No country in the world can boast of having as rich a heritage and legacy as that of India! The land of the Golden Bird, India has been a mecca for literary lovers. The country has been the address of some of the most versatile and supremely talented poets, writers and novelists from across the world. Be it spiritual guru Kabir whose poetic works influenced the Bhakti movement or Meera the mystic singer and composer of Krishna Bhajans, Amir Khusrow the Sufi musician and poet or pre-independent India’s Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, each of them have been an iconic figure in the cultural history of the country. But the list does not end here. The country served as the birthplace of many more significant poets whose works were a reflection of the social climate and a mirror for the society. These include Rabindranath Tagore, Mathili Sharan Gupt, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, and so on. The versatility of Indian poets is such that they have penned verses, ballads, couplets and sonnets not just in Hindi but colloquial languages of the different states of India as well. the world would forever stay indebted to their exemplary greatness. With some awe-inspiring biographies presented in the section below, read on to know in details about the life and works of Indian poets.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint
Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet
Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet
MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,

Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress
Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor
Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

ValmikiValmiki
Poet

KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist

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VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
AgastyaAgastya
Saint

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician

Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar
12 July 1975
Poet

SugathakumariSugathakumari
03 January 1934
Writer, Human rights activist, Children's writer
Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Irshad KamilIrshad Kamil
05 September 1971
Poet, Writer, Lyricist, Songwriter

BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader

Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

O. N. V. KurupO. N. V. Kurup
27 May 1931
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Shiv Kumar BatalviShiv Kumar Batalvi
23 July 1936
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sukumar RaySukumar Ray
30 October 1887
Photographer, Poet, Writer, Illustrator,

NamdevNamdev
26 October 1270
Poet

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,

RavidasRavidas
1377 AD
Poet
SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet

Vallathol Narayana MenonVallathol Narayana Menon
16 October 1878
Author
Satinder SartaajSatinder Sartaaj
31 August 1982
Singer

Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet

Mahasweta DeviMahasweta Devi
14 January 1926
Human rights activist, Writer, Poet, Novelist,
Michael Madhusudan DuttMichael Madhusudan Dutt
25 January 1824
Poet, Writer

NaushadNaushad
25 December 1919
Musician
Irom Chanu SharmilaIrom Chanu Sharmila
14 March 1972
Poet, Journalist

Jan Nisar AkhtarJan Nisar Akhtar
14 February 1914
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter

Bibhutibhushan BandyopadhyayBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
12 September 1894
Poet, Writer

BharathidasanBharathidasan
29 April 1891
Author

Mir Taqi MirMir Taqi Mir
1722 AD
author, poet
Chandrashekhara KambaraChandrashekhara Kambara
02 January 1937
Film director, Poet, Writer

RamanandaRamananda
1380 AD
Poet

C. Narayana ReddyC. Narayana Reddy
29 July 1931
Author, Politician, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sumitranandan PantSumitranandan Pant
20 May 1900
Writer, Poet
JayadevaJayadeva
1170 AD
Poet

AarudhraAarudhra
31 August 1925
Poet, Songwriter, Writer, Historian, Author,
EknathEknath
1533 AD
Saint

Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,

AbhinavaguptaAbhinavagupta
0950 AD
Philosopher
D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre
31 January 1896
 

Vayalar RamavarmaVayalar Ramavarma
28 March 1928
Author, Lyricist, Songwriter
Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author

LalleshwariLalleshwari
1320 AD
Hindu Saint

Jaishankar PrasadJaishankar Prasad
30 January 1889
Poet
G. Sankara KurupG. Sankara Kurup
03 June 1901
Politician, Poet

Subhadra Kumari ChauhanSubhadra Kumari Chauhan
16 August 1904
Author, Poet
Balamani AmmaBalamani Amma
19 July 1909
Author

Veturi Sundararama MurthyVeturi Sundararama Murthy
29 January 1936
Poet, Songwriter, Lyricist

K. Shivaram KaranthK. Shivaram Karanth
10 October 1902
Author, Poet

Vyloppilli Sreedhara MenonVyloppilli Sreedhara Menon
11 May 1911
Poet, Writer
BhāsaBhāsa
0200 AD
Dramatist
Habib TanvirHabib Tanvir
01 September 1923
Playwright

Bharatendu HarishchandraBharatendu Harishchandra
09 September 1850
Writer

Vedanta DesikaVedanta Desika
1267 AD
Religious leader

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator
NagarjunNagarjun
30 June 1911
Poet, Writer

Chand BardaiChand Bardai
30 September 1149
author

Ramprasad SenRamprasad Sen
1718 AD
Poet-saint

AśvaghoṣaAśvaghoṣa
0080 AD
Philosopher

Kavi PradeepKavi Pradeep
06 February 1915
Poet, Singer, Lyricist, Songwriter
BāṇabhaṭṭaBāṇabhaṭṭa
Prose writer

VidyapatiVidyapati
1352 AD
Poet
PothanaPothana
1450 AD
author, poet

ManikkavacakarManikkavacakar
0800 AD
Poet
Bihari LalBihari Lal
1595 AD
Poet
Ali Sardar JafriAli Sardar Jafri
29 November 1913
Writer