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Did you know Vincent Van Gogh, the most influential twentieth century painter, was a Dutch? Did you know that Erasmus, a dominant figure in early humanist movement, was also born in Netherlands? Do you know that the highest international scorer in soccer in 2012-13 seasons, Robin Van Persie was from Netherlands too? Netherlands too, like many other nations in the world has produced some superlative talents and minds who have shaped the country's future and its standing in the world with their immeasurable contributions. Painters, explorers, anti-war activists, soccer players, linguists, scientists, dancers, physiologists and more — the Dutch have stamped their excellence in diverse fields with élan. These are the famous Dutch men and women to whom the world will stay indebted always for their exemplary greatness. We learn all about the lives and deeds of the famous Dutch people in their timeline, trivia, and interesting facts captured in their awe-inspiring biographies below.
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 1 
Vincent van Gogh
(One of the Most Famous and Influential Artists of All Time)
Vincent van Gogh
69
Birthdate: March 30, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zundert, Netherlands
Died: July 29, 1890

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter and is said to be one of the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. However, he was not commercially successful in his lifetime and died by suicide at 37 after years of mental health issues and poverty. He gained recognition and respect in the 20th century.

 2 
Eddie Van Halen
(Guitarist and Keyboardist of the Rock Band Van Halen)
Eddie Van Halen
38
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 26, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: October 6, 2020

Eddie Van Halen was an American songwriter and guitarist. The co-founder of the popular rock band Van Halen, Eddie is widely considered one of the greatest guitar players in the history of rock music. He is credited with popularizing the tapping technique, which is now used extensively by guitarists all over the world.

 3 
Max Verstappen
(The Most Successful Dutch Racing Driver and 2021 Formula One World Champion)
Max Verstappen
41
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: September 30, 1997
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hasselt, Flanders, Belgium
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 4 
Johan Cruyff
(One of the Greatest Football Players & One of the Best Managers Ever)
Johan Cruyff
18
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 25, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 2016
Dutch midfielder/forward Johan Cruyff pioneered the idea of Total Football, along with coach Rinus Michels. The first three-time Ballon d'Or-winner was known for his signature move, the Cruyff Turn. He made it to FIFA 100 and ranked second only to Pele in an official World Player of the Century poll.
 5 
Rembrandt
(One of the Greatest Visual Artists in the History of Art)
Rembrandt
8
Birthdate: July 15, 1606
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 4, 1669

Rembrandt was a Dutch printmaker, painter, and draughtsman. A master in three major art media, Rembrandt is widely considered the most important visual artist in Dutch art history and one of the greatest of all time. He is also considered the greatest etcher in the history of printmaking. His life and work inspired several films, including the 1936 movie Rembrandt.

 6 
Baruch Spinoza
(One of the Most Important Philosophers of the Early Modern Period)
Baruch Spinoza
16
Birthdate: November 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: February 21, 1677
Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza is best remembered for his rationalist ideas and his posthumously released book Ethics. He opposed Rene Descartes’s ideas and believed that God was an abstract entity. He was later expelled from the Jewish society, while his books were banned by the Catholic Church.
 7 
Anne Frank
(Diarist)
Anne Frank
60
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 12, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: March 12, 1945

One of the numerous Jewish victims of the Holocaust, Anne Frank gained recognition posthumously after her diary Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl was published. The diary, which has been widely read and translated into numerous other languages, details the lives of Anne Frank and her family when they went into hiding for two years, after Germany occupied Netherlands.

 8 
Hieronymus Bosch
7
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Burgundian Netherlands
Died: August 9, 1516
Hieronymus Bosch was a Dutch painter and a significant figure of the Early Netherlandish painting school. Most of his works are made of oil on oak wood and consist of religious themes and dark depictions of Hell. One of his notable works is The Garden of Earthly Delights.
 9 
Johannes Vermeer
(One of the Greatest Painters of the Dutch Golden Age)
Johannes Vermeer
7
Birthdate: October 31, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: December 15, 1675

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter renowned for his use of light in paintings. Although he did not achieve fame during his lifetime, Vermeer's works gained popularity in the 19th century. Today, Vermeer is often counted among the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Over the years, Vermeer's work has inspired artists like Wilhelm Hammershoi and Thomas Wilmer Dewing.

 10 
Dennis Bergkamp
(Dutch Retired Football Player Who Played as a Forward)
Dennis Bergkamp
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 10, 1969
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam
 11 
Famke Janssen
(Actress who played mutant Jean Grey in the X-Men film franchise and played Xenia in GoldenEye)
Famke Janssen
14
Birthdate: November 5, 1964
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Amstelveen, Netherlands

Famke Janssen is a Dutch actress best known for playing important roles in popular Hollywood films like the X-Men film series and the Taken film trilogy. A former fashion model, Janssen achieved international recognition when she played Bond girl Xenia Onatopp in GoldenEye. Over the course of her acting career, Famke Janssen has recieved several awards, including the Saturn Award.

 12 
Alistair Overeem
(Heavyweight Mixed Martial Artist, Kickboxer)
Alistair Overeem
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 17, 1980
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
 13 
Ruud Gullit
(One of the Greatest Football Players of All Time)
Ruud Gullit
15
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: September 1, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Ruud Gullit is a Dutch former football player. Considered one of the greatest players in the history of football, Gullit was known for his versatility as he could play as an attacking midfielder, forward, or midfielder. During the 1988 UEFA European Football Championship, he led his national team to its first title.

 14 
Virgil van Dijk
(Dutch Professional Footballer Who Plays as a Centre-Back)
Virgil van Dijk
10
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: July 8, 1991
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Breda, Netherlands
 15 
Clarence Seedorf
(Dutch Professional Football Manager and Former Player Who is Considered One of the Best Midfielders of His Generation)
Clarence Seedorf
8
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 1, 1976
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paramaribo, Suriname

Clarence Seedorf is a Dutch former football player. Widely considered one of the best midfielders of his era, Seedorf was included in Pelé's FIFA 100 list in 2004. Having won several continental and domestic titles for clubs in the Netherlands, Brazil, Italy, and Spain, Clarence Seedorf is one of the most celebrated and decorated Dutch players of all time.

 16 
Piet Mondrian
(One of the Greatest Artists of the 20th Century)
Piet Mondrian
5
Birthdate: 1872
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died: January 31, 1944

Dutch painter Piet Mondrian is remembered for pioneering what is known as 20th-century abstract art. He co-founded the De Stijl art movement with Theo van Doesburg and gave rise to Neoplasticism. His art was influenced by Cubism. Many of his paintings consist of geometric shapes in particular sets of colors.

 17 
Robin van Persie
(Dutch Footballer Who Was Regarded as One of the Best Strikers of His Generation)
Robin van Persie
10
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: August 6, 1983
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
 18 
Mata Hari
(Dutch Exotic Dancer Who Was Convicted and Executed for Being a Spy)
Mata Hari
10
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 7, 1876
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Died: October 15, 1917
Mata Hari was a Dutch courtesan and exotic dancer, charged with spying for Germany during World War I. She was executed by a firing squad in France, and her head was preserved in a museum, but later went missing. The “femme fatale” has been immortalized in many films and books.
 19 
Memphis Depay
(Dutch Footballer Who Plays as a Forward)
Memphis Depay
16
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 13, 1994
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moordrecht, Netherlands
 20 
Marco van Basten
(Former Dutch Football Star)
Marco van Basten
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 31, 1964
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Dutch footballer Marco van Basten is known for his successful stints at Ajax and Milan and won the Champions League thrice with the latter. However, an ankle injury cut his career short. The three-time Ballon d'Or winner later took over as the manager of Ajax and the Dutch national team.
 21 
Arjen Robben
(Football Player)
Arjen Robben
9
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 23, 1984
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bedum, Netherlands

Widely considered one of the best Dutch soccer players of all time, Arjen Robben is known for his long-range shots, ball control, speed, and dribbling skills. He helped his national team reach the finals of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which they lost to Spain.

 22 
Martin Garrix
14
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: May 14, 1996
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amstelveen, Netherlands

Dutch DJ and record producer Martin Garrix has been ranked No.1 on DJ Mag's Top 100 DJs list. He decided to become a DJ when he was a child, and at the age of 17, he became the youngest DJ to headline the 2014 Ultra Music Festival. He has performed at many music festivals including Coachella and Electric Daisy Carnival.

 23 
King Willem-Alexander
(King of the Netherlands )
King Willem-Alexander
4
Birthdate: April 27, 1967
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: University Medical Center Utrecht, Netherlands
Willem-Alexander, son of Beatrix of the Netherlands and German-born diplomat Claus van Amsberg, took over as the king of the Netherlands after his mother’s abdication. He has served the Royal Netherlands Navy and been a member of the International Olympic Committee. His interests include sports and water management.
 24 
Rutger Hauer
(Dutch Actor Known for His Films: 'Turkish Delight', 'Nighthawks' and 'Blade Runner')
Rutger Hauer
6
Birthdate: January 23, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Breukelen, Netherlands
Died: July 19, 2019

Dutch actor Rutger Hauer, tagged as the Best Dutch Actor of the Century by the Dutch public, gained spotlight with his debut film, Turkish Delight, the most successful film in the history of Dutch cinema. Moving on, he gained international recognition with other Dutch films like Spetters, and etched his name in Hollywood with films like Nighthawks and Blade Runner.   

 25 
Michiel Huisman
(Dutch Actor Known for His Role as 'Daario Naharis' on HBO’s Fantasy Series 'Game of Thrones')
Michiel Huisman
6
Birthdate: July 18, 1981
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Amstelveen, Netherlands

Michiel Huisman is a Dutch musician and actor who achieved international fame after taking over the role of Daario Naharis in the popular HBO series Game of Thrones in 2014. Michiel Huisman is also known for his association with the band Fontane, which was later renamed Michiel Huisman.

 26 
Wim Hof
(Dutch Extreme Athlete Who Practices Cold Tolerance )
Wim Hof
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 20, 1959
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sittard, Limburg, Netherlands
 27 
Ronald Koeman
(Football Manager, Football Player)
Ronald Koeman
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 21, 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zaandam, Netherlands

Dutch formerfootball  player Ronald Koeman was one of the stars of the Netherlands national team during his playing days. After his retirement, he became a professional football manager and is currently the head coach of La Liga club Barcelona. Tremendously successful as a head coach, he was made the manager of Barcelona in 2020.

 28 
Matthijs de Ligt
(Football Player)
Matthijs de Ligt
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: August 12, 1999
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leiderdorp

Dutch footballer Matthijs de Ligt currently plays for Serie A club Juventus and the Netherlands national team as a center-back. Making his debut in 2016, he became the youngest player ever to play in a major European final the following year. Football pundits consider him to among the most highly regarded young prospects in world football.

 29 
Georginio Wijnaldum
(Dutch Footballer Who Plays as a Midfielder)
Georginio Wijnaldum
8
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: November 11, 1990
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
 30 
Desiderius Erasmus
(Philosopher)
Desiderius Erasmus
8
Birthdate: October 28, 1466
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: July 12, 1536

Born as an illegitimate child of a priest from Rotterdam, Desiderius Erasmus later grew up to be a significant figure of the northern Renaissance. He is remembered for his research on free will and for being the first to edit the New Testament, replacing traditional elements with new-age humanism.

 31 
Frenkie de Jong
(Dutch Footballer Who Plays as a Midfielder )
Frenkie de Jong
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 12, 1997
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gorinchem, Netherlands
 32 
Hakim Ziyech
(Dutch Footballer Who Plays as an Attacking Midfielder/Winger)
Hakim Ziyech
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 19, 1993
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dronten, Netherlands
 33 
Jeon So-mi
(Singer)
Jeon So-mi
13
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: March 9, 2001
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ontario, Canada
 34 
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
2
Birthdate: October 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: August 26, 1723

Seventeenth-century Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, also known as the Father of Microbiology, is remembered as a pioneer of microscopy. His contribution to microbiology included the discovery of spermatozoa, bacteria, and muscle fibers. Though he had not authored any book, his letters to the Royal Society were later published.

 35 
Frank Rijkaard
(Dutch Former Football Player and Former Manager Who Played as a Forward)
Frank Rijkaard
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: September 30, 1962
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dutch footballer and former manager Franklin Rijkaard has represented clubs such as Ajax, Real Zaragoza, and A.C. Milan. He has also coached clubs such as Barcelona and Sparta Rotterdam and the Dutch and Saudi Arabian national teams. He has also earned the 2005-2006 UEFA Manager of the Year honor.
 36 
Patrick Kluivert
(Retired Dutch Footballer Who Played as a Striker)
Patrick Kluivert
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: July 1, 1976
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
 37 
M. C. Escher
(Dutch Graphic Artist Best Known for His Works: ‘Hand with Reflecting Sphere’, ‘Relativity’ and ‘Waterfall’)
M. C. Escher
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 17, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Died: March 27, 1972
Dutch graphic artist M. C. Escher is remembered for his woodcuts, mezzotints, and lithographs inspired by mathematics. He did not receive much appreciation till he turned 70, when he had his first retrospective exhibition. His notable works include Relativity and Waterfall. He also drew inspiration from nature and cityscapes.
 38 
Alex van Halen
(The Drummer and Co-Founder of the Rock Band 'Van Halen')
Alex van Halen
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: May 8, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Alex Van Halen is an American musician known for his drumming skills. He is credited with co-founding the now-defunct band, Van Halen. The band's self-titled debut album influenced several musicians in hard rock at the time of its release in 1978. Alex is also credited with coining the term brown sound, which was usually associated with his late-brother Eddie's guitar.

 39 
Otto Frank
(German Businessman and Father of ‘Anne Frank', the Author of 'The Diary of a Young Girl’)
Otto Frank
6
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 12, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Province of Hesse-Nassau
Died: August 19, 1980
Otto Frank, the father of Anne Frank, published her journal, detailing her experience during the Holocaust, as The Diary of a Young Girl, after her death. Otto was the only person in his family to survive the Holocaust. A former banker, he had also served in the German army.
 40 
Wesley Sneijder
(Retired Dutch Footballer Considered One of the Best Midfielders of His Time)
Wesley Sneijder
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: June 9, 1984
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
 41 
Tiësto
(Dutch DJ and Music Producer Known for His Albums: ‘In My Memory’, ‘Just Be’ and ‘Elements of Life’)
Tiësto
8
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 17, 1969
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Breda, Netherlands

Tiësto is a Dutch record producer and DJ. Popular among fans, Tiësto was voted the Greatest DJ of All Time in a poll conducted by Mix magazine. Considered the Godfather of EDM, he was voted best DJ of the last 20 years by DJ Magazine readers in 2013. Tiësto is credited with founding the Dutch record label, Black Hole Recordings.

 42 
Edwin van der Sar
(Former Dutch Goalkeeper Who Later Turned into a Football Executive)
Edwin van der Sar
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 29, 1970
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Voorhout, Netherlands
 43 
Louis van Gaal
(Retired Dutch Footballer Who Played as a Midfielder and Later Turned Into a Successful Coach)
Louis van Gaal
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: August 8, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
 44 
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
(Critic of Islam and Advocate of Women Rights)
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
5
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: November 13, 1969
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mogadishu, Somalia

Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, and scholar Ayaan Hirsi Ali is the founder of an organization for the defense of women's rights, the AHA Foundation. She actively opposes forced marriage, honor violence, and child marriage. A former Muslim, she now identifies as an atheist and is a vocal critic of Islam. She is a recipient of the Lantos Human Rights Prize.

 45 
Badr Hari
(Moroccan-Dutch Heavyweight Kickboxer)
Badr Hari
9
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: December 8, 1984
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Moroccan-Dutch kickboxer Badr Hari, also known as Bad Boy and The Golden Boy, has won the K-1 Heavyweight and Showtime Heavyweight championships. He represented the Netherlands until his loss to Stefan Leko, after which he began playing for Morocco, due to aggressive criticism from his Dutch fans.

 46 
Aleister Black
(Wrestler)
Aleister Black
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 19, 1985
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Alkmaar, Netherlands
 47 
Paul Verhoeven
(Director)
Paul Verhoeven
0
Birthdate: July 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Paul Verhoeven is a Dutch screenwriter and director whose illustrious career has spanned more than 60 years. Over the years, Verhoeven has won prestigious awards such as a Golden Globe Award, César Award, and Saturn Award. Paul Verhoeven is regarded as one of the most popular filmmakers in the Netherlands.   

 48 
Nikkie De Jager
(Makeup Artist, YouTube Star)
Nikkie De Jager
13
Listed In: YouTubers
Birthdate: March 2, 1994
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wageningen, Netherlands

Dutch makeup artist and beauty vlogger, Nikkie De Jager, gained online popularity in 2015 after one of her videos went viral. She has been uploading videos on YouTube since 2008 and has millions of followers. She signed to Colourfool Agency in 2011 and began her career as a professional makeup artist. She launched her own eyeshadow palette in 2020.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder
0
Birthdate: 1525 AD
Birthplace: Breda or nearby, Duchy of Brabant, Habsburg Netherlands (modern-day Netherlands)
Died: September 9, 1569
Sixteenth-century Flemish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder is remembered for his depiction of peasants through his paintings. His origins remain elusive, though most of his paintings carried his signature, which made it easy for researchers to trace the evolution of his art. Both his sons, too, became painters.
 50 
André Rieu
(Violinist and Conductor Best Known for Creating the Waltz-Playing 'Johann Strauss Orchestra')
André Rieu
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: October 1, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maastricht, Netherlands

André Rieu is a Dutch violinist whose work has earned him international fame for over 30 years. Also an orchestra leader, Rieu is credited with founding the Johann Strauß Orchestra, which is renowned for its unorthodox performances of classical works. André Rieu has played all over the world and is well-known for his performances of classical works by Johann Strauss.