No country in the world can boast of having as rich a heritage and legacy as that of India! The land of the Golden Bird, India has been a mecca for literary lovers. The country has been the address of some of the most versatile and supremely talented poets, writers and novelists from across the world. Be it spiritual guru Kabir whose poetic works influenced the Bhakti movement or Meera the mystic singer and composer of Krishna Bhajans, Amir Khusrow the Sufi musician and poet or pre-independent India’s Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, each of them have been an iconic figure in the cultural history of the country. But the list does not end here. The country served as the birthplace of many more significant poets whose works were a reflection of the social climate and a mirror for the society. These include Rabindranath Tagore, Mathili Sharan Gupt, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, and so on. The versatility of Indian poets is such that they have penned verses, ballads, couplets and sonnets not just in Hindi but colloquial languages of the different states of India as well. the world would forever stay indebted to their exemplary greatness. With some awe-inspiring biographies presented in the section below, read on to know in details about the life and works of Indian poets.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer
TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Social Reformer, Poet

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Poet
Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Novelist

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
Saint, Poet

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

Kamal AmrohiKamal Amrohi
17 January 1918
Director
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet

Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Poet

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
Nabaneeta Dev SenNabaneeta Dev Sen
13 January 1938
Writer

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Poet
Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet

Soumitra ChatterjeeSoumitra Chatterjee
19 January 1935
Actor
NagarjunNagarjun
30 June 1911
Poet, Writer

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,
SugathakumariSugathakumari
03 January 1934
Writer, Human rights activist, Children's writer

Meena KumariMeena Kumari
01 August 1933
Actress

Ashutosh RanaAshutosh Rana
10 November 1967
Actor
Mira BaiMira Bai
1502 AD
Hindu mystic

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Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,
Harivanshrai BachchanHarivanshrai Bachchan
27 November 1907
Poet

ValmikiValmiki
Poet

KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist

Amīr KhosrowAmīr Khosrow
1253 AD
Musician
Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author
Suresh OberoiSuresh Oberoi
17 December 1946
Actor

AgastyaAgastya
Saint

JnanadevaJnanadeva
1275 AD
Poet

BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader
KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

TiruvalluvarTiruvalluvar
Poet

VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Rahat IndoriRahat Indori
01 January 1950
Poet

PampaPampa
0902 AD
Poet
SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet

Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Sukumar RaySukumar Ray
30 October 1887
Photographer, Poet, Writer, Illustrator,

Mir Taqi MirMir Taqi Mir
1722 AD
author, poet

NamdevNamdev
26 October 1270
Poet
RavidasRavidas
1377 AD
Poet

Michael Madhusudan DuttMichael Madhusudan Dutt
25 January 1824
Poet, Writer
Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet

Mahasweta DeviMahasweta Devi
14 January 1926
Human rights activist, Writer, Poet, Novelist,

Satinder SartaajSatinder Sartaaj
31 August 1982
Singer

Bibhutibhushan BandyopadhyayBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
12 September 1894
Poet, Writer

D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre
31 January 1896
 
Jaishankar PrasadJaishankar Prasad
30 January 1889
Poet

Irom Chanu SharmilaIrom Chanu Sharmila
14 March 1972
Poet, Journalist

NaushadNaushad
25 December 1919
Musician

Shiv Kumar BatalviShiv Kumar Batalvi
23 July 1936
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
EknathEknath
1533 AD
Saint

Sumitranandan PantSumitranandan Pant
20 May 1900
Writer, Poet
Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

BāṇabhaṭṭaBāṇabhaṭṭa
Prose writer

Irshad KamilIrshad Kamil
05 September 1971
Poet, Writer, Lyricist, Songwriter
Vallathol Narayana MenonVallathol Narayana Menon
16 October 1878
Author

K. Shivaram KaranthK. Shivaram Karanth
10 October 1902
Author, Poet
O. N. V. KurupO. N. V. Kurup
27 May 1931
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

BharathidasanBharathidasan
29 April 1891
Author

RamanandaRamananda
1380 AD
Poet
Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar
12 July 1975
Poet

Vayalar RamavarmaVayalar Ramavarma
28 March 1928
Author, Lyricist, Songwriter
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator

Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,

Subhadra Kumari ChauhanSubhadra Kumari Chauhan
16 August 1904
Author, Poet

Jan Nisar AkhtarJan Nisar Akhtar
14 February 1914
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter
Bharatendu HarishchandraBharatendu Harishchandra
09 September 1850
Writer
JayadevaJayadeva
1170 AD
Poet

VidyapatiVidyapati
1352 AD
Poet

Sri SriSri Sri
30 April 1910
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter

AbhinavaguptaAbhinavagupta
0950 AD
Philosopher
Dharamvir BharatiDharamvir Bharati
25 December 1926
Poet, Journalist, Author, Writer

KambarKambar
1180 AD
Poet

LalleshwariLalleshwari
1320 AD
Hindu Saint

BhāsaBhāsa
0200 AD
Dramatist

PothanaPothana
1450 AD
author, poet
Vyloppilli Sreedhara MenonVyloppilli Sreedhara Menon
11 May 1911
Poet, Writer

Chandrashekhara KambaraChandrashekhara Kambara
02 January 1937
Film director, Poet, Writer
ChandraboseChandrabose
 

Balamani AmmaBalamani Amma
19 July 1909
Author
Kongara JaggayyaKongara Jaggayya
31 December 1926
Film actor
G. Sankara KurupG. Sankara Kurup
03 June 1901
Politician, Poet