Baroque Painters

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 1 
Caravaggio
(One of the Most Prominent Italian Painters of His Generation)
Caravaggio
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Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.
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Peter Paul Rubens
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Birthdate: June 8, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Siegen, Germany
Died: May 30, 1640

Peter Paul Rubens is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He lived during the Dutch Golden Age. His style of art emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He painted altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings and also drew cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops. He was a classically educated humanist scholar as well.

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Artemisia Gentileschi
(One of the Most Progressive and Expressive Painters of Her Generation)
Artemisia Gentileschi
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Birthdate: July 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 1652 AD
Italian Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi was a prominent artist of the 17th century. She was the first female member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno and was known for her depiction of the female form. She was raped by painter Agostino Tassi and participated in a 7-month trial.
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Diego Velázquez (Painter)
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Birthdate: 1599 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: August 6, 1660

Diego Velázquez was a Spanish painter who served as the most important artist in King Philip IV's court. The leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age, Velázquez's work served as a model for impressionist and realist painters of the 19th century. In the 20th century, personalities like Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso re-interpreted some of Velázquez's most iconic images.

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Anthony van Dyck
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Birthdate: March 22, 1599
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: December 9, 1641

Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who started painting at an early age before going on to become the leading court painter in England. Although he is best remembered for painting the aristocracy, van Dyck also painted biblical and mythological subjects. In 1632, Anthony van Dyck received a knighthood from Charles I.

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Nicolas Poussin
(French Painter)
Nicolas Poussin
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Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

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Carel Fabritius
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Birthdate: February 27, 1622
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Middenbeemster, Netherlands
Died: October 12, 1654

Born to a schoolteacher and part-time painter father, Dutch painter Carel Fabritius learned painting from Rembrandt. A pioneer of the 17th-century Delft movement, he died in the deadly 1654 Delft gunpowder magazine explosion that ravaged most of the city and almost all his works. The Goldfinch remains his best-known work.

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
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Birthdate: December 31, 1617
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: April 3, 1682

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo was a Spanish Baroque painter. He is most famous for his religious works. He also produced numerous paintings of contemporary women and children, especially of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars. He had many followers and pupils and was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art). 

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 9 
Claude Lorrain
(French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era)
Claude Lorrain
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Birthdate: 1600 AD
Birthplace: Chamagne, France
Died: November 23, 1682
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Guido Reni
(Italian Baroque Painter Who Belonged to the Bolognese School)
Guido Reni
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Birthdate: November 4, 1575
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 18, 1642

Italian Baroque painter Guido Reni was a major figure of the Bolognese School. His subjects were predominantly mythological and religious figures. Initially inspired by Annibale Carracci, he later deviated to lighter colors and free brushwork. His iconic works include the fresco Aurora and the composition Atalanta and Hippomenes.

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Annibale Carracci
(Italian Painter Known for His Works: ‘Butcher's Shop’, ‘The Beaneater’ and ‘An Allegory of Truth and Time’)
Annibale Carracci
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Birthdate: November 3, 1560
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 15, 1609

Born to a tailor, Annibale Carracci set up a painters’ studio named Accademia degli Incamminati with his brother and cousin, thus establishing the famous Carracci family of painters. A significant figure of the Baroque movement, he is remembered for his iconic works such as Domine, Quo Vadis?

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Francisco de Zurbarán
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Birthdate: November 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fuente de Cantos, Spain
Died: August 27, 1664

Francisco de Zurbarán was a Spanish painter known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs. He was also famous for his still-lifes. His forceful use of the chiaroscuro style of painting gained him the nickname "Spanish Caravaggio." He was much respected during his lifetime and was appointed painter to King Philip IV.  

 13 
Charles Le Brun
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Birthdate: February 24, 1619
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 12, 1690

Charles Le Brun was a French physiognomist, painter, and art theorist. He served as the director of many popular art schools of his time. He also served as the court painter to Louis the Great, who called him the greatest French artist. An influential artist of 17th-century France, Charles Le Brun's works are still preserved in the popular Louvre Museum. 

 14 
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility)
Hyacinthe Rigaud
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Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743
 15 
Salvator Rosa
(Painter)
Salvator Rosa
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Birthdate: June 20, 1615
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arenella, Naples, Italy
Died: March 15, 1673

Baroque painter and poet Salvator Rosa was born near Naples, to a land surveyor father, who wanted him to become a priest or a lawyer. However, Rosa deviated to art. Initially devoted to landscapes, he later focused on religious art. He is remembered as a pioneer of the Neapolitan school.

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Jusepe de Ribera
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Birthdate: January 12, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Xàtiva, Spain
Died: September 2, 1652

Jusepe de Ribera was a Spanish-Valencian Tenebrist painter and printmaker. He was also called Lo Spagnoletto ("the Little Spaniard") by his contemporaries. Little is known about his early life, though it is believed he studied at the Academy of Saint Luke. He spent several years of his career in Italy and was a leading painter in Naples.

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Peter Lely
(Painter of Dutch Origin Who Became Leading Portrait Painter to the Court of England)
Peter Lely
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Birthdate: September 14, 1618
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Soest, Germany
Died: November 30, 1680
 18 
Guercino
(Italian Baroque Draftsman and Painter)
Guercino
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Birthdate: February 8, 1591
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cento, Italy
Died: December 22, 1666
Guercino was an Italian Baroque draftsman and painter who was active in Bologna and Rome. Many of his drawings are well known for their luminosity and lively style. Born into a family of peasant farmers, Guercino went on to become one of the most prominent painters of his generation. Among his pupils were Giuseppe Bonati, Giulio Coralli, and Sebastiano Bombelli.
David Teniers the Younger
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Birthdate: December 15, 1610
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: April 25, 1690

David Teniers the Younger was a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman, printmaker, staffage painter, miniaturist painter, copyist, and art curator. A prolific and versatile artist, Teniers was considered an innovator in a variety of genres such as genre painting, history painting, portrait, landscape painting, and still life. Today, he is remembered as the most important Flemish genre painter of his generation.

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Jacob Jordaens
(Former Flemish painter known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits)
Jacob Jordaens
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Birthdate: May 19, 1593
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: October 18, 1678

Flemish painter Jacob Jordaens was a major part of the Flemish Baroque movement. He is best remembered for his works such as Allegory of Fertility and known for his signature use of warm colors and scenes inspired by proverbs, mythology, allegories. He also designed many tapestries.

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Juan de Pareja
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Birthdate: 1606 AD
Birthplace: Antequera, Málaga, Spain
Died: 1670 AD

Born into slavery, Juan de Pareja began his artistic career assisting his master, painter Diego Velázquez, in his workshop, painting Portrait of Agustín Moreto while in slavery. Freed in 1650, which came into effect four years later, he continued to work as an independent painter, very soon developing his own style, creating masterpieces like The Calling of Saint Matthew.

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Luca Giordano
(Italian Painter and Printmaker in Etching)
Luca Giordano
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Birthdate: October 18, 1634
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: January 3, 1705
Luca Giordano was an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. Renowned for creating artworks that were fluent and decorative, Giordano worked successfully in places like Florence, Rome, Spain, and Venice. Luca Giordano influenced many painters of his time. Among his pupils were Nicola Malinconico, Nunzio Ferraiuoli, Juan Antonio Boujas, and Paolo de Matteis.
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Juan Sánchez Cotán
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Birthdate: June 25, 1560
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Orgaz, Spain
Died: September 8, 1627

Spanish painter Juan Sánchez Cotán is regarded as one of the pioneers of Baroque realism. He is best known for his still lifes, also known as bodegones, which showed a signature illusion of depth and volume using light and shadow. His subjects ranged from fruits and vegetables to birds.

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Roberto Ferri
(Italian Painter and Artist)
Roberto Ferri
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Birthdate: 1978 AD
Birthplace: Taranto
Roberto Ferri is an Italian painter and artist. Inspired by Baroque painters, Ferri started his career by conducting research on ancient paintings. He then went on to establish himself as a Baroque painter and his works are held in private collections across the world.
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Giovanni Baglione
(Italian Painter and Art Historian)
Giovanni Baglione
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Birthdate: 1566 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 30, 1643
Giovanni Baglione was an Italian painter and art historian. He mainly painted religious and mythological subjects. Baglione is also remembered for his impressive collection of biographies of other artists and painters. Giovanni Baglione is perhaps best remembered for his acrimonious and controversial relationship with Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio.
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Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato
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Birthdate: August 25, 1609
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sassoferrato, Italy
Died: August 8, 1685
Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato was an Italian Baroque painter. He was also a renowned copyist and reproduced works of other famous painters. Among his original works were paintings of religious subjects, which were commissioned by private patrons.
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
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Birthdate: January 2, 1783
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aabenraa Municipality Blåkrog, Denmark
Died: July 22, 1853

Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg was a Danish painter. Known as the Father of Danish Painting, Eckersberg laid the foundation for the period of art, which came to be known as the Danish Golden Age. Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg is also credited with teaching and mentoring many future painters like Wilhelm Bendz, Ditlev Blunck, and Carl Dahl among others.  

 28 
Mattia Preti
(Italian Baroque Artist)
Mattia Preti
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Birthdate: February 24, 1613
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Taverna, Calabria, Italy
Died: January 3, 1699
Mattia Preti was an Italian Baroque artist who had a long and successful career as a painter. Many of his artworks are exhibited in famous museums in Naples, Valletta, and Taverna. Mattia Preti is also credited with painting frescoes for churches.
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Adam Elsheimer
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Birthdate: March 18, 1578
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: December 11, 1610
 30 
Sebastiano Ricci
(Italian Painter of the Late Baroque School of Venice)
Sebastiano Ricci
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Birthdate: August 1, 1659
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Belluno, Italy
Died: May 15, 1734
Sebastiano Ricci was an Italian painter best remembered for his work in Florence, where he completed a large fresco series on mythological and allegorical themes. He is also credited with painting and decorating the rooms of the Pitti Palace as commissioned by Ferdinando de' Medici.
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Juan de Valdés Leal
(Spanish Painter Known for His Dramatic, Inventive, and Often Violent Paintings)
Juan de Valdés Leal
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Birthdate: May 4, 1622
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: October 15, 1690

Spanish Baroque painter and the president of the Sevilla Academy, Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal is remembered for his masterpieces such as St. Andrew, Vanitas, and La Vírgen de los Plateros. Though initially characterized by his use of vibrant colors, he later dealt with macabre themes and violence.

 32 
Jan van der Heyden
(Dutch Baroque-Era Painter, Glass Painter, Draughtsman and Printmaker)
Jan van der Heyden
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Birthdate: March 5, 1637
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gorinchem, Netherlands
Died: March 28, 1712

Jan van der Heyden was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, glass painter, and printmaker. One of the first Dutch exponents of painting townscapes, Jan van der Heyden was among the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age. He was also an inventor and engineer who made major contributions to firefighting technology. He is credited with writing the first firefighting manual.

 33 
Eustache Le Sueur
(French Artist and One of the Founders of the French Academy of Painting)
Eustache Le Sueur
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Birthdate: November 19, 1617
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 30, 1655

One of the co-founders of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, Eustache Le Sueur was also one of its first professors. He is best remembered for his religious art that showcased the French Baroque style. Born to a wood sculptor father, he was later trained in painting under Simon Vouet.

 34 
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta
(Italian Rococo Painter)
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta
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Birthdate: February 13, 1682
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 28, 1754
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta was an Italian Rococo painter best remembered for painting religious subjects and genre scenes. He often depicted peasantry and used rich colors in his paintings. Giovanni Battista Piazzetta achieved poopularity in Venice where he was recognized as a leading artist.
Juan Carreño de Miranda
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Birthdate: March 25, 1614
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aviles, Spain
Died: October 3, 1685

Renowned Spanish Baroque painter Juan Carreño de Miranda had been the court painter of King Charles II. His frescos and oil paintings of religious scenes, such as Founding of the Trinitarian Order, depict a balanced combination of light and shadow. His portraits of the royal family are rich in their accuracy.

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Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione
(Italian Baroque Painter Who is Credited with Inventing the Printmaking Technique of Monotyping)
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione
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Birthdate: March 23, 1609
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: May 5, 1664
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione was an Italian Baroque painter, draftsman, and printmaker. He is best remembered for his etchings. An important printmaker, Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione is credited with inventing the printmaking technique of monotyping. Today, his paintings and other artworks can be found in Venice, Rome, Florence, and Naples.
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Alessandro Magnasco
(Italian Painter Who was Known for His Landscape Scenes)
Alessandro Magnasco
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Birthdate: February 4, 1667
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 12, 1749
Alessandro Magnasco was an Italian painter who was active in Genoa and Milan. He is best remembered for his stylized and phantasmagoric genre or landscape scenes. Alessandro Magnasco's style is characterized by darting flashes of light and swift brushstrokes. His artworks may have influenced painters like Giuseppe Bazzani, Marco Ricci, and Francesco Maffei.
Cristóbal de Villalpando
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Birthdate: 1649 AD
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: August 20, 1714

Born in Mexico, Baroque painter Cristóbal de Villalpando created masterpieces that still adorn Mexican cathedrals. Much of his work, such as Triumph of the Eucharist, was influenced by Peter Paul Rubens and his techniques of brushwork and color. He also drew from Mannerism and created a distinct local Mexican style.

 39 
Tomioka Tessai
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Birthdate: January 25, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: December 31, 1924

Tomioka Tessai was the pseudonym for Yusuke, a popular painter and calligrapher in imperial Japan. He was one of the first major artists of the Nihonga style.  As a young man, he was taken in as a protege by the Buddhist poet and nun Ōtagaki Rengetsu. He later opened a school and also did some work for the Meiji government. 

 40 
Claudio Coello
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Birthdate: March 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 20, 1693

The son of Portuguese sculptor Faustino Coello, Spanish Baroque painter Claudio Coello is regarded as the last of the great masters of the 17th-century Madrid school. His Adoration of the Holy Eucharist, which adorns the El Escorial, is one of his masterpieces. He was patronized by Charles II.

 41 
Daniel Chodowiecki
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Birthdate: October 16, 1726
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gdańsk, Poland
Died: February 7, 1801
Louis-François Lejeune
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Birthdate: February 3, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: February 29, 1848
 43 
Andrea Sacchi
(Italian painter of High Baroque Classicism)
Andrea Sacchi
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Birthdate: November 30, 1599
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: June 21, 1661
Andrea Sacchi was an Italian painter who was active in Rome. He is credited with influencing a generation of artists, including Giovanni Battista Passeri and Nicolas Poussin. Two of his most important works are now exhibited in the Pinacoteca Vaticana.
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Cosmas Damian Asam
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Birthdate: September 29, 1686
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Benediktbeuern, Germany
Died: May 10, 1739
 45 
Pellegrino Tibaldi
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Birthdate: 1527 AD
Birthplace: Puria, Italy
Died: May 27, 1596

Pellegrino Tibaldi was an Italian mannerist sculptor, architect, and mural painter. Tibaldi is credited with painting frescoes of the Story of Ulysses found at the Palazzo Poggi and scenes from Moses' life in Rome's Palazzo Sacchetti. He is also credited with teaching several future painters like Girolamo Miruoli, Lorenzo Sabbatini, and Orazio Samacchini.

 46 
Antoine Coypel
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Birthdate: April 11, 1661
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 7, 1722
 47 
Alessandro Turchi
(Italian Painter of the Early Baroque)
Alessandro Turchi
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Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: January 22, 1649
Alessandro Turchi was an Italian painter whose style has been described as Caravaggesque and soft at the same time. He is credited with teaching fellow painters like Giovanni Battista Rossi and Giovanni Ceschini. Among his most famous works are David with the Head of Goliath, Christ and Adulterous Woman, and Mystical Marriage of St Catherine.
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Francisco Ribalta
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Birthdate: June 2, 1565
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Solsona, Spain
Died: January 12, 1628

One of the first artists who employed the techniques of the Italian new realism, Spanish Baroque painter Francisco Ribalta specialized in painting religious subjects. He was also the pioneer of tenebroso, or paintings focusing on darkness, in Spain. His masterpieces include Christ Embracing St. Bernard and Nailing to the Cross.

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Andrea Brustolon
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Birthdate: July 20, 1662
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Belluno, Italy
Died: October 25, 1732

Andrea Brustolon was an Italian sculptor who used wood to carve his sculptures in the Baroque style. He also used his skills to carve devotional sculptures. Such was his popularity that both contemporary and future sculptors  imitated his style; Valentino Panciera Besarel imitated Andrea Brustolon's style to make upholstered armchairs from the 1860s.

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Charles de La Fosse
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Birthdate: June 15, 1636
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 13, 1716
Baroque painting encompasses a great range of styles, and is associated with the Baroque cultural movement. Artists like Velázquez, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Rubens, Poussin, and Vermeer were considered to be among the greatest painters of the art form which is characterized by high drama, rich, deep color, and intense light and dark shadows. Italian painter and sculptor Michelangelo was a major figure of the High Renaissance who exerted great influence on the development of Western art, including Baroque painting. Sir Anthony van Dyck, a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, was an important innovator in watercolor and etching. Dutch Golden Age landscape painter Salomon van Ruysdael, Flemish painter Cornelis de Vos, and Frenchman Nicolas Poussin are also counted amongst the popular Baroque painters. Italian Baroque painter and poet Salvator Rosa, a proto-Romantic, was best known for being "unorthodox and extravagant". George Jamesone became Scotland's first eminent portrait-painter, while another portrait-painter John Michael Wright became rated as one of the leading indigenous British painters of his generation, largely for the distinctive realism in his portraiture. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Baroque painters.