Famous People Born In 1780

Discover the most famous people born in 1780. The list includes people like Chief Seattle, Richard Mentor Johnson, Bernardino Rivadavia, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Karl Von Clausewitz and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include artists, soldiers, political leaders and theologians born in 1780. This list includes people from United States, France, Germany & England and many more countries.
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 1 
Maharaja Ranjit Singh
(1st Maharaja of the Sikh Empire)
Maharaja Ranjit Singh
12
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gujranwala, Pakistan
Died: June 27, 1839
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, also known as the "Lion of Punjab" and the “Napoleon of the East,” was a Sikh leader who reigned over the northwest Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. He fought valiantly against the Afghans and introduced many modern reforms. His Khalsa Army included people of all religions.
 2 
Delphine LaLaurie
(New Orleans Socialite and Serial Killer Who Tortured and Murdered Slaves in Her Household)
Delphine LaLaurie
55
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: December 7, 1849
Delphine LaLaurie, also known as Marie Delphine Macarty or Madame Blanque, was a socialite from New Orleans who tortured and killed countless slaves in her Royal Street mansion. Her crimes were discovered after a fire at her mansion. An outraged mob subsequently destroyed the house, while she left New Orleans.
 3 
Richard Mentor Johnson
(Vice President of the United States (1837-41))
Richard Mentor Johnson
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: November 19, 1850
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 4 
Mary Somerville
(Scottish Scientist, Writer and Polymath)
Mary Somerville
1
Birthdate: 26th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Jedburgh, Scotland
Died: November 29, 1872

One of the two pioneering female honorary members of the Royal Astronomical Society, Mary Somerville was a 19th-century polymath and science writer. Though she specialized in math and astronomy, she was also well-versed in botany and geology. The Connection of the Physical Sciences remains her most notable work.

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 5 
Elizabeth Fry
(English Prison Reformer Who Played a Major Role in the' Gaol Ac't, Which Necessitated Sex-Segregation of Prisons)
Elizabeth Fry
2
Listed In: Nurses
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Norwich
Died: October 12, 1845

Elizabeth Fry was an English social reformer, prison reformer, Quaker, and philanthropist. Nicknamed the Angel of Prisons, Fry played a major role in the Gaol Act, which necessitated sex-segregation of prisons. The act also mandated the appointment of female warders for female inmates.

 6 
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
(Painter)
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: January 14, 1867
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 7 
Karl Von Clausewitz
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Burg bei Magdeburg
Died: November 16, 1831

Carl von Clausewitz was a Prussian military theorist and general. As a theorist, Clausewitz stressed the political aspects of war. His book Vom Kriege, which talks about military strategy, has been very influential despite the fact that it was unfinished at the time of his death. His ideas also influenced personalities like Karl Marx, Mao Zedong, and Leon Trotsky.

 8 
Piet Retief
(Explorer)
Piet Retief
0
Listed In: Explorers
Birthdate: 12th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wellington
Died: February 6, 1838
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 9 
Miloš Obrenović I of Serbia
(prince of Serbia)
Miloš Obrenović I of Serbia
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 18th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gornja Dobrinja, Serbia
Died: September 26, 1860
 10 
Tudor Vladimirescu
(Romanian Hero and Revolutionary Leader Who Led the 1821 Wallachian Uprising)
Tudor Vladimirescu
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Vladimiri, Romania
Died: June 7, 1821

Romanian revolutionary leader and a national hero, Tudor Vladimirescu led the Wallachian uprising of 1821. Initially part of the Greek Friendly Brotherhood, to overturn the Turkish rule in the Balkans, he later formed his own Wallachian revolt. He was eventually executed on the orders of Greek nationalist politician Alexander Ypsilantis.

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 11 
Dingiswayo
(Mthethwa leader)
Dingiswayo
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Died: 1817 AD
 12 
Geórgios Karaïskákis
(Military commander)
Geórgios Karaïskákis
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Mavrommati, Greece
Died: April 23, 1827
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 13 
David Porter
(Naval officer)
David Porter
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 1st February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 3, 1843
 14 
Ernst Anschutz
(Poet)
Ernst Anschutz
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 28th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Suhl, Germany
Died: December 18, 1861
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 15 
Charles Nodier
(French Author and Librarian Who Introduced a Younger Generation of Romanticists)
Charles Nodier
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Besançon, France
Died: January 27, 1844

French author Charles Nodier inspired the Romantic writers of his time with his focus on gothic themes. As the director of the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, he led a group of young writers such as Victor Hugo and Alfred de Musset. His works include The Vampire Lord Ruthwen and The Book Collector.

 16 
Bernardino Rivadavia
(First President of Argentina)
Bernardino Rivadavia
2
Listed In: Presidents
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: September 2, 1845

Bernardino Rivadavia was an Argentinian politician who served as the president of Argentina from 1826 to 1827. Although he was accepted as the president only in Buenos Aires, Rivadavia is widely regarded as the first president of Argentina. During his presidency, Argentina witnessed an improvement in the education sector.

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 17 
Karl Nesselrode
(Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (1816 - 1856))
Karl Nesselrode
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 14th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: March 23, 1862

Karl Nesselrode was a Russian German diplomat remembered for his service as the Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire from 1816 to 1856. Nesselrode played a major role during the negotiations with the USA, which defined the boundary between the Oregon Country and Russian America; Nesselrode was a plenipotentiary during the negotiations that culminated in the Russo-American Treaty of 1824.

 18 
Lott Cary
(Pastor)
Lott Cary
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Charles City County, Virginia, United States
Died: November 10, 1828
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 19 
John McKinley
(Jurist)
John McKinley
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
Died: July 19, 1852
 20 
Thomas Chalmers
(Vice-President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh From 1835 to 1842)
Thomas Chalmers
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Anstruther, Fife, Scotland
Died: May 31, 1847

Scottish Presbyterian minister and political economist Thomas Chalmers has been immortalized by the town of Port Chalmers in New Zealand, named after him. An ordained minister, he was initially a math lecturer. He later became the Free Church of Scotland’s first moderator. He tried applying Christian ethics to economic problems.

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 21 
James FitzGibbon
(Military personnel)
James FitzGibbon
0
Listed In: Soldiers
Birthdate: 16th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Glin
Died: December 10, 1862
 22 
William Hone
(Writer)
William Hone
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bath, England
Died: November 8, 1842
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 23 
George Croly
(Poet)
George Croly
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 17th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 24, 1860
 24 
Jacques Charles Brunet
(Bibliographer)
Jacques Charles Brunet
0
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 14, 1867
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 25 
George William Evans
(Explorer)
George William Evans
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 5th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warwick, England
Died: October 16, 1852
 26 
André Parmentier
(Landscaper)
André Parmentier
0
Listed In: Designers
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Enghien, Belgium
Died: November 27, 1830
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 27 
Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner
(German Chemist Best Known for Inventing the First Lighter)
Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner
1
Birthdate: 13th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hof, Germany
Died: March 24, 1849

German chemist Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner was born amid poverty but managed to get training as an apothecary. After his university education, he taught at the University of Jena. His discovery of the fact that certain chemical elements were similar later led to the development of the periodic law of chemistry.

 28 
Pauline Bonaparte
(Noblewoman)
Pauline Bonaparte
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maison Bonaparte, France
Died: June 9, 1825
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 29 
Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
(Princess)
Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
0
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kirchheimbolanden, Germany
Died: January 2, 1857
 30 
William Ellery Channing
(American Unitarian Preacher)
William Ellery Channing
0
Listed In: Preachers
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Died: October 2, 1842

William Ellery Channing was an American preacher. One of the most important Unitarian preachers in the early-19th century, Channing was also one of Unitarianism's most prominent theologians. Remembered for his impassioned and articulate public speeches and sermons, Channing had a major influence on the New England Transcendentalists. In 1903, he was honored with a statue at the Boston Public Garden.  

 31 
Richard Rush
(United States Attorney General)
Richard Rush
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United Sates
Died: July 30, 1859
 32 
Jernej Kopitar
(Linguist)
Jernej Kopitar
0
Birthdate: 21st August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Repnje, Slovenia
Died: August 11, 1844
 33 
Johannes van den Bosch
(Governor-General)
Johannes van den Bosch
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herwijnen, Netherlands
Died: January 28, 1844
 34 
Sobhuza I
(King)
Sobhuza I
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Eswatini
Died: 1836 AD
 35 
Charles Maturin
(Writer)
Charles Maturin
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: October 30, 1824
 36 
Henry Baldwin
(Jurist)
Henry Baldwin
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 14th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 21, 1844
 37 
Pierre-Jean de Béranger
(Poet)
Pierre-Jean de Béranger
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 16, 1857
 38 
Kido Witbooi
(Chief)
Kido Witbooi
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Namibia
Died: December 31, 1875
 39 
Keokuk
(Sauk leader)
Keokuk
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Illinois Territory, United States
Died: 1848 AD
 40 
Percy Smythe, 6th Viscount Strangford
(British Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Russia)
Percy Smythe, 6th Viscount Strangford
0
Listed In: Diplomats
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mayfair, London, England
Died: May 29, 1855
 41 
Élie, duc Decazes
(Politician)
Élie, duc Decazes
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint-Martin-de-Laye, France
Died: October 24, 1860

Élie, duc Decazes was a French statesman who led the liberal Doctrinaires party during the Bourbon Restoration. A lawyer by profession, he served as a judge of the Seine Tribunal before entering politics. He was a self-proclaimed royalist and remained faithful to the Bourbons throughout the Hundred Days. He became the prime minister of France in 1819. 

 42 
Alexander Parris
(American Architect)
Alexander Parris
0
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 24th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Halifax, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 16, 1852

Alexander Parris was an American architect-engineer. Parris was one of the members of an influential group of architects that played a key role in founding an institute that would later become the American Institute of Architects. Alexander Parris is also credited with designing several lighthouses along the Northeastern United States coastline.

 43 
Michael Thomas Sadler
(Politician)
Michael Thomas Sadler
0
Birthdate: 3rd January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Snelston, England
Died: July 29, 1835
 44 
José Joaquín de Olmedo
(Former President of Ecuador)
José Joaquín de Olmedo
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 20th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Guayaquil, Ecuador
Died: February 19, 1847

José Joaquín de Olmedo was an Ecuadorian political leader best remembered for his service as the President of Ecuador from March 1845 to December 1845. A prominent politician, José Joaquín de Olmedo also served as the Vice President of Ecuador from 12 September 1830 to 15 September 1831.

 45 
Robert Torrens
(Politician)
Robert Torrens
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Hervey Hill, Ireland
Died: May 27, 1864
 46 
Jules de Polignac
(Statesman)
Jules de Polignac
2
Birthdate: 14th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: March 2, 1847
 47 
August Leopold Crelle
(Mathematician)
August Leopold Crelle
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wriezen, Germany
Died: October 6, 1855
 48 
John Wilson Croker
(Author)
John Wilson Croker
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 20th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Galway, Ireland
Died: August 10, 1857
 49 
John Fullarton
(Writer)
John Fullarton
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: October 24, 1849
 50 
Edward Hicks
(American Folk Painter and Distinguished Religious Minister of the 'Society of Friends')
Edward Hicks
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 23, 1849

Initially a Quaker preacher, folk painter Edward Hicks is best remembered for his work The Peaceable Kingdom and its 100 versions. His interest in painting perhaps stemmed for his early years as a coach painter. He mostly depicted the landscapes of New York and Pennsylvania. His works also featured animals.