American Female Inventors & Discoverers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite American Female Inventors & Discoverers

 1 Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper.
4
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: December 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 1, 1992
Computer scientist and U.S. Navy rear admiral Grace Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computing system. She pioneered the machine-independent programming language technique, and the FLOW-MATIC language used by her was later used to create COBOL. She received a posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 2 Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr.
7
Famous As: Actress, Co-inventor of technology for spread spectrum
Birthdate: November 9, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: January 19, 2000

Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian-American actress whose early career was defined by her performance in the controversial Czech erotic film Ecstasy. Apart from gaining popularity as a beautiful Hollywood actress, Hedy Lamarr became known as an inventor after co-inventing frequency-hopping spread spectrum. Her career has inspired several works of art. She was also the inspiration behind the iconic character Catwoman.

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 3 Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar.
4
Famous As: Physician and Anesthesiologist
Birthdate: June 7, 1909
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westfield, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 7, 1974

 4 Lori Greiner

Lori Greiner.
22
Famous As: Television personality
Birthdate: December 9, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

 5 Ruth Handler

Ruth Handler.
3
Famous As: Businesswoman
Birthdate: November 4, 1916
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Denver, Colorado, United States
Died: April 27, 2002

 6 Stephanie Kwolek

Stephanie Kwolek.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 31, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New Kensington, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 18, 2014

 7 Ruth Graves Wakefield

Ruth Graves Wakefield
3
Famous As: Chef, Patent inventor, Teacher, Businessperson, Food critic, Dietitian
Birthdate: June 17, 1903
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Walpole
Died: January 10, 1977
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 8 Bette Nesmith Graham

Bette Nesmith Graham
3
Famous As: Inventor, Entrepreneur
Birthdate: March 23, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dallas
Died: May 12, 1980

 9 Caresse Crosby

Caresse Crosby
3
Famous As: Publisher, Writer, Socialite, Poet, Memoirist, Journalist
Birthdate: April 20, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 26, 1970

 10 Mary Anderson

Mary Anderson
3
Famous As: inventor
Birthdate: February 19, 1866
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Greene County
Died: June 27, 1953

Mary Anderson was a real estate developer, rancher, and inventor. She is best known for inventing the windshield wiper blade. She received her first patent for an automatic car window cleaning device controlled from inside the car in 1903. She was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2011, more than half a century after her death.  

 11 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion.
3
Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 21, 1999

The daughter of Jewish immigrants in New York, Gertrude B. Elion excelled in chemistry at Hunter College, where she studied for free, but was initially unable to find a job due to gender bias. The renowned biochemist and pharmacologist later won a Nobel and became a pioneer in medical research.

 12 Sarah E. Goode

Sarah E. Goode.
3
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: 1855 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio, United States
Died: April 8, 1905

 13 Radia Perlman

Radia Perlman.
3
Famous As: Computer Network Engineer
Birthdate: December 18, 1951
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Portsmouth, Virginia, United States

 14 Josephine Cochrane

Josephine Cochrane
5
Famous As: inventor
Birthdate: March 8, 1839
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ashtabula County
Died: August 3, 1913

 15 Margaret E. Knight

Margaret E. Knight
3
Famous As: Inventor, Entrepreneur
Birthdate: February 14, 1838
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York
Died: October 12, 1914

 16 Sarah Boone

Sarah Boone
3
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: January 31, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Craven County, North Carolina
Died: 1904 AD

 17 Edith Clarke

Edith Clarke.
2
Famous As: Electrical Engineer
Birthdate: February 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Howard County
Died: October 29, 1959

 18 Lyda D. Newman

Lyda D. Newman
2
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: 1885 AD
Birthplace: Ohio, United States

 19 Katharine Burr Blodgett

Katharine Burr Blodgett.
2
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 10, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Schenectady
Died: October 12, 1979

 20 Beulah Louise Henry

Beulah Louise Henry.
1
Famous As: Lady Edison
Birthdate: February 11, 1887
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Raleigh
Died: 1973 AD

 21 Mary Walton

Mary Walton.
1
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: 1827 AD
Birthplace: New York City, United States of America

 22 Olive Dennis

Olive Dennis.
1
Famous As: Civil Engineer
Birthdate: November 20, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: United States of America
Died: November 5, 1957

 23 Carleen Hutchins

Carleen Hutchins
1
Famous As: Innovator
Birthdate: May 24, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 7, 2009

 24 Cynthia May Alden

Cynthia May Alden
0
Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: May 31, 1862
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Afton, Iowa, United States
Died: January 8, 1931