India boasts of a rich literary history dating from the ancient times. The Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki, the author of the epic ‘Ramayana’, played a crucial role in the development of Classical Sanskrit literature in the first millennium BCE. Over the next few centuries, accomplished writers in several other regional languages came up, further enriching Indian literature. The 5th century playwright Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language, while 15th century poets Kabir and Tulsidas were major figures in Hindi literature. Devaki Nandan Khatri, a 19th century writer belonged to the first generation of popular novelists in the modern Hindi language. Early in the 20th century, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore became India's first Nobel laureate. India has 22 officially recognized languages, and each language has produced its own talented writers who have done the country proud. Coming to the contemporary era, Indian writers are making a mark in not only traditional Indian languages, but in English literature as well. Writers like R. K. Narayan, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy, Raja Rao, and Amitav Ghosh are among the more popular writers of the late 20th and early 21st century. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Indian writers.

Padma LakshmiPadma Lakshmi

01 September 1970

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu

13 February 1879

Ruskin BondRuskin Bond

19 May 1934

KabirKabir

1440 AD

R. K. NarayanR. K. Narayan

10 October 1906

TulsidasTulsidas

1497 AD

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar

26 September 1820

Spike MilliganSpike Milligan

16 April 1918

Khushwant SinghKhushwant Singh

02 February 1915

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Vikram SethVikram Seth

20 June 1952

Mulk Raj AnandMulk Raj Anand

12 December 1905

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam

31 August 1919

MirabaiMirabai

1498 AD

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Nirad C. ChaudhuriNirad C. Chaudhuri

23 November 1897

Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand

31 July 1880

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib

27 December 1797

Varun GroverVarun Grover

26 January 1980

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RajneeshRajneesh

11 December 1931

Saadat Hasan MantoSaadat Hasan Manto

11 May 1912

MammoottyMammootty

07 September 1951

Shreya GhoshalShreya Ghoshal

12 March 1984

Nathuram GodseNathuram Godse

19 May 1910

Shashi TharoorShashi Tharoor

09 March 1956

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Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule

03 January 1831

Kalki KoechlinKalki Koechlin

10 January 1984

Zakir NaikZakir Naik

18 October 1965

Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar

17 January 1945

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar

28 May 1883

Chetan BhagatChetan Bhagat

22 April 1974

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Jyotirao PhuleJyotirao Phule

11 April 1827

ValmikiValmiki

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande

08 November 1919

Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy

24 November 1961

Sajid NadiadwalaSajid Nadiadwala

18 March 1966

Honey IraniHoney Irani

25 August 1955

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Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

PremchandPremchand

31 July 1880

GulzarGulzar

18 August 1936

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy

19 August 1950

Amitav GhoshAmitav Ghosh

11 July 1956

VyasaVyasa

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Girish KarnadGirish Karnad

19 May 1938

Bharatendu HarishchandraBharatendu Harishchandra

09 September 1850

M. J. AkbarM. J. Akbar

11 January 1951

Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi

14 June 1856

Piyush MishraPiyush Mishra

13 January 1963

KuvempuKuvempu

29 December 1904

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Meher BabaMeher Baba

25 February 1894

Amish TripathiAmish Tripathi

18 October 1974

Palak MuchhalPalak Muchhal

30 March 1992

C. N. AnnaduraiC. N. Annadurai

15 September 1909

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas

10 February 1970

Madhur JaffreyMadhur Jaffrey

13 August 1933

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TukaramTukaram

1608 AD

B. K. S. IyengarB. K. S. Iyengar

14 December 1918

Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma

26 March 1907

Vikramaditya MotwaneVikramaditya Motwane

12 June 1976

VairamuthuVairamuthu

13 July 1953

Pankaj MishraPankaj Mishra

1969 AD

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Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat

01 July 1918

Bahadur Shah IIBahadur Shah II

24 October 1775

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana

17 December 1556

Anand GandhiAnand Gandhi

26 September 1980

Sujatha RangarajanSujatha Rangarajan

03 May 1935

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva

05 November 1952

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Ankit FadiaAnkit Fadia

24 May 1985

Dibakar BanerjeeDibakar Banerjee

21 June 1969

Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar

13 July 1975

Mirra AlfassaMirra Alfassa

21 February 1878

Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak

24 February 1942

Nayantara SahgalNayantara Sahgal

10 May 1927

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Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar

23 September 1908

D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre

31 January 1896

SurdasSurdas

1478 AD