Albert Pike Biography
Birthday: December 29, 1809 (Capricorn)
Born In: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Albert Pike was an American writer, poet, attorney, journalist, army officer, and prolific member of the Freemasons. He served as an officer in the Confederate States Army, leading the District of Indian Territory in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Originally from Massachusetts, Pike studied at schools in Newburyport and Framingham. Despite successfully taking the Harvard University entrance examination, he did not enrol there due to complications with tuition fees. He lived in Nashville, Tennessee, for a while after leaving Massachusetts before relocating to St. Louis, Missouri. Pike took part in a hunting and trading expedition to New Mexico and a trapping expedition to New Mexico and Texas. After settling in Arkansas, he began his career as a journalist and lawyer. He participated in two major wars in US history, the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. In 1861, he was appointed a brigadier general and assigned the command of the Indian Territory. Pike had been a Freemason since 1840 and later entered a Masonic Lodge. In 1859, he was chosen as Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction, a title he held for the rest of his life.