Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.
Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland)

08 December 1542

Scottish

Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
(Marquess of Pembroke)

1501 AD

British

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
(Former Duce)

29 July 1883

Italian

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
(Revolutionary)

27 September 1907

Indian

Che GuevaraChe Guevara

14 June 1928

Argentinian

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

Austrian,French

Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein
(Dictator & President of Iraq)

28 April 1937

Iraqi

Muammar GaddafiMuammar Gaddafi

07 June 1942

Libyan

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
(Founder and first leader of the Red Army)

07 November 1879

Russian,Ukrainian,Russian

Joan of ArcJoan of Arc
(Heroine of France)

1412 AD

French

William WallaceWilliam Wallace
(Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto Ruler of Scotland)

1270 AD

Scottish

Lady Jane GreyLady Jane Grey
(Monarch)

1537 AD

British

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Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
(King of France)

23 August 1754

French

Edward II of EnglandEdward II of England
(King of England)

25 April 1284

British

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
(Soldier)

13 April 1570

British

Thomas CromwellThomas Cromwell
(English statesman)

1485 AD

British

Thomas MoreThomas More
(Catholic Saint)

07 February 1478

British

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia
(Daughter of Tsar Nicholas II)

18 June 1901

Russian

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Davy CrockettDavy Crockett

17 August 1786

American

Mata HariMata Hari
(Dutch exotic dancer)

07 August 1876

Dutch

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
(Presided Over the Trial of Jesus)

Ancient Roman

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
(Marxist Theorist)

05 March 1871

German,Polish

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat)

22 January 1554

British

Uday HusseinUday Hussein
(Saddam Hussein’s Son)

18 June 1964

Iraqi

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Zulfikar Ali BhuttoZulfikar Ali Bhutto

05 January 1928

Pakistani

Patrice LumumbaPatrice Lumumba
(Political leader)

02 July 1925

Congolese

Saint GeorgeSaint George
(Christian martyr)

0280 AD

Greek,Israeli

Nat TurnerNat Turner
(Leader of Slave Rebellion)

02 October 1800

American

Prithviraj ChauhanPrithviraj Chauhan
(Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty)

1149 AD

Indian

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
(Chemist)

26 August 1743

French

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Dietrich BonhoefferDietrich Bonhoeffer

04 February 1906

German

Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
(Revolutionary)

19 July 1827

Indian

Vidkun QuislingVidkun Quisling
(World war II Norwegian Politician & Military Officer)

18 July 1887

Norwegian

Joachim von RibbentropJoachim von Ribbentrop
(Nazi Minister)

30 April 1893

German

Jesus ChristJesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity)

Ancient Roman

Shoko AsaharaShoko Asahara
(Criminal)

02 March 1955

Japanese

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Clara PetacciClara Petacci
(Mistress of Benito Mussolini)

28 February 1912

Italian

Yakov DzhugashviliYakov Dzhugashvili
(Joseph Stalin's Son)

18 March 1907

Georgian,Russian

Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of RussiaAlexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia
(Tsarevich of Russia)

12 August 1904

Russian

Nathan HaleNathan Hale
(American Martyr)

06 June 1755

American

William TyndaleWilliam Tyndale
(Theologian)

1494 AD

British

Charles George GordonCharles George Gordon
(British soldier and Administrator)

28 January 1833

British

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Thomas CranmerThomas Cranmer
(First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury)

02 July 1489

British

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl
(Military Commander, Nazi War Criminal)

10 May 1890

German

Alfred RosenbergAlfred Rosenberg
(Nazi Party Ideologue, Author)

12 January 1893

German

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of EssexRobert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
(Political figure)

10 November 1565

British

James ConnollyJames Connolly
(Socialist Leader)

05 June 1868

British

Julius StreicherJulius Streicher
(A Member of National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP))

12 February 1885

German

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Jose RizalJose Rizal

19 June 1861

Filipino

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
(Ninth Sikh Guru)

01 April 1621

Indian

Georges DantonGeorges Danton
(Revolutionary)

26 October 1759

French

John AndreJohn André
(18th Century British Army Officer & Spy)

02 May 1750

British

BalboaVasco Núñez de Balboa
(Spanish Explorer)

1475 AD

Spanish

Mohammad NajibullahMohammad Najibullah
(President of Afghanistan)

06 August 1947

Afghan

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Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
(Fifth Sikh Guru)

15 April 1563

Indian

Richard SorgeRichard Sorge
(Soviet Military Intelligence Officer)

04 October 1895

Russian

Agustín de IturbideAgustín de Iturbide
(Emperor of Mexico)

27 September 1783

Mexican

Sidney ReillySidney Reilly
(British Secret Service Bureau Agent)

24 March 1873

Russian

Surya SenSurya Sen
(Revolutionary)

22 March 1894

Indian

Nicholas IINicholas II

18 May 1868

Russian

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John BrownJohn Brown
(Abolitionist)

09 May 1800

American

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
(Influential Figure of the French Revolution)

06 May 1758

French

Andres BonifacioAndres Bonifacio
(Filipino Revolutionary)

30 November 1863

Filipino

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
(Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman)

0480 AD

Italian

Jonas ŽemaitisJonas Žemaitis
(Former President of Lithuania)

15 March 1909

Lithuanian

Joseph Smith Jr.Joseph Smith Jr.
(1st President of the Church of Christ (later the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints))

23 December 1805

American

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Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
(Former President of Romania)

26 January 1918

Romanian

Ahmad JavadAhmad Javad
(Poet)

05 May 1892

Azerbaijani

Nathuram GodseNathuram Godse
(Politician, Journalist)

19 May 1910

Indian

Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre
(Politician, Lawyer, Journalist, Revolutionary)

06 May 1758

French

Ajmal KasabAjmal Kasab
(Criminal)

13 July 1987

Pakistani

Claus von StauffenbergClaus von Stauffenberg
(Officer)

15 November 1907

German

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Luis Donaldo ColosioLuis Donaldo Colosio
(Politician, Economist)

10 February 1950

Mexican

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
(Philosopher)

1548 AD

Italian

William JoyceWilliam Joyce
(Politician, Journalist, Radio personality)

24 April 1906

German,British,American

Louis RielLouis Riel
(Politician)

22 October 1844

Canadian

William BoninWilliam Bonin
(Criminal)

08 January 1947

American

Giuseppe ZangaraGiuseppe Zangara
(Politician)

07 September 1900

American

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Hans FrankHans Frank
(Lawyer, Politician)

23 May 1900

German

Ion AntonescuIon Antonescu
(Former Prime Minister of Romania)

02 June 1882

Romanian

Eddie SlovikEddie Slovik
(Military personnel, Soldier)

18 February 1920

Polish,American