Famous People Born In 1805

Discover the most famous people born in 1805. The list includes people like Hans Christian Andersen, Alexis de Tocqueville, William Lloyd Garrison, Mary Seacole, Giuseppe Mazzini and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include mathematicians, diplomats, physicists and astronomers born in 1805. This list includes people from Germany, United Kingdom, United States & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Hans Christian Andersen
(Danish Author Best Remembered for His Literary Fairy Tales)
Hans Christian Andersen
25
Birthdate: 2nd April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Odense, Denmark
Died: August 4, 1875
Legendary Danish children’s author Hans Christian Andersen is remembered for his fairy tales, such as The Little Mermaid, The Little Match Girl, The Emperor's New Clothes, and Thumbelina, which have been appreciated by the young the old alike. Many of his tales have been adapted into films, ballets, and plays. 
 2 
Mary Seacole
(Heroine of the Crimean War)
Mary Seacole
11
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 23rd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kingston, Jamaica
Died: May 14, 1881

Mary Seacole was a British-Jamaican nurse, businesswoman, and healer. She played a major role during the Crimean War, providing aid for wounded servicemen and nursing them back to health. In 1991, Seacole was posthumously honored with the Jamaican Order of Merit. In 2004, she was named the greatest black Briton for her contribution during the war.

 3 
William Lloyd Garrison
(Abolitionist, Journalist and Founder of the Anti-Slavery Newspaper ‘The Liberator’)
William Lloyd Garrison
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 24, 1879

William Lloyd Garrison was an American journalist, abolitionist, social reformer, and suffragist. He is best remembered for founding The Liberator, an anti-slavery newspaper, which was published from 1831 to 1865. He also co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society which helped fight slavery in the United States. In the 1870s, William Lloyd Garrison was an important figure in the women's suffrage movement.

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 4 
Alexis de Tocqueville
(Historian Known for His Works 'Democracy in America' & 'The Old Regime' & 'The Revolution')
Alexis de Tocqueville
3
Birthdate: 29th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 16, 1859

French diplomat and political scientist Alexis de Tocqueville is best remembered for his written works The Old Regime and the Revolution and Democracy in America. He was part of French politics, primarily during the July Monarchy and the Second Republic. He had been the minister of foreign affairs briefly.

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 5 
Giuseppe Mazzini
(Italian Politician, Activist and Champion of the Movement for Italian Unity)
Giuseppe Mazzini
11
Birthdate: 22nd June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 10, 1872

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian journalist, politician, and activist. He played a major role in the Italian revolutionary movement and in the unification of Italy. His efforts gave rise to an independent and unified Italy, which replaced many separate states that were dominated by foreign powers. Mazzini is widely regarded as the most influential European revolutionary.

 6 
George Muller
(Christian Evangelist Who was One of the Founders of the Plymouth Brethren Movement)
George Muller
10
Birthdate: 27th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Died: March 10, 1898

George Muller was a Christian evangelist. He was one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren movement and the director of the Ashley Down orphanage in Bristol, England. He is credited to have cared for over 10,000 orphans during his lifetime. He also opened numerous schools. Following his death, his work was continued by The George Müller Foundation. 

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 7 
Cochise
(leader of the Chihuicahui local group of the Chokonen and principal nantan of the Chokonen band of the Chiricahua Apache)
Cochise
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: New Spain
Died: June 8, 1874

Legendary Apache leader Cochise  led the Native Americans against the Whites, thwarting colonial intrusion in the U.S. Southwest, in the 1860s, especially in the Battle of Apache Pass. He has been immortalized through films such as Broken Arrow, while Cochise County in Arizona has been named after him.

 8 
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
(Irish Mathematician and Astronomer Who Contributed to the Development of ‘Optics’, ‘Classical Mechanics’ and ‘Abstract Algebra’)
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
1
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 4th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 2, 1865

Son of a Dublin solicitor, Sir William Rowan Hamilton was raised and educated by his priest uncle from age 3. Initially a master of languages such as Latin, Greek, and Persian, Hamilton began deviating to math at 16. He is remembered for his contribution to optics, Hamiltonian mechanics, and algebra.

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 9 
Ferdinand de Lesseps
(French Diplomat Who Developed the ‘Suez Canal’)
Ferdinand de Lesseps
1
Listed In: Diplomats
Birthdate: 19th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: December 7, 1894

Ferdinand de Lesseps was a French diplomat who is credited with forming the Suez Canal Company. The construction of the Suez Canal, which joined the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, inspired the 1938 romantic drama film Suez where Lesseps was played by Tyrone Power. Lesseps has been portrayed by other actors in films and TV mini-series as well.

 10 
Angelina Grimke
(American Political Activist, Abolitionist, and Women's Rights Advocate)
Angelina Grimke
2
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 20th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Died: October 26, 1879

Angelina Grimke was an American political activist, abolitionist, women's rights advocate, and promoter of the women's suffrage movement. She is best remembered for the anti-slavery speech which she gave outside Pennsylvania Hall in May 1838. One of her letters regarding anti-slavery was published by William Lloyd Garrison in his newspaper The Liberator in 1835.

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 11 
Joseph Smith Jr.
(Religious Leader and Founder of 'Mormonism' and the Latter Day Saint Movement)
Joseph Smith Jr.
19
Listed In: Theologians
Birthdate: 23rd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sharon, Vermont, United States
Died: May 27, 1844

Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr. is known as the founder of the Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. He also published the Book of Mormon. He established his communities in Ohio and Missouri and eventually founded the city Nauvoo in Illinois, which became the center of his spiritual activities.

 12 
Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
(German Mathematician Who Made Valuable Contributions to Number Theory, Analysis and Mechanics)
Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
4
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 13th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Düren, Germany
Died: May 5, 1859

German mathematician Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet is remembered for his invaluable contribution to number theory. He pioneered the concept of a function, expressed through the equation y = f (x). Though his parents wanted him to become a merchant, his mastery of math made them change their minds.

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 13 
Henry Wells
(Businessman)
Henry Wells
2
Listed In: Bankers
Birthdate: 12th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Thetford, Vermont, United States
Died: December 10, 1878
 14 
Samuel Palmer
(British Landscape Painter and Poet)
Samuel Palmer
0
Birthdate: 27th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 24, 1881
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 15 
Marie d'Agoult
(French author)
Marie d'Agoult
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 31st December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: March 5, 1876
 16 
James Wilson
(Businessman)
James Wilson
0
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Died: August 11, 1860

Born to a hat manufacturer, James Wilson initially wished to study law but later joined his father’s business. Over the years, he established what is now the Standard Chartered Bank. Sent to Kolkata by Queen Victoria to introduce tax reforms, he introduced paper currency in the country, but died of dysentery.

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 17 
Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte
(Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte's son)
Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte
0
Birthdate: 5th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Camberwell, London, England
Died: June 17, 1870
 18 
Alexander Burnes
(Scottish Explorer, Military Officer and Diplomat)
Alexander Burnes
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 16th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montrose, Scotland
Died: November 2, 1841

An explorer at heart, Alexander Burnes joined the East India Company army at 16. Proficient in languages such as Hindi and Urdu, he later explored places such as the modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan, and penned the autobiography Travels into Bokhara. He also earned the knighthood for his explorations.

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 19 
Ewelina Hańska
(Noblewoman)
Ewelina Hańska
1
Listed In: Noblewomen
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pohrebyshche, Ukraine
Died: April 11, 1882
 20 
Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin
(French Watchmaker and Magician)
Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin
0
Listed In: Magicians
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Blois, France
Died: June 13, 1871

Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin was a French watchmaker turned magician and illusionist. The son of a watchmaker, he followed in his father’s footsteps and had a successful career in this field. He ventured into magic by chance and ended up revolutionizing the field. He is today widely regarded as the father of the modern style of conjuring. 

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 21 
Louis Auguste Blanqui
(French Revolutionary and Political Activist Known for His Revolutionary Theory of 'Blanquism')
Louis Auguste Blanqui
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Puget-Theniers, France
Died: January 1, 1881

Louis Auguste Blanqui was a French socialist who gave rise to Blanquism, a form of radicalism. While he initially studied both medicine and law, he later stepped into politics. He had been imprisoned for more than three decades and died of a stroke after a political speech at age 75.

 22 
Manuel García
(Spanish Baritone Singer and Trainer Who Invented the Laryngoscope)
Manuel García
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: July 1, 1906

Spanish baritone singer and voice educator Manuel García was the son of legendary opera singer Manuel del Popolo Vicente García. He started his career with his father’s production of Rossini’s The Barber of Seville. He invented the laryngoscope and penned the classic Complete Treatise on the Art of Singing.

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 23 
August Bournonville
(Ballet Master)
August Bournonville
1
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: 21st August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 30, 1879
 24 
Horatio Greenough
(Sculptor)
Horatio Greenough
0
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 18, 1852
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 25 
Thomas Brassey
(Civil Engineer)
Thomas Brassey
2
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 7th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buerton
Died: December 8, 1870

Initially a surveyor, Thomas Brassey later built some of the most well-known railway lines of the world. The British contractor contributed to the Grand Junction Railway, Canada’s Grand Trunk Railway, and the Crimean Railway. He later also became a Liberal MP and a governor of Victoria, Australia.

 26 
Eugène Schneider
(Industrialist)
Eugène Schneider
1
Birthdate: 29th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bidestroff, France
Died: November 27, 1875
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 27 
John Russell Bartlett
(American Linguist and Historian)
John Russell Bartlett
0
Birthdate: 23rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: May 28, 1886
 28 
Franz Xaver Winterhalter
(German Painter and Lithographer Known for His Flattering Portraits of Royalty and Upper-Class Society)
Franz Xaver Winterhalter
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 20th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Menzenschwand, Sankt Blasien, Germany
Died: July 8, 1873

Born to a farmer in Germany’s Black Forest, Franz Xaver Winterhalter was initially trained as a lithographer. The nineteenth-century German painter later gained fame for his paintings and portraits of Europe’s royalty and aristocracy. Among his subjects were Queen Victoria of England and Elizabeth of Austria.

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 29 
Charles Elmé Francatelli
(Food Writer Who Wrote The Modern Cook)
Charles Elmé Francatelli
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 10, 1876
 30 
Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire
(Philosopher)
Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire
0
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 24, 1895
 31 
Mariana Carcelen
(Aristocrat)
Mariana Carcelen
0
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Real Audiencia of Quito, Spanish Empire
Died: December 15, 1861
 32 
Johann von Lamont
(German Astronomer Known for Discovering Magnetism of the Earth)
Johann von Lamont
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 13th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Corriemulzie, Scotland
Died: August 6, 1879

Although Johann von Lamont is best known for discovering that the Earth’s magnetic field fluctuates with a period of around 10 years, his contributions towards astronomy is not limited to that. Known to catalogue more than 34,000 stars, he also determined the mass of Uranus, orbits of Saturn’s satellites Enceladus and Tethys and periods of Uranus’ satellites, Ariel and Titan.

 33 
Hiram Powers
(Sculptor)
Hiram Powers
0
Birthdate: 29th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Woodstock, Vermont, United States
Died: June 27, 1873
 34 
Prosper Guéranger
(Monk)
Prosper Guéranger
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sable-sur-Sarthe, France
Died: January 30, 1875
 35 
James Martineau
(Philosopher)
James Martineau
1
Listed In: Philosophers
Birthdate: 21st April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Norwich, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 11, 1900
 36 
William Harrison Ainsworth
(Novelist)
William Harrison Ainsworth
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Manchester, England
Died: January 3, 1882
 37 
Frederick Denison Maurice
(Theologian)
Frederick Denison Maurice
0
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Normanston, England, United Kingdom
Died: April 1, 1872
 38 
Samuel Wilberforce
(Bishop)
Samuel Wilberforce
0
Birthdate: 7th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clapham Common, London, England
Died: July 19, 1873

The son of anti-slavery icon William Wilberforce, Anglican priest Samuel Wilberforce served as the bishop of Oxford. He earned the nickname Soapy Sam, probably due to his clean private life or his peculiar manner of hand-washing. A major figure of the Oxford Movement, he opposed Darwin’s theory of evolution.

 39 
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
(Zoologist)
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
1
Listed In: Zoologists
Birthdate: 16th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 10, 1861
 40 
Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger
(Artist)
Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 11th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 29, 1880

Viennese artist Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger, who served as Professor of the Viennese Academy of Art, is noted for his erotic drawings, illustrations of historical works and poetry, and oil paintings for the Austrian Royal Family. His notable works include illustration of Anton Ziegler's Vaterländischen Immortellen, and illustrations of William Shakespeare, Goethe and Friedrich Schiller for the Royal Family.

 41 
Robert Smith Surtees
(Novelist)
Robert Smith Surtees
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 17th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: County Durham, England
Died: March 16, 1864
 42 
Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope
(Politician)
Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope
0
Birthdate: 30th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Walmer, Kent, England
Died: December 24, 1875
 43 
Thomas Graham
(Chemist)
Thomas Graham
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 21st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: September 16, 1869

Scottish chemist Thomas Graham was a pioneer of colloid chemistry. His research on the diffusion of gases led to the Graham's Law. He is also considered to be the inventor of dialysis, a method he used to separate colloids from crystalloids, and one which was later modified to assist in kidney-related ailments.

 44 
Johann Karl Rodbertus
(Economist)
Johann Karl Rodbertus
0
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Greifswald, Germany
Died: December 6, 1875
 45 
Jonas Furrer
(Swiss Lawyer and Politician)
Jonas Furrer
1
Birthdate: 3rd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Winterthur, Switzerland
Died: July 25, 1861
 46 
Samuel D. Gross
(American Surgeon)
Samuel D. Gross
1
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 8th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Easton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 6, 1884

American academic trauma surgeon Samuel David Gross served as professor of surgery at the University of Louisville and Jefferson Medical College, and as president of the AMA. His best-known work was perhaps the two-volume System of Surgery. He was portrayed in Thomas Eakins’ masterpiece, The Gross Clinic. His bronze-statue made by Alexander Stirling Calder presently finds place at Thomas Jefferson University.

 47 
Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Princess Sophie of Bavaria
2
Birthdate: 27th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: May 28, 1872
 48 
William E. Dodge
(Businessman)
William E. Dodge
0
Birthdate: 4th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: February 9, 1883
 49 
Charles Thomas Jackson
(American Scientist and Physician)
Charles Thomas Jackson
0
Listed In: Geologists
Birthdate: 21st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 28, 1880

Charles Thomas Jackson was an American scientist and physician. He was active in the fields of chemistry, medicine, geology, and mineralogy. Charles Thomas Jackson is best remembered for getting himself involved in numerous priority conflicts with other scientist and inventors. Among them were disputes over the discovery of the telegraph, guncotton, and the anesthetic effects of ether.

 50 
John Lloyd Stephens
(Academic, Journalist, Archaeologist)
John Lloyd Stephens
0
Birthdate: 28th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shrewsbury, New Jersey
Died: October 13, 1852