India boasts of a rich literary history dating from the ancient times. The Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki, the author of the epic ‘Ramayana’, played a crucial role in the development of Classical Sanskrit literature in the first millennium BCE. Over the next few centuries, accomplished writers in several other regional languages came up, further enriching Indian literature. The 5th century playwright Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language, while 15th century poets Kabir and Tulsidas were major figures in Hindi literature. Devaki Nandan Khatri, a 19th century writer belonged to the first generation of popular novelists in the modern Hindi language. Early in the 20th century, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore became India's first Nobel laureate. India has 22 officially recognized languages, and each language has produced its own talented writers who have done the country proud. Coming to the contemporary era, Indian writers are making a mark in not only traditional Indian languages, but in English literature as well. Writers like R. K. Narayan, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy, Raja Rao, and Amitav Ghosh are among the more popular writers of the late 20th and early 21st century. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian writers.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet and Author
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Padma LakshmiPadma Lakshmi
01 September 1970
Model

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet
Ruskin BondRuskin Bond
19 May 1934
Writer

R. K. NarayanR. K. Narayan
10 October 1906
 

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher
TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

Spike MilliganSpike Milligan
16 April 1918
Comedian
Khushwant SinghKhushwant Singh
02 February 1915
Novelist, Lawyer, Journalist & Politician

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh

William Makepeace ThackerayWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
18 July 1811
Author & Novelist
Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918
Writer

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer
Mulk Raj AnandMulk Raj Anand
12 December 1905
 

Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyaySarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
15 September 1876
Writer
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet

Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet
Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet

Nirad C. ChaudhuriNirad C. Chaudhuri
23 November 1897
Indian writer
Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand
31 July 1880
Novelist and Author

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Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University
Varun GroverVarun Grover
26 January 1980
Writer, Lyricist, Stand-up Comedian

Tanikella BharaniTanikella Bharani
14 July 1956
writer, film director, actor, journalist

MammoottyMammootty
07 September 1951
actor, film producer, screenwriter, film actor

Shreya GhoshalShreya Ghoshal
12 March 1984
Singer, Writer, Actor, Composer
Kalki KoechlinKalki Koechlin
10 January 1984
Actor, Screenwriter, Writer
GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,

Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,

Shashi TharoorShashi Tharoor
09 March 1956
Writer, Politician, Diplomat

Ramanand SagarRamanand Sagar
29 December 1917
Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer
Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor

Tom AlterTom Alter
23 June 1950
Actor

Sajid NadiadwalaSajid Nadiadwala
18 March 1966
film producer

Dinesh D'SouzaDinesh D'Souza
25 April 1961
Conservationists

Atlee KumarAtlee Kumar
21 September 1986
Director
Honey IraniHoney Irani
25 August 1955
Actor, Writer, Screenwriter

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,
Zakir NaikZakir Naik
18 October 1965
Physician, Writer, Intellectual, Preacher

Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy
24 November 1961
Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter, Essayist

Gollapudi Maruti RaoGollapudi Maruti Rao
14 April 1939
Writer, Screenwriter, News presenter, Journalist,
Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician
Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

Chetan BhagatChetan Bhagat
22 April 1974
Writer

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

Rahul KhannaRahul Khanna
20 June 1972
Actor
VyasaVyasa
Author

Dibakar BanerjeeDibakar Banerjee
21 June 1969
Film director, Screenwriter

PremchandPremchand
31 July 1880
Novelist, Screenwriter, Writer

Madhur JaffreyMadhur Jaffrey
13 August 1933
Actor, Television actor, Film actor, Writer, Film
KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

ValmikiValmiki
Poet
Nandana SenNandana Sen
19 August 1967
Actress

Piyush MishraPiyush Mishra
13 January 1963
Screenwriter, Music director, Actor, Singer,

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher
Amish TripathiAmish Tripathi
18 October 1974
Writer

VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Palak MuchhalPalak Muchhal
30 March 1992
Singer

Crazy MohanCrazy Mohan
16 October 1952
screenwriter

Amitav GhoshAmitav Ghosh
11 July 1956
Writer, Novelist, Journalist
Kalki KrishnamurthyKalki Krishnamurthy
09 September 1899
Screenwriter, Journalist, Writer

Joy MathewJoy Mathew
30 December 1951
film director, playwright, actor
Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sujatha RangarajanSujatha Rangarajan
03 May 1935
Writer, Screenwriter

Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author

M. T. Vasudevan NairM. T. Vasudevan Nair
15 July 1933
Author, Film director, Screenwriter
Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,
Anita DesaiAnita Desai
24 June 1937
Novelist

Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director

Sagarika GhoseSagarika Ghose
08 November 1964
Author, Journalist
Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

B. K. S. IyengarB. K. S. Iyengar
14 December 1918
Writer

Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942
Writer, Philosopher, University teacher,

Bipin Chandra PalBipin Chandra Pal
07 November 1858
Writer

Devdutt PattanaikDevdutt Pattanaik
11 December 1970
Mythographer
Vikramaditya MotwaneVikramaditya Motwane
12 June 1976
film director, choreographer, screenwriter

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
KarunanidhiKarunanidhi
03 June 1924
Politician, Screenwriter, Author, Journalist,

SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet
Ankit FadiaAnkit Fadia
24 May 1985
 
Vaikom Muhammad BasheerVaikom Muhammad Basheer
21 January 1908
Novelist, Screenwriter, Essayist, Writer, Diarist,