Taurus Engineers

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 1 
Claude Shannon
(Mathematician, Engineer & Cryptographer Known as a 'Father of Information Theory')
Claude Shannon
13
Birthdate: April 30, 1916
Birthplace: Petoskey, Michigan, United States
Died: February 24, 2001

Claude Shannon was an electrical engineer, mathematician, and cryptographer. He is credited with publishing the article A Mathematical Theory of Communication which gave rise to the field of information theory. Hence, Shannon is considered the father of information theory. He is also credited with founding digital circuit design theory. During World War II, he contributed to the field of cryptanalysis.

 2 
Lisa Nowak
(Flight Engineer on Sts-121 and Former NASA Astronaut)
Lisa Nowak
17
Birthdate: May 10, 1963
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States

Former NASA astronaut and U.S. Navy captain Lisa Nowak was part of the STS-121 mission. She made headlines when she apparently attempted to kidnap Air Force captain Colleen Shipman, who was getting into a relationship with astronaut William Oefelein, who had previously dated Nowak. Nowak was subsequently dismissed from NASA.

 3 
Granville Woods
(Inventor)
Granville Woods
4
Birthdate: April 23, 1856
Birthplace: Columbus, Ohio, United States
Died: January 30, 1910

Granville Woods was 10 when he began working at a machine shop, while continuing his studies at a night school. He grew up to become a steam locomotive engineer and earned the nickname the Black Edison for his countless inventions, most of which were related to electrical systems for railways.

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 4 
Henry Gantt
(Engineer)
Henry Gantt
4
Birthdate: May 20, 1861
Birthplace: Calvert County
Died: November 23, 1919

Best known for creating the Gantt Chart, a management tool used for scheduling tasks, mechanical engineer Henry Gantt had been a disciple and colleague of Frederick W. Taylor. He also prepared ground for the Human Relations School of management and spoke about the social responsibility of business.

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 5 
Frederick McKinley Jones
(Inventor of 'Mobile Refrigeration Technology' for Transportation of Perishable Goods)
Frederick McKinley Jones
6
Birthdate: May 17, 1893
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: February 21, 1961

Best known for inventing an automatic refrigeration system used in long-haul trucks, Frederick McKinley Jones was orphaned at age 7. He quit school as a child and took up menial jobs. After briefly serving the army, he focused on inventing machine parts and ended up with over 60 patents.

 6 
David H. Koch
(Co-owner of Koch Industries)
David H. Koch
5
Birthdate: May 3, 1940
Birthplace: Wichita, Kansas, United States
Died: August 23, 2019
 7 
Edsger W. Dijkstra
(Dutch Mathematician and Computer Scientist Best Known for His Shortest-Path Algorithm in Graph Theory)
Edsger W. Dijkstra
4
Birthdate: May 11, 1930
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 6, 2002

A pioneering computer scientist from the Netherlands, Edsger W. Dijkstra had initially studied theoretical physics, before focusing on computers. He developed the domain of structured programming and also won honors such as the Turing Award. He died at 72, after a long struggle with cancer.

 8 
Peter Molyneux
(Game programmer, Engineer, Programmer, Game designer)
Peter Molyneux
7
Birthdate: May 5, 1959
Birthplace: Guildford

Peter Molyneux is an English programmer and video game designer. He is credited with creating several popular video games like Populous, Dungeon Keeper, Theme Park, Godus, and the Fable series. In 2004, he was inducted into the AIAS Hall of Fame. In 2011, Peter Molyneux was honored at the Game Developers Choice Awards with the Lifetime Achievement Award.

 9 
Roger Boisjoly
(Mechanical Engineer)
Roger Boisjoly
4
Birthdate: April 25, 1938
Birthplace: Lowell, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 6, 2012

A miller’s son, Roger Boisjoly excelled in tennis while in school and eventually grew up to become a mechanical engineer and an aerodynamicist. As part of the Morton Thiokol team that designed the Space Shuttle Challenger, he correctly predicted that its faulty design could cause an explosion, but was ignored.

 10 
Thomas Midgley, Jr.
(Mechanical and chemical engineer)
Thomas Midgley, Jr.
4
Birthdate: May 19, 1889
Birthplace: Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: November 2, 1944

Thomas Midgley Jr. was an American chemical and mechanical engineer. Midgley played a key role in the development of leaded gasoline and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which were later banned due to their negative impact on the environment and human health. Thomas Midgley Jr. was granted over 100 patents during his lifetime.

 11 
Hans Albert Einstein
(Engineer, Educator)
Hans Albert Einstein
1
Birthdate: May 14, 1904
Birthplace: Bern, Switzerland
Died: July 26, 1973
 12 
Henry J. Kaiser
(Engineer, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist)
Henry J. Kaiser
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1882
Birthplace: Sprout Brook
Died: August 24, 1967
 13 
Dieter Rams
(German Industrial Designer and Educator Who Believed in the "Less but Better" Approach)
Dieter Rams
4
Birthdate: May 20, 1932
Birthplace: Wiesbaden, Germany

German industrial designer and educator Dieter Rams became one of the first designers to focus on environment-friendly design. He headed design at Braun and designed a furniture collection for Vitsœ. Associated with the functionalist school of design, he believed in "Less, but Better," which was also the name of his 1995 book.

 14 
Taylor Wilson
(American Nuclear Scientist and the Youngest Person in History to Achieve Controlled Nuclear Fusion)
Taylor Wilson
3
Birthdate: May 7, 1994
Birthplace: Texarkana, Arkansas, United States

Taylor Wilson is an American nuclear physics enthusiast who is the youngest person ever to produce nuclear fusion using a fusor. He achieved this feat in 2008, at the age of 14.

 15 
Ray Tomlinson
(Inventor of the First Email System)
Ray Tomlinson
3
Birthdate: April 23, 1941
Birthplace: Amsterdam, New York, U.S.
Died: March 5, 2016
 16 
Dieter Zetsche
(German Businessman, Chairman of 'TUI AG' and Former Head of 'Mercedes-Benz')
Dieter Zetsche
3
Birthdate: May 5, 1953
Birthplace: Istanbul

German business tycoon Dieter Zetsche had just completed his education in electrical engineering when he joined the research department of Daimler-Benz AG. He later headed the Mercedes-Benz Group as its CEO and also appeared as Dr. Z in the company’s commercials. He also served as the chairman of the tourism company TUI AG.

 17 
Martin Eberhard
(Entrepreneur)
Martin Eberhard
9
Birthdate: May 15, 1960
Birthplace: Berkeley, California, United States

Martin Eberhard is an American entrepreneur, inventor, and engineer. He is credited with co-founding Tesla, Inc. in 2002. He then served as the company's chairman and CEO. Martin Eberhard was inducted into the University of Illinois Engineering Hall of Fame in 2015.

 18 
Stefan Quandt
(German Billionaire Heir, Industrialist and Co-Owner of 'BMW')
Stefan Quandt
4
Birthdate: May 9, 1966
Birthplace: Bad Homburg, Germany

Stefan Quandt is a German billionaire heir, industrialist, and engineer. Born into one of the wealthiest families, Quandt inherited 17.4% of BMW after his father's death in 1982. He also inherited from Herbert Quandt's substantial holdings in other companies. The Quandt family's role as business people during World War II was depicted in the documentary, The Silence of the Quandts.

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 19 
Marc Isambard Brunel
(French-British Engineer Who Constructed the 'Thames Tunnel')
Marc Isambard Brunel
3
Birthdate: April 25, 1769
Birthplace: Hacqueville, Normandy, France
Died: December 12, 1849

French-British engineer Marc Isambard Brunel is best known for constructing the Thames Tunnel and had been the chief engineer of New York City. He had also spent time in a debtor’s prison for his association with loss-making projects. He was the father of renowned engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

 20 
Ellen Ochoa
(The First Hispanic Woman to Go to Space)
Ellen Ochoa
8
Birthdate: May 10, 1958
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States

Ellen Ochoa is an American engineer and classical flautist. A former astronaut, Ochoa was the first Hispanic woman in space. In 2012, she became the first Hispanic director of Johnson Space Center. Ochoa has won several prestigious awards including NASA's Distinguished Service Medal and Space Flight Medals. In 2017, she was inducted into the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame.

 21 
Oliver Heaviside
(Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Telegraphy)
Oliver Heaviside
3
Birthdate: May 18, 1850
Birthplace: Camden Town
Died: February 3, 1925

Oliver Heaviside was an English mathematician and physicist. He invented a new technique for solving differential equations and independently developed vector calculus. He is also credited with rewriting Maxwell's equations in the form commonly used today. He formulated the telegrapher’s equations and invented the Heaviside step function as well. In 1922, he received the Faraday Medal.

 22 
R. J. Mitchell
(British Aircraft Designer Known for Designing the Supermarine Spitfire Fighter Used in WWII)
R. J. Mitchell
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1895
Birthplace: Butt Lane, Kidsgrove, England
Died: June 11, 1937

Aeronautical designer R. J. Mitchell joined Supermarine at age 21 and worked for them throughout his life. Remembered for designing sea planes, he was also the man behind the fighter aircraft Spitfire, which was used extensively during World War II. The film The First of the Few chronicled his life.

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 23 
Ian Murdock
(Software engineer, known for being the founder of the Debian project and Progeny Linux Systems)
Ian Murdock
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1973
Birthplace: Konstanz, Germany
Died: December 28, 2015
 24 
Andrew Schlafly
(Lawyer, Engineer, Teacher)
Andrew Schlafly
3
Birthdate: April 27, 1961
Birthplace: Alton
 25 
Samantha Cristoforetti
(Astronaut, Aviator, Engineer)
Samantha Cristoforetti
3
Birthdate: April 26, 1977
Birthplace: Milan
 26 
Hertha Ayrton
(British Engineer, Mathematician, Physicist and Inventor Known for Her Work With the 'Electric Arcs')
Hertha Ayrton
2
Birthdate: April 28, 1854
Birthplace: Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
Died: August 26, 1923

Hertha Ayrton was a British engineer,  physicist, mathematician, and inventor. She is remembered for her work on electric arcs and ripple marks in sand and water, for which she was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society. As a woman in the 19th century, she had to face innumerable struggles in her career. She was also a passionate suffragist. 

 27 
Bill Hewlett
(Entrepreneur)
Bill Hewlett
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1913
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: January 12, 2001
 28 
Patrice Désilets
(Game designer)
Patrice Désilets
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1974
Birthplace: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu

Canadian game designer Patrice Désilets is best known for his Assassin's Creed game series. He also contributed to the creative direction of Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time and Hype: The Time Quest. After leaving Ubisoft, he formed his own studio, the Montreal-based Panache Digital Games.

 29 
John Frank Stevens
(Civil Engineer)
John Frank Stevens
2
Birthdate: April 25, 1853
Birthplace: West Gardiner, Maine, United States
Died: June 2, 1943

John Frank Stevens, who was mostly a self-taught engineer, worked on the Panama Canal as its chief engineer. Initially associated with the Great Northern Railway, he was later also sent to Russia as part of a team working on the Trans-Siberian Railway. He won awards such as the Hoover Medal.

 30 
Peter Cooper Hewitt
(Electrical Engineer)
Peter Cooper Hewitt
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1861
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: August 25, 1921
 31 
Mo Ibrahim
(Entrepreneur)
Mo Ibrahim
3
Birthdate: May 3, 1946
Birthplace: Sudan

Telecom magnate Mo Ibrahim was born in Sudan and educated in Egypt and the U.K. His company Celtel International was one of the pioneers in the mobile phone industry in Africa and the Middle East. He was featured on Forbes’s billionaire’s list and offers scholarships for African students through his foundation.

 32 
Theodore von Karman
(Mathematician)
Theodore von Karman
3
Birthdate: May 11, 1881
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: May 6, 1963

Hungarian-American mathematician Theodore von Karman is best known for his research on aeronautics. Born to a professor father, Karman was a math prodigy in childhood and was pushed into engineering. He was also the first recipient of the National Medal of Science. A bachelor for life, he lived with his mother and sister.

 33 
Gustaf de Laval
(Swedish Engineer and Inventor Known for His Contributions to the Design of Steam Turbines)
Gustaf de Laval
2
Birthdate: May 9, 1845
Birthplace: Orsa, Dalarna, Sweden
Died: February 2, 1913

Swedish scientist and engineer Gustaf de Laval is remembered for his pioneering contribution to the development of high-speed turbines and the de Laval nozzle. He also made milk-cream separators and milking machines. Apart from being a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, he was also named to the Swedish parliament.

 34 
Benjamin Lee Whorf
(Anthropologist, Linguist)
Benjamin Lee Whorf
3
Birthdate: April 24, 1897
Birthplace: Winthrop, Massachusetts
Died: July 26, 1941

Benjamin Lee Whorf was a linguist cum fire prevention engineer. Along with his mentor Edward Sapir, he developed what is frequently called the “Sapir–Whorf hypothesis.” Even though he was a chemical engineer by profession, he developed an early interest in linguistics and presented several papers at linguistics conferences. Unfortunately, he died at the relatively young age of 44. 

 35 
Lazare Carnot
(Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer, Physicist)
Lazare Carnot
3
Birthdate: May 13, 1753
Birthplace: Nolay
Died: August 2, 1823

Lazare Carnot was a French physicist, mathematician, and politician. His role in the Napoleonic Wars and French Revolutionary Wars earned him the sobriquet Organizer of Victory. Carnot is credited with developing innovative defensive designs for forts, such as the Carnot wall which served as a defensive mechanism against infantry and artillery attack.

 36 
Paul Baran
(Engineer)
Paul Baran
3
Birthdate: April 29, 1926
Birthplace: Grodno, Belarus
Died: March 26, 2011
 37 
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
3
Birthdate: May 1, 1633
Birthplace: Saint-Léger-Vauban
Died: March 30, 1707

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban was a French military engineer. Widely regarded as the greatest engineer of his generation, Vauban played a prominent role in Western military history. He worked under Louis XIV and his principles for fortifications were used for almost a century. He is credited with building major ports and projects including the Canal de la Bruche.

 38 
Anton Furst
(Scenographer)
Anton Furst
3
Birthdate: May 6, 1944
Birthplace: London
Died: November 24, 1991
 39 
Arthur Cotton
(Engineer)
Arthur Cotton
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1803
Birthplace: Combermere, Cheshire, England
Died: July 24, 1899
 40 
Jeff Minter
(Programmer, Engineer, Computer scientist)
Jeff Minter
3
Birthdate: April 22, 1962
Birthplace: Reading

Known as Yak on all online forums, video-game designer and programmer Jeff Minter is also the founder of Llamasoft. His games often include characters such as llamas and camels and a healthy dose of psychedelics. He has also appeared in the movie Black Mirror: Bandersnatch.

 41 
John Resig
(Programmer, Engineer, Computer scientist)
John Resig
2
Birthdate: May 8, 1984
Birthplace: Boston
 42 
Ken Scott
(Record producer, Audio engineer, Composer)
Ken Scott
4
Birthdate: April 20, 1947
Birthplace: London

Fed on pop and rock and roll since his childhood, Ken Scott first decided to become a recording engineer when he watched a television program featuring Carol Deenes' recording session. Beginning his career at Abbey Road Studios at the age of sixteen, he eventually became a successful engineer, working with scores of well-known musicians, including the Beatles and Elton John.

 43 
Moshé Feldenkrais
(Engineer and physicist, known as the founder of the Feldenkrais Method)
Moshé Feldenkrais
2
Birthdate: May 6, 1904
Birthplace: Slavuta, Ukraine
Died: July 1, 1984

Moshé Feldenkrais was a Ukrainian-Israeli physicist and engineer. He founded the Feldenkrais Method of physical exercise that aims to improve mind-body coordination. He earned his Doctor of Science in Physics at the University of Paris, where he studied under Marie Curie. He earned a black belt in judo and became a co-founding member of the Ju-Jitsu Club de France. 

 44 
Rudolf E. Kálmán
(Mathematician, Engineer, University teacher)
Rudolf E. Kálmán
3
Birthdate: May 19, 1930
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: July 2, 2016
 45 
Vance D. Brand
(Astronaut)
Vance D. Brand
2
Birthdate: May 9, 1931
Birthplace: Longmont, Colorado, United States
 46 
David Jay
(Asexual Activist)
David Jay
2
Birthdate: April 24, 1982
Birthplace: United States
 47 
Theo de Raadt
(Computer scientist, Engineer, Network engineer, Programmer)
Theo de Raadt
2
Birthdate: May 19, 1968
Birthplace: Pretoria

Born to a South African mother and a Dutch father in Pretoria, Theo de Raadt later moved to Canada with his family. The software engineer founded the OpenBSD and OpenSSH operating system networks and also contributed to NetBSD. He has also formed the Internet Exchange YYCIX in Calgary.

 48 
Montgomery C. Meigs
(United States Army Officer and Civil Engineer)
Montgomery C. Meigs
2
Birthdate: May 3, 1816
Birthplace: Augusta, Georgia, United States
Died: January 2, 1892

Montgomery C. Meigs was an American civil engineer and US Army officer who played an important role during and after the Civil War, serving as Quartermaster General of the US Army. His work as Quartermaster General is widely regarded as an important factor in the Union victory in the Civil War. Meigs is also credited with masterminding Arlington National Cemetery.    

 49 
Enrico Mattei
(Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson)
Enrico Mattei
2
Birthdate: April 29, 1906
Birthplace: Acqualagna
Died: October 27, 1962
 50 
Barry Boehm
(Computer scientist, Engineer)
Barry Boehm
2
Birthdate: May 16, 1935
Birthplace: Santa Monica