India boasts of a rich literary history dating from the ancient times. The Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki, the author of the epic ‘Ramayana’, played a crucial role in the development of Classical Sanskrit literature in the first millennium BCE. Over the next few centuries, accomplished writers in several other regional languages came up, further enriching Indian literature. The 5th century playwright Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language, while 15th century poets Kabir and Tulsidas were major figures in Hindi literature. Devaki Nandan Khatri, a 19th century writer belonged to the first generation of popular novelists in the modern Hindi language. Early in the 20th century, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore became India's first Nobel laureate. India has 22 officially recognized languages, and each language has produced its own talented writers who have done the country proud. Coming to the contemporary era, Indian writers are making a mark in not only traditional Indian languages, but in English literature as well. Writers like R. K. Narayan, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy, Raja Rao, and Amitav Ghosh are among the more popular writers of the late 20th and early 21st century. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian writers.
Padma LakshmiPadma Lakshmi
01 September 1970
Model
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet

Salman RushdieSalman Rushdie
19 June 1947
British-Indian novelist

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Ruskin BondRuskin Bond
19 May 1934
Writer

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint
KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

R. K. NarayanR. K. Narayan
10 October 1906
 
Spike MilliganSpike Milligan
16 April 1918
Comedian

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Khushwant SinghKhushwant Singh
02 February 1915
Novelist, Lawyer, Journalist & Politician

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director
William Makepeace ThackerayWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
18 July 1811
Author & Novelist

Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918
Writer

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer
Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyaySarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
15 September 1876
Writer

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer
Mulk Raj AnandMulk Raj Anand
12 December 1905
 

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet
Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet
Nirad C. ChaudhuriNirad C. Chaudhuri
23 November 1897
Indian writer

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Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand
31 July 1880
Novelist and Author

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University
Varun GroverVarun Grover
26 January 1980
Writer, Lyricist, Stand-up Comedian
MammoottyMammootty
07 September 1951
actor, film producer, screenwriter, film actor

Ramanand SagarRamanand Sagar
29 December 1917
Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer

VyasaVyasa
Author

Tanikella BharaniTanikella Bharani
14 July 1956
writer, film director, actor, journalist
Shreya GhoshalShreya Ghoshal
12 March 1984
Singer, Writer, Actor, Composer

ValmikiValmiki
Poet

Zakir NaikZakir Naik
18 October 1965
Physician, Writer, Intellectual, Preacher

Kalki KoechlinKalki Koechlin
10 January 1984
Actor, Screenwriter, Writer

Sajid NadiadwalaSajid Nadiadwala
18 March 1966
film producer
Shashi TharoorShashi Tharoor
09 March 1956
Writer, Politician, Diplomat

Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy
24 November 1961
Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter, Essayist
Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor

Tom AlterTom Alter
23 June 1950
Actor

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress
Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,

GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,

Dinesh D'SouzaDinesh D'Souza
25 April 1961
Conservationists

Atlee KumarAtlee Kumar
21 September 1986
Director

Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

Honey IraniHoney Irani
25 August 1955
Actor, Writer, Screenwriter
Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Rahul KhannaRahul Khanna
20 June 1972
Actor

Chetan BhagatChetan Bhagat
22 April 1974
Writer
Gollapudi Maruti RaoGollapudi Maruti Rao
14 April 1939
Writer, Screenwriter, News presenter, Journalist,

KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist
Piyush MishraPiyush Mishra
13 January 1963
Screenwriter, Music director, Actor, Singer,

Palak MuchhalPalak Muchhal
30 March 1992
Singer

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician
Nandana SenNandana Sen
19 August 1967
Actress

BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader
PatanjaliPatanjali
Hindu author, mystic, and philosopher

Amish TripathiAmish Tripathi
18 October 1974
Writer

Madhur JaffreyMadhur Jaffrey
13 August 1933
Actor, Television actor, Film actor, Writer, Film
KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Crazy MohanCrazy Mohan
16 October 1952
screenwriter
PremchandPremchand
31 July 1880
Novelist, Screenwriter, Writer

Dibakar BanerjeeDibakar Banerjee
21 June 1969
Film director, Screenwriter

Sagarika GhoseSagarika Ghose
08 November 1964
Author, Journalist

Siddhartha MukherjeeSiddhartha Mukherjee
21 July 1970
Physician
Sujatha RangarajanSujatha Rangarajan
03 May 1935
Writer, Screenwriter
VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Vikramaditya MotwaneVikramaditya Motwane
06 December 1976
Film director

Joy MathewJoy Mathew
30 December 1951
film director, playwright, actor

Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Devdutt PattanaikDevdutt Pattanaik
11 December 1970
Mythographer

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,

Kalki KrishnamurthyKalki Krishnamurthy
09 September 1899
Screenwriter, Journalist, Writer

M. T. Vasudevan NairM. T. Vasudevan Nair
15 July 1933
Author, Film director, Screenwriter

Amitav GhoshAmitav Ghosh
11 July 1956
Writer, Novelist, Journalist
Anand GandhiAnand Gandhi
26 September 1980
Film director, Film producer, Screenwriter

Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar
12 July 1975
Poet

MadhvacharyaMadhvacharya
1238 AD
Hindu philosopher
Ankit FadiaAnkit Fadia
24 May 1985
 
Shiv Kumar BatalviShiv Kumar Batalvi
23 July 1936
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter