Famous People Who Were Executed

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Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.
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 1 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)
Che Guevara
169
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 2 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))
Mary, Queen of Scots
74
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587
 3 
Socrates
(Greek Philosopher Who is Credited as the Founder of Western Philosophy)
Socrates
24
Birthdate: 0470 AD
Birthplace: Alopece, Greek
Died: 0399 AD
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 4 
Marie Antoinette
(Former Queen Consort of France (1774 - 1792))
Marie Antoinette
40
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
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 5 
Joan of Arc
(Best Remembered as 'The Heroine of France' for Her Role During the 'Hundred Years' War' Against England)
Joan of Arc
65
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 6, 1412
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
Died: May 30, 1431
 6 
Jesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity Who is Believed to be the Incarnation of God )
Jesus Christ
77
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0004 AD
Birthplace: Judea, Roman Empire
Died: 0033 AD
 7 
Louis XVI of France
(King of France)
Louis XVI of France
22
Birthdate: August 23, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: January 21, 1793
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)
 8 
Nicholas II
(Emperor of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Nicholas II
36
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918
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 9 
Ted Bundy
(Serial Killer)
Ted Bundy
353
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: November 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Burlington
Died: January 24, 1989
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 10 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)
Guy Fawkes
33
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606
 11 
Jose Rizal
(Filipino Nationalist and Writer Who is Considered One of the Greatest Heroes of the Philippines)
Jose Rizal
31
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896
 12 
Walter Raleigh
(English Statesman, Soldier, Writer, Explorer and One of the Most Notable Figures of the Elizabethan Era)
Walter Raleigh
8
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton,United Kingdom, United Kingdom
Died: October 29, 1618
 13 
Patrice Lumumba
(1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Patrice Lumumba
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sankuru, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: January 17, 1961
 14 
Catherine Howard
(Queen Consort of England from1540 to 1541)
Catherine Howard
4
Birthdate: 1521 AD
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: February 13, 1542
 15 
Prithviraj Chauhan
(Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty)
Prithviraj Chauhan
20
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ajmer
Died: 1192 AD
 16 
Lady Jane Grey
(Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July 1553 to 19 July 1553)
Lady Jane Grey
2
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Birthplace: Leicestershire, United Kingdom
Died: February 12, 1554
 17 
Saint George
(One of the Most Venerated Saints and Megalomartyrs in Christianity)
Saint George
10
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: April 23, 0303
 18 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')
Maximilien de Robespierre
17
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794
Height: 5'3" (160 cm)
 19 
Thomas Cromwell
(English statesman)
Thomas Cromwell
3
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Putney
Died: July 28, 1540
 20 
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
(Spanish Explorer)
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1475 AD
Birthplace: Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain
Died: January 15, 1519
 21 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Empress Consort of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Alexandra Feodorovna
15
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918
 22 
Sophie Scholl
(German Student and Anti-Nazi Political Activist)
Sophie Scholl
13
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: May 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forchtenberg, Germany
Died: February 22, 1943
 23 
Andres Bonifacio
(Filipino Revolutionary)
Andres Bonifacio
18
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897
 24 
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(Theologian Known for His Staunch Resistance to the Nazi Dictatorship)
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
0
Birthdate: February 4, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: April 9, 1945
 25 
Claus von Stauffenberg
(German Army Officer Who Failed in His Attempt to Assassinate Adolf Hitler)
Claus von Stauffenberg
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jettingen, Germany
Died: July 1, 1944
 26 
Ignatius of Antioch
(Syrian Bishop)
Ignatius of Antioch
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Roman Syria
Died: 0108 AD
 27 
H. H. Holmes
(American Serial Killer and Con Artist)
H. H. Holmes
73
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 7, 1896
 28 
Maximilian I of Mexico
(Emperor of Mexico from 1864 to 1867)
Maximilian I of Mexico
6
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 19, 1867
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)
 29 
William Tyndale
(Theologian)
William Tyndale
3
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: North Nibley
Died: October 6, 1536
 30 
Noor Inayat Khan
(British Resistance Agent in France in World War II)
Noor Inayat Khan
12
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 13, 1944
 31 
Michel Ney
(French Military Commander and Marshal of the Empire)
Michel Ney
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 10, 1769
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saarlouis, Germany
Died: December 7, 1815
 32 
Lu Bu
(Chinese Army General and Warlord of the 2nd Century)
Lu Bu
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0161 AD
Birthplace: Wuyuan Commandery, China
Died: February 7, 0199
 33 
Guan Yu
(Military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China)
Guan Yu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Yuncheng, Shanxi, China
Died: 0220 AD
 34 
Charlotte Corday
(French Revolutionary Who Was Executed for the Assassination of Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat)
Charlotte Corday
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793
 35 
Charles George Gordon
(British Army Officer Who Led The 'Ever Victorious Army' in China)
Charles George Gordon
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 28, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: January 26, 1885
 36 
Wilhelm Canaris
(5th Chief of the Abwehr (1935 - 1944))
Wilhelm Canaris
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 1, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Germany
Died: April 9, 1945
 37 
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 10, 1565
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: England
Died: February 25, 1601
 38 
James Connolly
(Socialist Leader)
James Connolly
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12, 1916
 39 
Vitellius
(Roman emperor)
Vitellius
5
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 20, 0069
 40 
Atahualpa
(Last Inca Emperor)
Atahualpa
5
Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Inca Empire
Died: July 26, 1533
 41 
Edith Cavell
(British Nurse Who Saved the Lives of Soldiers from Both Sides During the First World War)
Edith Cavell
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 4, 1865
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Swardeston, Norfolk, England
Died: October 12, 1915
 42 
Thomas More
(Catholic Saint)
Thomas More
10
Birthdate: February 7, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: City of London
Died: July 6, 1535
 43 
Patrick Pearse
(Barrister and a Leader of the Easter Rising in 1916)
Patrick Pearse
2
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: November 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 3, 1916
 44 
Sambhaji
(Ruler)
Sambhaji
7
Birthdate: May 14, 1657
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Purandar fort, India
Died: March 11, 1689
 45 
Sima Qian
(Chinese Historian and Astrologer)
Sima Qian
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0145 AD
Birthplace: Hejin, Yuncheng, China
Died: 0086 AD
 46 
Olympe de Gouges
(French Playwright, Political Activist, and Advocate for Women's Rights)
Olympe de Gouges
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: May 7, 1748
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: November 3, 1793
 47 
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
(Roman Senator, Magister Officiorum, Historian and Philosopher)
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
1
Birthdate: 0477 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 23, 0524
 48 
Ned Kelly
(Australian Bushranger, Gang Leader and Convicted Police-Murderer)
Ned Kelly
65
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1854
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beveridge, Australia
Died: November 11, 1880
 49 
Agustín de Iturbide
(Emperor of Mexico (1822 - 1823))
Agustín de Iturbide
0
Birthdate: September 27, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Morelia, Mexico
Died: July 19, 1824
Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 3, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brecon, Wales
Died: May 17, 1521