Famous People Who Were Executed

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Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.
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 1 
Jesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity Who is Believed to be the Incarnation of God )
Jesus Christ
68
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0004 AD
Birthplace: Judea, Roman Empire
Died: 0033 AD
 2 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))
Mary, Queen of Scots
62
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587
 3 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)
Che Guevara
156
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
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 4 
Socrates
(Greek Philosopher Who is Credited as the Founder of Western Philosophy)
Socrates
22
Birthdate: 0470 AD
Birthplace: Alopece, Greek
Died: 0399 AD
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 5 
Ted Bundy
(Serial Killer)
Ted Bundy
316
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: November 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Burlington
Died: January 24, 1989
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 6 
Joan of Arc
(Best Remembered as 'The Heroine of France' for Her Role During the 'Hundred Years' War' Against England)
Joan of Arc
56
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 6, 1412
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
Died: May 30, 1431
 7 
Marie Antoinette
(Former Queen Consort of France (1774 - 1792))
Marie Antoinette
35
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
 8 
Louis XVI of France
(King of France)
Louis XVI of France
20
Birthdate: August 23, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: January 21, 1793
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)
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 9 
H. H. Holmes
(American Serial Killer and Con Artist)
H. H. Holmes
66
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 7, 1896
 10 
Nicholas II
(Emperor of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Nicholas II
35
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918
 11 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)
Guy Fawkes
27
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606
 12 
Jose Rizal
(Filipino Nationalist and Writer Who is Considered One of the Greatest Heroes of the Philippines)
Jose Rizal
29
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896
 13 
Walter Raleigh
(English Statesman, Soldier, Writer, Explorer and One of the Most Notable Figures of the Elizabethan Era)
Walter Raleigh
7
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton,United Kingdom, United Kingdom
Died: October 29, 1618
 14 
Ned Kelly
(Australian Bushranger, Gang Leader and Convicted Police-Murderer)
Ned Kelly
62
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1854
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beveridge, Australia
Died: November 11, 1880
 15 
Catherine Howard
(Queen Consort of England from1540 to 1541)
Catherine Howard
2
Birthdate: 1521 AD
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: February 13, 1542
 16 
Patrice Lumumba
(1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Patrice Lumumba
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sankuru, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: January 17, 1961
 17 
Thomas More
(Catholic Saint)
Thomas More
8
Birthdate: February 7, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: City of London
Died: July 6, 1535
 18 
Lady Jane Grey
(Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July 1553 to 19 July 1553)
Lady Jane Grey
2
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Birthplace: Leicestershire, United Kingdom
Died: February 12, 1554
 19 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')
Maximilien de Robespierre
17
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794
Height: 5'3" (160 cm)
 20 
Thomas Cromwell
(English statesman)
Thomas Cromwell
3
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Putney
Died: July 28, 1540
 21 
Saint George
(One of the Most Venerated Saints and Megalomartyrs in Christianity)
Saint George
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: April 23, 0303
 22 
Prithviraj Chauhan
(Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty)
Prithviraj Chauhan
20
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ajmer
Died: 1192 AD
 23 
Nicolae Ceaușescu
(Former President of Romania)
Nicolae Ceaușescu
26
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Scornicești
Died: December 25, 1989
 24 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Empress Consort of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Alexandra Feodorovna
15
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918
 25 
Claus von Stauffenberg
(German Army Officer Who Failed in His Attempt to Assassinate Adolf Hitler)
Claus von Stauffenberg
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jettingen, Germany
Died: July 1, 1944
 26 
Sophie Scholl
(German Student and Anti-Nazi Political Activist)
Sophie Scholl
10
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: May 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forchtenberg, Germany
Died: February 22, 1943
 27 
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
(Spanish Explorer)
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1475 AD
Birthplace: Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain
Died: January 15, 1519
 28 
Tsutomu Miyazaki
(Japanese Serial Killer)
Tsutomu Miyazaki
33
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: August 21, 1962
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Itsukaichi, Tokyo
Died: June 17, 2008
 29 
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(Theologian Known for His Staunch Resistance to the Nazi Dictatorship)
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
0
Birthdate: February 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: April 9, 1945
 30 
Andres Bonifacio
(Filipino Revolutionary)
Andres Bonifacio
16
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897
 31 
Irma Grese
(Nazi Concentration Camp Guard at Ravensbrück & Auschwitz Who Served as Warden of Bergen-Belsen)
Irma Grese
26
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: October 7, 1923
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Feldberger Seenlandschaft, Germany
Died: December 13, 1945
 32 
Saint Sebastian
65
Birthdate: 0256 AD
Birthplace: Narbonne, France
Died: 0288 AD
 33 
Ignatius of Antioch
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthplace: Roman Syria
Died: 0140 AD
 34 
Maximilian I of Mexico
(Emperor of Mexico from 1864 to 1867)
Maximilian I of Mexico
5
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 19, 1867
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)
 35 
Calico Jack
(British Pirate Captain Who Operated in Cuba and in the Bahamas During the Early 18th Century)
Calico Jack
6
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: December 26, 1682
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: November 18, 1720
 36 
Thomas Cranmer
(First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury)
Thomas Cranmer
5
Birthdate: July 2, 1489
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Aslockton
Died: March 21, 1556
 37 
Saint Stephen
17
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0005 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0036 AD
 38 
William Tyndale
(Theologian)
William Tyndale
3
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: North Nibley
Died: October 6, 1536
 39 
Lu Bu
(Chinese Army General and Warlord of the 2nd Century)
Lu Bu
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0161 AD
Birthplace: Wuyuan Commandery, China
Died: February 7, 0199
 40 
Michel Ney
(French Military Commander and Marshal of the Empire)
Michel Ney
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 10, 1769
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saarlouis, Germany
Died: December 7, 1815
 41 
Amelia Dyer
(English Serial Killer Who Killed Infants)
Amelia Dyer
27
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1837 AD
Birthplace: Bristol
Died: June 11, 1897
 42 
Noor Inayat Khan
(British Resistance Agent in France in World War II)
Noor Inayat Khan
11
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 13, 1944
 43 
Ruth Ellis
(The Last Woman to be Hanged in the UK)
Ruth Ellis
15
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: October 9, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rhyl, Denbighshire, Wales
Died: July 13, 1955
 44 
Guan Yu
(Military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China)
Guan Yu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Yuncheng, Shanxi, China
Died: 0220 AD
 45 
Alfred Jodl
(Chief of the Operations Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command (1939 - 1945))
Alfred Jodl
11
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: May 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946
 46 
Charles George Gordon
(British Army Officer Who Led The 'Ever Victorious Army' in China)
Charles George Gordon
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 28, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: January 26, 1885
 47 
Charlotte Corday
(French Revolutionary Who Was Executed for the Assassination of Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat)
Charlotte Corday
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793
 48 
Vitellius
(Roman emperor)
Vitellius
4
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 20, 0069
 49 
Edith Cavell
(British Nurse Who Saved the Lives of Soldiers from Both Sides During the First World War)
Edith Cavell
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 4, 1865
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Swardeston, Norfolk, England
Died: October 12, 1915
 50 
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 10, 1565
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: England
Died: February 25, 1601