20th Century War Criminals

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Rank the Most Wicked 20th Century War Criminals
 1 
Josef Mengele
(German Physician Known for His Atrocities at the Auschwitz II Concentration Camp)
Josef Mengele
92
Birthdate: March 16, 1911
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bavaria, Germany
Died: February 7, 1979

Known as Angel of Death, Dr. Josef Mengele was the chief doctor of Auschwitz concentration camp and was responsible for killing thousands of Jews as well as torturing the prisoners mercilessly and conducting inhuman experiments on them. These included injecting them with chemicals and stitching twin children together. Despite his horrible crimes, the infamous Nazi doctor could never be captured.

 2 
Adolf Eichmann
(German Military Official and One of the Major Organisers of the Holocaust)
Adolf Eichmann
81
Birthdate: March 19, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: June 1, 1962
Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi lieutenant colonel and one of the chief organizers of the Holocaust, that involved mass deportation and murder of Jews. In 1962, Eichmann was captured by the Mossad in Argentina and was then taken to Israel. He was eventually tried and hanged for crimes against humanity.
 3 
Hideki Tojo
(27th Prime Minister of Japan)
Hideki Tojo
27
Birthdate: December 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948

Hideki Tojo headed the Imperial Japanese Army and was the Japanese minister of war, apart from being Japan’s prime minister from 1941 to 1944. His tenure witnessed the attack on Pearl Harbor. After Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, Tojo was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death.

Recommended Lists:
 4 
Irma Grese
(Nazi Concentration Camp Guard at Ravensbrück & Auschwitz Who Served as Warden of Bergen-Belsen)
Irma Grese
29
Birthdate: October 7, 1923
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Feldberger Seenlandschaft, Germany
Died: December 13, 1945

Irma Grese, or the Hyena of Auschwitz, served as an SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. She was also the warden of the ladies’ section of the Bergen-Belsen camp and ended up being convicted of torture and murder of prisoners. She was executed at 22.

 5 
Omar al-Bashir
(Former President of Sudan)
Omar al-Bashir
26
Birthdate: January 1, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

Omar al-Bashir is a Sudanese politician who served as the seventh president of Sudan. A former military officer, he is the founder of the National Congress Party that remained the dominant political party in the country until 2019. He was deposed in a coup d'état the same year and subsequently arrested and convicted on multiple corruption charges.

 6 
Mutsuhiro Watanabe
(Imperial Japanese Army Corporal)
Mutsuhiro Watanabe
24
Birthdate: January 18, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Japan
Died: April 1, 2003

Mutsuhiro Watanabe was an Imperial Japanese Army soldier in World War II. Following Japan’s defeat, he was classified a war criminal for his mistreatment of prisoners of war (POWs) by the US Occupation authorities. However, the US authorities could not capture him. In his later years, he became an insurance salesman and grew wealthy.

 7 
Ilse Koch
(German War Criminal Who Became One of the First Prominent Nazis Tried by the U.S. Military)
Ilse Koch
19
Birthdate: September 22, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: September 1, 1967
Ilse Koch was the wife of Karl-Otto Koch, the Nazi commandant of the Buchenwald and Majdanek concentration camps. Also known as Beast of Buchenwald, The Bitch of Buchenwald, and Butcher Widow, she was tried by the U.S. military for her sadistic abuse of war prisoners. She died of suicide.
 8 
Oskar Dirlewanger
(War Criminal)
Oskar Dirlewanger
10
Birthdate: September 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: June 7, 1945
German military officer Oskar Dirlewanger established and led the Nazi SS penal unit Dirlewanger during World War II. He had also participated in World War I and the Spanish Civil War, winning the Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class. He died in Allied custody at the Altshausen prison camp.
 9 
Willi Herold
(Military personnel)
Willi Herold
17
Birthdate: September 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: November 14, 1946
 10 
Doc Scurlock
(Cowboy)
Doc Scurlock
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1849
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tallapoosa County, Alabama, United States
Died: July 25, 1929
 11 
Félicien Kabuga
(Commited genocide in Rwanda)
Félicien Kabuga
2
Birthdate: March 1, 1933
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Byumba, Rwanda
 12 
Alfred Jodl
(Chief of the Operations Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command (1939 - 1945))
Alfred Jodl
13
Birthdate: May 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

Alfred Jodl was a German colonel-general who played an important role throughout World War II by serving as Chief of the Operations Staff of a German Armed Forces High Command called the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. After the war, Jodl was tried at the Nuremberg trials and was found guilty on charges, such as crimes against humanity and war crimes.

 13 
Reinhard Heydrich
(Nazi Official)
Reinhard Heydrich
41
Birthdate: March 7, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle
Died: June 4, 1942

Reinhard Heydrich was a Nazi police officer and a high-ranking SS. Heydrich is widely regarded as one of the main architects of the Holocaust, a World War II genocide that killed some six million Jews. Described by Adolf Hitler as the man with the iron heart, Heydrich is regarded as the darkest figure of the Nazi era by many historians.

 14 
Oskar Groening
(War Criminal)
Oskar Groening
12
Birthdate: June 10, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nienburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
Died: March 9, 2018

Oskar Groening was a German SS Unterscharführer at the Auschwitz concentration camp. He was in charge of counting and sorting the money retrieved from the prisoners arriving at the camp. At the end of the war, he surrendered to the British and was transferred to Britain as a prisoner of war. Years later, he was named a war criminal.

 15 
Robert Kajuga
(Commited genocide in Rwanda)
Robert Kajuga
0
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Kibungo, Rwanda
Died: February 29, 2007
 16 
Roman von Ungern-Sternberg
(Anticommunist general in the Russian Civil War and then an independent warlord who intervened in Mongolia against China)
Roman von Ungern-Sternberg
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1886
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: September 15, 1921

Russian baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg gained fame as an anticommunist general during the Russian Civil War. Also known as the Mad Baron for his cruelty toward his enemies, he had converted to Buddhism but retained strains of Christianity in his faith. He was eventually executed by a firing squad.

 17 
Dorothea Binz
(Officer)
Dorothea Binz
5
Birthdate: March 16, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Templin, Germany
Died: May 2, 1947
 18 
William Calley
(Military Officer)
William Calley
9
Birthdate: June 8, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States
 19 
Franz von Papen
(Former Vice-Chancellor of Germany)
Franz von Papen
11
Birthdate: October 29, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Werl, Westphalia, Prussia, Germany
Died: May 2, 1969

Franz von Papen was a German politician, Prussian nobleman, diplomat, and General Staff officer. From 1933 to 1934, he served under Adolf Hitler as the Vice-Chancellor of Germany. After World War II, Franz von Papen was indicted alongside other war criminals in the Nuremberg trials. However, he was later acquitted of all charges.

 20 
Maria Mandl
(Austrian SS-Helferin)
Maria Mandl
10
Birthdate: January 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Münzkirchen, Austria
Died: January 24, 1948
 21 
Fritz Klein
(Military physician, War criminal)
Fritz Klein
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1888
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Codlea, Romania
Died: December 13, 1945
 22 
Bernard Ntuyahaga
(Military Leader)
Bernard Ntuyahaga
0
Birthdate: 1952 AD
Birthplace: Rwanda
 23 
Hildegard Lächert
(Nurse)
Hildegard Lächert
3
Birthdate: January 20, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: 1995 AD
 24 
Hermine Braunsteiner
(German SS 'Helferin' and Camp Guard )
Hermine Braunsteiner
3
Birthdate: July 16, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 19, 1999
 25 
Paul Blobel
(Military leader, Criminal)
Paul Blobel
1
Birthdate: August 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: June 7, 1951
 26 
Wanda Klaff
(Camp guards)
Wanda Klaff
4
Birthdate: March 6, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Danzig, Free City of Danzig
Died: July 4, 1946
 27 
Tharcisse Renzaho
(Politician, Criminal)
Tharcisse Renzaho
0
Birthdate: July 17, 1944
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kibungo, Rwanda-Urundi
 28 
Martin Gottfried Weiss
(Military personnel)
Martin Gottfried Weiss
1
Birthdate: June 3, 1905
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Weiden, Germany
Died: May 29, 1946
 29 
Ludolf von Alvensleben
(SS functionary and Police Leader)
Ludolf von Alvensleben
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: April 1, 1970
 30 
Akira Mutō
(Military personnel)
Akira Mutō
3
Birthdate: December 15, 1892
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Minamiaso, Kumamoto, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948
 31 
Zhang Zuolin
(Chinese Bandit, Soldier and Warlord of Manchuria (1922 - 1928))
Zhang Zuolin
5
Birthdate: March 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Haicheng, Anshan, China
Died: June 4, 1928

Chinese bandit and warlord Zhang Zuolin initially ruled over Manchuria and then became the military dictator of the Republic of China. Later, the Nationalist Party’s march into China forced him to move his troops out of Beijing. He died when his train became the target of a bomb blast.

 32 
Ludwig Fischer
(Politician, War Criminal)
Ludwig Fischer
1
Birthdate: April 16, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kaiserslautern, Germany
Died: March 8, 1947
 33 
Greta Bösel
(Nurse)
Greta Bösel
1
Birthdate: May 9, 1908
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wuppertal, Germany
Died: May 3, 1947
 34 
Herta Bothe
(Concentration camp guard during World War II)
Herta Bothe
10
Birthdate: January 3, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Teterow, Germany
Died: March 16, 2000
 35 
Veselin Sljivancanin
(Military officer)
Veselin Sljivancanin
0
Birthdate: June 13, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Žabljak, Montenegro
 36 
Klaus Barbie
(Nazi Leader)
Klaus Barbie
19
Birthdate: October 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bad Godesberg
Died: 1991 AD

Klaus Barbie was a Gestapo and SS official during the Nazi era. Dubbed the Butcher of Lyon, Barbie was known for having tortured prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. It is also believed that he played a major role in the execution of Che Guevara. Barbie's life and work inspired the 2007 documentary film My Enemy's Enemy.

 37 
Alieu Kosiah
(Military commander, Criminal)
Alieu Kosiah
1
Birthdate: March 3, 1975
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ganta, Nimba County, Liberia
 38 
Fulgence Kayishema
(Police Officer, Criminal)
Fulgence Kayishema
1
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Kivumu, Rwanda-Burundi
 39 
Rudolf Brandt
(Lawyer)
Rudolf Brandt
1
Birthdate: June 2, 1909
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany
Died: June 2, 1948
 40 
Dominic Ongwen
(Military personnel, Criminal)
Dominic Ongwen
1
Birthdate: February 10, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Coorom, Kilak County, Amuru district, Uganda
 41 
Antonina Makarova
(War Criminal)
Antonina Makarova
5
Birthdate: March 1, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sychyovsky District, Russia
Died: August 11, 1979
 42 
August Eigruber
(Nazi 'Gauleiter' and 'Reichsstatthalter')
August Eigruber
1
Birthdate: April 16, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Steyr, Austria
Died: May 28, 1947
 43 
Martin Bormann
(Private Secretary of Adolf Hitler)
Martin Bormann
31
Birthdate: June 17, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wegeleben, Germany
Died: May 2, 1945

Martin Bormann was a Nazi Party official. Bormann headed the Nazi Party Chancellery, and gained immense power after he was accepted into Adolf Hitler's inner circle. In 1935, he became Hitler's personal secretary and served as the minister of the Nazi Party after Hitler's suicide in 1945.

 44 
Vincent Otti
(Rebel)
Vincent Otti
1
Birthdate: 1946 AD
Birthplace: Uganda
Died: October 2, 2007
 45 
John Demjanjuk
(War Criminal)
John Demjanjuk
25
Birthdate: April 3, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dubovi Makharyntsi, Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic
Died: March 17, 2012
John Demjanjuk was a Trawniki man and a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor, Majdanek, and Flossenbürg. He was part of a highly publicized trial that convicted him for committing atrocities as the infamous Treblinka guard “Ivan the Terrible.” However, lack of any strong evidence suggested he had been misidentified
 46 
Amon Goeth
(Austrian Nazi Officer and Commandant of Poland's Kraków-Plaszow Concentration Camp)
Amon Goeth
20
Birthdate: December 11, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 13, 1946

Amon Goeth was an Austrian war criminal and SS functionary. During World War II, Goeth served as the commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp operated by the SS. After the war, he was convicted of homicide and was executed by hanging. Amon Goeth was played by Ralph Fiennes in the 1993 epic historical drama film Schindler's List.

 47 
Pauline Nyiramasuhuko
(Politician, Criminal)
Pauline Nyiramasuhuko
1
Birthdate: April 1, 1946
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Butare, Rwanda
 48 
Anton Thernes
(Military leader)
Anton Thernes
1
Birthdate: February 8, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Germany
Died: December 3, 1944
 49 
Friedrich Entress
(Surgeon, Criminal)
Friedrich Entress
2
Birthdate: December 8, 1914
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: May 28, 1947
 50 
Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza
(Commited genocide in Rwanda)
Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza
0
Birthdate: 1950 AD
Birthplace: Mutura, Gisenyi, Rwanda
Died: April 25, 2010