Scorpio Leaders

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 1 
Theodore Roosevelt
(26th President of the United States (1901-1909))
Theodore Roosevelt
110
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: January 6, 1919

The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents of the country. A man of many talents, he was a politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer. He supported  Progressive Era policies in the early 20th century and championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies.

 2 
George Patton
(One of the Most Successful Combat Generals in United States History)
George Patton
70
Birthdate: November 11, 1885
Birthplace: San Gabriel, California, United States
Died: December 21, 1945

George Patton was a general of the US Army, remembered for his work as a commander of the Seventh United States Army during World War II. He is also remembered for commanding the Third Army in the Western Front in June 1944 after the Allied invasion of Normandy. His life and work inspired the 1970 epic biographical war film Patton.

 3 
Erwin Rommel
(General)
Erwin Rommel
57
Birthdate: November 15, 1891
Birthplace: Heidenheim an der Brenz, Germany
Died: October 14, 1944

Known as The Desert Fox, Nazi field marshal Erwin Rommel led the Axis forces during World War II. For his plot to assassinate Hitler in 1944, he was given a choice to either commit suicide by consuming a cyanide pill or face a trial and execution. He chose the former.

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 4 
Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
(British Army Officer Who Served in the First and Second World Wars and the Irish War of Independence)
Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
23
Birthdate: November 17, 1887
Birthplace: Kennington, London, United Kingdom
Died: March 24, 1976

Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, was a British Army officer who played important roles in World War I, World War II, and the Irish War of Independence. He commanded the British Eighth Army during the Second World War and also oversaw the operations during the Battle of Normandy. Bernard Montgomery has a couple of statues dedicated to him.

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 5 
William Halsey Jr.
(Military officer)
William Halsey Jr.
5
Birthdate: October 30, 1882
Birthplace: Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 16, 1959
 6 
Robert F. Kennedy
(United States Senator, Brother of President John F. Kennedy)
Robert F. Kennedy
72
Birthdate: November 20, 1925
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts
Died: June 6, 1968

Robert F Kennedy, the brother of the 35th US president John F Kennedy, was a politician who served as US Attorney General and as US Senator. He was known as a civil rights and human rights activist and fought against organised crime and the Mafia. He opposed America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. He was assassinated by a 24-year-old Palestinian.

 7 
Curtis Lemay
(General)
Curtis Lemay
7
Birthdate: November 15, 1906
Birthplace: Columbus, Ohio, United States
Died: October 1, 1990
 8 
John Adams
(2nd President of United States (1797-1801))
John Adams
49
Birthdate: October 30, 1735
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

One of the Founding Fathers of America, John Adams was a statesman, attorney, and diplomat who served as the second president of the United States. He was a principal leader of the American Revolution. As a lawyer, he was devoted to the right to counsel and presumption of innocence. His administration has been favorably ranked by historians and scholars.

 9 
James A. Garfield
(20th President of United States (March 1881 - September 1881))
James A. Garfield
20
Birthdate: November 19, 1831
Birthplace: Moreland Hills, Ohio, United States
Died: September 19, 1881

The 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield began his career as an attorney. Born into poverty, he struggled throughout his childhood and youth to become a respected lawyer. He eventually entered politics and rose through the ranks to be elected the president. Unfortunately, he was assassinated less than seven months after he took office.

 10 
Jawaharlal Nehru
(First PM of India & Freedom Fighter)
Jawaharlal Nehru
27
Birthdate: November 14, 1889
Birthplace: Allahabad
Died: May 27, 1964

Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the central figures of the Indian independence movement along with personalities like Mahatma Gandhi. He became the first prime minister of India and left behind such a legacy that his direct descendants continue to play an important role in Indian politics.

 11 
Roman Abramovich
(Russian Billionaire Businessman and Former Owner of English Premier League Club 'Chelsea' )
Roman Abramovich
18
Birthdate: October 24, 1966
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia

Roman Abramovich is an Israeli-Russian businessman and politician. Over the years, he has played an influential role as the primary owner of Millhouse LLC and as the owner of the popular Premier League football club Chelsea F.C. Roman Abramovich is one of the richest persons in the world and has donated over US$2.5 billion to various charitable causes between 1999 and 2013.

 12 
Oswald Mosley
(British Politician)
Oswald Mosley
23
Birthdate: November 16, 1896
Birthplace: Mayfair, London
Died: December 3, 1980
Named by BBC History as the “worst” historical British person of the 20th century, Oswald Mosley started off as an MP in the 1920s. He was part of the Conservative Party and then the Labour Party. He then formed the British Union of Fascists and the United Kingdom New Party
 13 
Condoleezza Rice
(66th United States Secretary of State (2005-09))
Condoleezza Rice
66
Birthdate: November 14, 1954
Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States

The 66th United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made history in 2005 when she became the first female black Secretary of State. She is also the first female to serve as National Security Advisor, a position which she served from 2001 to 2005. One of the most powerful women in the world at one point of time, she has been depicted in Hollywood films.

 14 
James K. Polk
(11th President of the United States)
James K. Polk
12
Birthdate: November 2, 1795
Birthplace: Pineville, North Carolina, United States
Died: June 15, 1849

The 11th president of the United States, James K. Polk was an advocate of Jacksonian democracy. He is credited with extending the territory of the US during the Mexican–American War. During his presidency, the US annexed the Mexican Cession, the Oregon Territory, and the Republic of Texas.

 15 
Warren G. Harding
(29th President of the United States (1921–1923))
Warren G. Harding
26
Birthdate: November 2, 1865
Birthplace: Blooming Grove, Ohio, United States
Died: August 2, 1923

The 29th President of the United States, Warren G. Harding assumed office in 1921 shortly after the end of WWI and became very popular. He died in 1923 while still in office. Later, various scandals that occured during his presidency were uncovered and his image suffered a serious setback. His presidency is today ranked amongst the worst in the American history.

 16 
Sun Yat-Sen
(Provisional President of the Republic of China (January - March 1912))
Sun Yat-Sen
8
Birthdate: November 12, 1866
Birthplace: Cuiheng, Zhongshan, China
Died: March 12, 1925
Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat Sen, also known as the "Father of the Nation" in China, ousted the Qing Dynasty in 1911. He was the first leader of the Nationalist Party of China and laid down the Three Principles of the People, which included nationalism, democracy, and livelihood.
 17 
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
(24th President of Liberia (2006 - 2018))
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
15
Birthdate: October 29, 1938
Birthplace: Monrovia, Liberia

Liberian politician, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, served as the 24th President of Liberia from 2006 to 2018. She was the first elected female head of state in Africa. An alumnus of the Harvard University, she began her political career in the 1970s and rose through the ranks with time. She is the recipient of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.

 18 
Indira Gandhi
(3rd Prime Minister of India)
Indira Gandhi
49
Birthdate: November 19, 1917
Birthplace: Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: October 31, 1984

The third Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi served as PM from 1966 till 1977 and then again from 1980 till her assassination in October 1984. She is considered one of India’s strongest PM and is hailed for leading India to victory over Pakistan in 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. However, she is also categorised as authoritarian and is criticised for imposing Emergency in 1975.

 19 
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
(65th President of Mexico)
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
15
Birthdate: November 13, 1953
Birthplace: Tepetitán, Tabasco, Mexico
Andrés Manuel López Obrador has been serving as Mexico’s 58th president since December 2018. He led the Party of the Democratic Revolution from 1996 to 1999 and was elected Head of Government of Mexico City. He established the National Regeneration Movement in 2014 and led it till 2017.
 20 
Sanna Marin
(The 46th Prime Minister of Finland)
Sanna Marin
16
Birthdate: November 16, 1985
Birthplace: Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland

Finland’s 46th prime minister, Sanna Marin has also previously been the country’s minister of transport and communications. A Social Democratic Party member, she was dragged into a controversy after a video of her partying and dancing became viral in 2022, with critics accusing her of drug abuse.

 21 
Claus von Stauffenberg
(German Army Officer Who Failed in His Attempt to Assassinate Adolf Hitler)
Claus von Stauffenberg
13
Birthdate: November 15, 1907
Birthplace: Jettingen, Germany
Died: July 1, 1944

German army officer Claus von Stauffenberg, a significant figure of the German Resistance Movement within the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany, attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler in July 1944, but failed. He was executed by a firing squad soon after Operation Valkyrie. He had earlier actively participated in World War II.

 22 
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
(Former Chief of the German General Staff (1871 - 1888))
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
5
Birthdate: October 26, 1800
Birthplace: Parchim, Germany
Died: April 24, 1891

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder was a Prussian field marshal who served as the chief of staff in the Royal Prussian Army for 30 years. Moltke, who commanded troops during Austro-Prussian War, Second Schleswig War, and the Franco-Prussian War, is credited with creating a new method of directing armies. He is also credited with pioneering the military usage of railways. 

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 23 
David Petraeus
(4th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (2011 - 2012))
David Petraeus
11
Birthdate: November 7, 1952
Birthplace: Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York, United States
David Petraeus was the director of the CIA from 2011 till his resignation in 2012 due to his extramarital affair with his biographer Paula Broadwell. He was also charged with mishandling classified information. He had previously been the commander of U.S. Central Command and of the International Security Assistance Force
 24 
Malcolm Turnbull
(29th Prime Minister of Australia (2015 - 2018))
Malcolm Turnbull
15
Birthdate: October 24, 1954
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia

Malcolm Turnbull is a retired Australian politician. From 2015 to 2018, Turnbull served as the 29th prime minister of Australia. He also served as the leader of the Liberal Party on two occasions. For his service to the Parliament of Australia, Turnbull was awarded Companion of the Order of Australia during the 2021 Australia Day Honours

 25 
Mikhail Kalashnikov
(Inventor of 'AK-47' Assault Rifle, PK Machine Gun and 'RPK Light Machine Gun')
Mikhail Kalashnikov
4
Birthdate: November 10, 1919
Birthplace: Kur'ya, Russia
Died: December 23, 2013
Russian military leader Mikhail Kalashnikov is remembered for inventing the AK-47 assault rifle, along with other weapons such as the AKM, the AK-74, the PK machine gun, and the RPK light machine gun. He was named the Hero of the Russian Federation and received the Order of Military Merit.
 26 
Tony Abbott
(28th Prime Minister of Australia (2013 - 15))
Tony Abbott
12
Birthdate: November 4, 1957
Birthplace: Lambeth, London, England

Tony Abbott is a former politician who served as Australia's 28th prime minister from 2013 to 2015. Over the years, Abbott has had a major impact on society, thanks to his community service. He is an active volunteer for agencies and institutions like the New South Wales Rural Fire Service and Queenscliff's Surf Life Saving Club.

 27 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(First Deputy Prime Minister of India and First Home Minister of India)
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
22
Birthdate: October 31, 1875
Birthplace: Nadiad, Gujarat, India
Died: December 15, 1950

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian politician who played an influential role in the Indian independence movement. Dubbed the Iron Man of India and Unifier of India, Sardar Patel played an important role in integrating various princely states into a united, independent nation. In 2018, the world's tallest statue called the Statue of Unity was dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

 28 
Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan
(Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates)
Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan
4
Birthdate: November 20, 1970
Birthplace: United Arab Emirates
 29 
William H. McRaven
7
Birthdate: November 6, 1955
Birthplace: Pinehurst
 30 
Eugene V. Debs
(Union Leader)
Eugene V. Debs
6
Birthdate: November 5, 1855
Birthplace: Terre Haute
Died: October 20, 1926
Eugene V. Debs, one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World, was a renowned socialist and a five-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party. He is remembered for founding the American Railway Union. He was convicted of sedition, but his sentence was later commuted.
 31 
David Stirling
3
Birthdate: November 15, 1915
Birthplace: Lecropt, Perthshire, Scotland
Died: November 4, 1990

Scottish-born British Army officer David Stirling was known for his exploits in World War II, during which he formed and led the British Special Air Service (SAS). Following the war, he focused on combating racism in colonial Africa and even formed a foundation for animal conservation. He was knighted for his achievements.

 32 
Uhuru Kenyatta
(President of Kenya)
Uhuru Kenyatta
9
Birthdate: October 26, 1961
Birthplace: Nairobi

The incumbent Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta is the leader of the Jubilee Party of Kenya. Son of Kenya’s first president, Jomo Kenyatta, he was dragged into a controversy after sweeping the 2017 re-elections by winning 98% of the total votes. However, a Supreme Court ruling dismissed all charges against him.

 33 
François Mitterrand
(President of France from 1981 to 1995)
François Mitterrand
9
Birthdate: October 26, 1916
Birthplace: Jarnac, France
Died: January 8, 1996
François Mitterrand served as the French president from 1981 to 1995, becoming the longest-tenured president in the history of his country. He was the first to name a female prime minister, Édith Cresson. He is known for his investments in several Grands Projets and his opposition of the Fifth Republic.
 34 
Otto von Habsburg
(Last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary and Former Member of the European Parliament)
Otto von Habsburg
4
Birthdate: November 20, 1912
Birthplace: Reichenau an der Rax, Austria
Died: July 4, 2011

Otto von Habsburg was the son of Charles I, the last emperor of Austria. A staunch opponent of Nazism, he called for the unification and integration of Europe. He had been a European Parliament member and spearheaded the Pan-European Picnic at the Austrian-Hungarian border during the 1989 revolution.

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
9
Birthdate: November 2, 1767
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 23, 1820

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn was the father of Queen Victoria. His army career took him to Canada and the West Indies, making him the first royal family member to stay in North America. He was also the governor of Gibraltar and played a major role in Canada’s development.

 36 
Richard E. Byrd
(American Naval Officer and Explorer Known for His Expedition of the Antarctic Plateau)
Richard E. Byrd
4
Birthdate: October 25, 1888
Birthplace: Winchester, Virginia, United States
Died: March 11, 1957

American naval officer Richard E. Byrd is remembered for his pioneering expeditions to Antarctica, using airplanes. Though he was awarded a US Congressional Medal of Honor for completing the first flight over the North Pole, it was later revealed that he had returned when he was 150 miles away from the destination.

 37 
Stephen F. Austin
(4th Secretary of State of Texas (October 1836 - December 1836))
Stephen F. Austin
8
Birthdate: November 3, 1793
Birthplace: Austinville, Virginia, United States
Died: December 27, 1836

Stephen Austin, also known as the Father of Texas, was born to a lead-mining businessman in Missouri who later bought a piece of land from the Mexican government. Austin developed the land and mediated between American and Mexican people for control over it, eventually leading to the Texas Revolution.

 38 
John Kennedy
(Senator)
John Kennedy
6
Birthdate: November 21, 1951
Birthplace: Centreville, Mississippi, United States
 39 
Park-Chung-hee
(Former President of South Korea)
Park-Chung-hee
9
Birthdate: November 14, 1917
Birthplace: Gumi, South Korea
Died: October 26, 1979

Park Chung-hee served as the president of South Korea from 1962 to 1979. He had also chaired the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction. As the leader of the South Korean army, he had launched the 1961 coup and established a dictatorship. He was assassinated by his close aide Kim Jae-gyu.

 40 
Sargent Shriver
(American Politician and United States Ambassador to France (1968–1970))
Sargent Shriver
4
Birthdate: November 9, 1915
Birthplace: Westminster, Maryland, United States
Died: January 18, 2011
Sargent Shriver was part of the Kennedy family, as the husband of Eunice Kennedy Shriver, sister of President John F. Kennedy. He was part of the U.S. Navy and also worked as an assistant editor at Newsweek. He developed many anti-poverty programs and was the Democratic vice-presidential nominee in 1972.
 41 
Norodom Sihanouk
(Former Ruler of Cambodia)
Norodom Sihanouk
4
Birthdate: October 31, 1922
Birthplace: Royal Palace, Phnom Penh
Died: October 15, 2012
Apart from taking over as the king of Cambodia at 18, Norodom Sihanouk had also been the country’s prime minister later. A multidimensional personality and a Khmer Rouge supporter, he had also composed a number of patriotic tracks and experimented with filmmaking, infusing Western elements into his work.
 42 
Antonio Inoki
(Japanese Retired Professional Wrestler and Founder of 'New Japan Pro-Wrestling')
Antonio Inoki
4
Birthdate: November 20, 1943
Birthplace: Yokohama, Japan
Died: October 1, 2022

Once a reputed Japanese martial artist and wrestler, Antonio Inoki grew up in Brazil, where he won several contests of shot put, discus, and javelin. At 17, he went to the Japanese Wrestling Association and was mentored by Rikidōzan. He later established the New Japan Pro Wrestling.

 43 
Cyril Ramaphosa
(President of South Africa)
Cyril Ramaphosa
23
Birthdate: November 17, 1952
Birthplace: Soweto

Cyril Ramaphosa is a politician and the current president of South Africa. Also the president of South Africa's popular political party African National Congress (ANC), Ramaphosa played a key role during the nation's transition to democracy during which he served as ANC's chief negotiator. He also played a crucial role in ending apartheid and was considered Nelson Mandela's political heir.

 44 
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
(6th and Current President of Egypt (Since 2014))
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
17
Birthdate: November 19, 1954
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is the incumbent president of Egypt. He has also served as the director of military Intelligence and the minister of defense. He has had a long stint with the Egyptian Army and led the coup that ousted President Mohamed Morsi. He has established a dictatorial regime.
 45 
Goodluck Jonathan
(14th President of Nigeria)
Goodluck Jonathan
4
Birthdate: November 20, 1957
Birthplace: Otuoke, Nigeria

Initially a teacher, Nigerian former president Goodluck Jonathan, boasts of a PhD in zoology and has also headed an oil-oriented government agency. He plunged into politics with the PDP, and his tenure as the president witnessed major acts of terror by the jihadist group Boko Haram.

 46 
Chiang Kai-shek
(President of the Republic of China)
Chiang Kai-shek
28
Birthdate: October 31, 1887
Birthplace: Xikou
Died: April 5, 1975

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese revolutionary who led the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and later on in Taiwan until his death. He is credited with successfully leading the Northern Expedition against the Beiyang government, achieving Chinese unification. He was involved in a civil war with Communist Party of China, which he lost in 1949 and retreated to Taiwan.

 47 
Pam Bondi
(Former Florida Attorney General)
Pam Bondi
14
Birthdate: November 17, 1965
Birthplace: Tampa, Florida, United States
Pam Bondi served as the attorney general of Florida from 2011 to 2019. She campaigned against same-sex marriage and launched an unsuccessful lawsuit against the Affordable Care Act. She was on Trump’s defense team for his January 2020 impeachment trial and is said to have received generous donations from Trump.
 48 
Evo Morales
(President of Bolivia)
Evo Morales
7
Birthdate: October 26, 1959
Birthplace: Orinoca Canton
Evo Morales was the Bolivian president from 2006 to 2019. Known for his campaign for coca plantations, which some attribute to the growth of illegal cocaine production, he earned the nickname World Hero of Mother Earth. He leads the Movement for Socialism party and is a champion for indigenous rights.
 49 
Howard Dean
(Former Governor of Vermont)
Howard Dean
6
Birthdate: November 17, 1948
Birthplace: East Hampton, New York, USA
 50 
Richard Marcinko
(Navy officer)
Richard Marcinko
3
Birthdate: November 21, 1940
Birthplace: Lansford, Pennsylvania, USA
Died: December 25, 2021