No country in the world can boast of having as rich a heritage and legacy as that of India! The land of the Golden Bird, India has been a mecca for literary lovers. The country has been the address of some of the most versatile and supremely talented poets, writers and novelists from across the world. Be it spiritual guru Kabir whose poetic works influenced the Bhakti movement or Meera the mystic singer and composer of Krishna Bhajans, Amir Khusrow the Sufi musician and poet or pre-independent India’s Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, each of them have been an iconic figure in the cultural history of the country. But the list does not end here. The country served as the birthplace of many more significant poets whose works were a reflection of the social climate and a mirror for the society. These include Rabindranath Tagore, Mathili Sharan Gupt, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, and so on. The versatility of Indian poets is such that they have penned verses, ballads, couplets and sonnets not just in Hindi but colloquial languages of the different states of India as well. the world would forever stay indebted to their exemplary greatness. With some awe-inspiring biographies presented in the section below, read on to know in details about the life and works of Indian poets.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director
TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer
Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet

Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint
ValmikiValmiki
Poet

Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress
Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,

GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,
Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor

KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist
Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician

Continue Reading Below
BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader
KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,
Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar
12 July 1975
Poet

Shiv Kumar BatalviShiv Kumar Batalvi
23 July 1936
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet

SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet
NaushadNaushad
25 December 1919
Musician

Irshad KamilIrshad Kamil
05 September 1971
Poet, Writer, Lyricist, Songwriter

Mahasweta DeviMahasweta Devi
14 January 1926
Human rights activist, Writer, Poet, Novelist,

Michael Madhusudan DuttMichael Madhusudan Dutt
25 January 1824
Poet, Writer

Mir Taqi MirMir Taqi Mir
1722 AD
author, poet
Irom Chanu SharmilaIrom Chanu Sharmila
14 March 1972
Poet, Journalist

O. N. V. KurupO. N. V. Kurup
27 May 1931
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Bibhutibhushan BandyopadhyayBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
12 September 1894
Poet, Writer

Vallathol Narayana MenonVallathol Narayana Menon
16 October 1878
Author

Jan Nisar AkhtarJan Nisar Akhtar
14 February 1914
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter
Veturi Sundararama MurthyVeturi Sundararama Murthy
29 January 1936
Poet, Songwriter, Lyricist

Sukumar RaySukumar Ray
30 October 1887
Photographer, Poet, Writer, Illustrator,
RamanandaRamananda
1380 AD
Poet

Chandrashekhara KambaraChandrashekhara Kambara
02 January 1937
Film director, Poet, Writer

Jaishankar PrasadJaishankar Prasad
30 January 1889
Poet

D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre
31 January 1896
 

Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author
BharathidasanBharathidasan
29 April 1891
Author

AarudhraAarudhra
31 August 1925
Poet, Songwriter, Writer, Historian, Author,

EknathEknath
1533 AD
Saint

AbhinavaguptaAbhinavagupta
0950 AD
Philosopher
Vayalar RamavarmaVayalar Ramavarma
28 March 1928
Author, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sumitranandan PantSumitranandan Pant
20 May 1900
Writer, Poet
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator

Kavi PradeepKavi Pradeep
06 February 1915
Poet, Singer, Lyricist, Songwriter

K. Shivaram KaranthK. Shivaram Karanth
10 October 1902
Author, Poet
C. Narayana ReddyC. Narayana Reddy
29 July 1931
Author, Politician, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,
Chand BardaiChand Bardai
30 September 1149
author

BhāsaBhāsa
0200 AD
Dramatist

PothanaPothana
1450 AD
author, poet
Balamani AmmaBalamani Amma
19 July 1909
Author

AśvaghoṣaAśvaghoṣa
0080 AD
Philosopher
BāṇabhaṭṭaBāṇabhaṭṭa
Prose writer

Habib TanvirHabib Tanvir
01 September 1923
Playwright

Bharatendu HarishchandraBharatendu Harishchandra
09 September 1850
Actor, Journalist, Writer, Poet

Subhadra Kumari ChauhanSubhadra Kumari Chauhan
16 August 1904
Author, Poet
G. Sankara KurupG. Sankara Kurup
03 June 1901
Politician, Poet
SugathakumariSugathakumari
03 January 1934
Writer, Human rights activist, Children's writer

Vyloppilli Sreedhara MenonVyloppilli Sreedhara Menon
11 May 1911
Poet, Writer

NagarjunNagarjun
30 June 1911
Poet, Writer

Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD
Hindu saint
Gurazada ApparaoGurazada Apparao
21 September 1862
author, poet

BhavabhutiBhavabhuti
Scholar

Goreti VenkannaGoreti Venkanna
1963 AD
author, songwriter

Dharamvir BharatiDharamvir Bharati
25 December 1926
Poet, Journalist, Author, Writer

Ali Sardar JafriAli Sardar Jafri
29 November 1913
Writer
Balachandran ChullikaduBalachandran Chullikadu
30 July 1957
 

Kongara JaggayyaKongara Jaggayya
31 December 1926
Film actor
Dom MoraesDom Moraes
19 July 1938
Writer

Gopalakrishna AdigaGopalakrishna Adiga
1918 AD
poet
SrinathaSrinatha
1365 AD
writer, poet
Meena AlexanderMeena Alexander
17 February 1951
Poet