It's said 'A picture speaks a million words'. Perhaps, this is the reason why painting has been a popular form since time immemorial. The world has produced hundreds of painters, who introduced different styles of art such as modernism and impressionism. Like many European countries, France too has no dearth of individuals known for their virtuosity on the canvas. French painters from the medieval ages were well known for incorporating light in their work to make the paintings seem realistic. One common example seen in many of them was the use of sun rays as a way of illuminating the room. Many renowned photographers claim that they owe their knowledge of light to legendary painters, and the use of light in their work. France has produced some of the world’s finest painters such as Eugène Carrière, Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse, and Jean Bardin. Eugene in particular was famous for his self-portrait and the masterpiece ‘Woman leaning on a table’. Many of these paintings are displayed at various museums and art galleries. Tourists continue to flock these places to see these great pieces of art even today. We present to you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French painters. Find out all about their life stories, timelines and also few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh
30 March 1853
Painter
Claude MonetClaude Monet
14 November 1840
Painter

Paul GauguinPaul Gauguin
07 June 1848
Artist - Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Engraving

Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
31 December 1869
Painter, Sculptor

Le CorbusierLe Corbusier
06 October 1887
Architect

Henri de Toulouse-LautrecHenri de Toulouse-Lautrec
24 November 1864
Painter
Marcel DuchampMarcel Duchamp
28 July 1887
Artist

Marc ChagallMarc Chagall
06 July 1887
Artist

Pierre-Auguste RenoirPierre-Auguste Renoir
25 February 1841
Painter

Edgar DegasEdgar Degas
19 July 1834
Impressionist Painter
Édouard ManetÉdouard Manet
23 January 1832
Artist

Jade JaggerJade Jagger
21 October 1971
Model
Jacques-Louis DavidJacques-Louis David
30 August 1748
Neoclassical Style Painter

Georges SeuratGeorges Seurat
02 December 1859
Painter

Eugène DelacroixEugène Delacroix
26 April 1798
Painter
William-Adolphe BouguereauWilliam-Adolphe Bouguereau
30 November 1825
Painter

Gustave CourbetGustave Courbet
10 June 1819
Painter
Henri Cartier-BressonHenri Cartier-Bresson
22 August 1908
Photographer and Painter

Camille PissarroCamille Pissarro
10 July 1830
Painter, Printmaker

Marie TussaudMarie Tussaud
01 December 1761
Artist
Nicolas PoussinNicolas Poussin
15 June 1594
French Painter

Niki de Saint PhalleNiki de Saint Phalle
29 October 1930
Sculptor
Louis DaguerreLouis Daguerre
18 November 1787
Artist

Micheline RoquebruneMicheline Roquebrune
1929 AD
Painter, Wife of Sir Sean Connery

Pierre BonnardPierre Bonnard
03 October 1867
Painter

Paul SignacPaul Signac
11 November 1863
Painter
Fernand LégerFernand Léger
04 February 1881
Cubist Painter
Sonia DelaunaySonia Delaunay
14 November 1885
Artist

Charles Le BrunCharles Le Brun
24 February 1619
Painter

Jean FouquetJean Fouquet
1420 AD
Painter

Paul CezannePaul Cezanne
19 January 1839
French artist

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Louis AnquetinLouis Anquetin
26 January 1861
Painter

Camille CorotCamille Corot
16 July 1796
French painter

Edmond Aman-JeanEdmond Aman-Jean
13 January 1858
French symbolist painter

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France
12 September 1494
Painter, Politician
Robert ClaryRobert Clary
01 March 1926
Actor

Édouard-Henri AvrilÉdouard-Henri Avril
21 May 1849
Painter, Illustrator
Dora MaarDora Maar
22 November 1907
Photographer, Artist, Painter, Poet,

Jean GiraudJean Giraud
08 May 1938
Caricaturist, Comics writer, Screenwriter, Science

Gustave DoréGustave Doré
 
Amanda LearAmanda Lear
18 November 1946
Painter, Singer, Actor, Model, Composer

Henri RousseauHenri Rousseau
21 May 1844
Painter, Visual artist, Artist
Louise BourgeoisLouise Bourgeois
25 December 1911
Sculptor, Visual artist, Artist, Painter

Françoise GilotFrançoise Gilot
26 November 1921
Painter, Choreographer, Model

Paloma PicassoPaloma Picasso
19 April 1949
Entrepreneur, Choreographer, Painter, Jewellery

Jean-Auguste-Dominique IngresJean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
29 August 1780
Painter, Politician, Portrait painter, Teacher,

Georges BraqueGeorges Braque
13 May 1882
Sculptor, Painter, Engraver
Yves KleinYves Klein
28 April 1928
Painter, Sculptor, Photographer

Jean-Léon GérômeJean-Léon Gérôme
 

Frédéric Auguste BartholdiFrédéric Auguste Bartholdi
02 August 1834
Sculptor, Architect

Berthe MorisotBerthe Morisot
14 January 1841
Painter
James TissotJames Tissot
15 October 1836
Painter

Mr. BrainwashMr. Brainwash
1966 AD
Artist
Jean-François MilletJean-François Millet
04 October 1814
Shepherd, Plowman, Painter, Engraver, Draftsperson

René GoscinnyRené Goscinny
14 August 1926
Editor, Film director, Comics writer, Film

Jean MaraisJean Marais
11 December 1913
Film actor, Actor, Sculptor, Painter, Theatre
François BoucherFrançois Boucher
29 September 1703
Painter, Engraver

Théodore GéricaultThéodore Géricault
 
Odilon RedonOdilon Redon
20 April 1840
Painter, Illustrator, Printmaker

Jean-Honoré FragonardJean-Honoré Fragonard
 

Gustave CaillebotteGustave Caillebotte
19 August 1848
Painter, Art collector, Patron of the arts,
Alexandre CabanelAlexandre Cabanel
28 September 1823
Painter, University teacher

Robert DelaunayRobert Delaunay
12 April 1885
Painter, Artist
Jean ArpJean Arp
16 September 1886
Sculptor

Gustave MoreauGustave Moreau
06 April 1826
Sculptor, Painter, Artist

Claude LorrainClaude Lorrain
1600 AD
Artist

Albert UderzoAlbert Uderzo
25 April 1927
Comics artist, Painter, Screenwriter
ErtéErté
23 November 1892
Artist
Victor VasarelyVictor Vasarely
09 April 1906
Painter, Visual artist, Sculptor

Jean DubuffetJean Dubuffet
31 July 1901
Painter, Sculptor, Visual artist, Writer

Honoré DaumierHonoré Daumier
26 February 1808
Painter, Draftsperson, Caricaturist, Sculptor,

BalthusBalthus
29 February 1908
Painter, Artist
Francis PicabiaFrancis Picabia
22 January 1879
Painter, Writer, Screenwriter, Poet

Boris VianBoris Vian
10 March 1920
Polymath, Singer, Poet, Trumpeter, Lyricist,

Jean MetzingerJean Metzinger
24 June 1883
Painter

Rosa BonheurRosa Bonheur
16 March 1822
Painter, Sculptor

Suzanne ValadonSuzanne Valadon
23 September 1865
Painter, Art model, Model
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon ChardinJean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
02 November 1699
Painter, Artist

Jean-Antoine WatteauJean-Antoine Watteau
1684 AD
Painter
Natalia GoncharovaNatalia Goncharova
03 June 1881
painter, choreographer

Édouard VuillardÉdouard Vuillard
11 November 1868
Painter

Georges de La TourGeorges de La Tour
13 March 1593
Painter
Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,

Chaim SoutineChaim Soutine
13 January 1893
Painter
Gao XingjianGao Xingjian
04 January 1940
Writer, Painter, Translator, Novelist, Playwright,

Joseph DucreuxJoseph Ducreux
26 June 1735
Painter

Raoul DufyRaoul Dufy
03 June 1877
Painter

Yves TanguyYves Tanguy
05 January 1900
Painter, Draughtsperson
Albert GleizesAlbert Gleizes
08 December 1881
Painter, Artist

ArmanArman
17 November 1928
Painter
Maurice UtrilloMaurice Utrillo
26 December 1883
Painter

Adah Isaacs MenkenAdah Isaacs Menken
15 June 1835
Actress
Enki BilalEnki Bilal
07 October 1951
Comics artist, Film director, Illustrator,

Maurice de VlaminckMaurice de Vlaminck
04 April 1876
Painter, Writer, Sculptor, Graphic artist
Horace VernetHorace Vernet
30 June 1789
Painter