Abstract Painters

Abstract art reflects a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. Artistic independence for artists was advanced during the 19th century, resulting in the creation of a new art form by the likes of James McNeill Whistler who was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake". He placed greater emphasis on visual sensation than the depiction of objects, as did John Constable, J M W Turner, and Camille Corot. Spanish painter Pablo Picasso was a major proponent of the abstract art form and contributed immensely to the development of the genre. He is considered to be one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. Russian painter and art theorist Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works. Dutch painter Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan evolved a non-representational form which he termed neoplasticism, and became a major contributor to the De Stijl art movement. Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne also had an enormous impact on the development of the genre and led to the advent of 20th-century abstraction. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous abstract painters.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: December 31, 1869
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: November 3, 1954

Henri Matisse was a French artist. Although he was known for his skills as a painter, Matisse was also a renowned sculptor, printmaker, and draughtsman. Along with Picasso, Matisse is regarded as one of the artists who contributed immensely to the revolutionary developments in visual arts. His works also influenced other painters who would adopt a technique called intense colorism.

 2 J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner
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Famous As: Romanticist landscape painter
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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 3 Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian
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Famous As: Dutch Painter
Birthdate: March 7, 1872
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Dutch
Died: February 1, 1944

Dutch painter Piet Mondrian is remembered for pioneering what is known as 20th-century abstract art. He co-founded the De Stijl art movement with Theo van Doesburg and gave rise to Neoplasticism. His art was influenced by Cubism. Many of his paintings consist of geometric shapes in particular sets of colors.

 4 Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne
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Famous As: French artist
Birthdate: January 19, 1839
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: October 22, 1906

French artist Paul Cézanne was a prominent Post-Impressionist painter and influenced much of the early-20th-century movement known as Cubism. Some of his notable works include The Card Players, The Bathers, and Pyramid of Skulls. He experimented with water colors and had created a host of still-life paintings.

 5 Mark Rothko

Mark Rothko
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: February 25, 1970

 6 Hilma af Klint

Hilma af Klint
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 26, 1862
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 21, 1944

Hilma af Klint was a Swedish mystic and artist whose paintings represented complex spiritual ideas. English musician and singer-songwriter Jane Weaver cited af Klint's work as inspiration for her 2017 album, Modern Kosmology. In 2019, Hilma af Klint became the subject of a feature-length documentary titled Beyond the Visible — Hilma af Klint.

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 7 Lee Krasner

Lee Krasner
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 19, 1984
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 8 Yves Klein

Yves Klein
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: June 6, 1962
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 9 Micheline Roquebrune

Micheline Roquebrune
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Famous As: Wife of Sir Sean Connery
Birthdate: 1929 AD
Nationality: French, Moroccan

 10 Arshile Gorky

Arshile Gorky
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1904
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: July 21, 1948

 11 Robert Motherwell

Robert Motherwell
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: January 24, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: July 16, 1991

 12 Dorothea Margaret Tanning

Dorothea Margaret Tanning
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 25, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: January 31, 2012

 13 Carmen Herrera

Carmen Herrera
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 30, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Cuban, American

 14 Elaine de Kooning

Elaine de Kooning
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: February 1, 1989

 15 František Kupka

František Kupka
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 23, 1871
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Czech
Died: June 24, 1957

 16 Larry Rivers

Larry Rivers
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 17, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: August 14, 2002

 17 Kenneth Noland

Kenneth Noland
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: April 10, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: January 5, 2010

 18 Mark Tobey

Mark Tobey
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 24, 1976

 19 Patrick Heron

Patrick Heron
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 30, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 20, 1999

 20 Adolph Gottlieb

Adolph Gottlieb
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 14, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: March 4, 1974

 21 Vasudeo S. Gaitonde

Vasudeo S. Gaitonde
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1924 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 10, 2001

 22 Paul Sérusier

Paul Sérusier
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: October 7, 1927

 23 Arthur Dove

Arthur Dove
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 2, 1880
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: November 23, 1946

 24 Grace Hartigan

Grace Hartigan
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 28, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: November 15, 2008

 25 Ray Eames

Ray Eames
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 15, 1912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 12, 1988

 26 Jacques Villon

Jacques Villon
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: June 9, 1963

 27 Hans Hartung

Hans Hartung
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German, French
Died: December 7, 1989

 28 Maria Helena Vieira da Silva

Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 13, 1908
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Portuguese
Died: March 6, 1992

 29 Terry Frost

Terry Frost
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 13, 1915
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: September 1, 2003

 30 Stanley William Hayter

Stanley William Hayter
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 27, 1901
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: May 4, 1988

 31 Manuel Felguerez

Manuel Felguerez
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 12, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Mexican
Died: June 8, 2020

 32 Paul-Émile Borduas

Paul-Émile Borduas
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 1, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Canadian
Died: February 22, 1960

 33 Dong Qichang

Dong Qichang
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1555 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 1636 AD

 34 Jean Hélion

Jean Hélion
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: October 27, 1987

 35 Stanton Macdonald-Wright

Stanton Macdonald-Wright
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1890
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: August 22, 1973

 36 Abraham Palatnik

Abraham Palatnik
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 19, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Brazilian
Died: May 9, 2020

 37 Jane Freilicher

Jane Freilicher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 29, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: December 9, 2014

 38 I. Rice Pereira

I. Rice Pereira
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: January 11, 1971

 39 Jack Tworkov

Jack Tworkov
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 15, 1900
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Polish, American
Died: September 4, 1982

 40 Conrad Marca-Relli

Conrad Marca-Relli
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 5, 1913
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: August 29, 2000

 41 Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Kandinsky
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Famous As: Painters
Birthdate: December 16, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 13, 1944
Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky is considered the pioneer of abstract art. Known for notable works such as On White II and Study for Improvisation, he was a prominent artist of the Blue Rider Period and experimented with expressionism. He also earned a professorship at the University of Dorpat

 42 William Ronald

William Ronald
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Canadian
Died: February 9, 1998

 43 Robert Arthur Goodnough

Robert Arthur Goodnough
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 23, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: October 2, 2010

 44 Piero Dorazio

Piero Dorazio
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 29, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 17, 2005

 45 Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: October 27, 1923
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: September 29, 1997

 46 Ethel Schwabacher

Ethel Schwabacher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 20, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: November 25, 1984

 47 Olivier Debré

Olivier Debré
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 14, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: June 1, 1999

 48 Yves Gaucher

Yves Gaucher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 3, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Canadian
Died: September 8, 2000

 49 Willem de Kooning

Willem de Kooning
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 24, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Dutch, American
Died: March 19, 1997
Willem de Kooning was a Dutch-American artist and one of the most famous practitioners of abstract expressionism of his generation. One of the 20th century's best-known artists, de Kooning is noted for paintings, such as Woman III (1953) and Interchange (1955). Many of his paintings have been sold for record prices.

 50 Jumana El Husseini

Jumana El Husseini
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 2, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Palestinian
Died: April 11, 2018
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