What is the first thing that pops up in your mind when you listen to names like Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, Mikhail Gorbachev, William Wiilberforce, Desmond Tutu and Rosa Parks? That is right! These were the champions of civil right movement; the propagators who helped transform the social fabric and change the course of history through their activism. Their contribution to the cause of ending slavery and racial discrimination and equality in society had been gargantuan. America has seen many such champions who brought about an overwhelming social transformation. There were many extraordinary leaders who inspired a generation of men and women to stand up, voice their opinion against, and fight the discrimination. From Montgomery Bus Boycott and Albany Movement to Selma March and Freedom Riders, America has witnessed a volley of activists waiting to end all disparity and establish equality. Without any further delay, let us explore the timeline, trivia, and facts in the biographies below.
Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr.
15 January 1929
Civil Rights Activist
Malcolm XMalcolm X
19 May 1925
Activist

Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali
17 January 1942
 

James BaldwinJames Baldwin
02 August 1924
Novelist

Angela Davis Angela Davis
26 January 1944
Political Activist

Rosa ParksRosa Parks
04 February 1913
Activist
Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818
American orator

Zack de la RochaZack de la Rocha
12 January 1970
 

Ruby BridgesRuby Bridges
08 September 1954
Philanthropist
Medgar EversMedgar Evers
02 July 1925
 

Pauley PerrettePauley Perrette
27 March 1969
Television Actress, Activist, Singer
Shaun KingShaun King
17 September 1979
Writer

Jesse JacksonJesse Jackson
08 October 1941
Civil Rights Activist

Coretta Scott KingCoretta Scott King
27 April 1927
Civil Rights Activist, Author

Stokely CarmichaelStokely Carmichael
29 June 1941
 

Lena HorneLena Horne
30 June 1917
Singer
Cesar ChavezCesar Chavez
31 March 1927
Civil Rights Activist

Harvey MilkHarvey Milk
22 May 1930
 

Denise NicholasDenise Nicholas
12 July 1944
Actress

Ida B. WellsIda B. Wells
16 July 1862
Journalist
Fred HamptonFred Hampton
30 August 1948
Activist

Paul RobesonPaul Robeson
09 April 1898
Singer, Actor & Civil Rights Activist
Abbie HoffmanAbbie Hoffman
30 November 1936
Anti-War Activist

Audre LordeAudre Lorde
18 February 1934
Writer

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
29 November 1908
Politician & Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou HamerFannie Lou Hamer
06 October 1917
Civil Rights Activist

Claudette ColvinClaudette Colvin
05 September 1939
Civil Rights Activist
Yolanda KingYolanda King
17 November 1955
Activist

Viola LiuzzoViola Liuzzo
11 April 1925
Civil Rights Activist

Viola DesmondViola Desmond
06 July 1914
Businesswoman
Elizabeth Cady StantonElizabeth Cady Stanton
12 November 1815
Women’s Rights Activist

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William Lloyd GarrisonWilliam Lloyd Garrison
12 December 1805
Abolitionist
Barbara JordanBarbara Jordan
21 February 1936
Lawyer

Hosea WilliamsHosea Williams
05 January 1926
Civil Rights Leader

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731
Compiler of Almanacs

Mary McLeod BethuneMary McLeod Bethune
10 July 1875
Educator
A. Phillip RandolphA. Philip Randolph
15 April 1889
Leader of the African-American civil-rights
James Weldon JohnsonJames Weldon Johnson
17 June 1871
Author

James FarmerJames Farmer
12 January 1920
Civil Rights Activist

Homer PlessyHomer Plessy
17 March 1862
Activist

Howard ThurmanHoward Thurman
18 November 1899
Philosopher
Lucy StoneLucy Stone
13 August 1818
Women's Rights Activist

Mary Church TerrellMary Church Terrell
23 September 1863
Civil Rights Activist

Matilda GageMatilda Joslyn Gage
24 March 1826
Abolitionist, Freethinker, Author

Prudence CrandallPrudence Crandall
03 September 1803
Connecticut's official State Heroine

Anna Julia CooperAnna Julia Cooper
10 August 1858
Author, Educator
Andrew GoodmanAndrew Goodman
23 November 1943
Civil Rights Acrivist

Rachel DolezalRachel Dolezal
12 November 1977
Author
Betty ShabazzBetty Shabazz
28 May 1934
Educator

Tarana BurkeTarana Burke
12 September 1973
Activist

Jane ElliottJane Elliott
27 May 1933
Schoolteacher
Marsha P. JohnsonMarsha P. Johnson
24 August 1945
Civil Rights Activist

Ruby DeeRuby Dee
27 October 1922
Actress
Leonard PeltierLeonard Peltier
12 September 1944
Activist

Bernice KingBernice King
28 March 1963
Actress

James MeredithJames Meredith
25 June 1933
Writer

Wendell WillkieWendell Willkie
18 February 1892
Lawyer

Hines WardHines Ward
08 March 1976
American footballer
Lorena BorjasLorena Borjas
29 May 1960
Activist

Dolores HuertaDolores Huerta
10 April 1930
Trade unionist

Bayard RustinBayard Rustin
17 March 1912
Activist

Alicia GarzaAlicia Garza
04 January 1981
Activist
Myrlie Evers-WilliamsMyrlie Evers-Williams
17 March 1933
journalist

Alveda KingAlveda King
22 January 1951
Politician
Sylvia RiveraSylvia Rivera
02 July 1951
Activist

Ralph AbernathyRalph Abernathy
11 March 1926
Civil Rights Activist

Max RoachMax Roach
10 January 1924
Musician
Harry HayHarry Hay
07 April 1912
Gay rights activist

Joseph LoweryJoseph Lowery
06 October 1921
civil rights activists
Vernon JordanVernon Jordan
15 August 1935
Lawyer

James BevelJames Bevel
19 October 1936
politician

Ella BakerElla Baker
13 December 1903
American activist
Amelia BoyntonAmelia Boynton Robinson
18 August 1911
Activist

Ruth BrownRuth Brown
26 July 1891
Librarian
William KunstlerWilliam Kunstler
07 July 1919
Lawyer

Whitney Young Jr.Whitney Young
31 July 1921
Civil rights activist

Gabriel ProsserGabriel Prosser
1776 AD
Blacksmith

C. Delores TuckerC. Delores Tucker
04 October 1927
Politician
Roy InnisRoy Innis
06 June 1934
Activist
Derrick BellDerrick Bell
06 November 1930
Lawyer

James FormanJames Forman
04 October 1928
Activist

Gloria RichardsonGloria Richardson
06 May 1922
civil rights Activist

Septima Poinsette ClarkSeptima Poinsette Clark
03 May 1898
Educator
Frances LearFrances Lear
14 July 1923
Activist

William Monroe TrotterWilliam Monroe Trotter
07 April 1872
Editor

Walter WhiteWalter White
01 July 1893
American civil rights activist

Jo Ann RobinsonJo Ann Robinson
17 April 1912
Civil Rights Activist

Gordon HirabayashiGordon Hirabayashi
23 April 1918
Sociologist
Autherine LucyAutherine Lucy
05 October 1929
Civil Rights Activist, Educator

Alexander CrummellAlexander Crummell
03 March 1819
Minister
Benjamin HooksBenjamin Hooks
31 January 1925
Civil Rights leader

George Frisbie HoarGeorge Frisbie Hoar
29 August 1826
Politician
Virginia PrinceVirginia Prince
23 November 1912
Publisher
Charles S. JohnsonCharles S. Johnson
24 July 1893
Sociologist