Warren G. Harding Biography

(29th President of the United States (1921–1923))

Birthday: November 2, 1865 (Scorpio)

Born In: Blooming Grove, Ohio, United States

Warren G. Harding was the 29th President of the United States, often counted among the worst in historical rankings of the U.S. presidents. Ironically, he was a popular president during his administration which lasted from March 4, 1921 until his death on August 2, 1923, but his image eroded considerably following the exposure of several scandals that took place under him. Having become the president shortly after the end of the World War I, Harding promised to his citizens that he would focus all his efforts on restoring the country back to normalcy. The son of a doctor, he enjoyed a comfortable childhood and received his education form Ohio Central College. After juggling a few unrelated jobs, he bought a near-defunct newspaper and transformed it into a flourishing one. He eventually entered politics, partly on basis of his wife’s urging who believed her husband possessed the qualities to succeed in the field. A staunch Republican, he was elected to the U.S. Senate where he actively supported business interests. He set his ambitions higher and ran for the office of the President of the U.S. in 1920. He easily won the election and assumed office in 1921. However, he died in office long before the completion of his term

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Quick Facts

Also Known As: Warren Gamaliel Harding

Died At Age: 57

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Florence Harding

father: Dr. George Tryon Harding Sr.

mother: Phoebe Elizabeth Harding

siblings: Carolyn Harding Votaw

children: Elizabeth Ann Blaesing, Marshall Eugene DeWolfe

Born Country: United States

Presidents Political Leaders

political ideology: Political party - Republican

Died on: August 2, 1923

place of death: San Francisco, California, United States

U.S. State: Ohio

Cause of Death: Myocardial Infarction

Notable Alumni: Ohio Central College

Ancestry: British American, Dutch American

More Facts

education: Ohio Central College

  • 1

    What was Warren G. Harding's political party?

    Warren G. Harding was a member of the Republican Party.
  • 2

    What was the Teapot Dome scandal during Warren G. Harding's presidency?

    The Teapot Dome scandal involved corrupt leasing of federal oil reserves and was a major scandal during Harding's presidency.
  • 3

    What was the significance of Warren G. Harding's Return to Normalcy campaign slogan?

    Harding's "Return to Normalcy" campaign slogan emphasized a return to pre-World War I conditions and a focus on domestic issues.

  • 4

    What economic policies did Warren G. Harding adopt during his presidency?

    Harding favored pro-business policies, tax cuts, and reducing government intervention in the economy to promote economic growth.
  • 5

    How did Warren G. Harding's administration handle foreign policy during his presidency?

    Harding's administration focused on promoting disarmament and peace efforts following World War I, including the Washington Naval Conference.
Childhood & Early Life
Warren Gamaliel Harding was born on November 2, 1865, in Blooming Grove, Ohio. He was the eldest of eight children born to George Tryon Harding, Sr. and Phoebe Elizabeth. His father, originally a farmer and a teacher eventually went to medical school and became a doctor. His mother was a midwife.
He enrolled at Ohio Central College in Iberia in 1879 and graduated in 1882.
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Career
Harding was confused regarding his future after his graduation. He worked for a while as a teacher and as an insurance man. He also considered studying law. He then raised some money and purchased a near-defunct newspaper, ‘The Marion Star’.
He spent the next few years in promoting the newspaper and after struggling for a while, he was successful in establishing the newspaper as a profitable one. Married by now, he received great support from his wife in managing the newspaper. She also motivated him to join politics.
He entered politics and won a seat in the Ohio legislature in 1898 and served two terms. He was a conservative Republican, and with his charming demeanor and friendly nature, he soon became popular within the Republican circles.
In 1903, he was made the lieutenant governor and served in this post for two years. He ran for governorship in 1910 but was unsuccessful.
In 1914, he became a U.S. senator from Ohio. In this role he actively promoted business interests. Even though he held strong views on issues like prohibition and women’s suffrage, he was absent for many of the debates on these key issues and did not actively participate in the legislature procedures. However, he still remained popular as he was of affable nature and made no enemies, partly because he never took any stands.
Warren Harding was handsome and always well-groomed. He had the looks of a distinguished gentleman which paired with his congenial nature made him a much liked personality. Harry Micajah Daugherty, a key political insider, realized that Harding “looked like a president” and began to promote him for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920.
Harding easily emerged as the presidential nominee, with Calvin Coolidge as his running mate and Daugherty became his campaign manager. Harding won the 1920 presidential election, gaining 61 percent of the popular vote and winning 37 of 48 states in the Electoral College.
He was inaugurated as the president on March 4, 1921. Upon becoming the president, he named Daugherty the Attorney General of the United States. Soon after assuming office Harding realized that he was not prepared for presidency and felt overwhelmed by the responsibilities.
He made it a point to appoint the best suited person to important administrative positions and appointed Andrew Mellon at the Treasury, Herbert Hoover at Commerce, and Charles Evans Hughes at the State Department. He also appointed Charles G. Dawes as the first director of the budget after a budget system for the federal government was established.
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While Harding’s administration had some highly effective members like Mellon, Hoover and Hughes, there were also several unscrupulous and corrupt appointees in the government. Many scandals took place during his tenure, the most notorious one being the Teapot Dome scandal, a bribery incident that greatly damaged the public reputation of the Harding administration.
In spite of all the shortcomings in his administration, Harding remained a popular president until his untimely death in 1923. Several scandals in his government were exposed after his death and eventually his posthumous reputation began to suffer.
Personal Life & Legacy
Warren Harding married Florence Kling, a divorcee five years his senior, in 1891. The couple had no children of their own though Florence’s son from her previous marriage lived with them sometimes.
Harding was known to be a womanizer and had been involved in several extramarital affairs. One of his well-known affairs was with Carrie Phillips, a friend of his wife. Another one of his mistresses was Nan Britton, a woman who publicly claimed that Harding was the father of her daughter. Considered scandalous during that time, this claim was verified by DNA testing in 2015.
Harding, along with his wife and a few others, undertook a trip to Alaska in June 1923. They returned home towards the end of July when Harding began to suffer from heath problems. He died on August 2, 1923, at the age of 57. The cause of his death was either a massive heart attack or cerebral hemorrhage.
Facts About Warren G. Harding
Harding was the first president to own a radio in the White House, and he used it to broadcast his speeches to the public, pioneering a new way of reaching the American people.
Harding was an avid poker player and often hosted late-night poker games with his cabinet members and friends in the White House, leading to a relaxed and social atmosphere among his administration.
Harding had a love for animals and kept a pet squirrel named Pete in the White House, which was known to roam freely around the presidential grounds and even attended cabinet meetings.
Harding was known for his love of sports, particularly golf, and frequently played rounds at local courses during his presidency, using the game as a way to relax and unwind from the pressures of his office.
Harding was a talented writer and poet, often penning romantic and sentimental verses for his wife, Florence, showing a softer and more sentimental side to his public persona.

See the events in life of Warren G. Harding in Chronological Order

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- Warren G. Harding Biography
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