Talk about intellectuals and academicians and the list cannot be complete without the mention of Socrates, Plato or Aristotle! Some of the world’s most famous and influential intellectuals and academicians of all time belong to the land of Greece. An ancient country with a history dating back to the prehistoric era, Greece has been home to renowned intellectuals and academicians who have greatly contributed to the world civilization through their deep-seated knowledge and understanding. Aristarchus of Samos presented the world’s first ever known model of the solar system that placed the Sun at the centre of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. Alexamenus of Teos was the first to write philosophical dialogues. These intellectuals and academicians contributed to the ancient, byzantine and Modern Greek literature. Furthermore, Greek intellectuals and academicians are credit with introducing important literary forms such as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy into world literature. In their pursuit of the same, the Greeks strongly influenced Western art that idolized beauty and elegance. Check this section for the life and works of famous Greek intellectuals and academics.
PlatoPlato
0428 BC
Philosopher
AristotleAristotle
0384 BC
Philosopher

SocratesSocrates
0470 BC
Philosopher

PythagorasPythagoras
0570 BC
Philosopher and Mathematician

HerodotusHerodotus
0483 BC
The Father of History

HippocratesHippocrates
0460 BC
Physician
ThucydidesThucydides
0460 BC
Historian

HeraclitusHeraclitus
0535 BC
Philosopher

PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &
EratosthenesEratosthenes
 
Mathematician

EpicurusEpicurus
31 January 0341
Greek Philosopher
EpictetusEpictetus
0055 AD
Philosopher

DemocritusDemocritus
0460 BC
Philosopher

XenophonXenophon
0430 BC
 

GalenGalen
0130 AD
Physician

ParmenidesParmenides
0515 BC
Philosopher
ChrysippusChrysippus
0279 BC
Philosopher

Zeno of CitiumZeno of Citium
0334 BC
Philosopher

PolybiusPolybius
0208 BC
Historian

EmpedoclesEmpedocles
0490 BC
Philosopher
StraboStrabo
0064 BC
Geographer, Philosopher, Historian

AnaximanderAnaximander
0610 BC
Philosopher
vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883
Philosopher and Writer

AnaxagorasAnaxagoras
0510 BC
Philosopher

Hipparchus Hipparchus
0190 BC
Astronomer & Mathematician
ProtagorasProtagoras
0490 BC
Greek Philosopher

ThalesThales
0624 BC
Philosopher
PytheasPytheas
0350 BC
Geographer, Explorer

Anna ComnenaAnna Comnena
01 December 1083
Greek Princess & Scholar

Diogenes Of SinopeDiogenes Of Sinope
0412 BC
Philosopher
DiogenesDiogenes
0412 BC
philosopher

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Yanis VaroufakisYanis Varoufakis
24 March 1961
Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction
Saints Cyril and MethodiusSaints Cyril and Methodius
0826 AD
Christian theologians

TheophrastusTheophrastus
0371 BC
Plant biologist

MegasthenesMegasthenes
0350 BC
Historian, Diplomat

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
0015 AD
Philosopher
AntisthenesAntisthenes
0445 AD
Philosopher
ArrianArrian
0086 AD
Greek historian

Andreas PapandreouAndreas Papandreou
05 February 1919
Politician, Economist, University teacher

PyrrhoPyrrho
0360 BC
Philosopher

Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University
LeucippusLeucippus
Philosopher

Georgios PapandreouGeorgios Papandreou
13 February 1888
Politician, Economist, Diplomat, Lawyer

Hecataeus of MiletusHecataeus of Miletus
0550 AD
Historian

Gregory PalamasGregory Palamas
1296 AD
Theologian

EpimenidesEpimenides
Philosopher
Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
Historian

Crates of ThebesCrates of Thebes
0365 AD
Philosopher
ProdicusProdicus
0465 BC
Philosopher

PhilolausPhilolaus
0470 AD
Philosopher

Apollodorus of AthensApollodorus of Athens
0180 BC
Historian
CleanthesCleanthes
0330 BC
Philosopher

Pherecydes of SyrosPherecydes of Syros
0580 BC
Author
HippoHippo
Philosopher

Dio ChrysostomDio Chrysostom
0040 AD
Orator

Heraclides PonticusHeraclides Ponticus
0390 AD
Philosopher

XenocratesXenocrates
0396 BC
Philosopher

Lucas PapademosLucas Papademos
11 October 1947
Economist, Politician, University teacher, Banker
AristoxenusAristoxenus
0360 AD
Philosopher

CallisthenesCallisthenes
0360 AD
Historian

Isidore of KievIsidore of Kiev
1385 AD
Cardinal

Demetrius of PhalerumDemetrius of Phalerum
0350 AD
Orator
Hesychius of AlexandriaHesychius of Alexandria
Grammarian

Diogenes of BabylonDiogenes of Babylon
0240 AD
Philosopher
Athenagoras of AthensAthenagoras of Athens
0133 AD
Philosopher

John SkylitzesJohn Skylitzes
1040 AD
Historian

AenesidemusAenesidemus
0080 AD
Greek philosopher
Crates of MallusCrates of Mallus
Grammarian

Laonikos ChalkokondylesLaonikos Chalkokondyles
1430 AD
Byzantine historian
PanaetiusPanaetius
0185 BC
Philosopher

ArcesilausArcesilaus
0315 BC
Greek philosopher

Hellanicus of LesbosHellanicus of Lesbos
0490 AD
Historian
EphorusEphorus
0400 AD
Greek historian

HippiasHippias
0443 AD
Author
HippiasHippias
0460 BC
Author

Melissus of SamosMelissus of Samos
0470 BC
Philosopher

DicaearchusDicaearchus
0350 AD
Philosopher

Numenius of ApameaNumenius of Apamea
Philosopher
Philitas of CosPhilitas of Cos
0340 AD
Scholar
MenippusMenippus
0300 AD
Satirist

EunapiusEunapius
0346 AD
Historian

Cyril LucarisCyril Lucaris
13 November 1572
Theologian

Diodorus CronusDiodorus Cronus
Philosopher
Bion of BorysthenesBion of Borysthenes
0325 AD
Philosopher

Michael CritobulusMichael Critobulus
1410 AD
Politician

Ammonius HermiaeAmmonius Hermiae
0440 AD
Philosopher

StilpoStilpo
0360 AD
Philosopher

Epicharmus of KosEpicharmus of Kos
0460 AD
Dramatist
George PachymeresGeorge Pachymeres
1242 AD
Historian

Spyridon MarinatosSpyridon Marinatos
04 November 1901
Archaeologist
William of MoerbekeWilliam of Moerbeke
1215 AD
Translator

DexippusDexippus
0210 AD
Priest
Plutarch of AthensPlutarch of Athens
0350 AD
Philosopher
CritolausCritolaus
0200 AD
Philosopher