Talk about intellectuals and academicians and the list cannot be complete without the mention of Socrates, Plato or Aristotle! Some of the world’s most famous and influential intellectuals and academicians of all time belong to the land of Greece. An ancient country with a history dating back to the prehistoric era, Greece has been home to renowned intellectuals and academicians who have greatly contributed to the world civilization through their deep-seated knowledge and understanding. Aristarchus of Samos presented the world’s first ever known model of the solar system that placed the Sun at the centre of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. Alexamenus of Teos was the first to write philosophical dialogues. These intellectuals and academicians contributed to the ancient, byzantine and Modern Greek literature. Furthermore, Greek intellectuals and academicians are credit with introducing important literary forms such as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy into world literature. In their pursuit of the same, the Greeks strongly influenced Western art that idolized beauty and elegance. Check this section for the life and works of famous Greek intellectuals and academics.
AristotleAristotle
0384 BC
Philosopher, Teacher of Alexander the Great
SocratesSocrates
0470 BC
Philosopher

PlatoPlato
0428 BC
Philosopher

PythagorasPythagoras
0570 BC
Philosopher and Mathematician

HerodotusHerodotus
0483 BC
The Father of History

HippocratesHippocrates
0460 BC
Physician
HeraclitusHeraclitus
0535 BC
Philosopher

EratosthenesEratosthenes
 
Mathematician

PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &

EpicurusEpicurus
31 January 0341
Greek Philosopher
DemocritusDemocritus
0460 BC
Philosopher

GalenGalen
0130 AD
Physician
XenophonXenophon
0430 BC
 

StraboStrabo
0064 BC
Geographer, Philosopher, Historian

Hipparchus Hipparchus
0190 BC
Astronomer & Mathematician
vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883
Philosopher and Writer

AnaxagorasAnaxagoras
0510 BC
Philosopher
ThalesThales
0624 BC
Philosopher

ProtagorasProtagoras
0490 BC
Greek Philosopher

PytheasPytheas
0350 BC
Geographer, Explorer
Anna ComnenaAnna Comnena
01 December 1083
Greek Princess & Scholar

Diogenes Of SinopeDiogenes Of Sinope
0412 BC
Philosopher
DiogenesDiogenes
0412 BC
philosopher

ThucydidesThucydides
0460 BC
Historian, Writer

Yanis VaroufakisYanis Varoufakis
24 March 1961
Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction

EpictetusEpictetus
0050 AD
Philosopher
ChrysippusChrysippus
0279 BC
Philosopher
PolybiusPolybius
0200 BC
Historian

Zeno of CitiumZeno of Citium
0334 BC
Philosopher

AspasiaAspasia
0470 BC
Philosopher

TheophrastusTheophrastus
0371 BC
Plant biologist
MegasthenesMegasthenes
0350 BC
Historian, Diplomat

Andreas PapandreouAndreas Papandreou
05 February 1919
Politician, Economist, University teacher

AntisthenesAntisthenes
0445 BC
Philosopher

ArrianArrian
0092 AD
Greek historian

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Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University
PyrrhoPyrrho
0360 BC
Philosopher

LeucippusLeucippus
Philosopher
Gregory PalamasGregory Palamas
1296 AD
Theologian

Georgios PapandreouGeorgios Papandreou
13 February 1888
Politician, Economist, Diplomat, Lawyer

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
Historian
CleanthesCleanthes
0330 BC
Philosopher

Lucas PapademosLucas Papademos
11 October 1947
Economist, Politician, University teacher, Banker
ProdicusProdicus
0465 BC
Philosopher

XenocratesXenocrates
0396 BC
Philosopher

Pherecydes of SyrosPherecydes of Syros
0580 BC
Author

Athenagoras of AthensAthenagoras of Athens
0133 AD
Philosopher

ApollodorusApollodorus
0180 BC
Historian
HippiasHippias
0460 BC
Author

Melissus of SamosMelissus of Samos
0470 BC
Philosopher

PanaetiusPanaetius
0185 BC
Philosopher

ArcesilausArcesilaus
0315 BC
Greek philosopher
HecataeusHecataeus
0550 BC
Historian, Geographer.