Famous French Abstract Painters

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 1 
Francis Picabia
(French Avant-Garde Painter and Poet Who was One of the Early Major Figures of the 'Dada Movement')
Francis Picabia
7
Birthdate: January 22, 1879
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 30, 1953
Francis Picabia was a French avant-garde painter, typographist, and poet. He is best remembered for his highly abstract planar compositions, which are rich in contrasts. One of the most influential figures of the Dada movement, Francis Picabia helped popularize Dadaism in France and in the United States of America. 
 2 
Pierre Soulages
(French Abstract Painter Renowned as the 'World's Greatest Living Artist')
Pierre Soulages
5
Birthdate: December 24, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rodez, France

Pierre Soulages is a French painter, sculptor, and engraver. His works have influenced several prominent personalities like François Hollande, who called him the greatest living artist in the world, in 2014. Over the course of his illustrious career, Pierre Soulages has won several prestigious awards like Carnegie Prize, Rembrandt Award, and the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art.

 3 
Jean Arp
(German-French-Sculptor Best Known for His Biomorphic Sculptures)
Jean Arp
2
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

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 4 
Nicolas de Stael
4
Birthdate: January 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 16, 1955

Nicolas de Stael was a Russian-born French painter best remembered for his highly abstract landscape painting. He traveled throughout Europe, living and working in places like Paris. Nicolas de Stael suffered from depression, insomnia, and exhaustion throughout his career. He committed suicide by jumping off from his studio terrace at the age of 41.

 5 
Simon Hantaï
(Hungarian-Born French Artist Who Invented the Pliage Technique of Folded Canvas Art)
Simon Hantaï
4
Birthdate: December 7, 1922
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Biatorbágy, Hungary
Died: September 12, 2008

Hungarian-born French artist Simon Hantaï is remembered for his kaleidoscopic abstract paintings and pioneered the pliage technique of creating art with folded canvases. He studied art in Budapest and then moved to France. His best-known works include the Meuns series, Tabulas, and Laissées. He became mostly a recluse after the 1982 Venice Biennale.

 6 
Paul Sérusier
(French Post-Impressionist Painter, Theorist and a Member of the Influential ‘Les Nabis’ Group)
Paul Sérusier
4
Birthdate: November 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 7, 1927
 7 
Hans Hartung
(German-French Painter Best Known For His Gestural Abstract Style)
Hans Hartung
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: December 7, 1989
Hans Hartung was a German-French painter best remembered for his gestural abstract style. He achieved popularity in the late 1950s and received the International Grand Prix for painting in 1960 at the Venice Biennale. Hans Hartung's abstract paintings influenced and inspired many younger American painters, making him a prominent predecessor of American Lyrical Abstraction of the '60s and '70s.
 8 
Jacques Villon
(French Painter Who Is Remembered for His Cubist and Abstract Paintings)
Jacques Villon
2
Birthdate: July 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Damville, Mesnils-sur-Iton, France
Died: June 9, 1963

French painter Gaston Duchamp, known by his pseudonym, Jacques Villon, is remembered for his Cubist and abstract paintings. Initially a law student, he quit law and switched to art soon. He worked making prints and posters for a decade. He later created masterpieces displaying his sense of colors and geometry.

 9 
Jean Hélion
(French Painter Who Began His Career with Abstract Painting Before Switching to Figurative Art)
Jean Hélion
1
Birthdate: April 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Couterne, Rives-d'Andaine, France
Died: October 27, 1987

French painter Jean Hélion began his artistic career as an abstract painter but later switched to figurative painting. An architect, he began painting in his spare time and soon co-founded an association of abstract painters, Abstraction-Création. He fought for the French army in World War II and also penned a memoir in captivity.

 10 
Olivier Debré
(Abstract Painter Who Emerged as Leading Painter of Colour Fields of the Post-War Era)
Olivier Debré
0
Birthdate: April 14, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 1, 1999