Alberto Giacometti Biography

(Sculptor, Painter)

Birthday: October 10, 1901 (Libra)

Born In: Borgonovo, Bregaglia, Switzerland

Alberto Giacometti was a popular Swiss artist and surrealist sculptor. He was son of a non-impressionist painter - it is no wonder Giacometti came up with many groundbreaking concepts in arts and sculpture. He experimented with cubism and surrealism as a student of Antoine Bourdelle. His name was associated with the Existentialist movement. His creation of Slaughtered Woman is considered as a violent surrealist work. Through “The Palace at 4 a. m”, he created an open cage like structure. His art is renowned for comprising mainly of human forms that are stretched out with elongated limps. His creation of haunting and anguished images serves as ideal expressions of existentialist pessimism. The themes of his later works were of three types - the seated portrait, the walking man and the standing female nude. He enriched the field of modern sculpture with his creation of imagery and his innovative plastic technique. For his outstanding contribution in the field of sculpture, he received the grand prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale. “Paris sans fin” is a sequence of 150 lithographs in the form of a book, which is his last work. It contains his valuable memories of all the places where he had lived.

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Quick Facts

Died At Age: 64

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Annette Arm

father: Giovanni Giacometti

siblings: Bruno, Diego

Born Country: Switzerland

Artists Sculptors

Died on: January 11, 1966

place of death: Chur, Switzerland

  • 1

    What is Alberto Giacometti known for?

    Alberto Giacometti is known for being a prominent Swiss sculptor and painter, recognized for his unique and distinctive style of elongated figures.

  • 2

    What influenced Alberto Giacometti's artistic style?

    Alberto Giacometti's artistic style was influenced by existentialism, primitive art, and the trauma of World War II, leading him to create sculptures that conveyed a sense of isolation and anxiety.

  • 3

    How did Alberto Giacometti's work impact the art world?

    Alberto Giacometti's work had a significant impact on the art world, particularly in the realm of sculpture. His innovative approach to representing the human form and his exploration of the concept of space influenced generations of artists.

  • 4

    What is the significance of Alberto Giacometti's sculpture "Walking Man?"

    Alberto Giacometti's sculpture "Walking Man" is considered a masterpiece of modern art, symbolizing the human condition and the eternal quest for meaning and purpose. It reflects his interest in capturing the essence of movement and existence.

  • 5

    How did Alberto Giacometti's art evolve over his career?

    Alberto Giacometti's art evolved significantly over his career, transitioning from a more traditional style to a more abstract and existential approach. His later works, characterized by elongated and thin figures, are considered some of his most iconic pieces.

Childhood & Early Life
Born in Borgonovo, which is presently a part of the Swiss municipality of Stampa, near the Italian border, Alberto Giacometti was the son of neo-impressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti.
He attended Ecole des Beaux-Arts for art studies. In 1919, he took admission at the Ecole des Arts Industriels in Geneva. After three years, he went to Paris to attend sculpting class of Antoine Bourdelle at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere
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Career
In 1925, he started his first studio with his brother in Paris. His sculpting style was lavish and spacious. During this period of time, he developed an interest towards the surrealist movement.
In 1927, he displayed his first surrealist sculptures at the Salon des Tuileries. At that time, he came in contact with artists like Picasso, Arp, Miro and Ernst. He also met with renowned writers like Prevert, Aragon and Queneau.
From 1935 to 1940, he remained busy on the study of human head for which he used to focus on the sitter’s gaze. For this purpose, he used his sister and the artist Isabel Rawsthorne as his models.
In some of his sculptures, his statues of Isabel are stretched out as her limbs are elongated. Sometimes, he used to create statues as thin as nails.
The figures that he drew during this time were smaller. Sometimes, their size was not bigger than just a few centimeters. Along with his brother, he used to earn by making designs for lamps and furniture for the Parisian interior architect Jean-Michel Frank.
In 1948, the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York organized his first one-man show. In this exhibition, he presented the skinny figures that he created. The show received huge success.
From 1958 to 1965, he created a series of 150 lithographs titled Paris sans fin. His painting works consisted of a number of portraits of his brother, his wife and friends, some still lives, landscapes and studio pictures.
In 1958, he was entrusted with the responsibility to create a monumental sculpture for the Chase Manhattan Bank building in New York. For this project, he created four figures of standing women and he named this creation “Grande femme debout I through IV”.
In 1959, British arts review “X magazine” published his article “The Dream, the Sphinx, and the Death of T”. The magazine also published some of his drawings. Later, he exhibited his works through a number of exhibitions across Europe. In 1965, he went to the US for an exhibition of his works at the Museum of Modern art in New York.
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Personal Life & Legacy
He got married with Annette Arm. Alberto Giacometti passed away in Kantonsspital in Chur, Switzerland. He was suffering from heart disease and chronic bronchitis.
The Alberto Giacometti-Stiftung, founded in Zurich 1965, has a collection of his works. In 2001, his paintings were included in the Painting the Century 101 Portrait Masterpieces 1900-2000 exhibition held at the National Portrait Gallery, London.
The Alberto et Annette Giacometti Foundation was created in 2003, to promote, preserve and protect the works of Alberto Giacometti. It has almost 5,000 of his works.
Giacometti’s outstanding work has been the subject of various exhibitions including the Pushkin Museum, Moscow (2008), Kunsthal Rotterdam (2008) and Fondation Beyeler, Basel (2009).
Facts About Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti was known for his eccentric habits, such as walking around his studio with a lit candle on his head to study the effects of light and shadow.

He often worked on multiple sculptures simultaneously, moving back and forth between them to capture different perspectives and emotions.

Giacometti was fascinated by the human form and its imperfections, often exaggerating elongated limbs and emaciated figures in his sculptures to convey a sense of existential angst.

He had a deep appreciation for African and Oceanic art, which influenced his own artistic style and approach to representing the human figure.

Giacometti's work was highly sought after during his lifetime, with collectors and museums around the world acquiring his sculptures and paintings to showcase his unique vision and talent.

See the events in life of Alberto Giacometti in Chronological Order

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