2 Ai Weiwei(Artistic Consultant for Design of the Beijing National Stadium)
3 Takashi Murakami(Contemporary Artist Who Is the Founder and President of Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd)
Takashi Murakami is a Japanese contemporary artist who works in both fine arts media and commercial arts media. He is known for blurring the line between “high” and “low” arts. He is the founder of the art production and artist management company Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd. He has collaborated with the fashion brand Louis Vuitton as well.
4 Victor Vasarely(Artist, who was known as the grandfather of the short-lived op art movement in the 1930s)
Hungarian-French artist Victor Vasarely pioneered the Op Art movement, using geometric angles and depth in works such as Vega-Nor. He initially worked as a graphic artist in advertising agencies and then created masterpieces influenced by Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. His work Zebra remains one of his best-known pieces.
5 Leigh Bowery(Contemporary Artist & Fashion Designer Known for His Flamboyant & Outlandish Costumes & Makeup)
6 George Condo(Visual Artist Who Works in Painting, Drawing, Sculpture and Printmaking)
7 Philip Guston(Painter and Printmaker Whose Work Bridged the Gap Between Abstract Expressionism and Neo-Expressionism)
8 Paul McCarthy(Contemporary artist)
9 Alison Lapper(Mouth & Foot Painting Artist)
Alison Lapper is a British artist who uses art forms like painting, digital imaging, and photography to question physical beauty and normality. Born with a condition called phocomelia, Lapper often uses herself as a subject. Lapper achieved national recognition when she posed for Marc Quinn's sculpture. Titled Alison Lapper Pregnant, the sculpture occupied the fourth plinth between 2005 and 2007.
10 Matthew Barney(Contemporary Artist Best Known for His Avant-Garde Film Series)
Matthew Barney is an American film director and contemporary artist best known for his work in the fields of film, sculpture, drawing, and photography. Barney's works explore connections between biology, geography, mythology, and geology. Over the course of his career, Matthew Barney has won several awards like the Hugo Boss Prize and James D. Phelan Art Award.
11 Gerhard Richter(Top-selling photo-painter and abstract artist whose best-known works included "Atlas" and "Baader-Meinhof.")
German visual artist Gerhard Richter started out as a Social Realist painter and was later exposed to avant-garde art. He mastered the art of painting scenes collected from newspapers and magazines, including terrorists and serial killer victims. He later also worked on stained-glass design and abstract art.
12 Pippa Bacca(Artist)
Pippa Bacca made international headlines in March 2008, when she was found naked and strangled on the outskirts of Istanbul. The Italian feminist artist had apparently been raped and murdered in the middle of her hitch-hiking program Brides on Tour, which had her traveling from Milan dressed as a bride.
13 Cai Guo-Qiang(Artist)
14 Patricia Piccinini(Contemporary Artist Who Represented Australia at the 50th Venice Biennale)
15 Pacita Abad(Painter)
16 Arturo Di Modica(Sculptor)
Arturo Di Modica was a sculptor best known for creating the bronze sculpture Charging Bull. Born in Italy during World War II, he studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze and later moved to USA. He opened his own studios and built a brilliant career, often holding major exhibitions. His Charging Bull has often been featured in media.
17 Vanessa Beecroft(Artist)
Vanessa Beecroft is a contemporary performance artist who often works with professional models to stage tableaux vivants. In 2018, she used Kim Kardashian as her model for the release of the latter's perfume brand. A controversial personality, Vanessa Beecroft's unsuccessful attempt to adopt Sudanese twins inspired a derogative documentary titled The Art Star and the Sudanese Twins by Pietra Brettkelly.
18 Brion Gysin(Painter, Writer Known for His Discovery of the Cut-up Technique)
Brion Gysin was a Canadian painter, sound poet, writer, and performance artist. Gysin was also known as an inventor of experimental devices; he is credited with inventing the Dreamachine, a stroboscopic flicker device. Brion Gysin's ideas went on to inspire the artists of the Beat Generation and other prominent personalities like Mick Jagger, David Bowie, Laurie Anderson, and Keith Haring.
19 Francesco Clemente(Former contemporary artist who was among the principal figures in the Italian Transavanguardia movement of the 1980s)
20 David Wojnarowicz(Painter)
21 Antoni Tàpies( Catalan Spanish Artist Known for Introducing Contemporary Abstract Painting into Spain)
Antoni Tàpies was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and art theorist. He is regarded as one of the most famous European artists of his generation. He studied at the German School of Barcelona, following which he embarked on a successful artistic career. He became one of the most renowned Spanish artists in the second half of the 20th century.
22 Betye Saar(Artist)
23 Marlene Dumas(Painter)
24 Julie Mehretu(Contemporary visual artist, known for her multi-layered paintings of abstracted landscapes on a large scale)
25 Zurab Tsereteli(Painter)
Zurab Tsereteli is a Georgian painter, architect, and sculptor best known for his large-scale and controversial monuments. An influential figure, Tsereteli has been serving as the Russian Academy of Arts' President since 1997. Zurab Tsereteli is the recipient of several prestigious awards and honors, such as the USSR State Prize, Lenin Prize, and Russian Federation State Prize.
26 Domiziana Giordano(Artist)
27 Ernst Fuchs(Former artist who was one of the founders of the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism)
Paintings, sculpture, and prints of Austrian painter, sculptor, poet, composer, singer, architect, draftsman, printmaker, and stage designer Ernst Fuchs addressed themes of religion and mysticism. Student of the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, Fuchs co-founded the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism. He acquired the Otto Wagner Villa in Hütteldorf, which was later transformed and inaugurated as the Ernst Fuchs Museum.
28 Tino Sehgal(Artist who created installations that were known as “constructed situations)
29 John Stezaker(Conceptual artist)
30 Lawrence Weiner(Artist)
31 Dan Graham(Artist)
32 Alberto Burri(Italian Visual Artist and Painter Associated with the 'Matterism' of the European Informal Art Movement)
Known for his artistic innovations, Alberto Burri was one of the most important artists of the Italian post-war period. Although passionate about painting since his childhood, he grew up to be army doctor, returning to the art while being interned as prisoner-of-war. Today, he is known as the precursor of Italian contemporary art, having direct influence on Arte Povera movement.
33 Thomas Ruff(German Photographer and Prominent Member of the 'Düsseldorf School')
Thomas Ruff is a German photographer who developed his own method of conceptual serial photography. After studying photography from 1977 to 1985 at the Düsseldorf Art Academy, Ruff went on to establish himself as an acclaimed photographer. He then worked as a teacher at the Düsseldorf Art Academy, where he taught photography from 2000 to 2005.
34 Douglas Gordon(Painter whose best-known art works is 24 Hour Psycho (1993), Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait (2006))
35 Jon Rafman(Digital artist widely known for exhibiting found images from Google Street View in his online artwork 9-Eyes (2009-ongoing))
36 Michael Snow(Film director, Painter)
Canadian avant-garde artist Michael Snow has also been associated with the development of the artistic scene in the US. Part of the structural film movement, he is best remembered for his experimental film Wavelength, which was a 45-minute movie on the events taking place in a room.
37 Francis Alÿs(Artist)
Belgian-born Francis Alÿs first moved to Mexico as part of a team that helped the country rebuild itself after its destruction in the 1985 earthquakes. He later settled there and created artwork using a variety of media, from painting to video. The Collector is one of his best-known works.
38 David Salle(Painter)
39 Leon Golub(Painter)
40 Marcel Broodthaers(One of the Pivotal Figures of the Contemporary Art Scene)
Marcel Broodthaers was primarily a poet till 40, after which he focused on visual arts. One of his exhibitions showcased copies of his book Pense-Bête, encased in plaster. Over the years, he experimented with painting, printmaking, and film, too. He also headed the Musée d’Art Moderne, Département des Aigles.
41 Roni Horn(Visual Artist)
42 Isa Genzken(Artist)
43 Georgy Guryanov(Musician, Painter)
Initially known as the drummer and backing singer for the Soviet cult rock band Kino, Georgy Guryanov later also joined Timur Novikov’s non-conformist group The New Artists. He didn’t just create innovative music for Kino but was also known as a style icon, playing the drums almost half-naked.
44 Zhang Huan(Artist)
45 Tania Bruguera(Performance artist)
46 Ann Hamilton(Visual artist)
47 César Baldaccini(Sculptor)
César Baldaccini was a French sculptor who had occupied the most important position among other sculptors of the Nouveau Réalisme movement. Baldaccini, who had become one of France's most prominent sculptors by 1960, was renowned for his experimental works. He is credited with creating the César du cinéma trophy, which is regarded as the most prestigious award in French cinema.
48 Miquel Barcelo(Painter)
Known as an artistic nomad, who is constantly on the move, experiencing nature, Miquel Barceló is one of Spain's most acclaimed contemporary artists, whose works effuse a fierce energy, making them animate. Although he is best known for his mixed-media paintings, bronze sculptures and ceramics, he also works with non-traditional materials like volcanic ash, food, seaweed, sediments, homemade pigments etc.