Famous Dutch Artists & Painters

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 1 
Vincent van Gogh
(One of the Most Famous and Influential Artists of All Time)
Vincent van Gogh
55
Birthdate: March 30, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zundert, Netherlands
Died: July 29, 1890

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter and is said to be one of the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. However, he was not commercially successful in his lifetime and died by suicide at 37 after years of mental health issues and poverty. He gained recognition and respect in the 20th century.

 2 
Rembrandt
(One of the Greatest Visual Artists in the History of Art)
Rembrandt
10
Birthdate: July 15, 1606
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 4, 1669

Rembrandt was a Dutch printmaker, painter, and draughtsman. A master in three major art media, Rembrandt is widely considered the most important visual artist in Dutch art history and one of the greatest of all time. He is also considered the greatest etcher in the history of printmaking. His life and work inspired several films, including the 1936 movie Rembrandt.

 3 
Johannes Vermeer
(One of the Greatest Painters of the Dutch Golden Age)
Johannes Vermeer
14
Birthdate: October 31, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: December 15, 1675

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter renowned for his use of light in paintings. Although he did not achieve fame during his lifetime, Vermeer's works gained popularity in the 19th century. Today, Vermeer is often counted among the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Over the years, Vermeer's work has inspired artists like Wilhelm Hammershoi and Thomas Wilmer Dewing.

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 4 
Piet Mondrian
(One of the Greatest Artists of the 20th Century)
Piet Mondrian
12
Birthdate: 1872
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died: January 31, 1944

Dutch painter Piet Mondrian is remembered for pioneering what is known as 20th-century abstract art. He co-founded the De Stijl art movement with Theo van Doesburg and gave rise to Neoplasticism. His art was influenced by Cubism. Many of his paintings consist of geometric shapes in particular sets of colors.

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 5 
Hieronymus Bosch
7
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Burgundian Netherlands
Died: August 9, 1516
Hieronymus Bosch was a Dutch painter and a significant figure of the Early Netherlandish painting school. Most of his works are made of oil on oak wood and consist of religious themes and dark depictions of Hell. One of his notable works is The Garden of Earthly Delights.
 6 
Jan van Eyck
(Painter)
Jan van Eyck
5
Birthdate: 1390 AD
Birthplace: Maaseik, Belgium
Died: July 9, 1441

Jan van Eyck was a painter best remembered for his Early Northern Renaissance art. He was one of the early innovators of Early Netherlandish painting and one of the most significant painters of his generation. A highly influential painter, Jan van Eyck's style and techniques were adopted by the Early Netherlandish painters.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder
5
Birthdate: 1525 AD
Birthplace: Breda or nearby, Duchy of Brabant, Habsburg Netherlands (modern-day Netherlands)
Died: September 9, 1569
Sixteenth-century Flemish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder is remembered for his depiction of peasants through his paintings. His origins remain elusive, though most of his paintings carried his signature, which made it easy for researchers to trace the evolution of his art. Both his sons, too, became painters.
 8 
Frans Hals
(Dutch Golden Age Painter Who is Known for His Loose Painterly Brushwork)
Frans Hals
4
Birthdate: 1582 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 26, 1666

One of the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age of painting, Frans Hals is renowned for his individual and group portraits as well as for his genre work paintings. He is known for loose painterly brushwork, colourful palette and lively style of painting. His work played a key role in the development of 17th century group portraiture.

 9 
Han van Meegeren
(Dutch Painter and One of the Most Ingenious Art Forgers of the 20th Century)
Han van Meegeren
4
Birthdate: October 10, 1889
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Deventer, Netherlands
Died: December 30, 1947
Han van Meegeren was a Dutch painter best remembered for his skills as an art forger; he successfully forged and sold paintings attributed to famous and respected painters like Johannes Vermeer among other Dutch masters. Han van Meegeren developed this art in order to humiliate art critics of his time who had ridiculed his original works.
 10 
Lawrence Alma-Tadema
(One of the Most Popular Victorian Painters of 19th Century)
Lawrence Alma-Tadema
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1836
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dronrijp, Netherlands
Died: June 25, 1912

Lawrence Alma-Tadema was a Dutch classical subject painter whose painting about luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire became very well known. Regarded a prominent Victorian painter, he was successful, admired, famous and highly paid during his lifetime. However, his popularity waned after his death and saw a resurgence only in the second half of the 20th century.

 11 
Carel Fabritius
(Dutch Painter Known for His Works ‘A View of Delft’, ‘The Goldfinch’ and ‘The Sentry’)
Carel Fabritius
3
Birthdate: February 27, 1622
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Middenbeemster, Dutch Republic
Died: October 12, 1654

Born to a schoolteacher and part-time painter father, Dutch painter Carel Fabritius learned painting from Rembrandt. A pioneer of the 17th-century Delft movement, he died in the deadly 1654 Delft gunpowder magazine explosion that ravaged most of the city and almost all his works. The Goldfinch remains his best-known work.

 12 
Theo van Doesburg
(Dutch Artist Best Known as the Founder and Leader of 'De Stijl')
Theo van Doesburg
3
Birthdate: August 30, 1883
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: March 7, 1931

One of the pioneering figures of the Dutch art movement De Stijl, or The Style, Theo van Doesburg stressed on the importance of simplified and geometric visual arts. The son of a photographer, he grew up to create scores of abstract paintings and designed aesthetic room décor and furniture, too.

 13 
Judith Leyster
(Painter)
Judith Leyster
3
Birthdate: July 28, 1609
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: February 10, 1660
 14 
Jacob van Ruisdael
(Painter)
Jacob van Ruisdael
3
Birthdate: 1628 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: March 10, 1682
 15 
Jan Steen
(Golden Age painter)
Jan Steen
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1626
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: February 3, 1679

Jan Steen was a Dutch Golden Age painter, counted among the leading genre painters of the 17th century. Born into a wealthy family, he received training under prominent painter Nicolaes Knupfer. For several years, he worked with renowned landscape painter Jan van Goyen, whose daughter he later married. He painted portraits, still life, and historical, mythological, and religious scenes.

 16 
Theo Jansen
(Dutch Artist and Sculptor Known for His Kinetic Sculpture)
Theo Jansen
3
Birthdate: March 14, 1948
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Scheveningen, Netherlands

Theo Jansen is a Dutch artist best known for his sculptures that combine art and engineering. He achieved popularity when he invented the Strandbeest, a moving kinetic structure that resembles a walking animal. Described as an artificial life by Jansen, these sculptures are constantly being improved. In 2016, The Simpsons featured Jansen and the Strandbeest in one of its episodes. 

 17 
Willem Arondeus
(Dutch Artist and Author)
Willem Arondeus
3
Birthdate: August 22, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Naarden, Netherlands
Died: July 1, 1943

Recognised as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem, Dutch artist-author Willem Arondeus is most noted for his participation in bombing of the Amsterdam civil registry office that formed part of the Dutch anti-Nazi resistance movement during the Second World War. A self-proclaimed gay, his last words before execution were: "Tell the people that homosexuals are not by definition weak."

 18 
Gerard van Honthorst
(Painter)
Gerard van Honthorst
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1592
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: April 27, 1656
 19 
Anton Mauve
(Former realist painter whose best-known paintings depict peasants working in the field)
Anton Mauve
3
Birthdate: September 18, 1838
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Zaandam, Netherlands
Died: February 5, 1888
 20 
Herman Brood
(Musician & Painter Known for His Hedonistic Lifestyle of Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘N’ Roll)
Herman Brood
3
Birthdate: November 5, 1946
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zwolle, Netherlands
Died: July 11, 2001

Best known as part of Wild Romance, Dutch musician Herman Brood was the poster child of Dutch rock and roll and the Netherlands’s biggest rock superstar but was also notorious for his addiction to drugs and alcohol. He later turned to painting but committed suicide by jumping from an Amsterdam hotel at 54.

 21 
Philippe de Champaigne
(Painter)
Philippe de Champaigne
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1602
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: August 12, 1674
 22 
Marlene Dumas
(Painter)
Marlene Dumas
3
Birthdate: August 3, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cape Town, South Africa
 23 
Kees van Dongen
(Painter)
Kees van Dongen
3
Birthdate: January 26, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: May 28, 1968
 24 
Pieter de Hooch
(Dutch painter)
Pieter de Hooch
4
Birthdate: December 20, 1629
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1684
 25 
Angela Groothuizen
(Singer)
Angela Groothuizen
3
Birthdate: September 28, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alkmaar, Netherlands
Height: 5'2" (157 cm)
 26 
Karel Appel
(Dutch Painter & Sculptor Who was One of the Founders of the Avant-Garde Movement ‘CoBrA’ in 1948)
Karel Appel
3
Birthdate: April 25, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: May 3, 2006

Karel Appel was a Dutch poet, painter, and sculptor. He is credited with co-founding COBRA, a European avant-garde movement that was active from 1948 to 1951. He is also credited with establishing the Karel Appel Foundation, which aims at preserving his artworks. Many of his works are displayed at museums all over the world, including the Museum of Modern Art.

 27 
Pieter Claesz
(Painter)
Pieter Claesz
3
Birthdate: 1597 AD
Birthplace: Berchem, Antwerp, Belgium
Died: January 1, 1661

Pieter Claesz was a Dutch painter of still lifes who flourished during the Dutch Golden Age. He is best remembered for his work alongside other important Dutch Golden Age artist Willem Claesz Heda. Pieter Claesz and Heda worked in Haarlem and are credited with founding a well-known tradition of still life painting in the city. 

 28 
Gerrit Dou
(Painter)
Gerrit Dou
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1613
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: February 9, 1675
 29 
Maarten van Heemskerck
(Painter)
Maarten van Heemskerck
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1498
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heemskerk, Netherlands
Died: October 1, 1574
 30 
Clara Peeters
(Painter)
Clara Peeters
4
Birthdate: 1594 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: 1659 AD

Clara Peeters was a Flemish painter from Antwerp known for her still-life works. Active in both the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic, she is the most famous female Flemish artist of her era. She was one of the few women artists working professionally in 17th-century Europe. She is believed to have been a wealthy and successful artist.  

 31 
Rachel Ruysch
(Painter)
Rachel Ruysch
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1664
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: August 12, 1750
 32 
Ary Scheffer
(Romantic painter)
Ary Scheffer
2
Birthdate: February 10, 1795
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dordrecht, Netherlands
Died: June 15, 1858
 33 
Gabriël Metsu
(Painter)
Gabriël Metsu
3
Birthdate: 1629
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 24, 1667
 34 
Gerard de Lairesse
(Painter)
Gerard de Lairesse
2
Birthdate: September 11, 1640
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liège, Belgium
Died: July 28, 1711
 35 
Hendrick Avercamp
(Painter)
Hendrick Avercamp
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1585
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: May 15, 1634
 36 
Jan Davidsz. de Heem
(Painter)
Jan Davidsz. de Heem
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1606
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: April 26, 1684
 37 
Gerard David
(Painter)
Gerard David
2
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Oudewater, Netherlands
Died: August 13, 1523
 38 
Gerard ter Borch
(Painter)
Gerard ter Borch
3
Birthdate: 1617
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zwolle, Netherlands
Died: December 8, 1681
 39 
Antonis Mor
(Netherlandish painter)
Antonis Mor
2
Birthdate: 1517 AD
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: 1577 AD
 40 
Anton Pieck
(Painter, Illustrater)
Anton Pieck
2
Birthdate: April 19, 1895
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Den Helder, Netherlands
Died: November 24, 1987
 41 
Dieric Bouts
(Early Netherlandish painter who was among the first northern painters to demonstrate the use of a single vanishing point)
Dieric Bouts
2
Birthdate: 1415 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: 1475 AD
 42 
Hans Klok
(Magician, Actor)
Hans Klok
2
Birthdate: February 22, 1969
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Purmerend, Netherlands
 43 
Meindert Hobbema
(Painter)
Meindert Hobbema
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1638
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: December 7, 1709
 44 
Tonke Dragt
(Writer, Illustrator)
Tonke Dragt
2
Birthdate: November 12, 1930
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jakarta, Indonesia

Born in the Dutch East Indies, Tonke Dragt was 12 when she was interned at a Japanese prisoners’ camp, where she began writing using a pseudonym. She later moved to the Netherlands and emerged as one of the best authors of children's books, including The Letter for the King.         

 45 
Wim Crouwel
(Former Graphic designer who designed the typeface New Alphabet)
Wim Crouwel
2
Birthdate: November 21, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands
Died: September 19, 2019
 46 
Jan van Goyen
(Painter)
Jan van Goyen
2
Birthdate: January 13, 1596
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: April 27, 1656
 47 
Lucas van Leyden
(Artist)
Lucas van Leyden
2
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: September 8, 1533
 48 
Hendrick ter Brugghen
(Painter)
Hendrick ter Brugghen
2
Birthdate: 1588 AD
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: November 1, 1629
 49 
Cornelis van Haarlem
(Painter)
Cornelis van Haarlem
2
Birthdate: 1562 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Habsburg Netherlands
Died: November 11, 1638
 50 
Aelbert Cuyp
(Golden Age Painter, Landscape painter)
Aelbert Cuyp
2
Birthdate: October 20, 1620
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dordrecht, Netherlands
Died: November 15, 1691

Aelbert Cuyp was one of the most important Dutch Golden Age painters renowned for painting beautiful landscapes. Also known for his skills as a draftsman, Aelbert Cuyp is best remembered for his most famous work, River Landscape.