20th Century War Criminals

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Rank the Most Wicked War Criminals

 1 Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele.
8
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: March 16, 1911
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Günzburg, Bavaria, German Empire
Died: February 7, 1979

Known as Angel of Death, Dr. Josef Mengele was the chief doctor of Auschwitz concentration camp and was responsible for killing thousands of Jews as well as torturing the prisoners mercilessly and conducting inhuman experiments on them. These included injecting them with chemicals and stitching twin children together. Despite his horrible crimes, the infamous Nazi doctor could never be captured.

 2 Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann.
14
Famous As: One of the Main Organizers of the Holocaust
Birthdate: March 19, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Solingen, Rhine Province, Germany
Died: May 31, 1962
Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi lieutenant colonel and one of the chief organizers of the Holocaust, that involved mass deportation and murder of Jews. In 1962, Eichmann was captured by the Mossad in Argentina and was then taken to Israel. He was eventually tried and hanged for crimes against humanity.
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 3 Reinhard Heydrich

Reinhard Heydrich.
10
Famous As: Nazi Official
Birthdate: March 7, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle
Died: June 4, 1942

Reinhard Heydrich was a Nazi police officer and a high-ranking SS. Heydrich is widely regarded as one of the main architects of the Holocaust, a World War II genocide that killed some six million Jews. Described by Adolf Hitler as the man with the iron heart, Heydrich is regarded as the darkest figure of the Nazi era by many historians.

 4 John Demjanjuk

John Demjanjuk.
7
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: April 3, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dubovi Makharyntsi, Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic
Died: March 17, 2012
John Demjanjuk was a Trawniki man and a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor, Majdanek, and Flossenbürg. He was part of a highly publicized trial that convicted him for committing atrocities as the infamous Treblinka guard “Ivan the Terrible.” However, lack of any strong evidence suggested he had been misidentified

 5 Hideki Tojo

Hideki Tojo.
3
Famous As: 27th Prime Minister of Japan
Birthdate: December 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948

Hideki Tojo headed the Imperial Japanese Army and was the Japanese minister of war, apart from being Japan’s prime minister from 1941 to 1944. His tenure witnessed the attack on Pearl Harbor. After Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, Tojo was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death.

 6 Klaus Barbie

Klaus Barbie.
5
Famous As: Nazi Leader
Birthdate: October 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bad Godesberg
Died: 1991 AD

Klaus Barbie was a Gestapo and SS official during the Nazi era. Dubbed the Butcher of Lyon, Barbie was known for having tortured prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. It is also believed that he played a major role in the execution of Che Guevara. Barbie's life and work inspired the 2007 documentary film My Enemy's Enemy.

 7 Martin Bormann

Martin Bormann.
6
Famous As: Private Secretary of Adolf Hitler
Birthdate: June 17, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wegeleben, Germany
Died: May 2, 1945

Martin Bormann was a Nazi Party official. Bormann headed the Nazi Party Chancellery, and gained immense power after he was accepted into Adolf Hitler's inner circle. In 1935, he became Hitler's personal secretary and served as the minister of the Nazi Party after Hitler's suicide in 1945.

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 8 Slobodan Milosevic

Slobodan Milosevic.
7
Famous As: Former President of Serbia & the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Birthdate: August 20, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Požarevac
Died: March 11, 2006

Slobodan Milosević was a Serbian political leader who served as the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000. He pursued Serbian nationalist policies, which resulted in the breakup of the socialist Yugoslav federation. Milosevic was charged with war crimes in connection to the Bosnian War, the Croatian War, and the Kosovo War, and died in custody.

 9 Ernst Röhm

Ernst Röhm.
4
Famous As: Nazi War Criminal
Birthdate: November 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 1, 1934

Regarded by Hitler as a potential rival, Röhm was murdered at the Führer’s order. Ernst Röhm was a prominent German military officer and an early member of the Nazi Party. He was wounded thrice in World War I and was briefly imprisoned for his part in the Beer Hall Putsch. 

 10 Rudolf Höss

Rudolf Höss.
4
Famous As: Nazi War Criminal
Birthdate: November 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Baden-Baden, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire
Died: April 16, 1947

Rudolf Höss was a German SS officer who was convicted of war crimes after the defeat of Nazi Germany. The longest-serving commandant of the Auschwitz extermination camp, Höss implemented means to accelerate the Final Solution, a Nazi plan for the genocide of Jews. Upon his order, pesticide Zyklon B was used in gas chambers, killing millions of people.

 11 Mutsuhiro Watanabe

Mutsuhiro Watanabe.
5
Famous As: Imperial Japanese Army Corporal
Birthdate: January 18, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Japan
Died: April 1, 2003

Mutsuhiro Watanabe was an Imperial Japanese Army soldier in World War II. Following Japan’s defeat, he was classified a war criminal for his mistreatment of prisoners of war (POWs) by the US Occupation authorities. However, the US authorities could not capture him. In his later years, he became an insurance salesman and grew wealthy.

 12 Charles Taylor

Charles Taylor.
0
Famous As: Former President of Liberia
Birthdate: January 28, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Arthington, Liberia

Charles Taylor is a former Liberian politician who served as the 22nd President of Liberia. As a young man, he was the head of a Libyan-backed rebel group, the National Patriotic Front of Liberia, and played a key role in initiating the First Liberian Civil War. He was elected the president after the war in 1997. He resigned in 2003.

 13 Irma Grese

Irma Grese.
3
Famous As: Nazi Guard
Birthdate: October 7, 1923
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Feldberger Seenlandschaft, Germany
Died: December 13, 1945

Irma Grese, or the Hyena of Auschwitz, served as an SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. She was also the warden of the ladies’ section of the Bergen-Belsen camp and ended up being convicted of torture and murder of prisoners. She was executed at 22.

 14 Franz von Papen

Franz von Papen.
1
Famous As: Former Vice-Chancellor of Germany
Birthdate: October 29, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Werl, Westphalia, Prussia, Germany
Died: May 2, 1969

Franz von Papen was a German politician, Prussian nobleman, diplomat, and General Staff officer. From 1933 to 1934, he served under Adolf Hitler as the Vice-Chancellor of Germany. After World War II, Franz von Papen was indicted alongside other war criminals in the Nuremberg trials. However, he was later acquitted of all charges.

 15 Oskar Dirlewanger

Oskar Dirlewanger.
1
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: September 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: June 7, 1945
German military officer Oskar Dirlewanger established and led the Nazi SS penal unit Dirlewanger during World War II. He had also participated in World War I and the Spanish Civil War, winning the Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class. He died in Allied custody at the Altshausen prison camp.

 16 Ilse Koch

Ilse Koch.
2
Famous As: Nazi Concentration Camp Overseer
Birthdate: September 22, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dresden, Saxony, German Empire
Died: September 1, 1967
Ilse Koch was the wife of Karl-Otto Koch, the Nazi commandant of the Buchenwald and Majdanek concentration camps. Also known as Beast of Buchenwald, The Bitch of Buchenwald, and Butcher Widow, she was tried by the U.S. military for her sadistic abuse of war prisoners. She died of suicide.

 17 Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Ernst Kaltenbrunner.
4
Famous As: Nazi Leader
Birthdate: October 4, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ried im Innkreis
Died: October 16, 1946

Ernst Kaltenbrunner was an SS official who played a major role in the Holocaust during the Nazi era. From 1943 to 1945, Kaltenbrunner served as chief of the Reich Main Security Office, which housed the offices of SD, Kripo, and Gestapo. His most influential period as an SS official coincided with the period during which the genocide of Jews intensified.

 18 William Joyce

William Joyce.
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 24, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: January 3, 1946

American-born fascist politician William Joyce was a Nazi propaganda broadcaster to UK during World War II. He later became a German citizen. As a young man, he joined the British Union of Fascists (BUF) and rose through the ranks to become the BUF's Director of Propaganda. Following the end of World War II, he was arrested for treason and executed.

 19 Albert Kesselring

Albert Kesselring.
1
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: November 30, 1885
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marktsteft, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany
Died: July 16, 1960
One of Hitler’s most reliable strategists during World War II, Albert Kesselring was a loyal Luftwaffe general. His exploits include operations in Poland, France, and Britain. Following the Nuremberg trials, he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted. He was released after being diagnosed with throat cancer. 

 20 Hans Frank

Hans Frank.
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 23, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

Hitler’s legal advisor Hans Frank was made the governor-general of Poland after World War II broke out. Known as the Butcher of Poland for his atrocities against the Jews, he was hanged at the end of the Nuremberg Trials. He penned his autobiography while awaiting his execution.

 21 Arthur Seyss-Inquart

Arthur Seyss-Inquart.
1
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: July 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stonařov, Czechia
Died: October 16, 1946

Arthur Seyss-Inquart was an Austrian politician who was part of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. A Nazi propagandist, Seyss-Inquart was convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes at the Nuremberg trials and sentenced to death. He was executed on 16 October 1946 in Nuremberg Prison.

 22 Doc Scurlock

Doc Scurlock
0
Famous As: Cowboy
Birthdate: January 11, 1849
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tallapoosa County, Alabama, United States
Died: July 25, 1929

 23 Ali Hassan al-Majid

Ali Hassan al-Majid
0
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: November 30, 1941
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Al Awja, Iraq
Died: January 25, 2010

 24 Karl Brandt

Karl Brandt.
0
Famous As: Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler
Birthdate: January 8, 1904
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mulhouse
Died: June 2, 1948

Karl Brandt was a German physician. He served as a Schutzstaffel (SS) officer in Nazi Germany and became Adolf Hitler's personal doctor. He organized and administered the Aktion T4 euthanasia program, in which between 275,000 and 300,000 people were killed in psychiatric hospitals. He was later executed for committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. 

 25 Willi Herold

Willi Herold
1
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: September 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: November 14, 1946

 26 Maria Mandl

Maria Mandl
4
Famous As: Prison officer
Birthdate: January 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Münzkirchen, Austria
Died: January 24, 1948

 27 Hermine Braunsteiner

Hermine Braunsteiner
1
Famous As: Camp guard
Birthdate: July 16, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 19, 1999

 28 Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
0
Famous As: Industrialist
Birthdate: August 13, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: July 30, 1967

 29 Dorothea Binz

Dorothea Binz
0
Famous As: Officer
Birthdate: March 16, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Templin, Germany
Died: May 2, 1947

 30 Jean-Pierre Bemba

Jean-Pierre Bemba.
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 4, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Équateur

Jean-Pierre Bemba is a politician in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  He served as one of the four vice-presidents in the transitional government of the nation from 2003 to 2006. He also leads the rebel group turned political party Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC). He was arrested and convicted on charges of crimes against humanity.

 31 Wanda Klaff

Wanda Klaff
0
Famous As: Camp guards
Birthdate: March 6, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Danzig, Free City of Danzig
Died: July 4, 1946

 32 Herta Ehlert

Herta Ehlert
0
Famous As: Camp guard
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: April 4, 1997

 33 Hildegard Lächert

Hildegard Lächert
0
Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: January 20, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: 1995 AD

 34 Hans von Salmuth

Hans von Salmuth
0
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metz, France
Died: January 1, 1962

 35 Antonina Makarova

Antonina Makarova
0
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: March 1, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sychyovsky District, Russia
Died: August 11, 1979

 36 Friedrich Flick

Friedrich Flick
0
Famous As: Industrialist
Birthdate: July 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Germany
Died: July 20, 1972

 37 Hermann Pister

Hermann Pister
0
Famous As: German officer
Birthdate: February 21, 1885
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lübeck, Germany
Died: September 28, 1948

 38 Emma Zimmer

Emma Zimmer
1
Famous As: Overseer
Birthdate: August 14, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schlüchtern, Germany
Died: September 20, 1948

 39 Greta Bösel

Greta Bösel
0
Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: May 9, 1908
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wuppertal, Germany
Died: May 3, 1947

 40 Hilde Liesewitz

Hilde Liesewitz
3
Famous As: Schutzstaffel Guard
Birthdate: January 31, 1922
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Grünwald, Germany