Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.
Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland)

08 December 1542

Scottish

Ted BundyTed Bundy
(Serial Killer)

24 November 1946

American

Otto Adolf EichmannAdolf Eichmann
(One of the Main Organizers of the Holocaust)

19 March 1906

German

William WallaceWilliam Wallace
(Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto Ruler of Scotland)

1270 AD

Scottish

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

Austrian,French

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
(Soldier)

13 April 1570

British

John Wayne GacyJohn Wayne Gacy
(Serial Killer)

17 March 1942

American

Che GuevaraChe Guevara

14 June 1928

Argentinian

Joan of ArcJoan of Arc
(Heroine of France)

1412 AD

French

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
(Former Duce)

29 July 1883

Italian

Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein
(Dictator & President of Iraq)

28 April 1937

Iraqi

Edward II of EnglandEdward II of England
(King of England)

25 April 1284

British

Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
(Marquess of Pembroke)

1501 AD

British

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
(Revolutionary)

27 September 1907

Indian

Aileen WuornosAileen Wuornos

29 February 1956

American

Muammar GaddafiMuammar Gaddafi

07 June 1942

Libyan

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
(Founder and first leader of the Red Army)

07 November 1879

Russian,Ukrainian,Russian

Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
(King of France)

23 August 1754

French

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia
(Daughter of Tsar Nicholas II)

18 June 1901

Russian

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat)

22 January 1554

British

Lady Jane GreyLady Jane Grey
(Monarch)

1537 AD

British

Thomas MoreThomas More
(Catholic Saint)

07 February 1478

British

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett

17 August 1786

American

Andrei ChikatiloAndrei Chikatilo
(Soviet Serial Killer)

16 October 1936

Russian

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
(Presided Over the Trial of Jesus)

Ancient Roman

Thomas CromwellThomas Cromwell
(English statesman)

1485 AD

British

Mata HariMata Hari
(Dutch exotic dancer)

07 August 1876

Dutch

Uday HusseinUday Hussein
(Saddam Hussein’s Son)

18 June 1964

Iraqi

Saint GeorgeSaint George
(Christian martyr)

0280 AD

Greek,Israeli

Prithviraj ChauhanPrithviraj Chauhan
(Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty)

1149 AD

Indian

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
(Chemist)

26 August 1743

French

Gilles de RaisGilles de Rais
(Serial Killer of Children)

04 September 1404

French

Zulfikar Ali BhuttoZulfikar Ali Bhutto

05 January 1928

Pakistani

Irma GreseIrma Grese
(Nazi Guard)

07 October 1923

German

Vidkun QuislingVidkun Quisling
(World war II Norwegian Politician & Military Officer)

18 July 1887

Norwegian

Nat TurnerNat Turner
(Leader of Slave Rebellion)

02 October 1800

American

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
(Marxist Theorist)

05 March 1871

German,Polish

Dietrich BonhoefferDietrich Bonhoeffer

04 February 1906

German

Patrice LumumbaPatrice Lumumba
(Political leader)

02 July 1925

Congolese

Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
(Revolutionary)

19 July 1827

Indian

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
(Ninth Sikh Guru)

01 April 1621

Indian

Tsutomu MiyazakiTsutomu Miyazaki
(Serial Killer)

21 August 1962

Japanese

Jesus ChristJesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity)

Ancient Roman

Nathan HaleNathan Hale
(American Martyr)

06 June 1755

American

BalboaVasco Núñez de Balboa
(Spanish Explorer)

1475 AD

Spanish

William TyndaleWilliam Tyndale
(Theologian)

1494 AD

British

Ernst KaltenbrunnerErnst Kaltenbrunner
(Nazi Leader)

04 October 1903

Austrian

Clara PetacciClara Petacci
(Mistress of Benito Mussolini)

28 February 1912

Italian

Amelia DyerAmelia Dyer
(Serial Killer)

1837 AD

British

Alfred RosenbergAlfred Rosenberg
(Nazi Party Ideologue, Author)

12 January 1893

German

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl
(Military Commander, Nazi War Criminal)

10 May 1890

German

Sidney ReillySidney Reilly
(British Secret Service Bureau Agent)

24 March 1873

Russian

Thomas CranmerThomas Cranmer
(First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury)

02 July 1489

British

John AndreJohn André
(18th Century British Army Officer & Spy)

02 May 1750

British

Georges DantonGeorges Danton
(Revolutionary)

26 October 1759

French

Charles George GordonCharles George Gordon
(British soldier and Administrator)

28 January 1833

British

Jose RizalJose Rizal

19 June 1861

Filipino

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of EssexRobert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
(Political figure)

10 November 1565

British

Julius StreicherJulius Streicher
(A Member of National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP))

12 February 1885

German

Hawley Harvey CrippenHawley Harvey Crippen
(Homeopath & Killer of His Wife)

11 September 1862

American

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
(Fifth Sikh Guru)

15 April 1563

Indian

James ConnollyJames Connolly
(Socialist Leader)

05 June 1868

British

Mohammad NajibullahMohammad Najibullah
(President of Afghanistan)

06 August 1947

Afghan

Agustín de IturbideAgustín de Iturbide
(Emperor of Mexico)

27 September 1783

Mexican

Richard SorgeRichard Sorge
(Soviet Military Intelligence Officer)

04 October 1895

Russian

Nicholas IINicholas II

18 May 1868

Russian

Surya SenSurya Sen
(Revolutionary)

22 March 1894

Indian

Ahmad SuradjiAhmad Suradji
(Serial Killer)

10 January 1949

Indonesian

Karl BrandtKarl Brandt
(Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler)

08 January 1904

German

Anatoly SlivkoAnatoly Slivko
(Serial Killer)

28 December 1938

Russian

John BrownJohn Brown
(Abolitionist)

09 May 1800

American

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
(Influential Figure of the French Revolution)

06 May 1758

French

Joseph Smith Jr.Joseph Smith Jr.
(1st President of the Church of Christ (later the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints))

23 December 1805

American

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
(Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman)

0480 AD

Italian

Jonas ŽemaitisJonas Žemaitis
(Former President of Lithuania)

15 March 1909

Lithuanian

Ahmad JavadAhmad Javad
(Poet)

05 May 1892

Azerbaijani

Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
(Former President of Romania)

26 January 1918

Romanian

Timothy McVeighTimothy McVeigh
(Soldier, Security guard)

23 April 1968

American

Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre
(Politician, Lawyer, Journalist, Revolutionary)

06 May 1758

French

Nathuram GodseNathuram Godse
(Politician, Journalist)

19 May 1910

Indian

Ajmal KasabAjmal Kasab
(Criminal)

13 July 1987

Pakistani