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Whether you savor the old world charm of Poland or totally swear by its Zubrowka Vodka or are simply mesmerized by its Oscypek, a kind of stunning-looking carved cheese, you will totally lap up reading more about the country’s rich and famous here. Agreed, for a country teeming with history and a heart-warming culture, it is not altogether impossible to get swayed. But besides all the amazing attractions that Poland boasts of, there is this incredible lot of people who have inspired greatness in the country. Be it Copernicus, Chopin, Marie Curie, Pope John Paul II, Robert Kubica or Joanna Krupa, Poland prides itself on its superlative lot of nationals who have inspired a world way beyond their country’s border. Let us delve deep into the lives of some of the famous Polish people to have ever walked the earth and get inspired as we trail their timeline, learn some interesting trivia and unearth some lesser known facts about them in these biographies.
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 1 
Marie Curie
(The First Woman to Win a Nobel Prize)
Marie Curie
80
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.
 2 
Robert Lewandowski
(Football Player)
Robert Lewandowski
30
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: August 21, 1988
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland

Considered one of the best football players in the world, Robert Lewandowski plays for Bundesliga club Bayern Munich and leads the Poland national team as its captain. Known for his exceptional goal scoring ability and striking skills, Lewandowski has earned several accolades including Polish Player of the Year title for eight consecutive years. Besides, he is also a venture capitalist.

 3 
Frédéric Chopin
(Polish Composer and Virtuoso Pianist of the Romantic Period)
Frédéric Chopin
10
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 1, 1810
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Żelazowa Wola, Poland
Died: October 17, 1849

Romantic Era virtuoso pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin, nicknamed The Poet of the Piano, is remembered as the inventor of the instrumental ballade. The legendary composer mostly created solo piano masterpieces but also experimented with piano concertos and chamber pieces. He was influenced by Bach, Mozart, and Polish folk music.

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 4 
Nicolaus Copernicus
(Mathematician)
Nicolaus Copernicus
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toruń, Poland
Died: May 24, 1543

Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer. He is credited with formulating Heliocentrism, which led to the Copernican Revolution. Although Aristarchus of Samos had formulated Heliocentrism 18 centuries earlier, Copernicus was responsible for popularizing it. Copernicus is also credited with formulating an economic principle, which was later called Gresham's law.

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 5 
Peter Schmeichel
(Football player)
Peter Schmeichel
31
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: November 18, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gladsaxe Municipality, Denmark
 6 
Joseph Conrad
(Known for Short Stories and Novels Like Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness and the Secret Agent)
Joseph Conrad
4
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Berdychiv, Ukraine
Died: August 3, 1924

Joseph Conrad was a Polish-British writer. Considered one of the greatest English-language novelists of all time, Conrad is credited with bringing a non-English sensibility into English-language literature. Many of his works have inspired several films, TV series, and video games. His anti-heroic characters and narrative style have influenced many authors like Salman Rushdie, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and T. S. Eliot.

 7 
Susan Wojcicki
(CEO of YouTube)
Susan Wojcicki
59
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 5, 1968
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Santa Clara County, California, United States

YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki has been the longest-tenured CEO of the organization. She has earlier contributed to the formation of Google and has served them as their VP of product management. The Harvard alumnus was ranked 16 on Forbes’s list of the World's 100 Most Powerful Women in 2011.

 8 
Benoit Mandelbrot
(Mathematician and polymath)
Benoit Mandelbrot
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 20, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: October 14, 2010

Noted mathematician and polymath, Benoit B. Mandelbrot is perhaps best known for his work on fractal. He not only coined the term, but also used computer-constructed images to illustrate the mathematical definition. Also credited with the discovery of Mandelbrot set and Mandelbrot law, he established that even those things which were apparently chaotic or rough had a "degree of order".

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 9 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
 10 
Mariusz Pudzianowski
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 7, 1977
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Biala Rawska, Poland
 11 
Władysław Szpilman
(Pianist Widely Known as the Central Figure in the 2002 'Roman Polanski' Film 'The Pianist')
Władysław Szpilman
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: December 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sosnowiec, Poland
Died: July 6, 2000

Władysław Szpilman was a Polish pianist of Jewish descent. He was a popular performer on Polish radio and in concert in the 1930s. He was also a prolific composer. He survived the Holocaust and was the central figure in the 2002 Roman Polanski film The Pianist. His son, Andrzej Szpilman, is also a composer and music producer. 

 12 
Jan Blachowicz
(Mixed martial artist)
Jan Blachowicz
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 24, 1983
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cieszyn, Poland
 13 
Irena Sendler
(Polish Humanitarian & Social Worker)
Irena Sendler
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 15, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 12, 2008
Polish social worker and nurse Irena Sendler was part of the Polish Underground Resistance in German-occupied Poland, during World War II. She was arrested for smuggling Jewish children out of Poland but never revealed much about her work. She had received many awards, such as Israel’s Righteous Among the Nations.
 14 
Lech Walesa
(Former President of Poland)
Lech Walesa
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 29, 1943
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Popowo, Gmina Tłuchowo, Poland

Lech Walesa is a Polish dissident and statesman. From 1990 to 1995, Walesa served as the first elected president of Poland. A Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Walesa was adjudged Time Person of the Year in 1981. In 1999, he was named in the magazine's most important people of the 20th century list. 

 15 
Stanisław Lem
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: March 27, 2006

Stanisław Lem was a Polish writer who specialized in the science fiction genre. He was also a noted essayist who wrote on varied subjects, including philosophy, futurology, and literary criticism. His books, which have been translated into over 50 languages, have sold more than 45 million copies worldwide. He was the recipient of numerous awards and honors. 

 16 
Maximilian Kolbe
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1894
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Zduńska Wola, Poland
Died: August 14, 1941

Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a Catholic priest. Venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Maximilian is best remembered for volunteering to die at the death camp of Auschwitz in place of a stranger during World War II. In 1982, Pope John Paul II declared Maximilian Kolbe a martyr of charity.

 17 
Andrzej Sapkowski
(He is best known for his book series The Witcher)
Andrzej Sapkowski
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 21, 1948
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Łódź, Poland

Polish fantasy author Andrzej Sapkowski is best known for his widely translated iconic book series The Witcher, which has also been made into a Netflix series. While he initially studied economics and worked as a sales representative, he soared to fame with the short story Wiedźmin, which later became The Witcher.

 18 
Sebastian Janikowski
(American footballer)
Sebastian Janikowski
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 2, 1978
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Walbrzych, Dolnoslaskie, Poland
 19 
Robert Kubica
(Racing driver)
Robert Kubica
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: December 7, 1984
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland
 20 
Witold Pilecki
(Nazi-era Polish Army Officer)
Witold Pilecki
8
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Olonets
Died: May 25, 1948

Known as prisoner number 4859 at the Auschwitz concentration camp, Witold Pilecki voluntarily got himself arrested to be sent to the camp, so that he could start an anti-Nazi resistance movement. He set up the underground campaign ZOW and was eventually able to escape. Nevertheless, he was executed by communists.

 21 
Wojciech Szczęsny
(Polish footballer)
Wojciech Szczęsny
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 18, 1990
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Warsaw
 22 
Pope John Paul II
32
Birthdate: May 18, 1920
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wadowice, Poland
Died: April 2, 2005

Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church from 1978 until his death in 2005. He is hailed for helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and improving the Catholic Church's relations with Islam, Judaism, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He was a lifelong football fan, having himself played the sport in his youth.

 23 
Joanna Jedrzejczyk
(Mixed Martial Artist)
Joanna Jedrzejczyk
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: August 18, 1987
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Olsztyn, Poland
 24 
Zdzisław Beksiński
0
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sanok, Poland
Died: February 21, 2005
 25 
Arthur Rubinstein
(One of the Greatest Pianists and Chopin Interpreters of His Time)
Arthur Rubinstein
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Łódź, Poland
Died: December 20, 1982

Arthur Rubinstein was a Polish-American pianist counted amongst the greatest pianists of all time. He had an extensive career spanning eight decades, during which he earned much international acclaim. He played music performed by several illustrious composers and is especially remembered for his interpretation of Chopin’s music. Renowned pianists François-René Duchâble and Avi Schönfeld were his students. 

 26 
Joanna Krupa
(Actor, Model, Television Personality)
Joanna Krupa
8
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: April 23, 1979
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Apart from gracing the Maxim Hot 100 list, the Dancing with the Stars and The Real Housewives of Miami star Joanna Krupa also works actively for PETA. Now a mother, she was also in the news when at 35, she had decided to freeze her eggs.
 27 
Ross Martin
(Actors)
Ross Martin
1
Birthdate: March 22, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gródek, Poland
Died: July 3, 1981
 28 
Tadeusz Kościuszko
(Statesman, Engineer)
Tadeusz Kościuszko
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1746
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mieračoŭščyna
Died: October 15, 1817

Tadeusz Kościuszko was a Polish-Lithuanian statesman, military leader, and military engineer. Thanks to his participation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's fight against Prussia and Russia and his role in the American Revolutionary War, Tadeusz Kościuszko is widely regarded as a national hero in the United States, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.

 29 
Itzhak Stern
(Holocaust Survivor)
Itzhak Stern
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: 1969 AD

Itzhak Stern was a Polish-Israeli Jewish Holocaust survivor. An accountant by profession, he was closely involved with industrialist Oskar Schindler and assisted him in his rescue activities during the Holocaust. Both Stern and Schindler survived the Holocaust and remained friends until Stern’s death in 1969. Stern was played by English actor Ben Kingsley in the film Schindler's List

 30 
Andrew Golota
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 5, 1968
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
 31 
Kazimierz Pułaski
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 6, 1745
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: October 11, 1779

Kazimierz Pułaski was a Polish nobleman, military commander, and soldier. Dubbed the father of the American cavalry, Pulaski is credited with creating the Pulaski Cavalry Legion and reorganizing the American cavalry. He played an important role in the American Revolutionary War and is remembered for fighting for the independence of Poland and the United States.

 32 
Konstantin Rokossovsky
(Military officer)
Konstantin Rokossovsky
6
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: August 3, 1968

Konstantin Rokossovsky was a Soviet and Polish officer. One of the most important Red Army commanders during the Second World War, Rokossovsky also served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 to 1956. He also served as the Marshal of Poland and as the Marshal of the Soviet Union.

 33 
Krzysztof Kieślowski
(Film director, Screenwriter)
Krzysztof Kieślowski
2
Birthdate: June 27, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: March 13, 1996
 34 
Józef Piłsudski
(Prime Minister of Poland (1926 - 1928))
Józef Piłsudski
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 5, 1867
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zalavas, Lithuania
Died: May 12, 1935

Józef Piłsudski was a Polish statesman and one of the most influential personalities in Polish politics post World War I. From 1918 to 1922, he served as the Chief of State. From 1926 to 1935, he was regarded as the de facto leader of the Second Polish Republic and was largely viewed as the father of Interwar Poland.

 35 
Karolina Kowalkiewicz
(Mixed martial artist)
Karolina Kowalkiewicz
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 15, 1985
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Łódź, Poland
 36 
Arkadiusz Milik
(Polish footballer)
Arkadiusz Milik
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 28, 1994
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tychy, Poland
 37 
Marcin Gortat
(Basketball player)
Marcin Gortat
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 17, 1984
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lódz, Poland
 38 
Jadwiga of Poland
(Former Queen of Poland (1384 - 1399))
Jadwiga of Poland
1
Birthdate: 1373 AD
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: July 17, 1399

Jadwiga of Poland reigned over the Kingdom of Poland as its first female monarch from 1384 until her death in 1399. Regarded as one of Poland's greatest rulers, Jadwiga is often compared to Casimir the Great and Bolesław the Brave. Also remembered for her charitable activities, Jadwiga of Poland established new schools, hospitals, and churches.

 39 
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
(Physicist, Inventor)
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
5
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: May 24, 1686
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gdańsk
Died: September 16, 1736

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit was a scientific instrument maker, inventor, and physicist. One of the most prominent and influential personalities of the Dutch Golden Age of science and technology, Fahrenheit is credited with many important inventions, including the mercury-in-glass thermometer and Fahrenheit scale. His inventions helped shape the history of thermometry. 

 40 
Tamara de Lempicka
3
Birthdate: May 16, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: March 18, 1980
 41 
Morgane Polanski
(Known for Her Role in the TV Series 'Vikings')
Morgane Polanski
5
Birthdate: January 20, 1993
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France

Morgane Polanski is a French-Polish model and actress, best known for her portrayal of Princess Gisla in the historical fantasy drama TV series, Vikings. The daughter of filmmaker Roman Polanski and actress Emmanuelle Seigner, Morgane Polanski followed in the footsteps of her parents to establish herself in the entertainment industry.

 42 
Janusz Korczak
(Former educator, children's author, pedagogue)
Janusz Korczak
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 22, 1878
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: August 7, 1942

A reputed Polish doctor, Henryk Goldszmit was better known by his pseudonym, Janusz Korczak, which he used to write several children’s books. Apart from working as a pediatrician and a military doctor, he also owned a Jewish orphanage and stayed with the children while the Germans deported him and other staff to Treblinka.

 43 
Pola Negri
(Actress)
Pola Negri
2
Birthdate: January 3, 1897
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lipno, Poland
Died: August 1, 1987
 44 
Sigismund III Vasa
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 20, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gripsholm Castle
Died: April 30, 1632

Sigismund III Vasa was the elder son of Swedish king John III Vasa. As the king of Poland and Sweden, he not only enjoyed prosperity but also tried to unite the two states, although he ended up creating conflicts between them. His lust for power also resulted in the Zebrzydowski Rebellion.

 45 
Grzegorz Krychowiak
(Polish footballer)
Grzegorz Krychowiak
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 29, 1990
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Gryfice
 46 
Stanislaw Szukalski
1
Birthdate: December 13, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warta, Poland
Died: May 19, 1987
 47 
Margo Dydek
(Polish Basketball Player Who Played as a Center)
Margo Dydek
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 28, 1974
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 27, 2011

Margo Dydek was a Polish basketball player best remembered for her towering height of 7 ft 2 in, which made her the world's tallest professional female basketballer. She played for several teams in the WNBA and was honored with the Polish Gold Cross of Merit in 1999. In 2019, Dydek was inducted into the FIBA Hall of Fame.

 48 
Ola Jordan
(Dancer)
Ola Jordan
1
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: September 30, 1982
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nasielsk, Poland
 49 
Joanna Pacula
(Actress)
Joanna Pacula
1
Birthdate: January 2, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tomaszow Lubelski, Poland
Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
1
Birthdate: October 22, 1858
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lubsko, Poland
Died: April 11, 1921