Capital punishment has become a rarity in today’s world though it was quite common until a few decades ago. In fact, in the past centuries, not just criminals, but also political dissidents and rebels were routinely executed. One of the most famous figures to have ever been executed was the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was accused of “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities.” Sir Thomas More, an English social philosopher, faced execution for his “treason, religious dissent” while Sir William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence was brutally executed for high treason. Coming to the 20th century, Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were executed for their involvement in war crimes against humanity. Ion Victor Antonescu, who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships in Romania was another figure to be convicted of war crimes and executed. Talking of politically motivated executions, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, a military head of state of Ghana, was deposed and later executed by firing squad. This section gives you more information about the life and works of famous people who were executed.
Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots
08 December 1542, Scottish
Queen of Scotland
Che GuevaraChe Guevara
14 June 1928, Argentinian
Revolutionary

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
1501 AD, British
Marquess of Pembroke

Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein
28 April 1937, Iraqi
Dictator & President of Iraq

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755, Austrian, French
Queen of France
Thomas CromwellThomas Cromwell
1485 AD, British
English statesman

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

William WallaceWilliam Wallace
1270 AD, Scottish
Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto
Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
13 April 1570, British
Soldier

Lady Jane GreyLady Jane Grey
1537 AD, British
Monarch
Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
23 August 1754, French
King of France

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
 , Ancient Roman
Presided Over the Trial of Jesus

Thomas MoreThomas More
07 February 1478, British
Catholic Saint

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia
18 June 1901, Russian
Daughter of Tsar Nicholas II

Saint GeorgeSaint George
0280 AD, Greek, Israeli
Christian martyr
Prithviraj ChauhanPrithviraj Chauhan
1149 AD, Indian
Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
27 September 1907, Indian
Revolutionary

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett
17 August 1786, American
 

Nathuram GodseNathuram Godse
19 May 1910, Indian
Assassin of Mahatma Gandhi
Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
26 January 1918, Romanian
Former President of Romania

Edward II of EnglandEdward II of England
25 April 1284, British
King of England
Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat

Mata HariMata Hari
07 August 1876, Dutch
Dutch exotic dancer

Claus von StauffenbergClaus von Stauffenberg
15 November 1907, German
Military Leader
Patrice LumumbaPatrice Lumumba
02 July 1925, Congolese
Political leader

Zulfikar Ali BhuttoZulfikar Ali Bhutto
05 January 1928, Pakistani
 
Joachim von RibbentropJoachim von Ribbentrop
30 April 1893, German
Nazi Minister

Uday HusseinUday Hussein
18 June 1964, Iraqi
Saddam Hussein’s Son

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist
Dietrich BonhoefferDietrich Bonhoeffer
04 February 1906, German
 

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Yakov DzhugashviliYakov Dzhugashvili
18 March 1907, Georgian, Russian
Joseph Stalin's Son
Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl
10 May 1890, German
Military Commander, Nazi War Criminal

Clara PetacciClara Petacci
28 February 1912, Italian
Mistress of Benito Mussolini

Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of RussiaAlexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia
12 August 1904, Russian
Tsarevich of Russia
William TyndaleWilliam Tyndale
1494 AD, British
Theologian
Vidkun QuislingVidkun Quisling
18 July 1887, Norwegian
World war II Norwegian Politician & Military

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743, French
Chemist

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru

Nat TurnerNat Turner
02 October 1800, American
Leader of Slave Rebellion
Nikolai YezhovNikolai Yezhov
01 May 1895, Russian
Top Official of Soviet Secret Police

Thomas CranmerThomas Cranmer
02 July 1489, British
First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru

Saint SebastianSaint Sebastian
0256 AD, French
Saint

Alfred RosenbergAlfred Rosenberg
12 January 1893, German
Nazi Party Ideologue, Author
William JoyceWilliam Joyce
24 April 1906, German, American
Politician

Charles George GordonCharles George Gordon
28 January 1833, British
British soldier and Administrator
Shoko AsaharaShoko Asahara
02 March 1955, Japanese
Criminal

John AndreJohn André
02 May 1750, British
18th Century British Army Officer & Spy

Nathan HaleNathan Hale
06 June 1755, American
American Martyr
Mark the EvangelistMark the Evangelist
0005 AD, Libyan
Author

Louis RielLouis Riel
22 October 1844, Canadian
Politician
Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
19 July 1827, Indian
Revolutionary

Jesus ChristJesus Christ
 
Founder of Christianity

Wilhelm CanarisWilhelm Canaris
01 January 1887, German
Admiral

James ConnollyJames Connolly
05 June 1868, British
Socialist Leader

Maximilian KolbeMaximilian Kolbe
08 January 1894, Polish
Friar
Tomoyuki YamashitaTomoyuki Yamashita
08 November 1885, Japanese
Japanese General

Perkin WarbeckPerkin Warbeck
1474 AD, Belgian
Pretender to English Throne

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of EssexRobert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
10 November 1565, British
Political figure

Joachim MuratJoachim Murat
25 March 1767, French
Marshal of France
Julius StreicherJulius Streicher
12 February 1885, German
A Member of National Socialist German Workers'

Ignatius of AntiochIgnatius of Antioch
15 May 0035, Ancient Roman
Religious Leader
Alexei RykovAlexei Rykov
25 February 1881, Russian
Politician

Madame du BarryMadame du Barry
19 August 1743, French
Mistress of Louis XV of France

Charlotte CordayCharlotte Corday
27 July 1768, French
Revolutionary
Georges DantonGeorges Danton
26 October 1759, French
Revolutionary

Edith CavellEdith Cavell
04 December 1865, British
Nurse
Nikolai BukharinNikolai Bukharin
09 October 1888, Russian
Politician

Arthur Seyss-InquartArthur Seyss-Inquart
22 July 1892, Austrian, Czech
War Criminal

Mohammad NajibullahMohammad Najibullah
06 August 1947, Afghan
President of Afghanistan
Mikhail TukhachevskyMikhail Tukhachevsky
16 February 1893, Russian
Military leader

AtahualpaAtahualpa
1502 AD, Peruvian
Last Inca Emperor
Patrick PearsePatrick Pearse
10 November 1879, Irish
Politician

Lev KamenevLev Kamenev
18 July 1883, Russian
Revolutionary, Political Leader

Sidney ReillySidney Reilly
24 March 1873, Russian
British Secret Service Bureau Agent

Richard SorgeRichard Sorge
04 October 1895, Russian
Soviet Military Intelligence Officer
Grigory ZinovievGrigory Zinoviev
23 September 1883, Russian
Bolshevik Revolutionary
Saint BarbaraSaint Barbara
0273 AD, Turkish
Saint

Imre NagyImre Nagy
07 June 1896, Hungarian
Politician

Andrey VlasovAndrey Vlasov
14 September 1901, Russian
General

Saint LawrenceSaint Lawrence
31 December 0225, Spanish
Religious Leader
Miguel Hidalgo y CostillaMiguel Hidalgo y Costilla
08 May 1753, Mexican
Priest

BalboaVasco Núñez de Balboa
1475 AD, Spanish
Spanish Explorer

Agustín de IturbideAgustín de Iturbide
27 September 1783, Mexican
Emperor of Mexico

Vicente GuerreroVicente Guerrero
10 August 1782, Mexican
President

Surya SenSurya Sen
22 March 1894, Indian
Revolutionary
Hans SchollHans Scholl
22 September 1918, German
Founder of the White Rose Resistance Movement

Nicholas IINicholas II
18 May 1868, Russian
 
Yemelyan PugachevYemelyan Pugachev
1742 AD, Russian
Leader of Pugachev Rebellion

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
 
John BrownJohn Brown
09 May 1800, American
Abolitionist
Tantia TopeTantia Tope
1814 AD, Indian
Revolutionary