, 1889
 46 
John G. Carlisle
(Politician)
John G. Carlisle
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Campbell County, Kentucky, United States
Died: July 31, 1910
 47 
Ewald Hering
(German Physiologist Remembered for His Research on Binocular Vision, Eye Movements and Color Vision)
Ewald Hering
0
Listed In: Physiologists
Birthdate: 5th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gersdorf, Germany
Died: January 26, 1918

German physiologist and psychologist Ewald Hering is best remembered for his physiology of colour perception. He not only developed the opponent color theory but also conducted research on respiration and the vagus nerve. He also taught at the University of Leipzig and the University of Prague.

 48 
Thomas François Burgers
(Former State President of the South African Republic)
Thomas François Burgers
0
Birthdate: 15th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Graaff-Reinet, South Africa
Died: December 9, 1881

As a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, Thomas François Burgers questioned the authenticity of the events in the Bible and was even suspended once. As the president of Transvaal, he was infamous for letting the British annex his kingdom. He spent his final days in poverty.

 49 
Joseph Henry Shorthouse
(Writer)
Joseph Henry Shorthouse
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 9th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: March 4, 1903
 50 
Catherine Furbish
(Botanist)
Catherine Furbish
0
Listed In: Botanists
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Exeter, New Hampshire, United States
Died: December 6, 1931