Jack Ruby Biography
(Assassin of of Lee Harvey Oswald)
Birthday: April 25, 1911 (Taurus)
Born In: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Jack Ruby was an American nightclub owner who rose to notoriety after shooting Lee Harvey Oswald, the gunman who assassinated the 35th US President, John F. Kennedy. Ruby’s act effectively removed the need to put Oswald on trial but did result in persistent conspiracy theories about his own involvement in organized crime and a larger plan to assassinate Kennedy. Born to Polish immigrants, he grew up in Chicago where he had a troubled adolescence, marked with stints in foster homes and delinquency centers. After engaging in minor criminal activities and a first arrest, Ruby eventually joined the army during World War II, ultimately earning an honorable discharge. After his return to civilian life, Ruby became involved in the Texas nightclub scene, managing several establishments and cultivating relationships with several police officers in the course of his work. He was allegedly involved in prostitution and narcotics trading, among other illegal activities, and remained a childless bachelor throughout his life. Ruby became infamous when he shot Oswald on national television a mere two days after JFK’s murder. After particularly hotly contested trials and an overturned conviction, Ruby developed lung cancer and died of a pulmonary embolism in his jail cell. Half a century later, his motives are still cause for speculation, and given the continued interest in JFK’s untimely death, Ruby himself has become a notable figure in American and international pop culture, with references made to him in music, TV, film and literature.