Famous Dutch Scientists

Did you know that the Dutch are at the top of the trade when it comes to inventions and discoveries? While some of you may agree, for those who wane off the fact here are some eye-opening facts for you. The modernized mercury thermometer that you use today for checking temperature was invented by a Dutch scientist, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit. While making a chocolate cake/muffin, what is that one inevitable ingredient that you cannot do away with? Cocoa powder, isn’t it? Yet again a Dutch finding which laid the foundation for the modern day chocolate industry! The bulls and the bears of the stock exchange often determine our assets and liabilities. But did you where did it all begun? Yes, Amsterdam it is. The Dutch merchants are credited for founding the first official, fully-fledged stock exchange. Do you know Vic Hayes, the father of WiFi was a Dutch? The central banking system that has become an inseparable part of our lives was first conceptualized and brought into practice in Netherland. And for music lovers, the hardcore techno that is one of the significant subgenres of electronic dance music was initially designed in Netherlands. However, these are just a handful of the numerous inventions made by Dutch scientists. Check this section and find out in details about the life and works of famous Dutch scientists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.
4
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: October 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: August 26, 1723

Seventeenth-century Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, also known as the Father of Microbiology, is remembered as a pioneer of microscopy. His contribution to microbiology included the discovery of spermatozoa, bacteria, and muscle fibers. Though he had not authored any book, his letters to the Royal Society were later published.

 2 Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens.
10
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 14, 1629
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: July 8, 1695

From proposing the wave theory of light to discovering the actual shape of the rings of Saturn and inventing the pendulum clock, Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens had contributed a lot to science. Born to a diplomat, Huygens had the privilege of an elite education but remain sickly throughout his life.

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 3 Guido van Rossum

Guido van Rossum.
9
Famous As: Programmer
Birthdate: January 31, 1956
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Netherlands
Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum is known as the inventor of the Python programming language. He has also worked with Google and Dropbox earlier. In November 2020, he announced he announced his decision to join the Developer Division of Microsoft. He has won several honors, such as the NLUUG Award.

 4 Hendrik Lorentz

Hendrik Lorentz.
4
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 18, 1853
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Arnhem
Died: February 4, 1928

Nobel Prize-winning Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz, a major figure of the Second Dutch Golden Age, is remembered for his discovery of the Zeeman effect, along with his former student Pieter Zeeman, who shared the Nobel with Lorentz. His research on electromagnetic radiation prepared ground for Einstein’s special theory of relativity.

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 5 Edsger W. Dijkstra

Edsger W. Dijkstra.
9
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: May 11, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 6, 2002

 6 Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff

Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 30, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 1, 1911
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 7 Gerard Kuiper

Gerard Kuiper
3
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tuitjenhorn, Netherlands
Died: December 24, 1973

Gerard Kuiper was blessed with an unusually sharp eyesight and could see stars clearly with the naked eye. The Dutch-born scientist later moved to the U.S., where he established the University of Arizona’s LPL. He also initiated research on the belt of comets surrounding the Sun, known as the Kuiper belt.

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 8 Jan Ingenhousz

Jan Ingenhousz
4
Famous As: Botanist, Physician, Physicist
Birthdate: December 8, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Breda
Died: September 7, 1799
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 9 Johannes van der Waals

Johannes van der Waals.
3
Famous As: Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: November 23, 1837
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: March 8, 1923
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Johannes Diderik van der Waals, born to a carpenter, was largely self-taught in his early days. His pathbreaking research on the gaseous and liquid states of matter influenced later studies on molecular dynamics. He was the man behind the van der Waals equation.

 10 Gerard ’t Hooft

Gerard ’t Hooft.
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 5, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Den Helder, Netherlands

Gerard ’t Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist whose work focuses on black holes, gauge theory, quantum gravity, and quantum mechanics. In 1999, he shared the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics with Martinus J. G. Veltman. Over the years, Gerard ’t Hooft has also received other prestigious awards, such as the Wolf Prize, Lorentz Medal, Spinoza Prize, and Franklin Medal.

 11 Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolaas Tinbergen.
3
Famous As: Ornithologist
Birthdate: April 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: December 21, 1988

Nikolaas Tinbergen was a Dutch ornithologist and biologist. Counted among the founders of modern ethology, Tinbergen shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973 with Konrad Lorenz and Karl von Frisch for their discoveries concerning the social behavior patterns in animals. He is also credited with authoring an influential book on animal behavior titled The Study of Instinct.

 12 Pieter Zeeman

Pieter Zeeman.
2
Famous As: Discovered the 'Zeeman Effect'
Birthdate: May 25, 1865
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zonnemaire, Netherlands
Died: October 9, 1943

Pieter Zeeman was a Dutch physicist whose discovery of the Zeeman effect earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1902, which he shared with Hendrik Lorentz. Over the course of his career, Zeeman received several other awards, such as the Matteucci Medal in 1912, Henry Draper Medal in 1921, Rumford Medal in 1922, and Franklin Medal in 1925.

 13 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes.
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: September 21, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands
Died: February 21, 1926

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is best remembered for his discovery of superconductivity and his research on low-temperature physics, which eventually led to the liquefaction of helium. He is also said to have coined the term enthalpy. The Kamerlingh Onnes Award, named after him, honors achievements in low-temperature science.

 14 Simon Stevin

Simon Stevin
3
Famous As: mathematician, engineer, military personnel
Birthdate: 1548 AD
Birthplace: Bruges
Died: January 31, 1620

 15 Max Euwe

Max Euwe
3
Famous As: Chess player, Mathematician
Birthdate: May 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: November 26, 1981

 16 Hugo de Vries

Hugo de Vries
4
Famous As: Botanist, Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher
Birthdate: February 16, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Haarlem
Died: May 21, 1935

 17 Bernard Feringa

Bernard Feringa
3
Famous As: Organic Chemist
Birthdate: May 18, 1951
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Barger-Compascuum, Netherlands

 18 Martinus Beijerinck

Martinus Beijerinck
3
Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 16, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: January 1, 1931

 19 Jan Oort

Jan Oort
3
Famous As: Astronomer, Scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 28, 1900
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Franeker
Died: November 5, 1992

 20 Paul J. Crutzen

Paul J. Crutzen.
3
Famous As: Atmospheric Chemist
Birthdate: December 3, 1933
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Nobel Prize-winning Dutch atmospheric chemist Paul J. Crutzen had initially been a civil engineer and a computer programmer. He is remembered for his contribution to research on the ozone layer. In 2000, he used the term Anthropocene to describe the current era where human action has been changing the planet.

 21 Willebrord Snell

Willebrord Snell.
2
Famous As: Astronomer & Mathematician
Birthdate: June 13, 1580
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Leiden, Dutch Republic
Died: October 30, 1626

Willebrord Snell was a Dutch mathematician and astronomer. He is credited with rediscovering the law of refraction, which is named Snell's law in his honor. A much-revered mathematician in the Netherlands, Willebrord Snell was honored by the Royal Netherlands Navy by naming three of its survey ships after him. Snellius, a lunar crater, is also named in his honor.

 22 L. E. J. Brouwer

L. E. J. Brouwer
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 27, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Overschie, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: December 2, 1966

 23 Martinus J. G. Veltman

Martinus J. G. Veltman.
2
Famous As: Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: June 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Waalwijk, Netherlands

Martinus J. G. Veltman was a Dutch theoretical physicist whose work on particle theory alongside Gerardus 't Hooft earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in physics in 1999, which he shared with the latter. Veltman also wrote a book titled Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics, which was published in 2003. The Asteroid 9492 Veltman is named after him.

 24 Wubbo Ockels

Wubbo Ockels
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 28, 1946
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Almelo, Netherlands
Died: May 18, 2014

 25 Joep Lange

Joep Lange
5
Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: September 25, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands
Died: July 17, 2014

 26 Marion Koopmans

Marion Koopmans
2
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 21, 1956
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tegelen

 27 Samuel Abraham Goudsmit

Samuel Abraham Goudsmit
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 11, 1902
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: December 4, 1978

 28 Willem de Sitter

Willem de Sitter
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sneek, Netherlands
Died: November 20, 1934

 29 Frits Zernike

Frits Zernike.
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 10, 1966

Nobel Prize-winning Dutch physicist Frits Zernike is remembered for his pathbreaking invention of the phase-contrast microscope, which did away with the need to stain cells and thus killing cells to study them. The Rumford Medal-winning scientist, born to math teacher parents, was inspired by his father’s love for physics.

 30 Christiaan Eijkman

Christiaan Eijkman.
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 11, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nijkerk
Died: November 5, 1930

 31 Gemma Frisius

Gemma Frisius
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 9, 1508
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dokkum, Netherlands
Died: May 25, 1555

 32 George Uhlenbeck

George Uhlenbeck
2
Famous As: Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: December 6, 1900
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Died: October 31, 1988

 33 Simon van der Meer

Simon van der Meer.
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 24, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: The Hague
Died: March 4, 2011

 34 Pieter van Musschenbroek

Pieter van Musschenbroek
2
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: March 14, 1692
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: September 19, 1761

 35 Coenraad Jacob Temminck

Coenraad Jacob Temminck
2
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: March 31, 1778
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Amsterdam
Died: January 30, 1858

 36 Franciscus Sylvius

Franciscus Sylvius
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 15, 1614
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: November 19, 1672

 37 Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn

Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 19, 1851
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Barneveld, Netherlands
Died: June 18, 1922

 38 John Gerrard Keulemans

John Gerrard Keulemans
1
Famous As: Illustrator
Birthdate: June 8, 1842
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 29, 1912

 39 Reinier de Graaf

Reinier de Graaf
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 30, 1641
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schiedam, Netherlands
Died: August 17, 1673

 40 Hendrik Anthony Kramers

Hendrik Anthony Kramers
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: April 24, 1952

 41 John Goodricke

John Goodricke
1
Famous As: Amateur astronomer
Birthdate: September 17, 1764
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands
Died: April 20, 1786

 42 Maarten Schmidt

Maarten Schmidt
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Groningen, Netherlands

 43 C. H. D. Buys Ballot

C. H. D. Buys Ballot
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 10, 1817
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kloetinge, Netherlands
Died: February 3, 1890

 44 Bart Bok

Bart Bok
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: April 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hoorn, Netherlands
Died: August 5, 1983

Dutch-American astronomer, teacher, and lecturer Bartholomeus Jan "Bart" Bok is best remembered for working on the structure and evolution of the Milky Way galaxy, and for discovering the isolated and relatively small dark nebulae called Bok globules. Bok and his astronomer wife Priscilla Fairfield collaborated closely on their astronomical work and co-authored the widely acclaimed book The Milky Way.

 45 Willem Hendrik Keesom

Willem Hendrik Keesom
1
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: June 21, 1876
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Texel, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1956

 46 Johannes Hudde

Johannes Hudde
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 23, 1628
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: April 15, 1704

 47 Ernst Cohen

Ernst Cohen
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 7, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 5, 1944

 48 Marcel Minnaert

Marcel Minnaert
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: February 12, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brugge, Belgium
Died: October 26, 1970

 49 Hendrik C. van de Hulst

Hendrik C. van de Hulst
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: November 19, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: July 31, 2000

 50 Jacob Moleschott

Jacob Moleschott
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 9, 1822
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: ’s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
Died: May 20, 1893