Baroque Painters

Baroque painting encompasses a great range of styles, and is associated with the Baroque cultural movement. Artists like Velázquez, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Rubens, Poussin, and Vermeer were considered to be among the greatest painters of the art form which is characterized by high drama, rich, deep color, and intense light and dark shadows. Italian painter and sculptor Michelangelo was a major figure of the High Renaissance who exerted great influence on the development of Western art, including Baroque painting. Sir Anthony van Dyck, a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, was an important innovator in watercolor and etching. Dutch Golden Age landscape painter Salomon van Ruysdael, Flemish painter Cornelis de Vos, and Frenchman Nicolas Poussin are also counted amongst the popular Baroque painters. Italian Baroque painter and poet Salvator Rosa, a proto-Romantic, was best known for being "unorthodox and extravagant". George Jamesone became Scotland's first eminent portrait-painter, while another portrait-painter John Michael Wright became rated as one of the leading indigenous British painters of his generation, largely for the distinctive realism in his portraiture. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Baroque painters.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Caravaggio

Caravaggio
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.

 2 Johannes Vermeer

Johannes Vermeer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 30, 1632
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: November 30, 1675

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter renowned for his use of light in paintings. Although he did not achieve fame during his lifetime, Vermeer's works gained popularity in the 19th century. Today, Vermeer is often counted among the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Over the years, Vermeer's work has inspired artists like Wilhelm Hammershoi and Thomas Wilmer Dewing.

 3 Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 8, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Siegen, Germany
Died: May 30, 1640

Peter Paul Rubens is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He lived during the Dutch Golden Age. His style of art emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He painted altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings and also drew cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops. He was a classically educated humanist scholar as well.

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 4 Diego Velázquez (Painter)

Diego Velázquez (Painter)
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1599 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: August 6, 1660

Diego Velázquez was a Spanish painter who served as the most important artist in King Philip IV's court. The leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age, Velázquez's work served as a model for impressionist and realist painters of the 19th century. In the 20th century, personalities like Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso re-interpreted some of Velázquez's most iconic images.

 5 Artemisia Gentileschi

Artemisia Gentileschi
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 1652 AD
Italian Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi was a prominent artist of the 17th century. She was the first female member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno and was known for her depiction of the female form. She was raped by painter Agostino Tassi and participated in a 7-month trial.

 6 Anthony van Dyck

Anthony van Dyck
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 22, 1599
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: December 9, 1641

Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who started painting at an early age before going on to become the leading court painter in England. Although he is best remembered for painting the aristocracy, van Dyck also painted biblical and mythological subjects. In 1632, Anthony van Dyck received a knighthood from Charles I.

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 7 Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin
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Famous As: French Painter
Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

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 8 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 31, 1617
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: April 3, 1682

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo was a Spanish Baroque painter. He is most famous for his religious works. He also produced numerous paintings of contemporary women and children, especially of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars. He had many followers and pupils and was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art). 

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 9 Carel Fabritius

Carel Fabritius
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 27, 1622
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Middenbeemster, Netherlands
Died: October 12, 1654

Born to a schoolteacher and part-time painter father, Dutch painter Carel Fabritius learned painting from Rembrandt. A pioneer of the 17th-century Delft movement, he died in the deadly 1654 Delft gunpowder magazine explosion that ravaged most of the city and almost all his works. The Goldfinch remains his best-known work.

 10 Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain
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Famous As: French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era
Birthdate: 1600 AD
Birthplace: Chamagne, France
Died: November 23, 1682

 11 Guido Reni

Guido Reni
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 4, 1575
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 18, 1642

 12 Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 3, 1560
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 15, 1609

Born to a tailor, Annibale Carracci set up a painters’ studio named Accademia degli Incamminati with his brother and cousin, thus establishing the famous Carracci family of painters. A significant figure of the Baroque movement, he is remembered for his iconic works such as Domine, Quo Vadis?

 13 Charles Le Brun

Charles Le Brun
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 24, 1619
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 12, 1690

Charles Le Brun was a French physiognomist, painter, and art theorist. He served as the director of many popular art schools of his time. He also served as the court painter to Louis the Great, who called him the greatest French artist. An influential artist of 17th-century France, Charles Le Brun's works are still preserved in the popular Louvre Museum. 

 14 Francisco de Zurbarán

Francisco de Zurbarán
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fuente de Cantos, Spain
Died: August 27, 1664

Francisco de Zurbarán was a Spanish painter known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs. He was also famous for his still-lifes. His forceful use of the chiaroscuro style of painting gained him the nickname "Spanish Caravaggio." He was much respected during his lifetime and was appointed painter to King Philip IV.  

 15 Hyacinthe Rigaud

Hyacinthe Rigaud
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Famous As: Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility
Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743

 16 Salvator Rosa

Salvator Rosa
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 20, 1615
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arenella, Naples, Italy
Died: March 15, 1673

Baroque painter and poet Salvator Rosa was born near Naples, to a land surveyor father, who wanted him to become a priest or a lawyer. However, Rosa deviated to art. Initially devoted to landscapes, he later focused on religious art. He is remembered as a pioneer of the Neapolitan school.

 17 Jusepe de Ribera

Jusepe de Ribera
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 12, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Xàtiva, Spain
Died: September 2, 1652

Jusepe de Ribera was a Spanish-Valencian Tenebrist painter and printmaker. He was also called Lo Spagnoletto ("the Little Spaniard") by his contemporaries. Little is known about his early life, though it is believed he studied at the Academy of Saint Luke. He spent several years of his career in Italy and was a leading painter in Naples.

 18 Peter Lely

Peter Lely
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 14, 1618
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Soest, Germany
Died: November 30, 1680

 19 Guercino

Guercino
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 8, 1591
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cento, Italy
Died: December 22, 1666

 20 David Teniers the Younger

David Teniers the Younger
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 15, 1610
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: April 25, 1690

David Teniers the Younger was a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman, printmaker, staffage painter, miniaturist painter, copyist, and art curator. A prolific and versatile artist, Teniers was considered an innovator in a variety of genres such as genre painting, history painting, portrait, landscape painting, and still life. Today, he is remembered as the most important Flemish genre painter of his generation.

 21 Jacob Jordaens

Jacob Jordaens
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Famous As: Former Flemish painter known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits
Birthdate: May 19, 1593
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: October 18, 1678

Flemish painter Jacob Jordaens was a major part of the Flemish Baroque movement. He is best remembered for his works such as Allegory of Fertility and known for his signature use of warm colors and scenes inspired by proverbs, mythology, allegories. He also designed many tapestries.

 22 Andrea Pozzo

Andrea Pozzo
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 30, 1642
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Trento, Italy
Died: August 31, 1709
Baroque painter, architect, and writer Andrea Pozzo is best remembered for his signature architectural illusionist painting, through which he created illusions of three-dimensional structures such as domes, on flat ceilings. His works adorned structures such as the St. Ignatius's Church. He was also a Jesuit brother.

 23 Juan de Pareja

Juan de Pareja
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1606 AD
Birthplace: Antequera, Málaga, Spain
Died: 1670 AD

Born into slavery, Juan de Pareja began his artistic career assisting his master, painter Diego Velázquez, in his workshop, painting Portrait of Agustín Moreto while in slavery. Freed in 1650, which came into effect four years later, he continued to work as an independent painter, very soon developing his own style, creating masterpieces like The Calling of Saint Matthew.

 24 Luca Giordano

Luca Giordano
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 18, 1634
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: January 3, 1705

 25 Juan Sánchez Cotán

Juan Sánchez Cotán
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 25, 1560
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Orgaz, Spain
Died: September 8, 1627

Spanish painter Juan Sánchez Cotán is regarded as one of the pioneers of Baroque realism. He is best known for his still lifes, also known as bodegones, which showed a signature illusion of depth and volume using light and shadow. His subjects ranged from fruits and vegetables to birds.

 26 Roberto Ferri

Roberto Ferri
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1978 AD
Birthplace: Taranto

 27 Giovanni Baglione

Giovanni Baglione
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1566 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 30, 1643

 28 Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato

Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 25, 1609
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sassoferrato, Italy
Died: August 8, 1685

 29 Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg

Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 2, 1783
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aabenraa Municipality Blåkrog, Denmark
Died: July 22, 1853

Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg was a Danish painter. Known as the Father of Danish Painting, Eckersberg laid the foundation for the period of art, which came to be known as the Danish Golden Age. Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg is also credited with teaching and mentoring many future painters like Wilhelm Bendz, Ditlev Blunck, and Carl Dahl among others.  

 30 Mattia Preti

Mattia Preti
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 24, 1613
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Taverna, Calabria, Italy
Died: January 3, 1699

 31 Adam Elsheimer

Adam Elsheimer
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 18, 1578
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: December 11, 1610

 32 Sebastiano Ricci

Sebastiano Ricci
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 1, 1659
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Belluno, Italy
Died: May 15, 1734

 33 Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal

Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 4, 1622
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: October 15, 1690

Spanish Baroque painter and the president of the Sevilla Academy, Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal is remembered for his masterpieces such as St. Andrew, Vanitas, and La Vírgen de los Plateros. Though initially characterized by his use of vibrant colors, he later dealt with macabre themes and violence.

 34 Jan van der Heyden

Jan van der Heyden
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 5, 1637
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gorinchem, Netherlands
Died: March 28, 1712

Jan van der Heyden was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, glass painter, and printmaker. One of the first Dutch exponents of painting townscapes, Jan van der Heyden was among the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age. He was also an inventor and engineer who made major contributions to firefighting technology. He is credited with writing the first firefighting manual.

 35 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta

Giovanni Battista Piazzetta
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 13, 1682
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 28, 1754

 36 Juan Carreño de Miranda

Juan Carreño de Miranda
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 25, 1614
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aviles, Spain
Died: October 3, 1685

Renowned Spanish Baroque painter Juan Carreño de Miranda had been the court painter of King Charles II. His frescos and oil paintings of religious scenes, such as Founding of the Trinitarian Order, depict a balanced combination of light and shadow. His portraits of the royal family are rich in their accuracy.

 37 Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione

Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 23, 1609
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: May 5, 1664

 38 Alessandro Magnasco

Alessandro Magnasco
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 4, 1667
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 12, 1749

 39 Cristóbal de Villalpando

Cristóbal de Villalpando
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1649 AD
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: August 20, 1714

Born in Mexico, Baroque painter Cristóbal de Villalpando created masterpieces that still adorn Mexican cathedrals. Much of his work, such as Triumph of the Eucharist, was influenced by Peter Paul Rubens and his techniques of brushwork and color. He also drew from Mannerism and created a distinct local Mexican style.

 40 Tomioka Tessai

Tomioka Tessai
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 25, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: December 31, 1924

Tomioka Tessai was the pseudonym for Yusuke, a popular painter and calligrapher in imperial Japan. He was one of the first major artists of the Nihonga style.  As a young man, he was taken in as a protege by the Buddhist poet and nun Ōtagaki Rengetsu. He later opened a school and also did some work for the Meiji government. 

 41 Claudio Coello

Claudio Coello
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 20, 1693

The son of Portuguese sculptor Faustino Coello, Spanish Baroque painter Claudio Coello is regarded as the last of the great masters of the 17th-century Madrid school. His Adoration of the Holy Eucharist, which adorns the El Escorial, is one of his masterpieces. He was patronized by Charles II.

 42 Daniel Chodowiecki

Daniel Chodowiecki
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 16, 1726
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gdańsk, Poland
Died: February 7, 1801

 43 Andrea Sacchi

Andrea Sacchi
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 30, 1599
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: June 21, 1661

 44 Louis-François Lejeune

Louis-François Lejeune
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 3, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: February 29, 1848

 45 Cosmas Damian Asam

Cosmas Damian Asam
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1686
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Benediktbeuern, Germany
Died: May 10, 1739

 46 Pellegrino Tibaldi

Pellegrino Tibaldi
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1527 AD
Birthplace: Puria, Italy
Died: May 27, 1596

Pellegrino Tibaldi was an Italian mannerist sculptor, architect, and mural painter. Tibaldi is credited with painting frescoes of the Story of Ulysses found at the Palazzo Poggi and scenes from Moses' life in Rome's Palazzo Sacchetti. He is also credited with teaching several future painters like Girolamo Miruoli, Lorenzo Sabbatini, and Orazio Samacchini.

 47 Antoine Coypel

Antoine Coypel
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 11, 1661
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 7, 1722

 48 Alessandro Turchi

Alessandro Turchi
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: January 22, 1649

 49 Francisco Ribalta

Francisco Ribalta
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 2, 1565
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Solsona, Spain
Died: January 12, 1628

One of the first artists who employed the techniques of the Italian new realism, Spanish Baroque painter Francisco Ribalta specialized in painting religious subjects. He was also the pioneer of tenebroso, or paintings focusing on darkness, in Spain. His masterpieces include Christ Embracing St. Bernard and Nailing to the Cross.

 50 Andrea Brustolon

Andrea Brustolon
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: July 20, 1662
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Belluno, Italy
Died: October 25, 1732

Andrea Brustolon was an Italian sculptor who used wood to carve his sculptures in the Baroque style. He also used his skills to carve devotional sculptures. Such was his popularity that both contemporary and future sculptors  imitated his style; Valentino Panciera Besarel imitated Andrea Brustolon's style to make upholstered armchairs from the 1860s.