What is the first thing that pops up in your mind when you listen to names like Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, Mikhail Gorbachev, William Wiilberforce, Desmond Tutu and Rosa Parks? That is right! These were the champions of civil right movement; the propagators who helped transform the social fabric and change the course of history through their activism. Their contribution to the cause of ending slavery and racial discrimination and equality in society had been gargantuan. America has seen many such champions who brought about an overwhelming social transformation. There were many extraordinary leaders who inspired a generation of men and women to stand up, voice their opinion against, and fight the discrimination. From Montgomery Bus Boycott and Albany Movement to Selma March and Freedom Riders, America has witnessed a volley of activists waiting to end all disparity and establish equality. Without any further delay, let us explore the timeline, trivia, and facts in the biographies below.
Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr.
15 January 1929
Civil Rights Activist
Malcolm XMalcolm X
19 May 1925
Activist

Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali
17 January 1942
 

Rosa ParksRosa Parks
04 February 1913
Activist

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818
American orator

Ruby BridgesRuby Bridges
08 September 1954
Philanthropist
Pauley PerrettePauley Perrette
27 March 1969
Television Actress, Activist, Singer

James BaldwinJames Baldwin
02 August 1924
Novelist

Zack de la RochaZack de la Rocha
12 January 1970
 
Coretta Scott KingCoretta Scott King
27 April 1927
Civil Rights Activist, Author

Angela Davis Angela Davis
26 January 1944
Political Activist
Jesse JacksonJesse Jackson
08 October 1941
Civil Rights Activist

Harvey MilkHarvey Milk
22 May 1930
 

Lena HorneLena Horne
30 June 1917
Singer

Cesar ChavezCesar Chavez
31 March 1927
Civil Rights Activist

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
29 November 1908
Politician & Civil Rights Activist
Medgar EversMedgar Evers
02 July 1925
 

Yolanda KingYolanda King
17 November 1955
Activist

Paul RobesonPaul Robeson
09 April 1898
Singer, Actor & Civil Rights Activist

Claudette ColvinClaudette Colvin
05 September 1939
Civil Rights Activist
Ida B. WellsIda B. Wells
16 July 1862
Journalist

Stokely CarmichaelStokely Carmichael
29 June 1941
 
Abbie HoffmanAbbie Hoffman
30 November 1936
Anti-War Activist

Viola DesmondViola Desmond
06 July 1914
Businesswoman

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731
Compiler of Almanacs
Elizabeth Cady StantonElizabeth Cady Stanton
12 November 1815
Women’s Rights Activist

Audre LordeAudre Lorde
18 February 1934
Writer
Mary McLeod BethuneMary McLeod Bethune
10 July 1875
Educator

Barbara JordanBarbara Jordan
21 February 1936
Lawyer

A. Phillip RandolphA. Philip Randolph
15 April 1889
Leader of the African-American civil-rights
William Lloyd GarrisonWilliam Lloyd Garrison
12 December 1805
Abolitionist

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Denise NicholasDenise Nicholas
12 July 1944
Actress
James Weldon JohnsonJames Weldon Johnson
17 June 1871
Author

Fannie Lou HamerFannie Lou Hamer
06 October 1917
Civil Rights Activist

Hosea WilliamsHosea Williams
05 January 1926
Civil Rights Leader

Viola LiuzzoViola Liuzzo
11 April 1925
Civil Rights Activist
Mary Church TerrellMary Church Terrell
23 September 1863
Civil Rights Activist
Homer PlessyHomer Plessy
17 March 1862
Activist

Howard ThurmanHoward Thurman
18 November 1899
Philosopher

Lucy StoneLucy Stone
13 August 1818
Women's Rights Activist

James FarmerJames Farmer
12 January 1920
Civil Rights Activist
Matilda GageMatilda Joslyn Gage
24 March 1826
Abolitionist, Freethinker, Author

Prudence CrandallPrudence Crandall
03 September 1803
Connecticut's official State Heroine

Andrew GoodmanAndrew Goodman
23 November 1943
Civil Rights Acrivist

Anna Julia CooperAnna Julia Cooper
10 August 1858
Author, Educator

Fred HamptonFred Hampton
30 August 1948
Activist
Bayard RustinBayard Rustin
17 March 1912
Activist

Rachel DolezalRachel Dolezal
12 November 1977
Author
Tarana BurkeTarana Burke
12 September 1973
Activist

Hines WardHines Ward
08 March 1976
American footballer

Bernice KingBernice King
28 March 1963
Actress
Shaun KingShaun King
29 May 1977
Writer

Ruby DeeRuby Dee
27 October 1922
Actress
Betty ShabazzBetty Shabazz
28 May 1934
Educator

Marsha P. JohnsonMarsha P. Johnson
24 August 1945
Civil Rights Activist

Leonard PeltierLeonard Peltier
12 September 1944
Activist

Alveda KingAlveda King
22 January 1951
Politician

James MeredithJames Meredith
25 June 1933
Writer
Ralph AbernathyRalph Abernathy
11 March 1926
Civil Rights Activist

Jane ElliottJane Elliott
27 May 1933
Schoolteacher

Ella BakerElla Baker
13 December 1903
American activist

Dolores HuertaDolores Huerta
10 April 1930
Trade unionist
Wendell WillkieWendell Willkie
18 February 1892
Lawyer

Max RoachMax Roach
10 January 1924
Musician
Harry HayHarry Hay
07 April 1912
Gay rights activist

Alicia GarzaAlicia Garza
04 January 1981
Activist

William Monroe TrotterWilliam Monroe Trotter
07 April 1872
Editor
James BevelJames Bevel
19 October 1936
politician

Myrlie Evers-WilliamsMyrlie Evers-Williams
17 March 1933
journalist
Walter WhiteWalter White
01 July 1893
American civil rights activist

C. Delores TuckerC. Delores Tucker
04 October 1927
Politician

Septima Poinsette ClarkSeptima Poinsette Clark
03 May 1898
Educator
Roy InnisRoy Innis
06 June 1934
American activist

James FormanJames Forman
04 October 1928
Activist
Alexander CrummellAlexander Crummell
03 March 1819
Minister

Derrick BellDerrick Bell
06 November 1930
Lawyer

Autherine LucyAutherine Lucy
05 October 1929
Civil Rights Activist, Educator

Jo Ann RobinsonJo Ann Robinson
17 April 1912
Civil Rights Activist
Joseph LoweryJoseph Lowery
06 October 1921
civil rights activists
Frances LearFrances Lear
14 July 1923
Activist

Gordon HirabayashiGordon Hirabayashi
23 April 1918
Sociologist

George Frisbie HoarGeorge Frisbie Hoar
29 August 1826
Politician

Gloria RichardsonGloria Richardson
06 May 1922
civil rights Activist
Leon SullivanLeon Sullivan
16 October 1922
Civil rights leader

Ralph McGillRalph McGill
05 February 1898
Journalist

Ruby Doris Smith-RobinsonRuby Doris Smith-Robinson
25 April 1942
Activist

Sarah Louise DelanySarah Louise Delany
19 September 1889
Educator

Charles S. JohnsonCharles S. Johnson
24 July 1893
Sociologist
Benjamin HooksBenjamin Hooks
31 January 1925
Civil Rights leader

Johnnie CarrJohnnie Carr
26 January 1911
Civil rights activists
Amelia BoyntonAmelia Boynton Robinson
18 August 1911
Activist

John Cross Jr.John Cross Jr.
27 January 1925
Civil Rights activist
Vernon JordanVernon Jordan
15 August 1935
Businessperson
Charlotta Spears BassCharlotta Spears Bass
14 February 1874
Editor and activist