India boasts of a rich literary history dating from the ancient times. The Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki, the author of the epic ‘Ramayana’, played a crucial role in the development of Classical Sanskrit literature in the first millennium BCE. Over the next few centuries, accomplished writers in several other regional languages came up, further enriching Indian literature. The 5th century playwright Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language, while 15th century poets Kabir and Tulsidas were major figures in Hindi literature. Devaki Nandan Khatri, a 19th century writer belonged to the first generation of popular novelists in the modern Hindi language. Early in the 20th century, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore became India's first Nobel laureate. India has 22 officially recognized languages, and each language has produced its own talented writers who have done the country proud. Coming to the contemporary era, Indian writers are making a mark in not only traditional Indian languages, but in English literature as well. Writers like R. K. Narayan, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy, Raja Rao, and Amitav Ghosh are among the more popular writers of the late 20th and early 21st century. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian writers.
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet and Author

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Padma LakshmiPadma Lakshmi
01 September 1970
Model

Ruskin BondRuskin Bond
19 May 1934
Writer

R. K. NarayanR. K. Narayan
10 October 1906
 
Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet
Spike MilliganSpike Milligan
16 April 1918
Comedian

Khushwant SinghKhushwant Singh
02 February 1915
Novelist, Lawyer, Journalist & Politician
William Makepeace ThackerayWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
18 July 1811
Author & Novelist

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet
Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet

Mulk Raj AnandMulk Raj Anand
12 December 1905
 
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyaySarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
15 September 1876
Writer
Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918
Writer

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Nirad C. ChaudhuriNirad C. Chaudhuri
23 November 1897
Indian writer
Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand
31 July 1880
Novelist and Author
KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University
Varun GroverVarun Grover
26 January 1980
Writer, Lyricist, Stand-up Comedian

Continue Reading Below
Atlee KumarAtlee Kumar
21 September 1986
Director

Kalki KoechlinKalki Koechlin
10 January 1984
Actor, Screenwriter, Writer

MammoottyMammootty
07 September 1951
actor, film producer, screenwriter, film actor

Shashi TharoorShashi Tharoor
09 March 1956
Writer, Politician, Diplomat
Sajid NadiadwalaSajid Nadiadwala
18 March 1966
film producer

Shreya GhoshalShreya Ghoshal
12 March 1984
Singer, Writer, Actor, Composer
Tanikella BharaniTanikella Bharani
14 July 1956
writer, film director, actor, journalist

Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy
24 November 1961
Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter, Essayist

Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,
GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,

Zakir NaikZakir Naik
18 October 1965
Physician, Writer, Intellectual, Preacher
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor

Honey IraniHoney Irani
25 August 1955
Actor, Writer, Screenwriter
Chetan BhagatChetan Bhagat
22 April 1974
Writer, Screenwriter

Gollapudi Maruti RaoGollapudi Maruti Rao
14 April 1939
Writer, Screenwriter, News presenter, Journalist,

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician

PremchandPremchand
31 July 1880
Novelist, Screenwriter, Writer
Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Writer, Poet, Professor
VyasaVyasa
Author

Rahul KhannaRahul Khanna
20 June 1972
Actor

Nandana SenNandana Sen
19 August 1967
Actress
Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,

Piyush MishraPiyush Mishra
13 January 1963
Screenwriter, Music director, Actor, Singer,
KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Amish TripathiAmish Tripathi
18 October 1974
Writer

Amitav GhoshAmitav Ghosh
11 July 1956
Writer, Novelist, Journalist
ValmikiValmiki
Poet

Devdutt PattanaikDevdutt Pattanaik
11 December 1970
Mythographer
Madhur JaffreyMadhur Jaffrey
13 August 1933
Actor, Television actor, Film actor, Writer, Film

VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Palak MuchhalPalak Muchhal
30 March 1992
Singer
Tom AlterTom Alter
23 June 1950
Actor
M. T. Vasudevan NairM. T. Vasudevan Nair
15 July 1933
Author, Film director, Screenwriter

Salman KhurshidSalman Khurshid
01 January 1953
Politician

Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942
Writer, Philosopher, University teacher,

B. K. S. IyengarB. K. S. Iyengar
14 December 1918
Writer
Crazy MohanCrazy Mohan
16 October 1952
screenwriter

Dibakar BanerjeeDibakar Banerjee
21 June 1969
Film director, Screenwriter

Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet

Arun ShourieArun Shourie
02 November 1941
Politician, Journalist, Writer
Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,

Vikramaditya MotwaneVikramaditya Motwane
12 June 1976
film director, choreographer, screenwriter
Bipin Chandra PalBipin Chandra Pal
07 November 1858
Writer

Sujatha RangarajanSujatha Rangarajan
03 May 1935
Writer, Screenwriter

Ramanand SagarRamanand Sagar
29 December 1917
Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer
Vaikom Muhammad BasheerVaikom Muhammad Basheer
21 January 1908
Novelist, Screenwriter, Essayist, Writer, Diarist,

SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet
Ritwik GhatakRitwik Ghatak
04 November 1925
Film director, Actor, Screenwriter, Film producer,

Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Siddhartha MukherjeeSiddhartha Mukherjee
21 July 1970
Physician

Sagarika GhoseSagarika Ghose
08 November 1964
Author, Journalist
D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre
31 January 1896
 

Joy MathewJoy Mathew
30 December 1951
film director, playwright, actor
Anita DesaiAnita Desai
24 June 1937
Novelist

Ankit FadiaAnkit Fadia
24 May 1985
 
Ramchandra GandhiRamchandra Gandhi
09 June 1937
Author, Philosopher, University teacher, Writer

Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet
Irom Chanu SharmilaIrom Chanu Sharmila
14 March 1972
Poet, Journalist