Famous People Who Were Executed

Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ
17
Famous As: Founder of Christianity
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Judea

 2 Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots
31
Famous As: Queen of Scotland
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587

 3 Che Guevara

Che Guevara
46
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
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 4 Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn
18
Famous As: Marquess of Pembroke
Birthdate: June 30, 1501
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hever Castle, Kent, England
Died: May 19, 1536
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 5 Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI of France
9
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: August 23, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: January 21, 1793
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)

 6 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette
13
Famous As: Queen of France (1774-1792)
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793

 7 Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc
12
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: January 6, 1412
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
Died: May 30, 1431
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 8 Nicholas II

Nicholas II
8
Famous As: Emperor of Russia (1894-1917)
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918
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 9 Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal
10
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896

 10 Guy Fawkes

Guy Fawkes
8
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

 11 Walter Raleigh

Walter Raleigh
5
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 22, 1554
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: East Budleigh
Died: October 29, 1618

 12 Joseph Smith Jr.

Joseph Smith Jr.
4
Famous As: Religious leader, Theologians
Birthdate: December 23, 1805
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sharon, Vermont, United States
Died: June 27, 1844

 13 Thomas More

Thomas More
1
Famous As: Catholic Saint
Birthdate: February 7, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: City of London
Died: July 6, 1535

 14 Davy Crockett

Davy Crockett
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Greene County
Died: March 6, 1836

 15 Maximilien de Robespierre

Maximilien de Robespierre
3
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Famous As: Influential Figure of the French Revolution
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794

 16 Thomas Cromwell

Thomas Cromwell
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Famous As: English statesman
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Putney
Died: July 28, 1540

 17 Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan
4
Famous As: Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ajmer
Died: 1192 AD

 18 Lady Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey
1
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Birthplace: Leicestershire
Died: February 12, 1554

 19 Edward II of England

Edward II of England
4
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: April 25, 1284
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Caernarfon Castle
Died: September 21, 1327

 20 Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Roman official
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Italy, Italy
Died: 0037 AD

 21 Patrice Lumumba

Patrice Lumumba
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: July 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Katakokombe
Died: January 17, 1961

 22 Saint George

Saint George
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Christian martyr
Birthdate: 0280 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia
Died: April 23, 0303

 23 Nicolae Ceaușescu

Nicolae Ceaușescu
7
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Romania
Birthdate: January 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Scornicești
Died: December 25, 1989

 24 Alexandra Feodorovna

Alexandra Feodorovna
1
Famous As: Empress consort of Russia (1894-1917), Saint
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918

 25 Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Vasco Núñez de Balboa
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Spanish Explorer
Birthdate: 1475 AD
Birthplace: Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain
Died: January 15, 1519

 26 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 5, 1928
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Larkana
Died: April 4, 1979

 27 Sophie Scholl

Sophie Scholl
4
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Anti-Nazi Activist
Birthdate: May 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forchtenberg, Germany
Died: February 22, 1943

 28 Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio
3
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Filipino Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897

 29 Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg
4
Famous As: Marxist economist
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919

 30 Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Tegh Bahadur
74
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Ninth Sikh Guru
Birthdate: April 1, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Amritsar
Died: November 24, 1675

 31 Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: February 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: April 9, 1945

 32 Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia

Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Tsarevich of Russia
Birthdate: August 12, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Peterhof
Died: July 17, 1918

 33 Thomas Cranmer

Thomas Cranmer
1
Famous As: First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury
Birthdate: July 2, 1489
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Aslockton
Died: March 21, 1556

 34 Claus von Stauffenberg

Claus von Stauffenberg
5
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: November 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jettingen-Scheppach, Germany
Died: July 21, 1944
Height: 6'3" (190 cm)

 35 Ignatius of Antioch

Ignatius of Antioch
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Syria
Died: 0108 AD

 36 Saint Sebastian

Saint Sebastian
3
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0256 AD
Birthplace: Narbonne, France
Died: 0288 AD

 37 Michel Ney

Michel Ney
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: January 10, 1769
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saarlouis, Germany
Died: December 7, 1815

 38 William Tyndale

William Tyndale
0
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: North Nibley
Died: October 6, 1536

 39 Amon Goeth

Amon Goeth
11
Listed In: Criminals
Famous As: SS Nazi Officer
Birthdate: December 11, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 13, 1946
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)

 40 Lu Bu

Lu Bu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 0161 AD
Birthplace: Wuyuan Commandery, China
Died: February 7, 0199

 41 Noor Inayat Khan

Noor Inayat Khan
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Spy
Birthdate: January 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 13, 1944

 42 Udham Singh

Udham Singh
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 26, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sunam, Punjab, India
Died: July 31, 1940

 43 Maximilian Kolbe

Maximilian Kolbe
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Friar
Birthdate: January 8, 1894
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Zdunska Wola, Poland
Died: August 14, 1941

 44 William Kidd

William Kidd
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Pirate
Birthdate: 1655 AD
Birthplace: Greenock, Scotland
Died: May 23, 1701

 45 Clara Petacci

Clara Petacci
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Mistress of Benito Mussolini
Birthdate: February 28, 1912
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

 46 Vidkun Quisling

Vidkun Quisling
5
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: World war II Norwegian Politician & Military Officer
Birthdate: July 18, 1887
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fyresdal
Died: October 24, 1945

 47 Ruth Ellis

Ruth Ellis
3
Listed In: Fashion
Famous As: Model
Birthdate: October 9, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rhyl, Flintshire, Wales, UK
Died: July 13, 1955

 48 Georges Danton

Georges Danton
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 26, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Arcis-sur-Aube
Died: April 5, 1794

 49 Guru Arjan

Guru Arjan
6
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Fifth Sikh Guru
Birthdate: April 15, 1563
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Goindval
Died: May 30, 1606

 50 Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman
Birthdate: 0480 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0524 AD