Taurus Leaders

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 1 
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
(Founder of the Republic of Turkey,)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
59
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 
 2 
Moshe Dayan
(Israeli Military & Political Leader)
Moshe Dayan
18
Birthdate: May 20, 1915
Birthplace: Degania Alef, Israel
Died: October 16, 1981

Born to Ukrainian Jewish immigrants, military leader/politician Moshe Dayan, grew up to be an revered for his exploits against Israel’s Arab neighbors. His invasion of the Sinai peninsula is etched in his memoir, Diary of the Sinai Campaign. Following his death, his eye patch was sold on eBay for US$75,000.

 3 
Skanderbeg
(Military Commander)
Skanderbeg
6
Birthdate: May 6, 1405
Birthplace: Principality of Kastrioti (Albania)
Died: January 17, 1468
Skanderbeg was initially a hostage at the Ottoman court and served the Ottoman sultan for about 20 years. He was named the governor of the Sanjak of Dibra, following which he became the captain general under King Alfonso V of Northern Albania and fought against the Ottoman forces.
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 4 
Yi Sun-sin
(Naval Commander)
Yi Sun-sin
6
Birthdate: April 28, 1545
Birthplace: Hansung
Died: December 16, 1598

Yi Sun-sin was a Korean military general and admiral best remembered for his famous victories during the Imjin war, where his troops were victorious against the Japanese navy. Since the Imjin war, Yi Sun-sin has been revered in Korea as a national hero. Most of his victories were achieved despite being outnumbered by the enemies.

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 5 
Ulysses S. Grant
(Civil War Hero and the 18th President of the United States)
Ulysses S. Grant
46
Birthdate: April 27, 1822
Birthplace: Point Pleasant, Ohio, United States
Died: July 23, 1885

The 18th president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant held office from 1869 to 1877. He led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army during the American Civil War and was a war hero. As president, he stabilized the post-war national economy and created the Department of Justice. Historians generally recognize his presidential accomplishments.

 6 
Harry S. Truman
(33rd President of the United States (1945 – 53))
Harry S. Truman
61
Birthdate: May 8, 1884
Birthplace: Lamar, Missouri, United States
Died: December 26, 1972

Harry Truman was the US president from 1945 to 1953 and his administration successfully guided the US economy through the post-war challenges. He established the Truman Doctrine to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. He authorised the first and only use of nuclear weapons during a war when he sanctioned bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.

 7 
Vladimir Lenin
(Russian Revolutionary & Politician Who Served as the First Head of Government of Soviet Russia)
Vladimir Lenin
63
Birthdate: April 22, 1870
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: January 21, 1924

Vladimir Lenin played a key role in the history of Russian politics by developing a political ideology called Leninism. During and after his lifetime, Lenin had a massive influence over international communist movement. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and significant personalities of the 20th century.

 8 
Marcus Aurelius
(Philosopher)
Marcus Aurelius
11
Birthdate: April 26, 0121
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 17, 0180

Marcus Aurelius played an important role in the Roman Empire. A Stoic philosopher, Marcus was part of the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana—a 200-year-long period of relative peace in the Roman Empire. Also a writer, his work Meditations is regarded by many as one of the greatest works of philosophy.

 9 
Nicholas II
(Emperor of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Nicholas II
24
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918

Nicholas II reigned as the last Emperor of All Russia from 1894 until his abdication in 1917. His reign oversaw a series of reforms in Russia. These reforms included the introduction of literacy programs, civil liberties, and methods to modernize the empire's infrastructure. However, these reforms were eventually undermined by Nicholas' love for autocratic rule.

 10 
Ho Chi Minh
(Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam)
Ho Chi Minh
20
Birthdate: May 19, 1890
Birthplace: Cụm di tích Hoàng trù, Vietnam
Died: September 2, 1969
Vietnamese Communist revolutionary Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement and served as North Vietnam’s prime minister, from 1945 to 1955, and president, from 1945 to 1969. He was an integral part of the Vietnam War. South Vietnam’s former capital, Saigon, was later renamed Ho Chi Minh City.
 11 
Evita Peron
(Actress, First Lady of Argentina (1946-52))
Evita Peron
5
Birthdate: May 7, 1919
Birthplace: Los Toldos, Argentina
Died: July 26, 1952

Evita Peron was an Argentine actress, activist, politician, and philanthropist. She is best remembered for her service as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 to 1952. She also served as the President of a political party called Female Peronist Party. A staunch philanthropist, Evita Peron was the president of the Eva Perón Foundation, which operated from 1948 to 1955.

 12 
Napoleon III
(First President of France (1848-1852), Emperor of the French (1852-70))
Napoleon III
11
Birthdate: April 20, 1808
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 9, 1873
Napoleon III, nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, was the first president of France, from 1848 to 1852, and the French emperor from 1852 to 1870. He rebuilt Paris and other French cities, apart from reforming the French banks, railways, and marines. He lost the Franco-Prussian War and eventually died in exile.
 13 
James Monroe
(One of the Founding Fathers Who Served as the 5th President of the United States)
James Monroe
10
Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831

James Monroe, a Founding Father of the U.S., served as the American president from 1817 to 1825. He opposed European colonialism and issued the Monroe Doctrine. He had also been a U.S. secretary of state, the Virginia governor, a U.S. Senate member, and the American ambassador to Britain and France.

 14 
Scott Morrison
(30th Prime Minister of Australia (2018 – 2022))
Scott Morrison
22
Birthdate: May 13, 1968
Birthplace: Sydney

Scott Morrison served as the 30th prime minister of Australia between 2018 and 2022. He led his coalition to an unexpected victory in the 2019 election. Morrison's term witnessed increased tension between China and Australia. He was criticised for failure to adequately address climate change in Australia. His coalition was defeated in 2022 election and subsequently he resigned as the leader of the Liberal Party.

 15 
Kenneth Kaunda
7
Birthdate: April 28, 1924
Birthplace: Chinsali, Awemba North, Northern Rhodesia
Died: June 17, 2021

Kenneth Kaunda is a Zambian former politician. He served as the first president of Zambia from 1964 to 1991. A major figure in Zambia’s struggle for independence from British rule, he became the first president of independent Zambia. As the president, he implemented many educational and economic reforms to accelerate the rate of modernization in the country.

 16 
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1828 - 1830, 1834))
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
12
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.
 17 
King Willem-Alexander
(King of the Netherlands )
King Willem-Alexander
4
Birthdate: April 27, 1967
Birthplace: University Medical Center Utrecht, Netherlands
Willem-Alexander, son of Beatrix of the Netherlands and German-born diplomat Claus van Amsberg, took over as the king of the Netherlands after his mother’s abdication. He has served the Royal Netherlands Navy and been a member of the International Olympic Committee. His interests include sports and water management.
 18 
Rudolf Hess
(Deputy Führer)
Rudolf Hess
15
Birthdate: April 26, 1894
Birthplace: Alexandria
Died: August 17, 1987
Nazi Party member Rudolf Hess was Hitler’s Deputy Führer and helped in the passage of the Nuremberg Laws. While on a trip to Scotland to initiate peace talks with the U.K. during World War II, he was arrested, and then convicted of war crimes. He eventually committed suicide in prison.
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 19 
Golda Meir
(Former Prime Minister of Israel (1969 - 1974))
Golda Meir
12
Birthdate: May 3, 1898
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: December 8, 1978

Born in present-day Ukraine and brought up in the United States, the phenomenal rise of Golda Meir to become the prime minister of Israel was driven by her sheer leadership qualities. She steered her country amid hostilities from its neighbourhood during her eventful term as premier which also saw the Yom Kippur War. She is remembered as a strong-willed woman.

 20 
William Randolph Hearst
(Newspaper Baron)
William Randolph Hearst
10
Birthdate: April 29, 1863
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: August 14, 1951

William Randolph Hearst was an American newspaper publisher, businessman, and politician. He is credited with developing America's largest newspaper chain, Hearst Communications. Today, Hearst Communications has grown into a multinational business information and mass media conglomerate. William Randolph Hearst’s life and work inspired the creation of Charles Foster Kane, the main character in the 1941 drama film, Citizen Kane.

 21 
Toussaint Louverture
(Leader of the Haitian Revolution)
Toussaint Louverture
6
Birthdate: May 20, 1743
Birthplace: Saint-Dominigue (present day Haiti)
Died: April 7, 1803

Haitian general,  Toussaint Louverture, was the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. A revolutionary leader, he was devoted to the cause of Haitian independence and fought hard until he was killed by the French in a treacherous manner. The revolution continued after his death, leading to Haiti’s independence. He is now known as the Father of Haiti.

 22 
Oliver Cromwell
(English Statesman)
Oliver Cromwell
26
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.
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 23 
José Mujica
(Former President of Uruguay)
José Mujica
5
Birthdate: May 20, 1935
Birthplace: Montevideo

José Mujica is an Uruguayan retired politician. From 2010 to 2015, Mujica served as the president of Uruguay. A well-known philanthropist, Mujica won the hearts of many for his donation of 90 percent of his monthly salary to charities. Due to his generosity and austere lifestyle, José Mujica has often been referred to as the world's humblest head of state.

 24 
Stephen Harper
(Former Prime Minister of Canada (2006 - 2015))
Stephen Harper
16
Birthdate: April 30, 1959
Birthplace: Leaside, Toronto, Canada

Stephen Harper is a Canadian politician and economist. From 2006 to 2015, Harper served as the prime minister of Canada. In 2019, he was made the Companion of the Order of Canada for his service to the nation and for his illustrious career in politics.

 25 
Louis IX of France
(King of France (1226-1270))
Louis IX of France
4
Birthdate: April 25, 1214
Birthplace: Poissy, France
Died: August 25, 1270
Louis IX, also known as Saint Louis, reigned as the king of France from 1226 to 1270. He remains the only French king who was canonized in the Catholic Church. He reformed the French justice system. His reign is remembered for its economic prosperity. He died fighting the Eighth crusade.
 26 
Alina Kabaeva
(Politician)
Alina Kabaeva
7
Birthdate: May 12, 1983
Birthplace: Tashkent, Uzbekistan
 27 
Glenda Jackson
7
Birthdate: May 9, 1936
Birthplace: Birkenhead, Cheshire, England

Glenda Jackson is best known for her Academy Award-winning roles in the films Women in Love and A Touch of Class. She has also won two Emmys for playing Elizabeth I in the TV series Elizabeth R and a Tony for her role in the play Three Tall Women.

 28 
James Buchanan
(President of the United States (1857-61))
James Buchanan
24
Birthdate: April 23, 1791
Birthplace: Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 31, 1868

James Buchanan was a prominent American lawyer who served as the 15th president of the United States. He is often criticized for failing to address the issue of slavery and is consistently ranked among America's worst presidents. His life and work inspired the 2019 film Raising Buchanan in which he was played by René Auberjonois.

 29 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')
Maximilien de Robespierre
13
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794
Maximilien de Robespierre was a leading left-wing lawyer and leader during the Reign of Terror. He led the Committee of Public Safety and was part of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club. He was accused of establishing a dictatorship and was guillotined in 1794, thus beginning the Thermidorian Reaction.
 30 
António Guterres
(9th Secretary-General of the United Nations)
António Guterres
8
Birthdate: April 30, 1949
Birthplace: Lisbon

António Guterres is a Portuguese diplomat and politician who served as Portugal's prime minister from 1995 to 2002. A favorite among the masses, Guterres was ranked the best prime minister of Portugal over the last 30 years in polls conducted in 2012 and 2014. In 2009, he was named in Forbes magazine's list of world's most powerful people

Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
10
Birthdate: May 6, 1918
Birthplace: Qasr Al Hosn, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Died: November 2, 2004
 32 
Joachim von Ribbentrop
(Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nazi Germany (1938 - 1945))
Joachim von Ribbentrop
8
Birthdate: April 30, 1893
Birthplace: Wesel, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

German politician Joachim von Ribbentrop was Nazi Germany’s minister of foreign affairs from 1938 to 1945. He let Hitler use his summer house, Schloss Fuschl, for secret Nazi meetings. Ribbentrop was eventually convicted of war crimes and became the first Nuremberg defendant to be hanged to death.

 33 
António de Oliveira Salazar
(Former Acting President of Portugal)
António de Oliveira Salazar
5
Birthdate: April 28, 1889
Birthplace: Vimieiro (Santa Comba Dão), Portugal
Died: July 27, 1970
Portuguese economist António de Oliveira Salazar had been the prime minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. He had also been the minister of defense and finance, among others. He led to the Estado Novo, or New State, in Portugal. He opposed Nazism and fascism, and demilitarized his country.
 34 
Rob Riggle
(Actor)
Rob Riggle
19
Birthdate: April 21, 1970
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, USA
 35 
John F. Kelly
(28th White House Chief of Staff (2017 - 2019))
John F. Kelly
8
Birthdate: May 11, 1950
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
John F. Kelly served as the White House Chief of Staff from 2017 to 2019, and as the Secretary of Homeland Security in 2017. He is part of the board of Caliburn International. The former U.S. Marine Corps general has also won awards such as the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.
 36 
James Baker
(Former US Secretary of State)
James Baker
5
Birthdate: April 28, 1930
Birthplace: Houston, Texas, United States
Attorney James Baker was made the White House chief of staff and then the secretary of the treasury by President Ronald Reagan. He managed George H. W. Bush’s 1988 presidential campaign and became the White House chief of staff under him, witnessing the Gulf War and the Cold War.
 37 
Witold Pilecki
(Nazi-era Polish Army Officer)
Witold Pilecki
4
Birthdate: May 13, 1901
Birthplace: Olonets
Died: May 25, 1948

Known as prisoner number 4859 at the Auschwitz concentration camp, Witold Pilecki voluntarily got himself arrested to be sent to the camp, so that he could start an anti-Nazi resistance movement. He set up the underground campaign ZOW and was eventually able to escape. Nevertheless, he was executed by communists.

 38 
Alexander Kerensky
(Minister-President of the Russian Republic (September 1917 - November 1917))
Alexander Kerensky
5
Birthdate: May 4, 1881
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: June 11, 1970

Alexander Kerensky was a Russian revolutionary and lawyer who played a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Alexander Kerensky is often portrayed in films and TV series. In the 1971 epic historical drama film Nicholas and Alexandra, he was played by John McEnery. In the 2019 series The Last Czars, he was portrayed by Kestutis Cicenas.

 39 
Jill Stein
(Member of the Lexington Town Meeting from the 2nd Precinct (2005 - 2010))
Jill Stein
10
Birthdate: May 14, 1950
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, USA
Jill Stein is a physician who later became the presidential nominee for the Green Party in the 2012 and 2016 elections. She has also been the Green-Rainbow Party's candidate for the governorship of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010. She believed in the Green New Deal, including climate change reforms.
 40 
Denis Thatcher
(Husband of Margaret Thatcher, Businessman)
Denis Thatcher
4
Birthdate: May 10, 1915
Birthplace: Lewisham, London, England
Died: June 26, 2003
Businessman Denis Thatcher was married to British prime minister Margaret Thatcher from 1951 till his death in 2003. He initially ran the firm Atlas and was later associated with companies such as Attwoods and Quinton Hazell. He had served in World War II and received the Thatcher baronetcy in 1990.
 41 
Alfred Jodl
(Chief of the Operations Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command (1939 - 1945))
Alfred Jodl
5
Birthdate: May 10, 1890
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

Alfred Jodl was a German colonel-general who played an important role throughout World War II by serving as Chief of the Operations Staff of a German Armed Forces High Command called the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. After the war, Jodl was tried at the Nuremberg trials and was found guilty on charges, such as crimes against humanity and war crimes.

 42 
William H. Seward
(Former United States Secretary of State)
William H. Seward
4
Birthdate: May 16, 1801
Birthplace: Florida, New York, United States
Died: October 10, 1872
 43 
George P. Bush
(Politician)
George P. Bush
9
Birthdate: April 24, 1976
Birthplace: Houston, Texas, U.S.
 44 
William the Silent
(Main Leader of the Dutch Revolt Against the Spanish Habsburgs that Set off the Eighty Years' War)
William the Silent
6
Birthdate: April 24, 1533
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: July 10, 1584

William the Silent played an important role in the Dutch Revolt where he led a group of fighters against the Spanish Habsburgs. The revolt resulted in the Eighty Years' War, which in turn paved the way for the independence of the United Provinces. Thanks to his efforts during the Dutch Revolt, William is referred to as Father of the Fatherland.    

 45 
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(President of Cuba)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
8
Birthdate: April 20, 1960
Birthplace: Placetas, Villa Clara

Miguel Díaz-Canel is a Cuban politician and the current president of Cuba. As president of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel has made several international trips, visiting places like India, Azerbaijan, and Russia. He has also interacted with presidents and prime ministers of several countries. In 2018, he was honored with the prestigious Order of the Liberator by the government of Venezuela.

 46 
John Conyers
(Politician)
John Conyers
5
Birthdate: May 16, 1929
Birthplace: Highland Park, Michigan, United States
Died: October 27, 2019
 47 
Heinrich Müller
(Police officer)
Heinrich Müller
9
Birthdate: April 28, 1900
Birthplace: Munich
Died: April 30, 1945
 48 
Tony Fernandes
(Entrepreneur)
Tony Fernandes
5
Birthdate: April 30, 1964
Birthplace: Kuala Lumpur

Tony Fernandes is a Malaysian entrepreneur best known as the founder of a popular air transport provider called Tune Air. He is credited with introducing the first low-cost airline, AirAsia, to Malaysians. Tony Fernandes is also credited with turning AirAsia into a highly successful public-listed company. 
 

 49 
Mikhail Prokhorov
(Business Tycoon)
Mikhail Prokhorov
5
Birthdate: May 3, 1965
Birthplace: Moscow, USSR

Mikhail Prokhorov is a Russian billionaire, former owner of the American professional basketball team Brooklyn Nets, and politician. One of Russia's most prominent industrialists, Prokhorov is credited with helping Norilsk Nickel become the largest producer of palladium and nickel in the world. 

 50 
William, German Crown Prince
(Military commander)
William, German Crown Prince
5
Birthdate: May 6, 1882
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: July 20, 1951