Abstract Painters

Abstract art reflects a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. Artistic independence for artists was advanced during the 19th century, resulting in the creation of a new art form by the likes of James McNeill Whistler who was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake". He placed greater emphasis on visual sensation than the depiction of objects, as did John Constable, J M W Turner, and Camille Corot. Spanish painter Pablo Picasso was a major proponent of the abstract art form and contributed immensely to the development of the genre. He is considered to be one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. Russian painter and art theorist Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works. Dutch painter Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan evolved a non-representational form which he termed neoplasticism, and became a major contributor to the De Stijl art movement. Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne also had an enormous impact on the development of the genre and led to the advent of 20th-century abstraction. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous abstract painters.
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 1 Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse.
6
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: December 31, 1869
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord
Died: November 3, 1954

Henri Matisse was a French artist. Although he was known for his skills as a painter, Matisse was also a renowned sculptor, printmaker, and draughtsman. Along with Picasso, Matisse is regarded as one of the artists who contributed immensely to the revolutionary developments in visual arts. His works also influenced other painters who would adopt a technique called intense colorism.

 2 Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Kandinsky.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 16, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 13, 1944
Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky is considered the pioneer of abstract art. Known for notable works such as On White II and Study for Improvisation, he was a prominent artist of the Blue Rider Period and experimented with expressionism. He also earned a professorship at the University of Dorpat
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 3 J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner.
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Famous As: Romanticist landscape painter
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

 4 Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 29, 1872
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died: January 31, 1944

Dutch painter Piet Mondrian is remembered for pioneering what is known as 20th-century abstract art. He co-founded the De Stijl art movement with Theo van Doesburg and gave rise to Neoplasticism. His art was influenced by Cubism. Many of his paintings consist of geometric shapes in particular sets of colors.

 5 Mark Rothko

Mark Rothko.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Daugavpils, Latvia
Died: February 25, 1970

Considered part of the New York school of painters of the 1940s, Mark Rothko was best known for his signature color field paintings, consisting of vertically set rectangular patches of color. A significant figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement, he also experimented with murals and mythological themes.

 6 Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein.
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: October 27, 1923
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, U.S.
Died: September 29, 1997
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 7 Henry Darger

Henry Darger
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: April 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died: April 13, 1973
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 8 Lee Krasner

Lee Krasner.
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 19, 1984
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 9 Hilma af Klint

Hilma af Klint.
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 26, 1862
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Karlberg Palace, Solna, Sweden
Died: October 21, 1944

Hilma af Klint was a Swedish mystic and artist whose paintings represented complex spiritual ideas. English musician and singer-songwriter Jane Weaver cited af Klint's work as inspiration for her 2017 album, Modern Kosmology. In 2019, Hilma af Klint became the subject of a feature-length documentary titled Beyond the Visible — Hilma af Klint.

 10 Yves Klein

Yves Klein
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: June 6, 1962

 11 Arshile Gorky

Arshile Gorky.
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1904
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Khorgom, Vilayet of Van, Ottoman Empire
Died: July 21, 1948

 12 Milo Moire

Milo Moire
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Famous As: Performance artist
Birthdate: May 7, 1983
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Switzerland

 13 Jean Arp

Jean Arp
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 14 Willem de Kooning

Willem de Kooning.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 24, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 19, 1997
Willem de Kooning was a Dutch-American artist and one of the most famous practitioners of abstract expressionism of his generation. One of the 20th century's best-known artists, de Kooning is noted for paintings, such as Woman III (1953) and Interchange (1955). Many of his paintings have been sold for record prices.

 15 Francis Picabia

Francis Picabia
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 22, 1879
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 30, 1953

 16 Dorothea Margaret Tanning

Dorothea Margaret Tanning
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 25, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Galesburg, Illinois, U.S.
Died: January 31, 2012

Remembered for her surrealist paintings, sculptor and painter Dorothea Margaret Tanning seemed to have recreated her visions and dreams through her art. Most of her works showcase unreal situations, with motifs such as gigantic flowers and doors. Her iconic installation Hôtel du Pavot, Chambre 202 showcases her sculpting skills.

 17 Elaine de Kooning

Elaine de Kooning
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, U.S
Died: February 1, 1989

 18 František Kupka

František Kupka
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 23, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Opočno, Czech Republic
Died: June 24, 1957

 19 Pierre Soulages

Pierre Soulages
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 24, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rodez, France

Pierre Soulages is a French painter, sculptor, and engraver. His works have influenced several prominent personalities like François Hollande, who called him the greatest living artist in the world, in 2014. Over the course of his illustrious career, Pierre Soulages has won several prestigious awards like Carnegie Prize, Rembrandt Award, and the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art.

 20 Robert Motherwell

Robert Motherwell.
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: January 24, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aberdeen
Died: July 16, 1991

 21 Micheline Roquebrune

Micheline Roquebrune.
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Famous As: Wife of Sir Sean Connery
Birthdate: 1929 AD

Tunisian-born French artist Micheline Roquebrune is best known as legendary actor Sean Connery’s second wife. Roquebrune had met Connery in Morocco in the 1970s. They mostly lived in their resort in Marbella and in the Bahamas. Connery was her third husband, and following his death, she revealed he had dementia.

 22 Princess Fahrelnissa Zeid

Princess Fahrelnissa Zeid
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 7, 1901
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Büyükada, Turkey
Died: September 5, 1991

 23 Antoni Tàpies

Antoni Tàpies
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: February 6, 2012

Antoni Tàpies was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and art theorist. He is regarded as one of the most famous European artists of his generation. He studied at the German School of Barcelona, following which he embarked on a successful artistic career. He became one of the most renowned Spanish artists in the second half of the 20th century. 

 24 Carmen Herrera

Carmen Herrera
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 30, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba

Born to journalist parents, who were both part of the Cuban intellectual sphere, Carmen Herrera received elite art education in Paris. The political unrest in Cuba forced her to leave her architecture studies incomplete and move to the U.S. She later established herself as a master painter of abstract art.

 25 Larry Rivers

Larry Rivers
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 17, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: August 14, 2002

 26 Nicolas de Stael

Nicolas de Stael
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 16, 1955

 27 Kenneth Noland

Kenneth Noland.
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Famous As: Abstract Painter
Birthdate: April 10, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Asheville, North Carolina, U.S.
Died: January 5, 2010

 28 Daniel Buren

Daniel Buren
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 25, 1938
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boulogne-Billancourt, France

Daniel Buren is a French conceptual artist, visual artist, sculptor, and painter. He is credited with creating many world-famous installations, such as Les Deux Plateaux. One of the most active and renowned artists on the international scene, Daniel Buren is the recipient of several prestigious awards like the Golden Lion and the Premium Imperiale.

 29 Mark Tobey

Mark Tobey
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Centerville, Wisconsin, United States
Died: April 24, 1976

 30 Simon Hantaï

Simon Hantaï
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 7, 1922
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Biatorbágy, Hungary
Died: September 12, 2008

 31 Adolph Gottlieb

Adolph Gottlieb
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 14, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York United States
Died: March 4, 1974

 32 Paul Sérusier

Paul Sérusier
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 7, 1927

 33 Patrick Heron

Patrick Heron
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 30, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Headingley, England
Died: March 20, 1999

 34 Arthur Dove

Arthur Dove
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 2, 1880
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Canandaigua, New York, United States
Died: November 23, 1946

 35 Grace Hartigan

Grace Hartigan
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 28, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: November 15, 2008

 36 Jacques Villon

Jacques Villon
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Damville, Mesnils-sur-Iton, France
Died: June 9, 1963

 37 Hans Hartung

Hans Hartung
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: December 7, 1989

 38 Terry Frost

Terry Frost
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 13, 1915
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Royal Leamington Spa, England
Died: September 1, 2003

 39 Maria Helena Vieira da Silva

Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 13, 1908
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: March 6, 1992

 40 Ray Eames

Ray Eames
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 15, 1912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sacramento, California, United States
Died: August 12, 1988

 41 Vasudeo S. Gaitonde

Vasudeo S. Gaitonde
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1924 AD
Birthplace: Nagpur, India
Died: August 10, 2001

 42 Paul-Émile Borduas

Paul-Émile Borduas
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 1, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Canada
Died: February 22, 1960

 43 Paul Jenkins

Paul Jenkins
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 12, 1923
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kansas City, Missouri, United States
Died: June 9, 2012

 44 Dong Qichang

Dong Qichang
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1555 AD
Birthplace: Huating, China
Died: 1636 AD

A renowned calligrapher and painter of the Ming dynasty, Dong Qichang was a child prodigy in many ways, having cleared the prefectural civil service entrance exams at 12. An art theorist, too, he classified the history of Chinese painting into the Northern and Southern schools, charting out their unique characteristics.

 45 Manuel Felguerez

Manuel Felguerez
1
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 12, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Valparaíso, Mexico
Died: June 8, 2020

 46 Stanley William Hayter

Stanley William Hayter
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 27, 1901
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hackney, London, England
Died: May 4, 1988

 47 Stanton Macdonald-Wright

Stanton Macdonald-Wright
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1890
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Died: August 22, 1973

 48 Jane Freilicher

Jane Freilicher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 29, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 9, 2014

 49 Jean Hélion

Jean Hélion
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Couterne, Rives-d'Andaine, France
Died: October 27, 1987

 50 I. Rice Pereira

I. Rice Pereira
1
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chelsea, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 11, 1971
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