India boasts of a rich literary history dating from the ancient times. The Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki, the author of the epic ‘Ramayana’, played a crucial role in the development of Classical Sanskrit literature in the first millennium BCE. Over the next few centuries, accomplished writers in several other regional languages came up, further enriching Indian literature. The 5th century playwright Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language, while 15th century poets Kabir and Tulsidas were major figures in Hindi literature. Devaki Nandan Khatri, a 19th century writer belonged to the first generation of popular novelists in the modern Hindi language. Early in the 20th century, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore became India's first Nobel laureate. India has 22 officially recognized languages, and each language has produced its own talented writers who have done the country proud. Coming to the contemporary era, Indian writers are making a mark in not only traditional Indian languages, but in English literature as well. Writers like R. K. Narayan, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy, Raja Rao, and Amitav Ghosh are among the more popular writers of the late 20th and early 21st century. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian writers.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Salman RushdieSalman Rushdie
19 June 1947
British-Indian novelist

Padma LakshmiPadma Lakshmi
01 September 1970
Model

Ruskin BondRuskin Bond
19 May 1934
Writer

Fareed ZakariaFareed Zakaria
20 January 1964
Journalist
Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Chetan BhagatChetan Bhagat
22 April 1974
Author
MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand
31 July 1880
Novelist and Author
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

Spike MilliganSpike Milligan
16 April 1918
Comedian

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher
Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

Khushwant SinghKhushwant Singh
02 February 1915
Novelist, Lawyer, Journalist & Politician

Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer
Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Poet

William Makepeace ThackerayWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
18 July 1811
Author & Novelist
Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet
Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

Varun GroverVarun Grover
26 January 1980
Writer, Lyricist, Stand-up Comedian
Mulk Raj AnandMulk Raj Anand
12 December 1905
 

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director

Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet
Ramachandra GuhaRamachandra Guha
29 April 1958
Writer

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Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918
Writer
Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyaySarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
15 September 1876
Writer

Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Tanikella BharaniTanikella Bharani
14 July 1954
Actor

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
R. K. NarayanR. K. Narayan
10 October 1906
 

Nabaneeta Dev SenNabaneeta Dev Sen
13 January 1938
Writer

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet

Gollapudi Maruti RaoGollapudi Maruti Rao
14 April 1939
Actor
Nirad C. ChaudhuriNirad C. Chaudhuri
23 November 1897
Indian writer

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet

Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

Dinesh D'SouzaDinesh D'Souza
25 April 1961
Conservationists
NagarjunNagarjun
30 June 1911
Poet, Writer

Shreya GhoshalShreya Ghoshal
12 March 1984
Singer, Writer, Actor, Composer
Kalki KoechlinKalki Koechlin
10 January 1984
Actor, Screenwriter, Writer

MammoottyMammootty
07 September 1951
actor, film producer, screenwriter, film actor

Shashi TharoorShashi Tharoor
09 March 1956
Writer, Politician, Diplomat
Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,

Sajid NadiadwalaSajid Nadiadwala
18 March 1966
film producer
SugathakumariSugathakumari
03 January 1934
Writer, Human rights activist, Children's writer

Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy
24 November 1961
Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter, Essayist

Zakir NaikZakir Naik
18 October 1965
Physician, Writer, Intellectual, Preacher

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress
Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor

Mira BaiMira Bai
1502 AD
Hindu mystic

VyasaVyasa
Author

Palak MuchhalPalak Muchhal
30 March 1992
Singer
PremchandPremchand
31 July 1880
Novelist, Screenwriter, Writer

Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,
KarunanidhiM. Karunanidhi
03 June 1924
Politician, Screenwriter, Author, Journalist,

Harivanshrai BachchanHarivanshrai Bachchan
27 November 1907
Poet

ValmikiValmiki
Poet
KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist

Amīr KhosrowAmīr Khosrow
1253 AD
Musician
Vikramaditya MotwaneVikramaditya Motwane
06 December 1976
Film director

Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author

Kamala SuraiyyaKamala Suraiyya
31 March 1934
 
Honey IraniHoney Irani
25 August 1955
Actor, Writer, Screenwriter

Mirza Tahir AhmadMirza Tahir Ahmad
18 December 1928
Translator, Homeopath, Writer
Tom AlterTom Alter
23 June 1950
Actor

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,

Rahul KhannaRahul Khanna
20 June 1972
Actor

Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor
Vijayendra PrasadVijayendra Prasad
27 May 1942
Writer
AgastyaAgastya
Saint

Salman KhurshidSalman Khurshid
01 January 1953
Politician

Amish TripathiAmish Tripathi
18 October 1974
Writer

Anand GandhiAnand Gandhi
26 September 1980
Film director, Film producer, Screenwriter
Madhur JaffreyMadhur Jaffrey
13 August 1933
Actor, Television actor, Film actor, Writer, Film

JnanadevaJnanadeva
1275 AD
Poet

Ramanand SagarRamanand Sagar
29 December 1917
Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer

Aravind AdigaAravind Adiga
23 October 1974
Writer, Journalist, Novelist, Film director

BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader
Nandana SenNandana Sen
19 August 1967
Actress

KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Piyush MishraPiyush Mishra
13 January 1963
Screenwriter, Music director, Actor, Singer,

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher
TiruvalluvarTiruvalluvar
Poet
Amitav GhoshAmitav Ghosh
11 July 1956
Writer, Novelist, Journalist