Famous People Born In 1823

Discover the most famous people born in 1823. The list includes people like Alfred Russel Wallace, William M. Tweed, Schuyler Colfax, Sophie Gengembre Anderson, Ernest Renan and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, diplomats, philosophers and poets born in 1823. This list includes people from France, United States, Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Phineas Gage
(American Railroad Construction Foreman)
Phineas Gage
10
Birthdate: 9th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 21, 1860

Phineas Gage was a railroad construction foreman. He is best remembered for surviving an accident which destroyed much of the left frontal lobe of his brain; during the accident, a large iron rod was driven through his head. Gage's personality was said to have changed after the accident, which contributed immensely to studies about the brain's role in determining personality.

 2 
Alfred Russel Wallace
(Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist)
Alfred Russel Wallace
7
Birthdate: 8th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Llanbadoc
Died: November 7, 1913

British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace is largely remembered for his theory of evolution through natural selection, which inspired Charles Darwin’s studies. He began his career as a surveyor’s apprentice and later introduced concepts such as reinforcement in animals, also known as the Wallace effect. He was awarded the Order of Merit.

 3 
Abdülmecid I
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Abdülmecid I
3
Birthdate: 23rd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25, 1861

Abdülmecid I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 2 July 1839 until his death on 25 June 1861. During his reign, Abdülmecid I tried to set up alliances with France and the United Kingdom. He also played an important role in the Crimean War against the Russians.

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 4 
Schuyler Colfax
(17th Vice President of the U.S.A)
Schuyler Colfax
1
Birthdate: 23rd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 13, 1885
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 5 
Max Müller
(Scholar, Philologist)
Max Müller
4
Listed In: Philologists
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt, German Confederation
Died: October 28, 1900

Max Müller was a German-born Orientalist and philologist. Müller is credited with co-founding the western academic disciplines of religious studies and Indian studies. In 1874, he was honored with the Pour le Mérite. He received the prestigious Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art in 1875. In India, the Goethe Institutes are named in his honor.

 6 
John Sherman
(Former Secretary of State)
John Sherman
1
Birthdate: 10th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.
Died: October 22, 1900
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 7 
Spotted Tail
(Sioux leader)
Spotted Tail
4
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Fort Laramie, Wyoming, United States
Died: August 5, 1881
 8 
Li Hongzhang
(Diplomat, Mandarin)
Li Hongzhang
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hefei
Died: November 7, 1901

Li Hongzhang was a Chinese politician, diplomat, and general of the popular Qing dynasty. He is credited with quelling many major rebellions and took up several important positions in the imperial court. Although he was praised for his diplomatic skills, Li has remained a controversial figure due to his military and political defeats.

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 9 
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
(Prince)
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Died: December 15, 1888
 10 
Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut
(Writer)
Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 31st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: near Stateburg, South Carolina, U.S.
Died: November 22, 1886
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 11 
Sándor Petőfi
(Former Hungary’s National Poet, and Was One of the Key Figures of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848)
Sándor Petőfi
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kiskőrös, Hungary
Died: July 31, 1849

Hungarian poet and revolutionary Sándor Petőfi is remembered as one of the pillars of the 1848 Hungarian Revolution, and his song Talpra Magyar became an anthem of the revolution. While he was initially part of the army, ill health got him dismissed soon. He also penned the epic fairy tale János vitéz.

 12 
William M. Tweed
(Member of the New York Senate from 1868 to 1873)
William M. Tweed
2
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 3rd April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 12, 1878

William M. Tweed was an American politician best known for serving as the boss of Tammany Hall, which had a major influence on the political scene of 19th-century New York State. He was later convicted for stealing millions of dollars from New York City taxpayers. His life and career inspired several films, such as Up in Central Park and Liberty.

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 13 
Leopold Kronecker
(Mathematician, University teacher)
Leopold Kronecker
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Legnica
Died: December 29, 1891

German mathematician Leopold Kronecker is best remembered for his pioneering work on the theory of equations and algebra. Interestingly, he wasn’t too keen on academic research initially and focused on his land business, while simultaneously pursuing math as a hobby. He could only focus on math after retiring at 30.

Sophie Gengembre Anderson
2
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 10, 1903

Born to a French father and a British mother, Sophie Gengembre Anderson was a self-taught artist. The family fled to the U.S. to escape the French Revolution. A master portraitist and a major Pre-Raphaelite figure, Sophie specialized in painting women and children, with cats and natural elements thrown in.

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 15 
Gonçalves Dias
(Brazilian Romantic Poet, Playwright, Ethnographer and Linguist)
Gonçalves Dias
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian lawyer, poet, playwright, ethnographer, and linguist. A major figure of Brazilian Romanticism, he is credited with having composed Canção do exílio, often considered the best known poem of Brazilian literature. He was posthumously awarded the title of national poet of Brazil and is the patron of the 15th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. 

 16 
Carl Wilhelm Siemens
(German-British Electrical Engineer and Businessman)
Carl Wilhelm Siemens
0
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gehrden, Germany
Died: November 19, 1883

German-British inventor and electrical engineer, who revolutionized the steel-making and glass-making industries, is best remembered for using the Siemens-Martin process to create the regenerative furnace. His achievements earned him accolades such as the Albert Medal. He was a Fellow of The Royal Society and was knighted shortly before his death.

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 17 
Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera
(Monk)
Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera
0
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 9th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Balapitiya, Sri Lanka
Died: September 21, 1890
 18 
Veronica of the Passion
(Nun)
Veronica of the Passion
0
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 1st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: November 16, 1906
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 19 
Charlotte Mary Yonge
(Novelist)
Charlotte Mary Yonge
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 11th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Otterbourne, Hampshire, England
Died: May 24, 1901
 20 
Alexander Ostrovsky
(Russian Playwright)
Alexander Ostrovsky
0
Listed In: Playwrights
Birthdate: 12th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 14, 1886

One of the greatest Russian playwrights to have ever lived, Alexander Ostrovsky represented the realistic period. A law school graduate, he initially worked as a law clerk. His play Bankrot was banned because of its controversial topic. He was also associated with the Maly Theatre of Moscow.

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 21 
Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
(31st President of Mexico (1872 - 1876))
Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 24th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Died: April 21, 1889

In spite of growing up as a poor orphan, who aspired to be a priest, Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada ended up completing a law degree and became a professor. He later stepped into politics and, as a Liberal leader, led Mexico as its 31st president.

 22 
Jean-Henri Fabre
(French Entomologist Who is Widely Regarded as the Father of Modern Entomology)
Jean-Henri Fabre
1
Listed In: Entomologists
Birthdate: 21st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Leons, France
Died: October 11, 1915

Jean-Henri Fabre was a French entomologist, naturalist, teacher, chemist, physicist, botanist, and author. He is best remembered for his study of insects; Fabre is widely regarded as the father of modern entomology. He is also remembered for his interesting literary work on the lives of insects. Jean-Henri Fabre's life and career inspired the 1951 biographical movie Monsieur Fabre.

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 23 
Alexandre Cabanel
(Former Painter, who painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style)
Alexandre Cabanel
3
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: January 23, 1889
 24 
Ernest Renan
(Known as the Author of the Enormously Popular Life of Jesus)
Ernest Renan
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tréguier, France
Died: October 2, 1892

Ernest Renan was a French Semitic and Orientalist scholar. A multi-talented personality, Renan was also an expert of Semitic civilizations and languages, philologist, philosopher, historian of religion, critic, and biblical scholar. Ernest Renan is credited with writing pioneering and influential works on the origins of Christianity. Ernest Renan is also credited with writing the extremely popular book, Life of Jesus.

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 25 
Joseph LeConte
(US Physician, Geologist, and Professor Who Mostly Studied the Geology of California)
Joseph LeConte
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 26th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Liberty County, Georgia
Died: July 6, 1901

US physician and geologist Joseph LeConte was associated with the University of California, Berkeley as a professor. A noted conservationist of the California region, too, he is remembered for his studies on the mountain ranges of the West, most prominently in and around Yosemite National Park.

 26 
William B. Franklin
(Officer)
William B. Franklin
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 27th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 8, 1903
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 27 
Youssef Bey Karam
(Governor of Ehden (1846 - 1861))
Youssef Bey Karam
1
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ehden, Ottoman Lebanon
Died: April 7, 1889

Youssef Bey Karam, considered one of the major pillars of Lebanese nationalism, not only participated in the 1860 civil war but also led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. Well versed in languages such as French and Italian, the Lebanese Maronite had also been the governor of Ehden.

 28 
Gotthold Eisenstein
(Mathematician)
Gotthold Eisenstein
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 16th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 11, 1852
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 29 
Maurice Sand
(Writer)
Maurice Sand
0
Birthdate: 30th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 4, 1889
 30 
Joseph Leidy
(American Paleontologist, Parasitologist and Anatomist)
Joseph Leidy
0
Listed In: Paleontologists
Birthdate: 9th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 30, 1891

Joseph Leidy was an American parasitologist, paleontologist, and anatomist. He is credited with writing an influential and important book titled Extinct Fauna of Dakota and Nebraska which housed several previously unknown and not described species. He also served as a professor at many educational institutions, including the University of Pennsylvania and Swarthmore College.

 31 
Jasper Francis Cropsey
(Artist)
Jasper Francis Cropsey
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 18th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: June 22, 1900
 32 
Joseph Monier
(Gardener)
Joseph Monier
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 8th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin-la-Poterie, France
Died: March 13, 1906
 33 
Spencer Fullerton Baird
(US Naturalist, Ornithologist, and Zoologist Who Mostly Studied North American Birds and Mammals)
Spencer Fullerton Baird
0
Birthdate: 3rd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Reading, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 19, 1887

American naturalist, ornithologist, and vertebrate zoologist Spencer Fullerton Baird was an expert on North American birds and mammals. Initially a professor of natural history, he was later associated with the Smithsonian Institution as a curator and assistant secretary. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the US Commission of Fish and Fisheries.

 34 
Charles III, Duke of Parma
(Prince)
Charles III, Duke of Parma
0
Birthdate: 14th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
Died: March 27, 1854
 35 
Enrico Betti
(Italian Mathematician)
Enrico Betti
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 21st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pistoia, Italy
Died: August 11, 1892

Noted for his contributions in the fields of topology and algebra, Italian mathematician Enrico Betti also worked in the area of theoretical physics, particularly dealing with potential theory and elasticity. He discovered Betti's theorem and is perhaps best remembered for his 1871 paper on topology that led to the eventual naming of the Betti numbers after him.

 36 
Sister Mary Irene FitzGibbon
(American Nun Who Founded the 'New York Foundling Hospital')
Sister Mary Irene FitzGibbon
0
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 12th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kensington, London, England
Died: August 14, 1896

Sister Mary Irene FitzGibbon, popularly known as Sister Irene, is best remembered as the founder of the New York Foundling Hospital, a first-of-its-kind hospital that catered to abandoned infants, especially those born of unwed mothers. She also introduced pioneering programs for adoption and for arrangement of foster homes.

 37 
Mackenzie Bowell
(Canadian Politician and Newspaper Publisher)
Mackenzie Bowell
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 27th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rickinghall, England
Died: December 10, 1917
 38 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
(Author)
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 22nd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 9, 1911
 39 
Lascăr Catargiu
(Statesman)
Lascăr Catargiu
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Iași, Romania
Died: April 11, 1899
 40 
Dmitry Tolstoy
(Statesman)
Dmitry Tolstoy
0
Birthdate: 13th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 7, 1889
 41 
ʿAlī Pasha Mubārak
(Egyptian administrator and author)
ʿAlī Pasha Mubārak
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Birinbal, Egypt
Died: November 14, 1893
Alī Pasha Mubārak not only helped transform the Egyptian education system by modernizing it but also worked on several projects to beautify Cairo. His Dār al-ʿulūm was a teacher training system modeled on the French education system École Normale Supérieure. Al-Khitat al-Tawfiqiyya al-Jadida remains his best-known work.
 42 
Francis Parkman
(Horticulturist, Historian, Writer)
Francis Parkman
2
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston
Died: November 8, 1893
 43 
Friedrich von Esmarch
(German Surgeon Who Developed the Esmarch Bandage)
Friedrich von Esmarch
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 9th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tonning, Germany
Died: February 23, 1908

Starting his medical career as an army surgeon, Friedrich von Esmarch later pioneered the use of the Esmarch bandage as a first-aid solution for soldiers. He later taught as a professor of surgery and also penned an invaluable manual of military surgical procedures. He eventually received a patent of nobility.

 44 
Thomas Francis Meagher
(Politician)
Thomas Francis Meagher
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 3rd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Waterford, County Waterford, Ireland
Died: July 1, 1867
 45 
Johannes Brand
(South African Lawyer and 4th State President of the Orange Free State)
Johannes Brand
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cape Town, South Africa
Died: July 14, 1888

Born in Cape Town, Johannes Brand grew up to be a lawyer and even studied in Britain. As the president of the Orange Free State, he secured prosperity for the land and was also knighted by the Queen of England. He also led a few costly wars against the Sotho.

 46 
Édouard Lalo
(Composer)
Édouard Lalo
1
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 27th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lille, France
Died: April 22, 1892
 47 
Imre Madách
(Hungarian Poet, Dramatist and Playwright)
Imre Madách
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 20th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dolná Strehová, Slovakia
Died: October 5, 1864

Though a qualified lawyer, Imre Madách gained fame as a poet and author. The 15-act play The Tragedy of Man, compared to the works of Faust and Milton, was not only his best-known work but also a significant addition to Hungarian literature. He was also a politician and an MP.

 48 
Count Richard Belcredi
(5th Chairman of the Ministers' Conference and Interior Minister of the Austrian Empire (1865 - 1867))
Count Richard Belcredi
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jimramov, Czechia
Died: December 2, 1902

Civil servant-statesman of the Austrian Empire Count Richard von Belcredi served as Minister-President and Minister of State and later as President of the Cisleithanian Administrative Court. He planned to implement a federation of Austrian crown lands taking Swiss constitution as his model and his Three Count Ministry recommended conservative federalism in which historic rights of the Slavs would get recognition.

 49 
John Kells Ingram
(Irish Economist and Poet)
John Kells Ingram
0
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pettigo, Ireland
Died: May 1, 1907

Irish economic historian John Kells Ingram didn’t just excel in math in his younger days but also showed considerable talent in literature and languages, teaching oratory and Greek at Trinity. He is remembered for his extensive work on the Poor Law and also for his contribution to inversive geometry.

 50 
John Russell Hind
(Astronomer)
John Russell Hind
1
Listed In: Astronomers
Birthdate: 12th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nottingham
Died: December 23, 1895