Henry IV of England Biography
(King of England)
Birthday: April 15, 1367 (Aries)
Born In: Bolingbroke Castle
King Henry IV of England was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413. He was the first monarch of the House of Lancaster and came to the throne by deposing his childhood playmate and first cousin, King Richard II of England. His father John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England. This made him the grandson of the reigning king, but far removed from the throne. However, his father wielded considerable influence in the English court and had amassed great wealth not only by marriage to Henry’s mother Blanche of Lancashire, the heiress to Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancashire, but also by other means. Henry himself was brought up along with young Prince Richard. Under such circumstances, it was natural that he too would yearn for power and authority. However, his path to power was not easy. He was sent to exile by the reigning king Richard II in 1397 and deprived of his patrimony on his father’s death. Henry retaliated by deposing Richard II and declaring himself king. On his death, his son Henry V succeeded the throne.