Leo Leaders

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 1 
Barack Obama
(44th President of the United States (2009-2017))
Barack Obama
800
Birthdate: August 4, 1961
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

Former President of the United States, Barack Obama, has the distinction of being the first African-American president of the nation. A civil rights attorney and an academic, he has been credited with bringing about a significant improvement in America’s reputation abroad. His efforts to strengthen international diplomacy was recognized with the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

 2 
Napoleon Bonaparte
(Emperor of the French (1804-1814))
Napoleon Bonaparte
80
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: May 5, 1821
French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte ruled as the French emperor from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He strengthened France’s position in Europe through the Napoleonic Wars and extended his kingdom. However, he was eventually defeated by the Seventh Coalition at the Battle of Waterloo and sent to exile. 
 3 
Simon Bolivar
(Revolutionary & Military Leader)
Simon Bolivar
30
Birthdate: July 24, 1783
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: December 17, 1830
After losing his parents as a child, Simon Bolivar also lost his Spanish wife to yellow fever later and thus decided to devote himself to politics. He was the first president of Gran Colombia and Bolivia, and also led Peru and Venezuela in their fight for freedom, against Spain.
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 4 
Jacinda Ardern
(40th Prime Minister of New Zealand)
Jacinda Ardern
97
Birthdate: July 26, 1980
Birthplace: Hamilton, New Zealand

Jacinda Ardern is the current Prime Minister of New Zealand. In October 2017, at the age of 37, she became the world's youngest female head of government. Ardern was praised for the way she led her country after the Christchurch mosque shootings in March 2019 and handled the COVID 19 pandemic. She led her party to victory in 2020 general elections.

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 5 
Herbert Hoover
(31st President of the United States (1929 – 1933))
Herbert Hoover
40
Birthdate: August 10, 1874
Birthplace: West Branch, Iowa, United States
Died: October 20, 1964

The 31st president of the United States, Herbert Hoover, was sworn into the office in 1929, the year the Great Depression struck the American economy. Earlier, Hoover was a successful mining engineer and had earned a reputation of a humanitarian who fed numerous Europeans during and after WWI. His policies during the depression, though, could not provide relief to people.

 6 
Davy Crockett
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee from 1827 to 1831)
Davy Crockett
8
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Birthplace: Limestone, Tennessee, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
American folk hero Davy Crockett, or the "King of the Wild Frontier,” was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee and part of the Texas Revolution. He opposed the Indian Removal Act. He was killed by the Mexican army the Battle of the Alamo.
 7 
Benjamin Harrison
(23rd President of the United States (1889 – 1893))
Benjamin Harrison
13
Birthdate: August 20, 1833
Birthplace: North Bend, Ohio, United States
Died: March 13, 1901

Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd U.S. President and is remembered for his efforts to pass the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act. A qualified lawyer, he was the great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison V. Known for strengthening the Navy, he also attempted to secure the voting rights of African–Americans.

 8 
Marcus Garvey
(Jamaican Political Activist, Journalist and Founder and First President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association)
Marcus Garvey
9
Birthdate: August 17, 1887
Birthplace: Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica
Died: June 10, 1940
Marcus Garvey is remembered as an iconic Black separatist leader who believed that all African-origin people in Europe and America should go back to Africa. He established the Universal Negro Improvement Association, but his activism was not accepted by civil rights activists, who believed in racial integration and not segregation.
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 9 
Henry V of England
(King of England (1413 – 1422))
Henry V of England
9
Birthdate: August 9, 1386
Birthplace: Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales
Died: August 31, 1422

One of the most renowned kings in English history, Henry V ascended the throne at the age of 26 in 1413 and ruled England till his death in 1422. Though his reign was short, it was marked by great successes in the Hundred Years' War against France which established England as one of the strongest kingdoms in entire Europe.

 10 
Ron Paul
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas)
Ron Paul
40
Birthdate: August 20, 1935
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.

Ron Paul is a physician, author, and retired politician who has played an important role in promoting libertarian vision by delivering speeches on American college campuses. A doctor by profession, Ron Paul served in the U.S. Air Force as a flight surgeon from 1963 to 1968. His life and career inspired the 2012 film Ron Paul Uprising.

 11 
Robert Todd Lincoln
(35th United States Secretary of War & Son of Abraham Lincoln)
Robert Todd Lincoln
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1843
Birthplace: Springfield, Illinois, United States
Died: July 25, 1926

Lawyer Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln, served as the U.S. Secretary of War from 1881 to 1885 and as the U.S. minister to the U.K. from 1889 to 1893. He had served in the Civil War, too, and had also been the president of the Pullman Car Company

 12 
Trey Gowdy
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina's 4th district)
Trey Gowdy
18
Birthdate: August 22, 1964
Birthplace: Greenville, South Carolina, United States
Trey Gowdy, former representative for South Carolina's 4th congressional district, has also been a federal prosecutor and a district attorney. He led the investigations into the Benghazi attack and Hillary Clinton's email server, and has chaired the House Oversight Committee. He now works for Fox News and a legal firm.
 13 
Fred Thompson
(Former United States Senator from Tennessee (1994 - 2003))
Fred Thompson
11
Birthdate: August 19, 1942
Birthplace: Sheffield, Alabama, United States
Died: November 1, 2015

Fred Thompson was an American politician, lobbyist, attorney, columnist, radio personality, and actor. From 1994 to 2003, Thompson served as the United States Senator from Tennessee. As an actor, he played important roles in several films and TV series, such as Law & Order and Barbarians at the Gate.

 14 
Jiang Zemin
(Former President of China)
Jiang Zemin
9
Birthdate: August 17, 1926
Birthplace: Yangzhou, Jiangsu
Died: November 30, 2022

Chinese politician, Jiang Zemin, served as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party from 1989 to 2002. Qualified as an engineer, he joined the Chinese Communist Party when he was in college. Rising through the ranks, he eventually became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Minister of Electronic Industries. 

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 15 
Stanley A McChrystal
(Retired Armed Force Officer)
Stanley A McChrystal
8
Birthdate: August 14, 1954
Birthplace: Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, United States

Retired United States Army general, Stanley A McChrysta,l is best known for his command of Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) during the 2000s. He was described as "perhaps the finest warrior and leader of men in combat I ever met" by Former Defense Secretary Robert Gates. Following his retirement, he began teaching courses in international relations at Yale University.

 16 
Emiliano Zapata
(Leading Figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920)
Emiliano Zapata
10
Birthdate: August 8, 1879
Birthplace: Anenecuilco, Mexico
Died: April 10, 1919
Emiliano Zapata was a key figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920 and led the agrarian movement known as Zapatismo. As the leader of the Liberation Army of the South, he contributed to the fall of Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz and later fought against Venustiano Carranza.
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 17 
Shimon Peres
(Former President of Israel)
Shimon Peres
10
Birthdate: August 2, 1923
Birthplace: Wiszniew, Poland
Died: September 28, 2016
Shimon Peres had been both the president and prime minister of Israel (twice). He was also part of five political parties in his 70-year career and had held important cabinet posts such as the minister of finance. He won the Nobel Peace Prize along with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat.
 18 
Manuel L. Quezon
(2nd President of the Philippines)
Manuel L. Quezon
19
Birthdate: August 19, 1878
Birthplace: Baler, Philippines
Died: August 1, 1944

Filipino statesman Manuel L. Quezon, or MLQ, was the president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944, thus becoming the first Filipino to lead a government of the whole of the Philippines. He formed a government-in-exile in the U.S. after the Japanese invasion during World War II.

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 19 
Abiy Ahmed
(Prime Minister of Ethiopia)
Abiy Ahmed
32
Birthdate: August 15, 1976
Birthplace: Beshasha, Ethiopia

Abiy Ahmed is an Ethiopian politician and the current prime minister of Ethiopia. Since becoming the prime minister, Abiy Ahmed has been lauded for launching a wide program of economic and political reforms in Ethiopia. He also played a major role in ending the 20-year Eritrean–Ethiopian War for which he was honored with the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.

 20 
Juan Guaidó
(Politician)
Juan Guaidó
13
Birthdate: July 28, 1983
Birthplace: La Guaira, Venezuela

Juan Guaidó is a Venezuelan politician who proclaimed himself the acting president of Venezuela with the support of the National Assembly. Since 2019, Guaidó has been influential in the ongoing Venezuelan presidential crisis, which started when the National Assembly refused to recognize Nicolas Maduro's inauguration to a second presidential term. In 2019, Guaidó was named in the Time 100 list.

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 21 
Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.
(United States Army General)
Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.
8
Birthdate: August 22, 1934
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: December 27, 2012
 22 
Amber Rudd
(Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2018 - 2019))
Amber Rudd
12
Birthdate: August 1, 1963
Birthplace: Marylebone, London, England, United Kingdom

Amber Rudd is a former politician who served as the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions of the United Kingdom from 2018 to 2019. From 2016 to 2018, she served as Home Secretary under Prime Minister Theresa May. Also a humanitarian, Amber Rudd is part of an organization called Snowdon Trust, which helps disabled people access education.

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 23 
Anwar Ibrahim
(Malaysian Politician)
Anwar Ibrahim
8
Birthdate: August 10, 1947
Birthplace: Bukit Mertajam

Anwar Ibrahim is a Malaysian politician who has served as Leader of the Opposition twice. Interested in politics from an early age, he joined the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) as a young man. He rose through the ranks to become the finance minister and the deputy prime minister. He is a controversial figure and has been jailed for sodomy.

 24 
Deng Xiaoping
(Politician)
Deng Xiaoping
26
Birthdate: August 22, 1904
Birthplace: Guang'an, China
Died: February 19, 1997
Deng Xiaoping led the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1989. He ordered a crackdown on the Tiananmen Square protestors in 1989, leading to the June Fourth Massacre. However, he also earned the tag of the "Architect of Modern China" for ushering in a market economy in the country.
 25 
Elizabeth Dole
(Former United States senator)
Elizabeth Dole
7
Birthdate: July 29, 1936
Birthplace: Salisbury, North Carolina, United States
 26 
Smedley Butler
(United States Marine Corps officer)
Smedley Butler
6
Birthdate: July 30, 1881
Birthplace: West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 21, 1940
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 27 
John Howard
(Former Prime Minister of Australia)
John Howard
12
Birthdate: July 26, 1939
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia

John Howard is an Australian former politician who served serving as the prime minister of Australia from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. He is the second-longest-serving Australian prime minister, behind Sir Robert Menzies. As the prime minister, John Howard enforced new gun laws after the Port Arthur massacre of 1996. His tenure as PM has inspired several books.

 28 
H. R. McMaster
(25th United States National Security Advisor (Feb 2017 - Apr 2018))
H. R. McMaster
8
Birthdate: July 24, 1962
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Herbert Raymond McMaster is a former U.S. army lieutenant general and has previously also been the U.S. national security advisor. He is renowned for his participation in the Gulf War, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom. He now teaches at Stanford and has authored the book Dereliction of Duty.
 29 
Stanley Baldwin
(Former British Prime Minister)
Stanley Baldwin
6
Birthdate: August 3, 1867
Birthplace: Bewdley
Died: December 14, 1947

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative statesman. He served as prime minister of the United Kingdom on three occasions during the interwar period. Baldwin's second government, which was formed by him after winning the 1924 general election, saw tenures of office by important personalities like Winston Churchill, Neville Chamberlain, and Sir Austen Chamberlain.

 30 
Meriwether Lewis
(Explorer, Politician)
Meriwether Lewis
4
Birthdate: August 18, 1774
Birthplace: Ivy, Colony of Virginia
Died: October 11, 1809

Best known for his exploration of the Pacific Northwest and Oregon, Meriwether Lewis led the legendary Lewis and Clark Expedition. He had also been the governor of Louisiana. His mysterious death at age 35, due to gunshot wounds, sparked a huge debate on whether it was a murder or a suicide.

 31 
Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
(Former King of Saudi Arabia)
Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
11
Birthdate: August 1, 1924
Birthplace: Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (now Saudi Arabia)
Died: January 23, 2015
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, or Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, was the king of Saudi Arabia and the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to 2015. One of King Abdulaziz’s sons, he also led the Saudi Arabian National Guard. He was once the world’s third-wealthiest head of state.
 32 
Jeanine Anez
(Politician)
Jeanine Anez
8
Birthdate: August 13, 1967
Birthplace: San Joaquin, Bolivia
 33 
Bill Clinton
(42nd President of the United States)
Bill Clinton
90
Birthdate: August 19, 1946
Birthplace: Hope, Arkansas, United States

Bill Cinton was the 42nd president of the United States who served for two terms from 1993 to 2001. He was the third-youngest president in the American history and presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history. The second-term of his presidency was rocked by the infamous Monica Lewinsky sex-scandal for which he was impeached and later acquitted.

 34 
Harold Holt
(Former Prime Minister of Australia)
Harold Holt
7
Birthdate: August 5, 1908
Birthplace: Stanmore
Died: December 17, 1967

Harold Holt was an Australian politician and the 17th prime minister of Australia. On 17 December 1967, Holt disappeared while swimming in rough conditions at Cheviot Beach. Following his disappearance, which gave rise to several conspiracy theories, Harold Holt was presumed dead. The Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Centre in Melbourne is named in his honor.

 35 
Gavrilo Princip
(Assassinator of Archduke Franz Ferdinand)
Gavrilo Princip
16
Birthdate: July 25, 1894
Birthplace: Obljaj
Died: April 28, 1918
Gavrilo Princip was a Bosnian Serb member of the Young Bosnia movement who wished to end the Austro-Hungarian reign in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He thus assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, at age 19. This eventually contributed to the start of World War I
 36 
Mohammad Najibullah
(2nd President of Afghanistan)
Mohammad Najibullah
3
Birthdate: August 6, 1947
Birthplace: Gardez, Afghanistan
Died: September 27, 1996

Mohammad Najibullah was an Afghan politician. From 1987 to 1992, he served as the president of Afghanistan before resigning in 1992. Throughout his tenure as president and leader of Afghanistan, Najibullah preferred nationalism over socialism, abolished the one-party state, and made Islam an official religion. In 1996, he was publicly hanged by the Taliban after they captured Kabul.

 37 
Pertinax
(Military Leader)
Pertinax
6
Birthdate: August 1, 0126
Birthplace: Alba Pompeia, Italy
Died: March 28, 0193

Born to a freed slave, Pertinax joined the Roman army early in life and soon rose to be a commander. He was declared the emperor after Commodus was murdered but was himself killed within three months of his rule. Septimius Severus later organized a state funeral and also deified him.

 38 
George Clinton
(4th Vice President of the United States)
George Clinton
5
Birthdate: July 26, 1739
Birthplace: Little Britain, New York, United States
Died: April 20, 1812

George Clinton is one of the pioneers of funk music. He initially released multiple hits with the collective Parliament-Funkadelic and then launched a solo career with the album Computer Games and the singles Loopzilla and Atomic Dog. He has also lent his voice to the TV movie Freaknik: The Musical.

 39 
Seth Bullock
(Politician)
Seth Bullock
4
Birthdate: July 23, 1849
Birthplace: Amherstburg, Canada
Died: September 23, 1919

Canadian-American frontiersman, hardware store owner, sheriff, U.S. Marshal, horse breeder and hotel owner Seth Bullock is best known for building the Bullock Hotel, the oldest hotel in Deadwood. Bullock was appointed the first sheriff of the then lawless Dakota where he eventually emerged as a prominent figure civilizing the rowdy camp without killing anyone.

 40 
James R. Jordan, Sr.
James R. Jordan, Sr.
10
Birthdate: July 31, 1936
Died: July 23, 1993
 41 
Alan Autry
(23rd Mayor of Fresno)
Alan Autry
4
Birthdate: July 31, 1952
Birthplace: Shreveport, Louisiana, United States
Height: 6'3" (190 cm)
 42 
Menachem Begin
(Former Prime Minister of Israel)
Menachem Begin
4
Birthdate: August 16, 1913
Birthplace: Brest
Died: March 9, 1992

Menachem Begin was an Israeli politician who served as the sixth Prime Minister of Israel. In this position, he signed a peace treaty with Egypt in 1979, for which he and Egyptian politician Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Prize for Peace. He implemented several reforms to improve the socio-economic condition of Israeli citizens and improve the general quality of life.

 43 
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(Indian Independence Activist and One Third of the 'Lal Bal Pal' Triumvirate)
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
17
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: September 1, 1920
Indian nationalist and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known as Lokmanya Tilak, promoted the concept of Swaraj, or self-rule. He was part of the freedom-fighter trio know as Lal Bal Pal, along with fellow Indian National Congress members Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.
 44 
Nirmala Sitharaman
(Politician)
Nirmala Sitharaman
22
Birthdate: August 18, 1959
Birthplace: Madurai, Madras State, India (present-day Tamil Nadu)
One of the world’s 100 most powerful women in 2020 according to Forbes, BJP member Nirmala Sitharaman is the first woman to be a full-time finance minister of India. The Madurai-born JNU alumna had earlier quit her PhD program in economics midway to move to London with her husband.
 45 
Apolinario Mabini
(Filipino Revolutionary and the 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines)
Apolinario Mabini
16
Birthdate: July 23, 1864
Birthplace: Talaga, Tanauan, Philippines
Died: May 13, 1903

The 1st prime minister of the Philippines, Apolinario Mabini led the Philippine Revolution and helped in drafting the Malolos Constitution. Born into a family of illiterate peasants, he became a lawyer, before joining the forces of revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo. He spent most of his later years in exile, targeted by the US.

 46 
Meg Whitman
(Former CEO of Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
Meg Whitman
8
Birthdate: August 4, 1956
Birthplace: Cold Spring Harbor, New York, United States
Meg Whitman has previously been the CEO of HP and eBay. She has also been associated with companies such as The Walt Disney Company and P&G. She was part of Mitt Romney’s presidential campaigns and also ran for California’s governor in 2010. She later supported Joe Biden’s presidential run.
 47 
Arvind Kejriwal
(Chief Minister of Delhi (2013-14, Since 2015))
Arvind Kejriwal
13
Birthdate: August 16, 1968
Birthplace: Siwani, Haryana, India
Indian politician Arvind Kejriwal is the incumbent chief minister of Delhi and the founder of the Aam Aadmi Party. The Ramon Magsaysay Award-winning leader is an IIT-KGP alumnus and was initially a joint commissioner of income tax with the IRS. His book Swaraj highlights burning issues such as corruption.
 48 
Charlotte Corday
(French Revolutionary Who Was Executed for the Assassination of Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat)
Charlotte Corday
5
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793

Charlotte Corday was an important figure of the French Revolution. She is remembered for murdering Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, for which she was executed by guillotine. Her action changed the political position and role of women at the time. She was also considered a hero by those who opposed the teachings of Jean-Paul Marat.

 49 
Alberto Fujimori
(Former President of Peru)
Alberto Fujimori
13
Birthdate: July 28, 1938
Birthplace: Lima

Alberto Fujimori is a Peruvian politician who served as the President of Peru from 1990 to 2000. He is a controversial figure accused of several charges of human rights abuses and corruption. He has also been proclaimed guilty of murder, causing bodily harm, and kidnapping. In 2009, he was sentenced to 25 years in prison.

 50 
Andrew Gillum
(Politician)
Andrew Gillum
6
Birthdate: July 26, 1979
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, U.S.