Great Britain has a long and complicated history that dates back to several millennia. King Henry VII of England, the first monarch of the House of Tudor, played an instrumental role in the vast expansion of the British Empire in the 16th century. Influential writers Richard Hakluyt and John Dee also thrived during the same period. Queen Elizabeth I, counted amongst the most popular Britons ever to have lived, brought a period of relative internal stability to the region. She is associated with the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Another famous monarch was Henry VIII, known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Political leader Oliver Cromwell, Commander of the New Model Army during the English Civil War against King Charles I is another significant historical figure. Thomas Wolsey, Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Richard Rich, and Thomas Cranmer are prominent figures in British history as well. Known for its rich legacy in the fields of science and literary, England was also home to geniuses such as William Shakespeare and Sir Isaac Newton. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous British historical personalities.