Taurus Poets

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Rabindranath Tagore
80
Birthdate: May 7, 1861
Birthplace: Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Died: August 7, 1941

Rabindranath Tagore was an Indian polymath who contributed greatly to the fields of literature, art, and philosophy. Referred to as the Bard of Bengal, Tagore is credited with reshaping Bengali literature and music. The first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, Tagore is also credited with composing the national anthems of India and Bangladesh.

 2 
Charlotte Bronte
12
Birthdate: April 21, 1816
Birthplace: Thornton, Yorkshire, England
Died: March 31, 1855
Charlotte Bronte, remembered for her iconic novel Jane Eyre, was one of the most significant literary figures of the 19th century. She was the eldest of the Bronte sisters who survived into adulthood. She and her sisters Emily and Anne wrote under the pseudonyms Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell.
 3 
Robert Browning
(Poet & Playwright)
Robert Browning
5
Birthdate: May 7, 1812
Birthplace: Camberwell
Died: December 12, 1889

Robert Browning was an English playwright and poet best remembered for his dramatic monologues. His monologues are widely studied around the world as most teachers consider them ideal examples of the monologue form. One of the most important Victorian poets, Browning has inspired several poets and playwrights. 

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Dante Gabriel Rossetti
6
Birthdate: May 12, 1828
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: April 9, 1882

Known for founding the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Dante Gabriel Rossetti was a legendary poet and painter of the 19th century. His illustrations also adorned the books of his poet sister Christina Rossetti. Known for volumes such as The House of Life, he also influenced the Aesthetic movement.

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 5 
William Shakespeare
(English Playwright & Poet Who is Regarded as the Greatest Writer in the English Language)
William Shakespeare
49
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Died: April 23, 1616

English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. He is also often called England's national poet. Many of his works have been translated into other languages and his plays continue to be produced till day. Popular during his lifetime, he acquired an iconic status after his death.

 6 
Soren Kierkegaard
(Religious Author Who is Considered to be the First 'Existentialist' Philosopher)
Soren Kierkegaard
6
Birthdate: May 5, 1813
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 11, 1855

Soren Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher, theologian, social critic, poet, and religious author. Widely regarded as the first existentialist philosopher, Soren Kierkegaard is sometimes referred to as the Father of Existentialism. He is also credited with influencing many theologians, philosophers, and writers like Paul Feyerabend, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Jorge Luis Borges.

 7 
Vladimir Nabokov
(Best Known For His Novels 'Lolita' and 'Pale Fire')
Vladimir Nabokov
6
Birthdate: April 23, 1899
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 2, 1977
Russian author Vladimir Nabokov, also known by his pen name, Vladimir Sirin, is best remembered for his controversial novel Lolita. His other works include the novel Pale Fire and his memoir, Speak, Memory. He was also an entomologist, specializing in lepidoptery. He also liked composing chess problems.
 8 
Omar Khayyam
(Mathematician)
Omar Khayyam
4
Birthdate: May 18, 1048
Birthplace: Nishapur, Khorasan, Iran
Died: December 4, 1131

Omar Khayyam was a Persian polymath, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, and poet. In the field of mathematics, he is best known for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations. As an astronomer, he designed a solar calendar known as the Jalali calendar. His philosophical attitude towards life had elements of pessimism, nihilism, Epicureanism, and fatalism. 

 9 
Donovan
(Singer-songwriter, Guitarist, Composer, Autobiographer, Writer, Poet, Record producer, Film score composer)
Donovan
11
Birthdate: May 10, 1946
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Donovan is a Scottish guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He is best known for developing and popularizing a distinctive and eclectic style that blended many genres, such as folk, jazz, pop, calypso, and psychedelic rock. Donovan was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame, in 2012 and 2014, respectively.

 10 
Michael Rosen
(Children's author and poet who has written 140 books)
Michael Rosen
7
Birthdate: May 7, 1946
Birthplace: Harrow, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 11 
Phillis Wheatley
8
Birthdate: May 8, 1753
Birthplace: West Africa
Died: December 5, 1784
 12 
C. Day Lewis
(British poet and Poet Laureate from 1968 until his death in 1972.)
C. Day Lewis
5
Birthdate: April 27, 1904
Birthplace: Ballintubber, Ireland
Died: May 22, 1972

C. Day-Lewis was an Anglo-Irish poet who also wrote many mystery stories. From 1968 to 1972, he served as the Poet Laureate. He also contributed as a publications editor during World War II, working for the Ministry of Information.

 13 
Sue Grafton
(American Author of Detective Novels)
Sue Grafton
6
Birthdate: April 24, 1940
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: December 28, 2017
 14 
Li Bai
(Poet)
Li Bai
6
Birthdate: May 19, 0701
Birthplace: Suiye, Tang Empire (now Chuy Region, Kyrgyzstan)
Died: November 30, 0762

Li Bai was a Chinese poet whose works helped Chinese poetry flourish in the Tang dynasty. Acclaimed as a genius, Li is credited with popularizing traditional poetic forms. His poetry has been influential from his own time to the present day. Along with Zhang Xu's calligraphy and Pei Min's swordplay, Li's poetry is counted among the Three Wonders in china.

 15 
Adrienne Rich
(American poet)
Adrienne Rich
6
Birthdate: May 16, 1929
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: March 27, 2012
 16 
Angela Carter
(Author of 'The Bloody Chamber' and 'Nights at the Circus')
Angela Carter
5
Birthdate: May 7, 1940
Birthplace: Eastbourne, England
Died: February 16, 1992
 17 
Roger Zelazny
(American Poet, Short Story Writer, Science Fiction Writer and Novelist)
Roger Zelazny
6
Birthdate: May 13, 1937
Birthplace: Euclid, Ohio, United States
Died: June 14, 1995

Author Roger Zelazny led the New Wave of science fiction and soared to fame with his series The Chronicles of Amber. The six-time Hugo Award winner published over 150 short stories, too. He made use of anachronisms, minimal dialogue, and heavy references to Hindu, Norse, and Egyptian mythological tales.

 18 
Edward Lear
(English Artist, Illustrator, Musician and Poet)
Edward Lear
5
Birthdate: May 12, 1812
Birthplace: Holloway, Middlesex, England
Died: January 29, 1888

Renowned for his absurdism and wit, Edward Lear was a British poet who popularized literary nonsense. A talented painter, too, he had worked for the London Zoo, illustrating birds, and had later released illustrated travel books. A pioneer of the modern limerick, he penned the iconic poem The Owl and the Pussycat.

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 19 
Rod McKuen
(Poet)
Rod McKuen
5
Birthdate: April 29, 1933
Birthplace: Oakland, California, United States
Died: January 29, 2015
 20 
Novalis
(German Romantic Poet and Philosopher Known for His Poems ‘Hymns to the Night’ and ‘Spiritual Songs’)
Novalis
6
Birthdate: May 2, 1772
Birthplace: Wiederstedt, Germany
Died: March 25, 1801

Poet and philosopher Friedrich Leopold, better known as Novalis, was a significant figure of German Romanticism. He narrated the loss of his 15-year-old fiancé to tuberculosis in his Hymns to the Night. He himself died of the disease a few years later. He was also well-versed in natural sciences.

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 21 
Joseph Addison
(Essayist & Poet)
Joseph Addison
7
Birthdate: May 1, 1672
Birthplace: Milston, United Kingdom
Died: June 17, 1719
Best known for his articles in the iconic 18th-century periodicals The Tatler and The Spectator, English essayist Joseph Addison had a lifelong collaboration with Richard Steele. Educated at Oxford, he excelled in Latin and classics. A prominent Whig, he mostly wrote on the social and cultural trends of his time.
 22 
Tristan Tzara
(French Writer Known for Being One of the Founders and Central Figures of the Anti-Establishment 'Dada Movement')
Tristan Tzara
4
Birthdate: April 28, 1896
Birthplace: Moinești, Romania
Died: December 25, 1963

Tristan Tzara was a Romanian-born French avant-garde performance artist, poet, and essayist. A multi-talented personality, Tzara was also active as a playwright, journalist, art and literary critic, film director, and composer. Tristan Tzara is best remembered for co-founding the anti-establishment Dada movement, which he helped popularize. He is also credited with co-founding the Romanian literary and art magazine Simbolul.   

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 23 
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
(Writer)
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
6
Birthdate: May 15, 1689
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 21, 1762
 24 
Walter de La Mare
(Poet)
Walter de La Mare
5
Birthdate: April 25, 1873
Birthplace: Charlton, London Charlton, Kent, England, UK
Died: June 22, 1956
 25 
Constantine P. Cavafy
(Greek Poet, Journalist and Civil Servant )
Constantine P. Cavafy
3
Birthdate: April 29, 1863
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: April 29, 1933

Widely regarded as one of the most distinguished Greek poets of the 20th century, Constantine Peter Cavafy became known for his own individual style. During his lifetime, he preferred to share his work through local newspapers and magazines only. His first book was published two years after his death. He also worked as a journalist and a civil servant.

 26 
Robert Penn Warren
(poet, novelist, writer, literary critic, journalist)
Robert Penn Warren
4
Birthdate: April 24, 1905
Birthplace: Todd County
Died: 1989 AD
 27 
Gary Snyder
(American man of letters)
Gary Snyder
9
Birthdate: May 8, 1930
Birthplace: San Francisco
Height: 5'3" (160 cm)
 28 
Charles Maurras
(Author)
Charles Maurras
3
Birthdate: April 20, 1868
Birthplace: Martigues, France
Died: November 16, 1952
 29 
Amber Tamblyn
(Actress)
Amber Tamblyn
16
Birthdate: May 14, 1983
Birthplace: Santa Monica, California, United States
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
 30 
Maya Deren
(Ukrainian-born American Filmmaker Who Abandoned Established Rules of Filmmaking and Created Her Own Techniques)
Maya Deren
4
Birthdate: April 29, 1917
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Died: October 13, 1961

Maya Deren was a Ukrainian-born American filmmaker known for her experimental work. She played a major role in promoting the avant-garde in the mid-20th century. A multifaceted personality, she was also a dancer, choreographer, film theorist, photographer, and writer. She abandoned established rules of filmmaking and created her own techniques. Sadly, she died at the young age of 44.  

 31 
Archibald MacLeish
(Librarian, Poet, Playwright, Writer, University teacher, Poet lawyer, Lawyer)
Archibald MacLeish
3
Birthdate: May 7, 1892
Birthplace: Glencoe
Died: April 20, 1982
 32 
Louise Glück
16
Birthdate: April 22, 1943
Birthplace: New York, United States
 33 
Julius Evola
(Philosopher)
Julius Evola
7
Birthdate: May 19, 1898
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: June 11, 1974

Julius Evola was an Italian poet, philosopher, painter, esotericist, antisemitic conspiracy theorist, and occultist. Evola is extremely popular in fringe circles due to his supernatural, magical, and metaphysical beliefs. Due to his traditionalist views on gender, which advocated a purely patriarchal society, Evola is regarded as one of Italy’s most influential fascist racists of all time.

 34 
Joy Harjo
(Poet)
Joy Harjo
4
Birthdate: May 9, 1951
Birthplace: Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States
 35 
Chūya Nakahara
(Poet, Writer, Tanka poet, Translator)
Chūya Nakahara
3
Birthdate: April 29, 1907
Birthplace: Yamaguchi
Died: October 22, 1937

Known as one of Japan’s most impactful bohemian romantic poets, Chūya Nakahara was often compared to French symbolist poets for his fine imagery. Also known as the Japanese Rimbaud, he was influenced by Dadaism, too. He tragically died of meningitis at 30, though his legacy of around 350 poems lives on.

 36 
Camilo José Cela
(Winner of 1989 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Camilo José Cela
4
Birthdate: May 11, 1916
Birthplace: Iria Flavia, Spain
Died: January 17, 2002

Camilo José Cela was a Spanish novelist, essayist, story writer, and poet. One of the most respected Spanish writers of his generation, Camilo José Cela received a number of prestigious awards, including the 1987 Prince of Asturias Award for Literature. In 1989, he won the Nobel Prize in Literature. In 1994, he was honored with the Premio Planeta de Novela.

 37 
W. G. Sebald
(One of the Greatest German Authors Known for His Works: 'Vertigo', 'The Emigrants' & 'Austerlitz')
W. G. Sebald
5
Birthdate: May 18, 1944
Birthplace: Wertach, Germany
Died: December 14, 2001

Born in Germany, W. G. Sebald later studied in Switzerland and England. He gained fame with his non-chronological tales of people traumatized by the ravages of war. His novels such as Vertigo and The Emigrants deal with themes of decay and memory. He died while driving around Norwich.

 38 
Utah Phillips
(Former folk singer known for Goodnight-Loving Trail and Daddy, What's a Train?)
Utah Phillips
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1935
Birthplace: Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Died: May 23, 2008
 39 
Karl Kraus
(Austrian Writer and Journalist)
Karl Kraus
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1874
Birthplace: Jicin, Czechia
Died: June 12, 1936

Initially aspiring to be a lawyer, Austrian writer Karl Kraus later deviated to philosophy and German literature before quitting studies altogether. He had also been a stage performer but later made his mark as one of the finest aphorists and playwrights in German history, with works such as Nights.

 40 
Alan Titchmarsh
(Television presenter, Horticulturist)
Alan Titchmarsh
1
Birthdate: May 2, 1949
Birthplace: Ilkley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
 41 
Annie Dillard
(Author)
Annie Dillard
4
Birthdate: April 30, 1945
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
 42 
Sheldon Harnick
(Poet, Writer, Songwriter, Librettist)
Sheldon Harnick
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1924
Birthplace: Chicago
 43 
Natasha Trethewey
(Poet)
Natasha Trethewey
3
Birthdate: April 26, 1966
Birthplace: Gulfport, Mississippi, United States
 44 
Đorđe Balašević
(Serbian Singer-Songwriter, Poet, Writer, and Director)
Đorđe Balašević
3
Birthdate: May 11, 1953
Birthplace: Novi Sad, Serbia
Died: February 19, 2021

Đorđe Balašević was a Serbian singer-songwriter, poet, writer, and director. He is best remembered for writing Rani Mraz's popular song Count on Us, which is widely regarded as an anthem of an entire generation. Đorđe Balašević was also renowned for intertwining political commentaries into his performances and songs.

 45 
Gabriel Okara
(Nigerian Novelist and Poet Who was the First Poet of Anglophone African Origin to Embrace Modernism)
Gabriel Okara
3
Birthdate: April 24, 1921
Birthplace: Eastern Region, Nigeria
Died: March 25, 2019
Gabriel Okara was a Nigerian novelist and poet best remembered for his experimental novel, The Voice. Over the course of his career, Okara won several prestigious awards such as the Commonwealth Poetry Prize and the Nigeria Prize for Literature. Nicknamed the Nigerian Negritudist, Gabriel Okara was the first poet of Anglophone African origin to embrace modernism.
 46 
Edmund Wilson
(Journalist, Poet, Playwright, Literary critic, Essayist, Social critic, Writer)
Edmund Wilson
3
Birthdate: May 8, 1895
Birthplace: Red Bank
Died: June 12, 1972
 47 
Yoshitoshi
(Engraver, Painter, Poet)
Yoshitoshi
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1839
Birthplace: Edo
Died: June 9, 1892

One of the greatest ukiyo-e woodblock artists of Japan, Yoshitoshi depicted everything from folklore and kabuki subjects to ghost stories through his works. A student of Kuniyoshi, he suffered immense mental trauma during the Meiji Restoration. He later worked as Taiso but spent his final years in an asylum.

 48 
Jane Roberts
(Poet, Writer, Psychic, Science fiction writer, Children's writer)
Jane Roberts
3
Birthdate: May 8, 1929
Birthplace: Saratoga County
Died: September 5, 1984
 49 
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
(Academic Scholar)
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
3
Birthdate: May 2, 1950
Birthplace: Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
Died: April 12, 2009
 50 
Charles Simic
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1938
Birthplace: Belgrade, Serbia