Famous People Born In 1820

Discover the most famous people born in 1820. The list includes people like Florence Nightingale, Harriet Tubman, Susan B. Anthony, William Tecumseh Sherman, Herbert Spencer and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include novelists, philosophers, social reformers and poets born in 1820. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
Florence Nightingale
(Social Reformer & Founder of Modern Nursing and Known as 'The Lady with the Lamp')
Florence Nightingale
29
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 12th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 13, 1910
The Lady with the Lamp Florence Nightingale is remembered for her relentless efforts in nursing soldiers during the Crimean War. She founded London’s St Thomas' Hospital to train nurses. She also pioneered the use of the polar area diagram and was the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society.
 2 
Susan B. Anthony
(Social Reformer and Women's Rights Activist Who Was a Pioneer Crusader for the Women’s Suffrage Movement)
Susan B. Anthony
21
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Adams, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 13, 1906

Susan B. Anthony's vital role in the women's suffrage movement changed the course of history. She led one of the two national suffrage organizations, which later became the National American Woman Suffrage Association, with Susan as its leading force. She also played an instrumental role in publishing The Revolution, a women's rights newspaper.

 3 
William Tecumseh Sherman
(Former Commanding General of the United States Army (1869 - 1883))
William Tecumseh Sherman
21
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio, United States
Died: February 14, 1891
William Tecumseh Sherman served as the Union Army general during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his “scorched earth” military policy and was known as "the first modern general.” His 1875 book Memoir, related his war experiences. He was associated with wildlife conservation in his later years.
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 4 
Jenny Lind
(One of the Most Highly Regarded Singers of the 19th Century)
Jenny Lind
23
Listed In: Opera Singers
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 2, 1887
Swedish opera singer Jenny Lind, also known as the "Swedish Nightingale,” was a prominent 19th-century soprano and performed all over Europe. She also donated generously to various charities, especially to the cause of free schools in Sweden. She also taught at the Royal College of Music in London. 
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 5 
Herbert Spencer
(Philosopher and Sociologist Known for His Hypothesis of ‘Social Darwinism’ and the Expression 'Survival of the Fittest')
Herbert Spencer
11
Birthdate: 27th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Derby, Derbyshire, England
Died: December 8, 1903

Herbert Spencer was the man behind the expression “survival of the fittest,” after reading Charles Darwin's iconic work On the Origin of Species. The British anthropologist, sociologist, and philosopher introduced the concept of Social Darwinism, which applied the theory of evolution to societies and social classes.

 6 
Anne Brontë
(Writer)
Anne Brontë
8
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Thornton, West Yorkshire
Died: May 28, 1849
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 7 
Thomas C. Durant
2
Listed In: Investors
Birthdate: 6th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lee, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 5, 1885
 8 
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(Educator & Social Reformer He is Considered the "Father of Bengali prose")
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
17
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Birsingha, West Bengal, India
Died: July 29, 1891

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was an Indian social reformer and educator. He is best remembered for his efforts to modernize and simplify Bengali prose for which he is widely regarded as the father of Bengali prose. As a social reformer, Vidyasagar played a crucial role in enacting the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, which legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows in India. 

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 9 
Fanny Crosby
(Poet)
Fanny Crosby
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brewster, New York, United States
Died: February 12, 1915
 10 
Alexandru Ioan Cuza
(One of the Founders of the Modern Romanian State)
Alexandru Ioan Cuza
1
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 20th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bârlad, Romania
Died: May 15, 1873

Alexandru Ioan Cuza was the first ruler of the Romanian Principalities after the unification of Moldavia and Wallachia. He is credited with modernizing the Romanian society through a series of reforms. Today, Alexandru Ioan Cuza is regarded as a national hero of Romania. He is also counted among the founders of the modern Romanian state.

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 11 
John Tyndall
(Irish Experimental Physicist Who Became Famous for His Study of Dimagnetism)
John Tyndall
3
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 2nd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leighlinbridge, Ireland
Died: December 4, 1893

Born into a poor Protestant family, Irish physicist John Tyndall was a self-made man who funded his own doctoral education. His contributions include his research on the greenhouse effect and the discovery of the Tyndall effect. Not known to many, he was also an avid mountaineer and glaciologist.

 12 
Begum Hazrat Mahal
(Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah)
Begum Hazrat Mahal
8
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Faizabad
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

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 13 
Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
(King of Italy (1861 - 1878))
Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
3
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 14th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Italy
Died: January 9, 1878

Victor Emmanuel II of Italy reigned as the king of Sardinia from 1849 to 1861. He then became the first king of a united Italy in 1861 and reigned as its king until his death in 1878. Since he played a major role in the Second Italian War of Independence, Italians started referring to him as Father of the Fatherland.

 14 
John Tenniel
(Illustrator)
John Tenniel
0
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bayswater, London, England
Died: February 25, 1914
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 15 
Nadar
(Photographer)
Nadar
0
Birthdate: 6th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: March 20, 1910

Nadar was a French caricaturist, photographer, novelist, journalist, and balloonist who championed heavier-than-air flight. Nadar became the first photographer to take aerial photographs in 1858. His photographic portraits are preserved by several museums and institutions.

 16 
Friedrich Engels
(German Philosopher Who Developed 'Marxism' Together With Karl Max)
Friedrich Engels
24
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 5, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

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 17 
Henri Vieuxtemps
(Belgian Composer and Violinist Known for Playing What Is Now Known as the ‘Vieuxtemps Guarneri')
Henri Vieuxtemps
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Verviers, Belgium
Died: June 6, 1881

Henri Vieuxtemps was a Belgian violinist and composer best remembered as one of the most important exponents of the Franco-Belgian school of violin. He is also famous for owning a legendary violin, which is now called the Vieuxtemps Guarneri del Gesù. This violin, which was built by Giuseppe Guarneri, is counted among the finest examples of the craftsmanship of Guarneri.

 18 
Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal
(Statesman)
Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 6th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Forres, Scotland
Died: January 21, 1914
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 19 
James Buchanan Eads
(American Civil Engineer and Inventor Best Known for His 'Triple-Arch Steel Bridge' Over the Mississippi River)
James Buchanan Eads
2
Birthdate: 23rd May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lawrenceburg, Indiana, United States
Died: March 8, 1887

Engineer James B. Eads spent most of his early life marine-salvaging along the Mississippi. Apart from building submarines, he also owned over 50 patents. He is best remembered for his triple-arch steel bridge over the Mississippi. He was the first American engineer to win the Royal Society of Arts’s Albert Medal.

 20 
Eagle Woman
(Translator)
Eagle Woman
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: South Dakota, United States
Died: December 18, 1888

Eagle Woman was a Lakota activist and translator. She was known for mediating the conflicts between the Sioux, white settlers, and the US government. She was the only woman recognized as chief among the Sioux. Along with her daughter, she organized a day school at Standing Rock Indian Reservation. She was inducted into the South Dakota Hall of Fame.  

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 21 
Princess Alexandrine of Baden
(Aristocrat)
Princess Alexandrine of Baden
1
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: December 20, 1904
 22 
Edmond Becquerel
(First observed the photovoltaic effect)
Edmond Becquerel
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1891
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 23 
Anna Sewell
(Writer, Novelist, Children's writer)
Anna Sewell
5
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 30th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Great Yarmouth
Died: April 25, 1878
 24 
Afanasy Fet
(Poet)
Afanasy Fet
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 5th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mtsensk, Russia
Died: December 3, 1892
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 25 
Gustave Le Gray
(Photographer)
Gustave Le Gray
0
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Villiers-le-Bel, France
Died: July 30, 1884
 26 
Jeanne Duval
(Actress)
Jeanne Duval
0
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Jacmel, Haiti
Died: 1862 AD
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 27 
John William Dawson
(Canadian Geologist Who Made Numerous Contributions to Paleobotany)
John William Dawson
0
Listed In: Geologists
Birthdate: 13th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nova Scotia, Canada
Died: November 19, 1899

Canadian geologist John William Dawson began his career as the first superintendent of education of Nova Scotia. He also served as the principal of McGill University, where he taught, too. An expert in paleobotany, he discovered ancient plant species. He was knighted for his contribution to geology.

 28 
Thomas Baines
(Artist)
Thomas Baines
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: King’s Lynn, England
Died: May 8, 1875
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 29 
Kanaung Mintha
(Prince)
Kanaung Mintha
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amarapura, Myanmar, Burma
Died: August 2, 1866
 30 
Multatuli
(Dutch Writer Best Known for His Satirical Novel 'Max Havelaar')
Multatuli
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 2nd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: February 19, 1887

Eduard Douwes Dekker, better known as Multatuli, soared to fame with his anticolonial satire Max Havelaar. A colonial officer in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia), he hoped to bring about a change in the Dutch colonial policy through his works. He is now regarded as the pioneer of contemporary Dutch literature.  

 31 
George Grove
(British Engineer, Writer and Founding Editor of 'Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians')
George Grove
1
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 28, 1900

Although the son of a meat seller and fishmonger, George Grove grew up appreciating music and literature. Although he began his career as a civil engineer, his passion for music drove him to write the iconic Dictionary of Music and Musicians. He also served the Royal College of Music as its first director.

 32 
Washington Duke
(Businessperson)
Washington Duke
1
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Orange County
Died: May 8, 1905
 33 
Jakob Stämpfli
(Swiss Politician)
Jakob Stämpfli
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wengi, Switzerland
Died: May 15, 1879
 34 
Augustus Washington
(Photographer, Politician)
Augustus Washington
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: June 7, 1875
 35 
Maria Vicenta Rosal
(Nun)
Maria Vicenta Rosal
0
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Quetzaltenango, Guatemala
Died: August 24, 1886
 36 
Mary Livermore
(Journalist)
Mary Livermore
0
Birthdate: 19th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 23, 1905
 37 
Elisha Kent Kane
(Explorer)
Elisha Kent Kane
0
Listed In: Explorers
Birthdate: 3rd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 16, 1857
 38 
Alice Cary
(Poet, Author, Novelist, Writer)
Alice Cary
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mount Healthy
Died: February 12, 1871
 39 
Henry Jarvis Raymond
(Journalist)
Henry Jarvis Raymond
0
Birthdate: 24th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Livingston County, New York, United States
Died: June 18, 1869
 40 
Mkrtich Khrimian
(Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople from 1869 to 1873)
Mkrtich Khrimian
0
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Van, Ottoman Empire
Died: October 29, 1907

Mkrtich Khrimian was an Armenian Apostolic Church leader, publisher, and educator. From 1893 to 1907, he served as Catholicos of All Armenians. Mkrtich Khrimian is also remembered for his service as the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople from 1869 to 1873. Khrimian is credited with laying the foundation for the Armenian national movement of the 19th and 20th centuries.  

 41 
Henry Longueville Mansel
(Philosopher)
Henry Longueville Mansel
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cosgrove, England
Died: July 1, 1871
 42 
Maharero
(Revolutionary)
Maharero
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Okahandja
Died: October 7, 1890
 43 
Mirko Petrovic-Njegos
(Military commander, politician and poet)
Mirko Petrovic-Njegos
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Njeguši, Montenegro
Died: August 1, 1867
 44 
Enrico Tamberlik
(Tenor)
Enrico Tamberlik
1
Birthdate: 16th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 15, 1889
 45 
Anson Burlingame
(Lawyer)
Anson Burlingame
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 14th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New Berlin, New York, United States
Died: February 23, 1870
 46 
Anthony W. Gardiner
(Politician)
Anthony W. Gardiner
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 24th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Southampton County, Virginia, United States
Died: 1885 AD
 47 
Dion Boucicault
(Actor)
Dion Boucicault
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 18, 1890
 48 
Katherine Plunket
(Aristocrat)
Katherine Plunket
0
Birthdate: 22nd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kilsaran, County Louth, Ireland
Died: October 14, 1932

At the time of her death at age 111, Katherine Plunket became Ireland’s oldest person to have ever existed. Born into Irish aristocracy, Plunket was the granddaughter of the first Baron Plunket. She was also well-traveled and was known for her botanical illustrations, collected in Wild Flowers from Nature.

 49 
Frederick Seymour
(Governor of Crown Colony of British Columbia)
Frederick Seymour
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Belfast, Ireland
Died: June 10, 1869
 50 
George Hearst
(United States Senator from California (1886, 1887-91))
George Hearst
5
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sullivan, Missouri, United States
Died: February 28, 1891