Famous People Born In 1852

Discover the most famous people born in 1852. The list includes people like Calamity Jane, H. H. Asquith, Henri Becquerel, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Joseph Joffre and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include physicists, political leaders, chemists and lawyers born in 1852. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, France and many more countries.
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 1 
Antoni Gaudí
(Architect)
Antoni Gaudí
14
Birthdate: 25th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Reus
Died: June 10, 1926
Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí is remembered as a prominent figure of Catalan Modernism. Most of his works, including the incomplete church of the Sagrada Família, are in Barcelona. His innovative methods included the use of trencadís. By 2005, seven of his creations had been named UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
 2 
Emperor Meiji
(Emperor of Japan from 1867 to 1912)
Emperor Meiji
5
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 3rd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
Died: July 30, 1912

Emperor Meiji of Japan presided over the all-round revolutionary transformation of his empire which emerged as a strong force on the global scene during his reign. His policies and actions led to Japan’s rapid growth and ended its isolation from the rest of the world. One of the noted changes during rule was the abolition of special privileges of samurais.

 3 
John Harvey Kellogg
(Physician, Nutritionist and Director of the ‘Battle Creek Sanitarium’)
John Harvey Kellogg
4
Birthdate: 26th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tyrone Township, Michigan, United States
Died: December 14, 1943
Physician, nutritionist, and businessman John Harvey Kellogg served as the director of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, which was a combination of a European spa, a hydrotherapy center, a hospital, and a hotel. He believed in biologic living. However, he is best remembered as the inventor of corn flakes.
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 4 
Henri Becquerel
(Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity)
Henri Becquerel
3
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 15th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 25, 1908

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Henri Becquerel is known for his chance discovery of spontaneous radioactivity. Born into a family of scientists, Becquerel had been an engineer and a physics professor earlier. Marie Curie, who shared the Nobel with him and her husband, Pierre, was one of his doctoral students.

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 5 
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
(Father of Modern Neuroscience)
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1
Listed In: Neuroscientists
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain
Died: October 18, 1934

While he apprenticed as a cobbler and a barber in childhood, Santiago Ramón y Cajal later took up medicine inspired by his father, a professor of anatomy. Cajal’s study of the microscopic structure of the human brain later formed the basis of neuroscience and earned him a Nobel Prize.

 6 
Joseph Joffre
(Commander-in-Chief of French Forces During the World War I)
Joseph Joffre
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 12th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rivesaltes, France
Died: January 3, 1931

Known as the Victor of the Marne and Papa Joffre, French military commander Joseph Joffre is remembered for his exploits at the Western Front during and after World War I. Following the German invasion of Verdun, he lost his command over the army and was made the Marshal of France.

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 7 
William Ramsay
(Scottish Chemist Who Discovered the Noble Gases)
William Ramsay
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 2nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: July 23, 1916

The son of a civil engineer, Nobel Prize-winning Scottish chemist William Ramsay revolutionized science with his pathbreaking discovery of the noble gases, thus forming an entirely new segment of the periodic table. He is also remembered for his long association with UCL. He was knighted for his achievements.

 8 
William Stewart Halsted
(Surgeon)
William Stewart Halsted
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City
Died: September 7, 1922

William Stewart Halsted was the man behind the first American surgical school at the Johns Hopkins University. The master surgeon made a number of contributions to medical science, including the introduction of mastectomy and aseptic surgical procedures. He often injected cocaine into his body to develop anesthesia.

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 9 
Calamity Jane
(American scout)
Calamity Jane
10
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Princeton, Missouri
Died: August 1, 1903

Martha Jane Cannary, better known by her nickname Calamity Jane, was an American frontierswoman. Her friendship with Wild Bill Hickok and her habit of wearing men's attire made her a popular fictional character in literature, plays, games, films, and TV series. She has been portrayed by actresses like Jean Arthur, Frances Farmer, Marin Sais, and Yvonne De Carlo among others.

 10 
Cap Anson
(Baseball Player)
Cap Anson
3
Listed In: Baseball Players
Birthdate: 17th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Marshalltown, Iowa, United States
Died: April 14, 1922
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 11 
Alice Liddell
(British Woman Who Was an Acquaintance and Photography Subject of 'Lewis Carroll')
Alice Liddell
2
Listed In: Models
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: November 16, 1934

One of the 10 children of the dean of Christ Church, Henry Liddell, Alice Liddell was about 5 when she met mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known as author Lewis Carroll. It is believed she was the inspiration behind Carroll’s iconic creation Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

 12 
Francisco Tárrega
(Spanish Composer and Classical Guitarist Known for His Work During the Romantic Period)
Francisco Tárrega
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 21st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Villarreal, Spain
Died: December 15, 1909

Francisco Tárrega was a Spanish composer and classical guitarist active during the Romantic period. He is often considered the father of classical guitar and is counted among the greatest guitarists of all time. He loved music from an early age and was able to build a successful career with his father’s encouragement. He died at the peak of his career. 

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 13 
Albert A. Michelson
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 19th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strzelno, Poland
Died: May 9, 1931
 14 
Gojong of Korea
(King)
Gojong of Korea
3
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 8th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Unhyeongung, Seoul, South Korea
Died: January 21, 1919
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 15 
Henry Van Dyke
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Philadelphia
Died: April 10, 1933
 16 
H. H. Asquith
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916)
H. H. Asquith
5
Birthdate: 1st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morley, England
Died: February 1, 1928

H. H. Asquith was an English politician and statesman best remembered for serving as the prime minister of the UK from 1908 to 1916. He was the last PM to command a majority government from the Liberal Party. Great Britain entered the First World War under his prime ministership, a move which is often criticized by modern-day critics and scholars.

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 17 
Charles W. Fairbanks
(Vice President of the United States (1905-09))
Charles W. Fairbanks
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 11th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Union County, Ohio, United States
Died: June 4, 1918
 18 
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
(Dutch Physical Chemist Known for Work on Rates of Chemical Reaction, Chemical Equilibrium, and Osmotic Pressure)
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 1, 1911

Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff was a Dutch physical chemist best remembered for winning the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Van 't Hoff's work helped found the modern theory of chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, and chemical affinity. A highly popular theoretical chemist, Van 't Hoff is also counted among the founders of physical chemistry.

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 19 
Hipólito Yrigoyen
(Argentine Politician and Two-Time President of Argentina)
Hipólito Yrigoyen
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 12th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: July 3, 1933

Hipólito Yrigoyen was an Argentine politician best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina on two occasions; from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930. He is also remembered for introducing numerous social reforms, including compulsory pensions, regulation of working hours, and improvements in factory conditions, for which he was called the father of the poor.

 20 
Ion Luca Caragiale
(Romanian Playwright, Poet, and Short Story Writer Known for His Satirical Works)
Ion Luca Caragiale
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: I. L. Caragiale, Romania
Died: June 9, 1912

Romanian playwright, author, and poet Ion Luca Caragiale was known for his biting satire and parody. A Stormy Night and A Lost Letter are 2 of his best-known dramatic works. At various times, he had also been a journalist, a civil servant, and a restaurateur.

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 21 
Makonnen Wolde Mikael
(Shum of Harar (1887 - 1906) and a Noted General during the First Italo-Ethiopian War)
Makonnen Wolde Mikael
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 8th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sheno, Shewa, Ethiopia
Died: March 21, 1906

Makonnen Wolde Mikael served as Shum of Harar from 1887 to 1906 under Ethiopian monarchs Yohannes IV and Menelik II. The governor of Harar province and a military leader, Mikael is best-remembered for his role as an effective general during various military-campaigns, most notably during First Italo–Ethiopian War when he played a key role at the Battle of Adwa.

 22 
George Moore
(Irish Novelist Known for His Work ‘Confessions of a Young Man’ and ‘Esther Waters’)
George Moore
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 24th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moore Hall, Ireland
Died: January 21, 1933

Irish author George Moore had initially aspired to be a painter and had even traveled to Paris to study the art. However, he soon ditched painting and devoted himself to writing instead. His novels, such as A Modern Lover, showed how much he was inspired by French realism.

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 23 
Jan Ernst Matzeliger
(Surinamese-American Inventor)
Jan Ernst Matzeliger
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 15th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paramaribo, Suriname
Died: August 24, 1889
 24 
Edward Bouchet
(physicist)
Edward Bouchet
1
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 15th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Died: August 28, 1918
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 25 
José Guadalupe Posada
(Mexican Political Lithographer)
José Guadalupe Posada
0
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aguascalientes
Died: January 20, 1913
 26 
Terauchi Masatake
(Former Prime Minister of Japan (1916 - 1918))
Terauchi Masatake
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: November 3, 1919

Born Tada Jusaburō, Terauchi Masatake changed his name after being adopted by the Terauchi family. He was the army minister for a decade and later became the prime minister of Japan. Known for its aggressive foreign policies, his government collapsed when riots broke out over a rice shortage in Tokyo.

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 27 
Hermann Emil Fischer
(German Chemist and Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry in 1902)
Hermann Emil Fischer
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 9th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Euskirchen, Germany
Died: July 15, 1919

Hermann Emil Fischer was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902. He is credited with discovering the Fischer esterification, which is named in his honor. He is also credited with developing the Fischer projection, which was originally used for the depiction of carbohydrates. Several chemical reactions and concepts like Fischer glycosidation are named after him.

 28 
Herbert Beerbohm Tree
(Actor)
Herbert Beerbohm Tree
0
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 17th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kensington, England
Died: July 2, 1917
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 29 
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
(French Explorer)
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
2
Listed In: Explorers
Birthdate: 26th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Castel Gandolfo, Italy
Died: September 14, 1905

Born into an Italian noble family, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza had had his first taste of exploration when he traveled to Algeria aboard a ship in his early days. He later explored Africa, eventually founding French Congo, now the Republic of Congo, and the city Brazzaville, while also becoming a French citizen.

 30 
Henri Moissan
(Chemist)
Henri Moissan
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris
Died: February 20, 1907

Henri Moissan was a French chemist and pharmacist. He is best known for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds, an achievement that earned him the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee. He also made significant contributions to the production of artificial diamonds.

 31 
Charles Taze Russell
(Christian Restoration Minister)
Charles Taze Russell
11
Birthdate: 16th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: October 31, 1916

Charles Taze Russell was an American restorationist minister who is credited with founding the Bible Student movement, which formed the basis for several independent Bible Student groups. He is also credited with co-founding a not-for-profit, non-stock organization called the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, which is an important publisher of religious books in America.

 32 
William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
(Aristocrat)
William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden, Germany
Died: February 25, 1912
 33 
Francisco Moreno
(Naturalist, Explorer, Anthropologist, Geographer)
Francisco Moreno
0
Birthdate: 31st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 22, 1919

Argentine explorer Francisco Moreno, better known as Perito Moreno, is remembered as one of his country’s greatest heroes. His explorations helped define the border of Chile. He discovered Patagonian treasures such as Mount Fitz Roy and established Argentina’s first national park, Nahuel Huapi. His accolades include the Cullum Geographical Medal.

 34 
Vera Figner
(Revolutionary Whose Work to Free All Russian People Led to Her Involvement in the Assassination of 'Alexander II')
Vera Figner
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: June 15, 1942

Russian revolutionary Vera Figner was a major figure of the Populist (Narodnik) movement. Initially a medical student, she later left her studies midway to devote herself to politics. She also left her husband for her revolutionary cause and became associated with the Zemlya i Volya party.

 35 
George Henry White
(Politician, Lawyer)
George Henry White
1
Listed In:
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rosindale, North Carolina
Died: December 28, 1918
 36 
Edwin Austin Abbey
(Illustrator)
Edwin Austin Abbey
0
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 1, 1911
 37 
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
(Prime minister)
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
1
Listed In: Prime Ministers
Birthdate: 26th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kagoshima, Japan
Died: December 8, 1933
 38 
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
(Spanish Mathematician and Civil Engineer Who Was a Pioneer in the Development of the Automated Calculation Machines)
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
1
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 28th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santa Cruz de Iguña, Spain
Died: December 18, 1936

Leonardo Torres y Quevedo was a Spanish mathematician and civil engineer. He was a pioneer in the development of the automated calculation machines and radio control. Torres is also credited with inventing a chess automaton and the Whirlpool Aero Car, which is located in Niagara Falls. 

 39 
Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman
(Author)
Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Randolph, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 13, 1930
 40 
John Neville Keynes
(Economist)
John Neville Keynes
0
Listed In: Economists
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Salisbury, United Kingdom
Died: November 15, 1949

Educated at Cambridge, legendary British economist and philosopher John Neville Keynes later taught moral science there and became its registrar. He revolutionized the field of economics by merging both the inductive and deductive approaches to the subject. His son, John Maynard Keynes, too, was a prominent economist.

 41 
Leopoldo Alas
(Realist Novelist)
Leopoldo Alas
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 25th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zamora, Spain
Died: June 13, 1901

Nineteenth-century Spanish literary critic Leopoldo Alas gained fame for his paliques and his liberalism. A qualified lawyer, he taught law and political economy at the University of Oviedo throughout his life. His notable works include his novel La regenta and his short story collections such as El gallo de Sócrates.

 42 
I. L. Peretz
(Author)
I. L. Peretz
0
Listed In: Playwrights
Birthdate: 18th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: April 3, 1915
 43 
Edmund Leighton
(Painter)
Edmund Leighton
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 21st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 1, 1922
 44 
Paul Bourget
(Novelist)
Paul Bourget
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 2nd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Amiens, France
Died: December 25, 1935
 45 
Hans Vaihinger
(Philosopher)
Hans Vaihinger
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 25th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nehren, Germany
Died: December 18, 1933
 46 
Christian Krohg
(Naturalist painter)
Christian Krohg
1
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vestre Aker, Oslo
Died: October 16, 1925

Christian Krohg was a Norwegian painter, author, illustrator, and journalist. From 1909 to 1925, he served at the Norwegian Academy of Arts as its first professor, apart from serving as the academy's director. Inspired by realism, Christian Krohg produced several portraits of people including that of his wife Oda Krohg. He received several international and national awards during his career.

 47 
John Louis Emil Dreyer
(Danish Astronomer)
John Louis Emil Dreyer
0
Listed In: Astronomers
Birthdate: 13th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: September 14, 1926

John Louis Emil Dreyer was a Danish astronomer. He is best remembered for serving as the president of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1923 to 1925. Prior to his service as the president John Louis Emil Dreyer was honored with the gold medal, the highest award given by the society, in 1916.

 48 
George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg
(Youngest son of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg)
George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg
1
Birthdate: 29th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: May 16, 1912
 49 
Willie Wilde
(Journalist)
Willie Wilde
0
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: March 13, 1899
 50 
Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
(Prince)
Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
1
Birthdate: 16th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: February 24, 1931