Famous People Who Were Executed

Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))

Mary, Queen of Scots
46
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587

 2 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)

Che Guevara
120
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)

 3 
Socrates
(Philosopher)

Socrates
14
Birthdate: 0470 AD
Birthplace: Alopece, Greek
Died: 0399 AD
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 4 
Jesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity)

Jesus Christ
45
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0004 BC
Birthplace: Judea, Roman Empire
Died: 0033 AD
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 5 

Joan of Arc
48
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 6, 1412
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
Died: May 30, 1431

 6 
Marie Antoinette
(Queen of France (1774-1792))

Marie Antoinette
29
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793

 7 
Louis XVI of France
(King of France)

Louis XVI of France
15
Birthdate: August 23, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: January 21, 1793
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)
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 8 
Ted Bundy
(Serial Killer)

Ted Bundy
197
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: November 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Burlington
Died: January 24, 1989
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
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 9 
Nicholas II
(Emperor of Russia (1894-1917))

Nicholas II
27
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918

 10 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)

Guy Fawkes
27
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

 11 
Walter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer)

Walter Raleigh
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton, England
Died: October 29, 1618

Jose Rizal
17
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896

 13 
Patrice Lumumba
(Political leader)

Patrice Lumumba
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Katakokombe
Died: January 17, 1961

 14 
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
(Spanish Explorer)

Vasco Núñez de Balboa
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1475 AD
Birthplace: Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain
Died: January 15, 1519

 15 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')

Maximilien de Robespierre
10
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794
Height: 5'3" (160 cm)

 16 
Catherine Howard
(Queen of England (1540-1541))

Catherine Howard
2
Birthdate: 1521 AD
Birthplace: Lambeth, London, England
Died: February 13, 1542

 17 
Lady Jane Grey
(Queen of England (10 July 1553 - 19 July 1553))

Lady Jane Grey
1
Birthdate: October 1, 1537
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leicestershire, England
Died: February 12, 1554

 18 
Prithviraj Chauhan
(Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty)

Prithviraj Chauhan
19
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ajmer
Died: 1192 AD

 19 
Thomas Cromwell
(English statesman)

Thomas Cromwell
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Putney
Died: July 28, 1540

 20 
Sophie Scholl
(Anti-Nazi Activist)

Sophie Scholl
8
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: May 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forchtenberg, Germany
Died: February 22, 1943

 21 
Andres Bonifacio
(Filipino Revolutionary)

Andres Bonifacio
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897

 22 

Dietrich Bonhoeffer
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: April 9, 1945

 23 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Empress consort of Russia (1894-1917), Saint)

Alexandra Feodorovna
10
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918

 24 
H. H. Holmes
(Serial Killer)

H. H. Holmes
42
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 7, 1896

 25 
William Tyndale
(Theologian)

William Tyndale
0
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: North Nibley
Died: October 6, 1536

 26 
Maximilian I of Mexico
(Emperor of Mexico (1864-67))

Maximilian I of Mexico
2
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 19, 1867
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)

 27 

Ignatius of Antioch
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Syria
Died: 0140 AD

 28 
Michel Ney
(Military commander)

Michel Ney
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 10, 1769
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saarlouis, Germany
Died: December 7, 1815

 29 
Lu Bu
(Chinese Army General and Warlord of the 2nd Century)

Lu Bu
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0161 AD
Birthplace: Wuyuan Commandery, China
Died: February 7, 0199

 30 

Noor Inayat Khan
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 13, 1944

 31 
Charlotte Corday
(Revolutionary)

Charlotte Corday
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793

 32 
Charles George Gordon
(British Army Officer Who Led The 'Ever Victorious Army' in China)

Charles George Gordon
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 28, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: January 26, 1885

 33 
Vitellius
(Roman emperor)

Vitellius
4
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 20, 0069

 34 

Edith Cavell
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 4, 1865
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Swardeston, Norfolk, England
Died: October 12, 1915

 35 
Guan Yu
(Military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China)

Guan Yu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Yuncheng, Shanxi, China
Died: 0220 AD

 36 
James Connolly
(Socialist Leader)

James Connolly
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12, 1916

 37 

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 10, 1565
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: England
Died: February 25, 1601

 38 
Clara Petacci
(Mistress of Benito Mussolini)

Clara Petacci
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 28, 1912
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

 39 
Atahualpa
(Last Inca Emperor)

Atahualpa
2
Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Inca Empire
Died: July 26, 1533
Height: 8'0" (244 cm)

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0
Birthdate: 0477 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 23, 0524

 41 
Baiju Noyan
(Mongol Commander, Who Served Ögedei Khan and Led Campaigns in Georgia, Persia and Anatolia )

Baiju Noyan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1201 AD
Birthplace: Mongol Empire
Died: 1260 AD

 42 
Yakov Dzhugashvili
(Joseph Stalin's Son)

Yakov Dzhugashvili
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baji, Kutais Governorate
Died: April 14, 1943

 43 
Thomas More
(Catholic Saint)

Thomas More
5
Birthdate: February 7, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: City of London
Died: July 6, 1535

 44 
Madame du Barry
(Mistress of Louis XV of France)

Madame du Barry
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 19, 1743
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vaucouleurs, France
Died: December 8, 1793

 45 
Olympe de Gouges
(Playwright)

Olympe de Gouges
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 7, 1748
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: November 3, 1793

 46 
Patrick Pearse
(Barrister and a Leader of the Easter Rising in 1916)

Patrick Pearse
2
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: November 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 3, 1916

 47 
Sima Qian
(Historian)

Sima Qian
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0145 BC
Birthplace: Hejin, Yuncheng, China
Died: 0086 AD

 48 
Ned Kelly
(Bushranger)

Ned Kelly
31
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 0145 BC, 1854
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beveridge, Australia
Died: November 11, 1880

 49 
Perkin Warbeck
(Pretender to English Throne)

Perkin Warbeck
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1474 AD
Birthplace: Tournai, Belgium
Died: November 23, 1499

 50 
Nicolae Ceaușescu
(Former President of Romania)

Nicolae Ceaușescu
18
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Scornicești
Died: December 25, 1989