Did you know that the Dutch are at the top of the trade when it comes to inventions and discoveries? While some of you may agree, for those who wane off the fact here are some eye-opening facts for you. The modernized mercury thermometer that you use today for checking temperature was invented by a Dutch scientist, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit. While making a chocolate cake/muffin, what is that one inevitable ingredient that you cannot do away with? Cocoa powder, isn’t it? Yet again a Dutch finding which laid the foundation for the modern day chocolate industry! The bulls and the bears of the stock exchange often determine our assets and liabilities. But did you where did it all begun? Yes, Amsterdam it is. The Dutch merchants are credited for founding the first official, fully-fledged stock exchange. Do you know Vic Hayes, the father of WiFi was a Dutch? The central banking system that has become an inseparable part of our lives was first conceptualized and brought into practice in Netherland. And for music lovers, the hardcore techno that is one of the significant subgenres of electronic dance music was initially designed in Netherlands. However, these are just a handful of the numerous inventions made by Dutch scientists. Check this section and find out in details about the life and works of famous Dutch scientists.
Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632
Scientist
Guido van RossumGuido van Rossum
31 January 1956
Programmer

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629
Mathematician

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz
18 July 1853
Physicist

Nikolaas TinbergenNikolaas Tinbergen
15 April 1907
Ornithologist

Heike Kamerlingh OnnesHeike Kamerlingh Onnes
21 September 1853
Physicist
Pieter ZeemanPieter Zeeman
25 May 1865
Discovered the 'Zeeman Effect'

Fritz ZernikeFrits Zernike
16 July 1888
Physicist

Paul J. CrutzenPaul J. Crutzen
03 December 1933
Atmospheric Chemist
Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman
11 August 1858
Physician

Martinus J. G. VeltmanMartinus J. G. Veltman
27 June 1931
Theoretical Physicist
Simon van der MeerSimon van der Meer
24 November 1925
Physicist

Willebrord SnellWillebrord Snell
13 June 1580
Astronomer & Mathematician

Johannes Diderik van der WaalsJohannes van der Waals
23 November 1837
Theoretical Physicist

Gerard ’t HooftGerard ’t Hooft
05 July 1946
Physicist

Edsger W. DijkstraEdsger W. Dijkstra
11 May 1930
Computer scientist
Andre GeimAndre Geim
21 October 1958
Physicist

Gerard KuiperGerard Kuiper
07 December 1905
Astronomer

Max EuweMax Euwe
20 May 1901
Chess player, Mathematician, Chess official,

Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
16 March 1851
Microbiologist
Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
16 February 1848
Botanist, Biologist, Geneticist, University

Simon StevinSimon Stevin
1548 AD
mathematician, engineer, military personnel
Jan OortJan Oort
28 April 1900
Astronomer, Scientist, University teacher

Tjalling KoopmansTjalling Koopmans
28 August 1910
Economist, Mathematician

Jan SwammerdamJan Swammerdam
12 February 1637
Biologist
Willem de SitterWillem de Sitter
06 May 1872
Mathematician

Wubbo OckelsWubbo Ockels
28 March 1946
Physicist
Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
08 December 1730
Botanist, Physician, Physicist

Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508
Physician

George UhlenbeckGeorge Uhlenbeck
06 December 1900
Theoretical Physicist
Coenraad Jacob TemminckCoenraad Jacob Temminck
31 March 1778
Zoologist

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Joep LangeJoep Lange
25 September 1954
Medical researcher
Franciscus SylviusFranciscus Sylvius
15 March 1614
Physician

Pieter van MusschenbroekPieter van Musschenbroek
14 March 1692
Scientist

John GoodrickeJohn Goodricke
17 September 1764
Amateur astronomer

Maarten SchmidtMaarten Schmidt
28 December 1929
Astronomer
C. H. D. Buys BallotC. H. D. Buys Ballot
10 October 1817
Chemist
Bart BokBart Bok
28 April 1906
Astronomer

Hendrik Anthony KramersHendrik Anthony Kramers
02 February 1894
Physicist

Jacob MoleschottJacob Moleschott
09 August 1822
Physiologist

Willem Hendrik KeesomWillem Hendrik Keesom
21 June 1876
Physicist
Johannes HuddeJohannes Hudde
23 April 1628
Mathematician

Ernst CohenErnst Cohen
07 March 1869
Chemist

Hendrik C. van de HulstHendrik C. van de Hulst
19 November 1918
Astronomer

Marcel MinnaertMarcel Minnaert
12 February 1893
Astronomer

Samuel Abraham GoudsmitSamuel Abraham Goudsmit
11 July 1902
Physicist
Volcher CoiterVolcher Coiter
1534 AD
Physician

Frits WentFrits Went
18 June 1863
Botanist
Dirk BrouwerDirk Brouwer
01 September 1902
Astronomer

Reinier de GraafReinier de Graaf
30 July 1641
Physician

Heike Kamerlingh-OnnesHeike Kamerlingh-Onnes
21 September 1853
 
Arie PoldervaartArie Poldervaart
06 July 1918
Geologist and Petrologist

Jacobus Cornelius KapteynJacobus Cornelius Kapteyn
19 January 1851
Astronomer
Thomas Jan StieltjesThomas Jan Stieltjes
29 December 1856
Mathematician

Georg Eberhard RumpfGeorg Eberhard Rumpf
01 November 1627
Naturalist

Bernard Siegfried AlbinusBernard Siegfried Albinus
24 February 1697
Anatomist

Bernard FeringaBernard Feringa
18 May 1951
Organic Chemist

Jacobus Henricus van 't HoffJacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
30 August 1852
Chemist
Johannes Diederik van der WaalsJohannes Diederik van der Waals
23 November 1837
Physicist