No country in the world can boast of having as rich a heritage and legacy as that of India! The land of the Golden Bird, India has been a mecca for literary lovers. The country has been the address of some of the most versatile and supremely talented poets, writers and novelists from across the world. Be it spiritual guru Kabir whose poetic works influenced the Bhakti movement or Meera the mystic singer and composer of Krishna Bhajans, Amir Khusrow the Sufi musician and poet or pre-independent India’s Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, each of them have been an iconic figure in the cultural history of the country. But the list does not end here. The country served as the birthplace of many more significant poets whose works were a reflection of the social climate and a mirror for the society. These include Rabindranath Tagore, Mathili Sharan Gupt, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, and so on. The versatility of Indian poets is such that they have penned verses, ballads, couplets and sonnets not just in Hindi but colloquial languages of the different states of India as well. the world would forever stay indebted to their exemplary greatness. With some awe-inspiring biographies presented in the section below, read on to know in details about the life and works of Indian poets.
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861
Poet and Author
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879
Poet and Freedom Fighter

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899
National Poet of Bangladesh

Amir KhusrowAmir Khusrow
1253 AD
Sufi Poet
Vikram SethVikram Seth
20 June 1952
Writer

Amrita PritamAmrita Pritam
31 August 1919
Writer

MirabaiMirabai
1498 AD
Bhakti Saint

Mirza GhalibMirza Ghalib
27 December 1797
Poet

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Poet, Philosopher, Politician, Playwright
Javed AkhtarJaved Akhtar
17 January 1945
Screenwriter, Politician, Writer, Poet, Lyricist,

GulzarGulzar
18 August 1936
film director, film producer, screenwriter,

Kumar VishwasKumar Vishwas
10 February 1970
Politician
ValmikiValmiki
Poet

Irom Chanu SharmilaIrom Chanu Sharmila
14 March 1972
Poet, Journalist
Mahadevi VarmaMahadevi Varma
26 March 1907
Poet, Author, Writer

KuvempuKuvempu
29 December 1904
Writer, Poet, Professor

Savitribai PhuleSavitribai Phule
03 January 1831
Poet
Ramdhari Singh DinkarRamdhari Singh Dinkar
23 September 1908
Writer, Poet, Politician, Journalist, Literary

KannadasanKannadasan
24 June 1927
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
TukaramTukaram
1608 AD
poet, writer

VairamuthuVairamuthu
13 July 1953
Author, Actor, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Bahadur Shah IIBahadur Shah II
24 October 1775
Poet

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-KhanaAbdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
17 December 1556
Poet
Mahasweta DeviMahasweta Devi
14 January 1926
Human rights activist, Writer, Poet, Novelist,
Michael Madhusudan DuttMichael Madhusudan Dutt
25 January 1824
Poet, Writer

Irshad KamilIrshad Kamil
05 September 1971
Poet, Writer, Lyricist, Songwriter

Sahir LudhianviSahir Ludhianvi
08 March 1921
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Shiv Kumar BatalviShiv Kumar Batalvi
23 July 1936
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Mir Taqi MirMir Taqi Mir
1722 AD
author, poet

SurdasSurdas
1478 AD
poet

Samarth RamdasSamarth Ramdas
1608 AD
Poet

Purushottam Laxman DeshpandePurushottam Laxman Deshpande
08 November 1919
Author, Film director, Actor, Composer, Poet,

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O. N. V. KurupO. N. V. Kurup
27 May 1931
Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Jaishankar PrasadJaishankar Prasad
30 January 1889
Poet

D. R. BendreD. R. Bendre
31 January 1896
 
Na. MuthukumarNa. Muthukumar
13 July 1975
Poet, Lyricist, Writer, Songwriter

Sumitranandan PantSumitranandan Pant
20 May 1900
Writer, Poet

Vallathol Narayana MenonVallathol Narayana Menon
16 October 1878
Author
BharathidasanBharathidasan
29 April 1891
Author

Majrooh SultanpuriMajrooh Sultanpuri
01 October 1919
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Sukumar RaySukumar Ray
30 October 1887
Photographer, Poet, Writer, Illustrator,

Subhadra Kumari ChauhanSubhadra Kumari Chauhan
16 August 1904
Author, Poet

Bibhutibhushan BandyopadhyayBibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay
12 September 1894
Poet, Writer

K. Shivaram KaranthK. Shivaram Karanth
10 October 1902
Author, Poet

SugathakumariSugathakumari
03 January 1934
Writer, Human rights activist, Children's writer
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator

Jan Nisar AkhtarJan Nisar Akhtar
14 February 1914
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter

Chandrashekhara KambaraChandrashekhara Kambara
02 January 1937
Film director, Poet, Writer

Bharatendu HarishchandraBharatendu Harishchandra
09 September 1850
Actor, Journalist, Writer, Poet
Veturi Sundararama MurthyVeturi Sundararama Murthy
29 January 1936
Poet, Songwriter, Lyricist

KusumagrajKusumagraj
27 February 1912
Author, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter
Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,

G. Sankara KurupG. Sankara Kurup
03 June 1901
Politician, Poet

Balamani AmmaBalamani Amma
19 July 1909
Author
NagarjunNagarjun
30 June 1911
Poet, Writer

Vayalar RamavarmaVayalar Ramavarma
28 March 1928
Author, Lyricist, Songwriter
PothanaPothana
1450 AD
author, poet

C. Narayana ReddyC. Narayana Reddy
29 July 1931
Author, Politician, Poet, Lyricist, Songwriter

Kavi PradeepKavi Pradeep
06 February 1915
Poet, Singer, Lyricist, Songwriter
Vyloppilli Sreedhara MenonVyloppilli Sreedhara Menon
11 May 1911
Poet, Writer

Bihari LalBihari Lal
1595 AD
Poet
Dharamvir BharatiDharamvir Bharati
25 December 1926
Poet, Journalist, Author, Writer

AarudhraAarudhra
31 August 1925
Poet, Songwriter, Writer, Historian, Author,

Chand BardaiChand Bardai
30 September 1149
author

Gurazada ApparaoGurazada Apparao
21 September 1862
author, poet
K. S. NarasimhaswamyK. S. Narasimhaswamy
26 January 1915
Author
Gopalakrishna AdigaGopalakrishna Adiga
1918 AD
poet

P. Kunhiraman NairP. Kunhiraman Nair
04 October 1905
 

SrinathaSrinatha
1365 AD
writer, poet

Akkitham Achuthan NamboothiriAkkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
18 March 1926
Author
Goreti VenkannaGoreti Venkanna
1963 AD
author, songwriter

Adela Florence NicolsonAdela Florence Nicolson
09 April 1865
Poet, Author, Writer

Sri SriSri Sri
30 April 1910
author, poet, lyricist, songwriter

ChandraboseChandrabose
 

Balachandran ChullikaduBalachandran Chullikadu
30 July 1957
 
Harivanshrai BachchanHarivanshrai Bachchan
27 November 1907
 

KālidāsaKālidāsa
Writer, dramatist