Famous People Born In 1883

Discover the most famous people born in 1883. The list includes people like Benito Mussolini, Franz Kafka, Coco Chanel, John Maynard Keynes, Clement Attlee and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, philosophers and lawyers born in 1883. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom & Austria and many more countries.
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 1 
Franz Kafka
(Novelist and Short-Story Writer, Widely Regarded as One of the Major Figures of 20th-Century Literature)
Franz Kafka
21
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: June 3, 1924

Considered one of the major authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka was a Bohemian short-story writer and novelist. Franz Kafka is credited for being one of the earliest German-speaking authors to explore themes like absurdity, existential anxiety, and alienation. The term Kafkaesque is now widely used in the English language to explain those situations experienced by his characters.

 2 
Coco Chanel
(French Fashion Designer Best Known as the Founder of 'Chanel' and Her Signature Perfume ‘Chanel No. 5’)
Coco Chanel
42
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saumur, France
Died: January 10, 1971

Coco Chanel was a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand. She is credited with replacing the corseted silhouette as the feminine standard of style with a sporty, casual chic. Her work as a designer redefined the fashionable woman in the era post World War I. She also played a vital role in revolutionizing jewelry, handbags, and fragrance.

 3 
Khalil Gibran
22
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bsharri, Lebanon
Died: April 10, 1931

Lebanese author and poet Khalil Gibran is best remembered for his bestselling works The Prophet and Broken Wings. One of the leaders of the Mahjar movement of Arabic literature, he specialized in incorporating mythological and mystical symbols in his works and was inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche and William Blake.

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 4 
John Maynard Keynes
(One of the Most Influential Economists of the 20th Century Whose Ideas Greatly Influenced Economic Policies of Governments)
John Maynard Keynes
16
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 5th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cambridge ,England
Died: April 21, 1946

John Maynard Keynes was an English economist. His ideas are credited with changing the theory and practice of the economic policies and macroeconomics of governments at a fundamental level. Counted among the 20th century's most influential economists, Keynes' ideas are the basis for Keynesian economics. In 1999, he was named in Time magazine's Most Important People of the Century list.

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 5 
Rube Goldberg
(Cartoonist)
Rube Goldberg
16
Listed In: Cartoonists
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San Francisco, U.S.
Died: December 7, 1970

Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist Rube Goldberg, whose works gave rise to the expression Rube Goldberg machines, had started as an engineer and designed sewer pipes. He later worked for the San Francisco Chronicle and eventually soared to fame with his cartoons depicting gadgets and the character Professor Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts.

 6 
Napoleon Hill
(Writer of personal-success literature)
Napoleon Hill
9
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pound, Virginia
Died: November 8, 1970
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 7 
Lon Chaney
(Actor)
Lon Chaney
6
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States
Died: August 26, 1930
 8 
Douglas Fairbanks
(Actor)
Douglas Fairbanks
10
Birthdate: 23rd May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Denver, Colorado, United States
Died: December 12, 1939
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 9 
Walter Huston
(One of the Modern Theater's Greatest Actors)
Walter Huston
7
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
Died: April 7, 1950

Walter Huston was a Canadian singer and actor. He is best remembered for his portrayal of Howard in the 1948 American Western film The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, which earned him an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor. Walter Huston was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame a decade after his death.

 10 
Benito Mussolini
(Dictator of Italy and Principal Founder of Fascism Who Was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943.)
Benito Mussolini
133
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 29th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Predappio, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

The dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945, Benito Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919. It opposed class discrimination and supported nationalism. But when in power, Mussolini crushed rival political parties, trade unions, free press and free speech. He was overthrown by his former colleagues in the Fascist government in July 1943 and ultimately shot dead in April 1945.

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 11 
Walter Gropius
(Architect)
Walter Gropius
14
Birthdate: 18th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 5, 1969

Walter Gropius was a German architect. Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as a pioneer in modernist architecture. Gropius founded the Bauhaus School. The large-scale housing projects he designed in Berlin, Karlsruhe, and Dessau in the late 1920s and early 1930s became major contributions to the New Objectivity movement.  

 12 
Marion Lorne
(Actress)
Marion Lorne
1
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: West Pittston, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 9, 1968
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 13 
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
(Independence Activist, Reformer)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
12
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 28th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 14 
Nikos Kazantzakis
(One of the Most Important Figures of Modern Greek Literature, Best Known for His Work 'Zorba the Greek')
Nikos Kazantzakis
3
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 2nd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: October 26, 1957

Nikos Kazantzakis was a Greek writer whose works earned him nine nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature. Regarded as a giant of modern Greek literature, Kazantzakis achieved international fame when his works, such as The Life And Times Of Alexis Zorba and The Last Temptation of Christ, were adapted into feature films. 

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 15 
Otto Heinrich Warburg
(German Physiologist, Medical Doctor and Winner of the 1931 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Otto Heinrich Warburg
1
Listed In: Physiologists
Birthdate: 8th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Died: August 1, 1970

Otto Heinrich Warburg was a German medical doctor and physiologist. In 1931, his discovery of the nature of the respiratory enzyme earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He also played an important role during World War I where he served as an officer in the cavalry regiment; he was honored with the Iron Cross for bravery.

 16 
Joseph Stilwell
(General)
Joseph Stilwell
3
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Palatka, Florida, United States
Died: October 12, 1946
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 17 
Edgard Varese
(Composer)
Edgard Varese
1
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 22nd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 6, 1965
 18 
Angela Hitler
(Half-Sister of Adolf Hitler)
Angela Hitler
20
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 28th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Braunau am Inn, Austria
Died: October 30, 1949
Angela Hitler, the elder half-sister of Adolf Hitler, was also the mother of Geli, whose close relationship with Hitler raised many eyebrows. While Geli committed suicide later, Angela worked as Hitler’s housekeeper and was even against his relationship with Eva Braun. She later denied having any knowledge about the Holocaust.
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 19 
Anton Webern
(Austrian Composer Best Known for Extending the '12-Tone Technique' Method of Musical Composition)
Anton Webern
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 3rd December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 15, 1945

Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a core member in the circle of the Second Viennese School and an exponent of atonality and twelve-tone technique. He focused on lyricism, nuance, and sensitivity in the performance of music and was considered radical for his era. He received posthumous attention in the latter half of the 20th century. 

 20 
Max Fleischer
(Animator)
Max Fleischer
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: September 25, 1972
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 21 
Joseph Pilates
(Physical Trainer and Inventor of the 'Pilates' Method of Physical Fitness)
Joseph Pilates
4
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 9th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mönchengladbach, Germany
Died: October 9, 1967

Joseph Pilates was a German physical trainer. He is credited with developing and popularizing the Pilates method of physical training. Originally a bodybuilder and gymnast, Pilates studied the movements of animals, especially cats, and modeled his fitness training based on this. He was featured in a documentary movie titled A Movement of Movement.

 22 
D. S. Senanayake
(First Prime Minister of Sri Lanka)
D. S. Senanayake
28
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mirigama
Died: March 22, 1952

Sri Lanka’s first prime minister, D. S. Senanayake, was the son of a plantation owner and graphite miner and was raised as a devout Buddhist. An amateur cricketer in school, he later took to rubber planting and formed the cooperative-society movement. He rejected the honor of a knighthood.

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 23 
Georgios Papanikolaou
(Physician, Oncologist)
Georgios Papanikolaou
1
Listed In: Oncologists
Birthdate: 13th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kymi
Died: February 19, 1962

Georgios Papanikolaou was a Greek physician who was a pioneer in early cancer detection. He reported that uterine cancer cells could be detected in vaginal smears as early as 1928, but his work did not receive much attention until the 1940s. He invented the Papanicolaou test, commonly known as the Pap smear or Pap test for cervical screening.  

 24 
William Carlos Williams
(Poet)
William Carlos Williams
3
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 17th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rutherford, New Jersey, United States
Died: March 4, 1963
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 25 
S. Z. Sakall
(Hungarian-American Actor)
S. Z. Sakall
2
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: February 12, 1955

Renowned character actor S. Z. Sakall lost all of his 3 sisters in Nazi concentration camps. A talented stage actor in both Austria and Germany, he later gained international fame with his roles in movies such as Casablanca and Ball of Fire. He earned the nickname Cuddles for his affable appearance.

 26 
Joseph Schumpeter
5
Listed In: Economists
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Třešť, Czechia
Died: January 8, 1950
Business students remember Austrian economist and sociologist Joseph Schumpeter for his contribution to the concepts of entrepreneurship, creative destruction, and business cycles. An academic, who had also taught at Harvard, Schumpeter believed capitalism would someday automatically give way to socialism, a thought he expressed in Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy
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 27 
Jonathan M. Wainwright
(General)
Jonathan M. Wainwright
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Walla Walla, Washington, United States
Died: September 2, 1953
 28 
Ernest Everett Just
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 14th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: October 27, 1941

Ernest Everett Just was an African-American biologist and academic. He is credited with recognizing the fundamental role of the cell surface in the development of organisms. As a black boy growing up in the late 19th century, he had to face enormous challenges before he could establish himself in his career. He co-founded the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.  

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 29 
Morihei Ueshiba
(Japanese Martial Arts Master and Founder of the Martial Art of ‘Aikido’)
Morihei Ueshiba
4
Listed In: Martial Artists
Birthdate: 14th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan
Died: April 26, 1969

Morihei Ueshiba was a Japanese martial artist. Referred to as the Great Teacher, Ueshiba is credited with founding aikido, a martial art which is now practiced around the world. During the course of his career, Ueshiba set up many dojos, including the Aikikai Hombu Dojo, and taught several students, many of whom are celebrated martial artists in their own right.

 30 
Clement Attlee
(Former British Prime Minister)
Clement Attlee
8
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 3rd January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Putney
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 31 
Franklin Clarence Mars
(Businessperson)
Franklin Clarence Mars
2
Birthdate: 24th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newport, Minnesota, United States
Died: April 8, 1934
 32 
Mohammed Nadir Shah
(King of Afghanistan from 1929 to 1933)
Mohammed Nadir Shah
8
Birthdate: 9th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Died: November 8, 1933
Mohammed Nadir Shah reigned as the King of Afghanistan from 1929 until his murder in 1933. Prior to his role as the king of Afghanistan, Nadir Khan served as Minister of War and as a general in the Armed Forces of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. He was also a diplomat and served as the Afghan Ambassador to France.
 33 
Sonia Greene
(Writer)
Sonia Greene
0
Birthdate: 16th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ichnia
Died: December 26, 1972
 34 
Zaifeng, Prince Chun
(Prince Regent of the Qing Dynasty)
Zaifeng, Prince Chun
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: February 3, 1951
 35 
Maurice Utrillo
(Painter)
Maurice Utrillo
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 26th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montmartre, Paris, France
Died: November 5, 1955
 36 
Edith Clarke
(Electrical Engineer)
Edith Clarke
6
Birthdate: 10th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Howard County
Died: October 29, 1959
 37 
José Ortega y Gasset
(Spanish Philosopher and Essayist)
José Ortega y Gasset
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: October 18, 1955

Philosopher and humanist José Ortega y Gasset was a major figure of the 20th-century Spanish literary renaissance. Apart from introducing concepts such as ratiovitalism, he also believed in the philosophy "I am I and my circumstance." Invertebrate Spain and The Revolt of the Masses remain his best works.

 38 
Sam Langford
(One of the Greatest Boxes of All Time)
Sam Langford
4
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Weymouth Falls, Canada
Died: January 12, 1956
 39 
Bertram Home Ramsay
(Navy officer)
Bertram Home Ramsay
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 20th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hampton Court or London, England
Died: January 2, 1945
 40 
Ivan Meštrović
2
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 15th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vrpolje
Died: January 15, 1962

Ivan Meštrović was a Croatian architect, sculptor, and writer. Counted among the most important Croatian sculptors of the modern era, Ivan Meštrović is sometimes credited with taking Croatian arts to the world stage. He also had a strong artistic influence on Serbia where many streets are named in his honor.

 41 
Linda Lee Thomas
(American Socialite)
Linda Lee Thomas
1
Listed In: Socialites
Birthdate: 17th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: May 20, 1954
 42 
Marie Laurencin
(French Painter and Printmaker Known for Her Delicate Portraits of Elegant, Vaguely Melancholic Women)
Marie Laurencin
0
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 8, 1956

Marie Laurencin was a French printmaker and painter. An important member of the Cubists within the Groupe de Puteaux, Laurencin was an influential figure in the Parisian avant-garde. Today, her works can be seen at popular museums like the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in the USA, the Tate Gallery in the UK, and the State Hermitage Museum in Russia.

 43 
Wang Jingwei
(1st President of the Republic of China)
Wang Jingwei
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sanshui District, Foshan, China
Died: November 10, 1944
Wang Jingwei lost both his parents in childhood. He grew up to become a close associate of Sun Yat-sen. He was the first president of the Republic of China. His collaboration with Japan to form a government in Nanjing made him a traitor in the eyes of his countrymen. 
 44 
Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
(Prince)
Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: December 8, 1942
 45 
Compton Mackenzie
(Scottish Writer of Fiction, Biography, Histories and a Memoir)
Compton Mackenzie
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: West Hartlepool, County Durham, England
Died: November 30, 1972

Though born into a famous family of theater actors and managers, Compton Mackenzie turned to writing in his 20s. Known for works such as Greek Memories, he also gained fame as a Scottish nationalist and played a major role in the formation of the Scottish National Party.

 46 
Scott Nearing
(Economist, Political activist)
Scott Nearing
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 6th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tioga County, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 24, 1983
 47 
Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria
(Politician)
Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria
0
Listed In: Noblewomen
Birthdate: 2nd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Franzensburg, Laxenburg, Austria
Died: March 16, 1963
 48 
Sam Wood
(Director)
Sam Wood
1
Birthdate: 10th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 22, 1949
 49 
Pierre Laval
(Prime Minister of France from 1942 to 1944)
Pierre Laval
0
Birthdate: 28th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Châteldon, France
Died: October 15, 1945

Pierre Laval was a French politician who served as prime minister of France for two non-consecutive terms. A lawyer by qualification, he defended trade unions and leftists against government prosecution. As a politician, he held many governmental positions. After the liberation of France in 1944, he was arrested by the new French government and executed following a flawed trial.

 50 
Laurette Taylor
(Actress)
Laurette Taylor
0
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: December 7, 1946