Cubist Painters

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French painter Georges Braque along with his colleague Pablo Picasso was the pioneering artist who led to the development of Cubism as a major art movement in the 20th century. Both the men, famed painters in their own rights, together created paintings of monochromatic color and complex patterns of faceted form, now termed Analytic Cubism. The impact of the Cubism movement was far-reaching and influenced young and emerging artists across the globe, especially in Europe. Painter and art theorist Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger collaborated with fellow painter Albert Gleizes to develop the theoretical foundations of Cubism. Their legacy was taken forward by the likes of Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris who further contributed to the growth and popularity of the movement. These major figures of early 20th century painting set the pace for the development of diverse art movements that drew from the tenets of Cubism. Jacques Villon helped organize the drawing section of the first Salon d'Automne in Paris, while his brother Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp was responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture of the 20th century. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Cubist painters.
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 1 
Pablo Picasso
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century and Co-Founder of the 'Cubist Movement')
Pablo Picasso
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Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

 2 
Diego Rivera
(Mexican Painter Whose Large Frescoes Helped Establish the Mural Movement in Mexican and International Art )
Diego Rivera
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Birthdate: December 13, 1886
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Guanajuato, Mexico
Died: November 25, 1957
Mexican painter Diego Rivera is best remembered for his association with the mural movement and had created masterpieces such as The History of Mexico and the Detroit Industry Murals. He was inspired by cubism and post-impressionism. He had married, divorced, and remarried Frida Kahlo, the third of his four wives.
 3 
Marcel Duchamp
(Artist Known for His Revolutionary Developments in the 'Plastic Arts' In the Early 20th Century)
Marcel Duchamp
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Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Blainville-Crevon, France
Died: October 2, 1968
French-American painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp is remembered for his association with movements such as Cubism and Dadaism. A significant figure in conceptual art, he was against art that was meant to just cater to the eyes. He was also a skilled chess player and carved his own chess set.
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 4 
Georges Braque
(Painter Best Known for Inventing Cubism with Pablo Picasso)
Georges Braque
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Birthdate: May 13, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Argenteuil, France
Died: August 31, 1963

French painter Georges Braque is considered one of the pioneers of Cubism. His 1908 masterpiece Large Nude is one of his most celebrated pieces. Critics often argue whether Braque or Picasso had first begun developing Cubism, and many of their works are very similar in nature.

 5 
Fernand Léger
(French Painter and Sculptor Best Known for His Painting ‘My Mother's Garden’)
Fernand Léger
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Birthdate: February 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Argentan, France
Died: August 17, 1955

Fernand Léger was a French sculptor, painter, and filmmaker. Widely regarded as the forerunner of pop art, Léger was also active as a teacher for several years. He is also credited with establishing his own Académie Fernand Léger, where he taught for many years. Many of his pupils went on to establish themselves as successful artists.

 6 
Juan Gris
(Spanish Cubist Painter)
Juan Gris
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Birthdate: March 23, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: May 11, 1927

Juan Gris was a Spanish painter whose paintings are counted among the Cubism movement's most distinctive works. Gris's works and style influenced the Purist style of Charles Edouard Jeanneret and Amédée Ozenfant. Some of his paintings, such as Still Life with Checked Tablecloth and The musician's Table, have sold for millions of dollars at the auction.

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 7 
Raoul Dufy
(Painter)
Raoul Dufy
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Birthdate: June 3, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Le Havre, France
Died: March 23, 1953
 8 
František Kupka
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Birthdate: September 23, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Opočno, Czech Republic
Died: June 24, 1957
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 9 
Marie Laurencin
(French Painter and Printmaker Known for Her Delicate Portraits of Elegant, Vaguely Melancholic Women)
Marie Laurencin
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Birthdate: October 31, 1883
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 8, 1956

Marie Laurencin was a French printmaker and painter. An important member of the Cubists within the Groupe de Puteaux, Laurencin was an influential figure in the Parisian avant-garde. Today, her works can be seen at popular museums like the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in the USA, the Tate Gallery in the UK, and the State Hermitage Museum in Russia.

 10 
Tarsila do Amaral
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Birthdate: September 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Capivari, São Paulo, Brazil
Died: January 17, 1973

Born to affluent coffee farmers in Brazil, Tarsila do Amaral later traveled to Spain and Paris, to study painting. Best remembered for her masterpieces such as The Black Woman and Man Who Eats, Tarsila also painted surrealist and semi-Cubist landscapes. She was a pioneer of the Antropofagia movement.

 11 
Jacques Villon
(French Painter Who Is Remembered for His Cubist and Abstract Paintings)
Jacques Villon
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Birthdate: July 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Damville, Mesnils-sur-Iton, France
Died: June 9, 1963

French painter Gaston Duchamp, known by his pseudonym, Jacques Villon, is remembered for his Cubist and abstract paintings. Initially a law student, he quit law and switched to art soon. He worked making prints and posters for a decade. He later created masterpieces displaying his sense of colors and geometry.

 12 
Julio González
(Spanish Cubist Painter and Sculptor Who Developed the Expressive Use of Iron as a Medium for Modern Sculpture)
Julio González
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Birthdate: September 21, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: March 27, 1942

Born to a sculptor and metalworker, Julio González was taught the basics of sculpting by his father. Through his friend Pablo Picasso, he got acquainted with the Parisian artistic sphere. Initially a painter, he later revolutionized art with his use of iron as a medium for his sculptures.

 13 
André Lhote
(French Cubist Painter of Figure Subjects, Portraits, Landscapes and Still Life)
André Lhote
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Birthdate: July 5, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: January 24, 1962

André Lhote was a French painter of portraits, figure subjects, still life, and landscapes. Lhote is best remebered for his contribution as a teacher; he taught at several prestigious institutions like the Académie Notre-Dame des Champs and Académie de la Grande Chaumière. He is credited with mentoring many future artists like Kuno Veeber, Simon Elwes, and Erich Carl Hugo Adamson.

 14 
Amédée Ozenfant
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Birthdate: April 15, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: May 4, 1966
 15 
Nathan Altman
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Birthdate: December 22, 1889
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vinnytsia, Ukraine
Died: December 12, 1970

After losing his father early in life, Nathan Altman focused on his goal of becoming an artist. Unhappy with the quality of teaching at the Odessa Art School, he traveled to Paris, where he was inspired by fellow artists. A leading figure of Cubism, he also contributed to stage design and book illustration.

 16 
Roger de La Fresnaye
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Birthdate: July 11, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Le Mans, France
Died: November 27, 1925