Famous People Who Died In 1891

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1891. This list includes people like William Tecumseh Sherman, Herman Melville, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Arthur Rimbaud, Hannibal Hamlin and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, military leaders, soldiers and historians who died in 1891. This list includes people from United States, France, Germany & United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
P. T. Barnum
(Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut from 1875 to 1876)
P. T.  Barnum
36
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 5, 1810
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bethel, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 7

P. T. Barnum was an American politician, showman, and businessman. He is credited with founding the famous Barnum & Bailey Circus, which ran for 146 years. He is also credited with co-founding the Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Steamboat Company, which is one of the oldest American ferry companies. His life and work have inspired many films, including The Greatest Showman.

 2 
William Tecumseh Sherman
(Former Commanding General of the United States Army (1869 - 1883))
William Tecumseh Sherman
21
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1820
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio, United States
Died: February 14
William Tecumseh Sherman served as the Union Army general during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his “scorched earth” military policy and was known as "the first modern general.” His 1875 book Memoir, related his war experiences. He was associated with wildlife conservation in his later years.
 3 
Herman Melville
(Novelist & Short Story Writer of the American Renaissance Period Best Known for His Works 'Moby-Dick' & 'Typee')
Herman Melville
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 1, 1819
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: September 28

Herman Melville was an American short story writer, novelist, and poet. One of his best-known works, Moby-Dick is widely regarded as one of the great American novels, although it did not garner much attention during his lifetime. Livyatan melvillei, a species of an extinct sperm whale, which was discovered in 2010, was named in his honor.  

 4 
Arthur Rimbaud
(French Poet Known for His Works: ‘The Drunken Boat’, ‘A Season in Hell’ and ‘Illuminations’)
Arthur Rimbaud
4
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 20, 1854
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Charleville-Mézières, France
Died: November 10

French poet Arthur Rimbaud is remembered for his influence on Dadaism, surrealism, and symbolism. Known for works such as Le Soleil Etait Encore Chaud and Voyelles, he later got involved in a relationship with poet Paul Verlaine. He also traveled as a merchant and explorer, before dying of cancer.

 5 
Helena Blavatsky
(Russian Writer and Co-Founder of the 'Theosophical Society')
Helena Blavatsky
3
Birthdate: August 12, 1831
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dnipro, Ukraine
Died: May 8

Russian philosopher Helena Blavatsky, or Madame Blavatsky, was one of the co-founders of the Theosophical Society. She popularized the slogan “There is no religion higher than truth.” She was inspired by the Arya Samaj and later converted to Buddhism. She also wrote books such as The Secret Doctrine.

 6 
Georges Seurat
(French Post-Impressionist Artist Who Devised the Painting Techniques Known as 'Chromoluminarism' and 'Pointillism')
Georges Seurat
6
Birthdate: December 2, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 29

A significant figure of the Post-Impressionist era, Georges Seurat depicted structured art, far removed from the free-flowing Impressionist art. Best known for techniques such as pointillism, he created masterpieces such as Bathers at Asnières. He died before his last exhibition ended, and eerily displayed an unfinished painting, Cirque.

 7 
John A. Macdonald
(The First Prime Minister of Canada (1878 - 1891))
John A. Macdonald
14
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 11, 1815
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 6

John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. A dominant figure in Canadian politics for half a century, he was a lawyer by profession before venturing into politics. As a politician, he was influential in building Canada’s new government. To date, he remains one of the highest-rated prime ministers in Canadian history. 

 8 
Hannibal Hamlin
(15th Vice President of the U.S.A)
Hannibal Hamlin
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 27, 1809
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris
Died: July 4

Hannibal Hamlin was an American politician and attorney whose public service career spanned more than five decades. The 15th vice president of the US, Hamlin is often counted among the most influential politicians from the state of Maine. Several places in the US, especially in Maine, have been named in his honor. There are also statues in Hannibal Hamlin's likeness.  

 9 
Pedro II of Brazil
(Former Emperor of Brazil (1831 - 1889))
Pedro II of Brazil
8
Birthdate: December 2, 1825
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: December 5

Pedro II, son of the first Brazilian emperor, Dom Pedro I, is also remembered by his countrymen as the Magnanimous. He made Brazil prosper while other South American nations were torn apart by strife and clashes. Following his deposition, by a coup to overthrow the monarchy, he sailed to Europe.

 10 
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(Educator & Social Reformer He is Considered the "Father of Bengali prose")
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
17
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 26, 1820
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Birsingha, West Bengal, India
Died: July 29

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was an Indian social reformer and educator. He is best remembered for his efforts to modernize and simplify Bengali prose for which he is widely regarded as the father of Bengali prose. As a social reformer, Vidyasagar played a crucial role in enacting the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, which legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows in India. 

 11 
Kalakaua
(Monarch)
Kalakaua
1
Birthdate: November 16, 1836
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Died: January 20
 12 
George Washington Williams
(American Soldier)
George Washington Williams
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 16, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 2

A laborer’s son, George Washington Williams had been a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, when he was barely 14. He had then been a Baptist minister, a politician, a lecturer, a lawyer, and a journalist, but is best remembered for being the first to write about Black history.

 13 
Charles Stewart Parnell
(Leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party (1882 - 1891))
Charles Stewart Parnell
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 27, 1846
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Avondale House, Rathdrum, Ireland
Died: October 6

Charles Stewart Parnell led both the Irish Parliamentary Party and the Home Rule League. A nationalist, he is remembered as one of the pioneering political leaders of Europe. However, his political image suffered a huge blow after he was dragged into an adultery scandal with Katherine O’Shea.

 14 
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
(Former Chief of the German General Staff (1871 - 1888))
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 26, 1800
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Parchim, Germany
Died: April 24

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder was a Prussian field marshal who served as the chief of staff in the Royal Prussian Army for 30 years. Moltke, who commanded troops during Austro-Prussian War, Second Schleswig War, and the Franco-Prussian War, is credited with creating a new method of directing armies. He is also credited with pioneering the military usage of railways. 

 15 
Samuel Ajayi Crowther
(The First Ever African-Anglican Bishop of West Africa)
Samuel Ajayi Crowther
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1809 AD
Birthplace: Osogun, Nigeria
Died: December 31

Nigerian linguist and clergyman Samuel Ajayi Crowther was the first African Anglican bishop of West Africa. Sold into slavery during childhood, Crowther was eventually freed by West Africa Squadron of Royal Navy. He resettled in Sierra Leone, received his education in English, adopted Christianity and was ordained as a minister in England, being consecrated a bishop on St Peter's day

 16 
Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton
(Diplomat)
Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 8, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 24
Apart from serving as a British viceroy of India, Robert Bulwer-Lytton had also penned poems under the pen-name Owen Meredith. His relief policy in the wake of the Madras famine of 1876-78 was highly criticized and held responsible for aggravating the famine. He also catalyzed the Second Afghan War.
 17 
James Russell Lowell
(Was an American Romantic Poet, Critic, Editor, and Diplomat)
James Russell Lowell
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 22, 1819
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 12
 18 
Sarah Childress Polk
(First Lady of the United States from 1845 to 1849)
Sarah Childress Polk
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 4, 1803
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Murfreesboro, Tennessee, United States
Died: August 14
 19 
Léo Delibes
(Composer)
Léo Delibes
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: February 21, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: La La Flèche, France
Died: January 16
 20 
Joseph Bazalgette
(British Civil Engineer Who Created a Sewerage System for Central London)
Joseph Bazalgette
2
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: March 28, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Enfield, London, England
Died: March 15

British civil engineer Joseph Bazalgette was the man behind the development of the sewage system of London. He was later knighted for his achievements and had also served as the president of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Another notable work of his was the Hammersmith Bridge.

 21 
Sarah Winnemucca
(Former writer known for Activist and Spokeswoman for Northern Paiute)
Sarah Winnemucca
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1844 AD
Birthplace: Nevada, United States
Died: October 17
 22 
Wilhelm Weber
(Physicst)
Wilhelm Weber
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 24, 1804
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
Died: June 23

German physicist Wilhelm Weber is remembered for inventing the first electromagnetic telegraph, along with Carl Friedrich Gauss. The Copley Medal-winning scientist had also taught at the universities of Göttingen and Leipzig. The SI unit of magnetic flux, formerly known as the coulomb, was later named the weber in his honor.

 23 
Mihail Kogălniceanu
(Prime Minister of Romania (1863 - 1865))
Mihail Kogălniceanu
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 6, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Iași, Romania
Died: July 1

Mihail Kogălniceanu was a Romanian statesman, historian, lawyer, and publicist. He is best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Romania from 11 October 1863 to 26 January 1865. He was also a two-time Foreign Affairs Minister and four-time Internal Affairs Minister of Romania. Mihail Kogălniceanu was also one of the most influential intellectuals of his generation.

 24 
Leopold Kronecker
(Mathematician, University teacher)
Leopold Kronecker
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 7, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Legnica
Died: December 29

German mathematician Leopold Kronecker is best remembered for his pioneering work on the theory of equations and algebra. Interestingly, he wasn’t too keen on academic research initially and focused on his land business, while simultaneously pursuing math as a hobby. He could only focus on math after retiring at 30.

 25 
George Bancroft
(Diplomat, Historian of the modern age, Historian, Academic, Writer, Politician)
George Bancroft
0
Birthdate: October 3, 1800
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Worcester
Died: January 17
 26 
Prince Baudouin of Belgium
(Eldest Son of Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders)
Prince Baudouin of Belgium
0
Birthdate: June 3, 1869
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 23

Prince Baudouin of Belgium was the son of Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders. He is also known as the older brother of Albert I of Belgium, who went on to become King of the Belgians in 1909. Albert I became heir presumptive after the untimely death of Prince Baudouin of Belgium at the age of 21.

 27 
Ivan Goncharov
(Novelist)
Ivan Goncharov
0
Birthdate: June 18, 1812
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: September 1

Russian novelist and travel writer Ivan Goncharov is best remembered for his novel Oblomov. Born into an affluent merchant family, he later had a 30-year stint as an official, working for the ministries of finance and censorship. In his memoir, An Uncommon Story, he accused many authors of plagiarizing his works.

 28 
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
(Politician)
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 31, 1837
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arlington, Virginia, United States
Died: October 15
 29 
David Dixon Porter
(Naval Officer)
David Dixon Porter
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 8, 1813
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 13
 30 
Jules Grévy
(Former President of France)
Jules Grévy
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 15, 1807
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France
Died: September 9

Son of a French army man, Jules Grévy was a lawyer before he joined politics. He later became the president of France and pushed for a strong legislature. He adopted moderate foreign policies and was against colonial expansion. He resigned in the wake of a corruption scandal involving his son-in-law.

 31 
Paul de Lagarde
(Orientalist)
Paul de Lagarde
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 2, 1827
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Prussia
Died: December 22
 32 
Edmond Becquerel
(First observed the photovoltaic effect)
Edmond Becquerel
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 24, 1820
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11
 33 
Edward Hargraves
(Gold Prospector)
Edward Hargraves
55
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 7, 1816
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gosport, Hampshire
Died: October 29
Edward Hargraves was the first person to claim he found a huge resource of gold in Australia in 1851, starting the Australian gold rush. He was rewarded by the government for discovering Ophir, the goldfield in New South Wales. Later investigations proved he wasn’t the first to find the field.
 34 
Konstantin Leontiev
(Philosopher)
Konstantin Leontiev
0
Birthdate: January 25, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Meshtshovskij County, Russia
Died: November 24
 35 
Ion C. Brătianu
(Politician)
Ion C. Brătianu
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 2, 1821
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Argeș County, Romania
Died: May 16
 36 
Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark
(Duchess)
Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 30, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Corfu, Greece
Died: September 24
 37 
Joseph Leidy
(American Paleontologist, Parasitologist and Anatomist)
Joseph Leidy
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: September 9, 1823
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 30

Joseph Leidy was an American parasitologist, paleontologist, and anatomist. He is credited with writing an influential and important book titled Extinct Fauna of Dakota and Nebraska which housed several previously unknown and not described species. He also served as a professor at many educational institutions, including the University of Pennsylvania and Swarthmore College.

 38 
John Hawkshaw
(British Civil Engineer Known for His Work on the Charing Cross and Cannon Street Railways)
John Hawkshaw
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: April 9, 1811
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leeds, England
Died: June 2

Known for constructions such as the Severn Tunnel and the Charing Cross and Cannon Street railways, John Hawkshaw was initially employed with the Manchester and Leeds Railway. His work was spread across Egypt, India, and the Netherlands. He was eventually knighted and made a fellow of the Royal Society.

 39 
Heinrich Graetz
(Historian)
Heinrich Graetz
0
Birthdate: October 31, 1817
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: September 7
 40 
Charles Bradlaugh
(Activist)
Charles Bradlaugh
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: September 26, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hoxton, London, England
Died: January 30
 41 
Msiri
(Ruler)
Msiri
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1830 AD
Birthplace: Yeke Kingdom, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: December 20
 42 
Sophia B. Packard
(American Educator)
Sophia B. Packard
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 3, 1824
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: United States
Died: June 21
 43 
Fredrik Pacius
(Known as the 'Father of Finnish Music' and Composer of De facto National Anthem of Finland)
Fredrik Pacius
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 19, 1809
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: January 8

German-Finnish composer- conductor Fredrik Pacius, reputed as "Father of Finnish music" is best-known for composing music of Maamme, the de facto national anthem of Finland, with lyrics written by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Melody of the piece was used for national anthem of Estonia, Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm; as also for the Livonian ethnic anthem Min izāmō, min sindimō.

 44 
Louis Lucien Bonaparte
(Politician)
Louis Lucien Bonaparte
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Thorngrove, England
Died: November 3
 45 
Leon Pinsker
(Polish Physician and Zionist Activist, Who Was a Forerunner of ‘Theodor Herzl’ and Other Major Political Zionists)
Leon Pinsker
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: December 13, 1821
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tomaszow Lubelski, Poland
Died: December 9

Russian-Polish physician Leon Pinsker didn’t just practice medicine in Odessa but also pioneered the Zionist movement, setting the stage for activists such as Theodor Herzl. His enthusiasm to get equal rights for Jews was cut short by the Odessa Pogroms. He established the Hovevei Zion in response to such pogroms.

 46 
Sanjō Sanetomi
(Acting Prime Minister of Japan (October 1889 – December 1889))
Sanjō Sanetomi
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 13, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: February 18

Sanjō Sanetomi was a 19th-century Japanese Imperial court noble. He served as a statesman during the time of the Meiji Restoration and held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government.  He became Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan after the dajōkan system was abolished and the cabinet system was established.   

 47 
Frederick Weld
(Politician)
Frederick Weld
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 9, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bridport, England
Died: July 20
 48 
Johannes Janssen
(Historian)
Johannes Janssen
0
Birthdate: April 10, 1829
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Xanten, Germany
Died: December 24
 49 
Giovanni Morelli
(Italian Art Critic Whose Methods of Direct Study Established the Foundation of Subsequent Art Criticism)
Giovanni Morelli
0
Birthdate: February 25, 1816
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: February 28

Born to Swiss parents in Italy, Giovanni Morelli later studied medicine in Switzerland and Germany, but never practiced. A connoisseur of arts, he established himself as an art historian and collector. He also dabbled in politics and passed an act forbidding the sale of artwork from public or religious institutions.

 50 
Alfred Waud
(Artist)
Alfred Waud
0
Birthdate: October 2, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 6