Talk about intellectuals and academicians and the list cannot be complete without the mention of Socrates, Plato or Aristotle! Some of the world’s most famous and influential intellectuals and academicians of all time belong to the land of Greece. An ancient country with a history dating back to the prehistoric era, Greece has been home to renowned intellectuals and academicians who have greatly contributed to the world civilization through their deep-seated knowledge and understanding. Aristarchus of Samos presented the world’s first ever known model of the solar system that placed the Sun at the centre of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. Alexamenus of Teos was the first to write philosophical dialogues. These intellectuals and academicians contributed to the ancient, byzantine and Modern Greek literature. Furthermore, Greek intellectuals and academicians are credit with introducing important literary forms such as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy into world literature. In their pursuit of the same, the Greeks strongly influenced Western art that idolized beauty and elegance. Check this section for the life and works of famous Greek intellectuals and academics.
AristotleAristotle
0384 BC
Philosopher
PlatoPlato
0428 BC
Philosopher

SocratesSocrates
0470 BC
Philosopher

PythagorasPythagoras
0570 BC
Philosopher and Mathematician

HerodotusHerodotus
0483 BC
The Father of History

HippocratesHippocrates
0460 BC
Physician
EratosthenesEratosthenes
 
Mathematician

HeraclitusHeraclitus
0535 BC
Philosopher

DemocritusDemocritus
0460 BC
Philosopher
EpicurusEpicurus
31 January 0341
Greek Philosopher

PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &
ThucydidesThucydides
0460 BC
Historian

EpictetusEpictetus
0055 AD
Philosopher

GalenGalen
0130 AD
Physician

XenophonXenophon
0430 BC
 

ParmenidesParmenides
0515 BC
Philosopher
PolybiusPolybius
0208 BC
Historian

Zeno of CitiumZeno of Citium
0334 BC
Philosopher

AnaximanderAnaximander
0610 BC
Philosopher

EmpedoclesEmpedocles
0490 BC
Philosopher
StraboStrabo
0064 BC
Geographer, Philosopher, Historian

ChrysippusChrysippus
0279 BC
Philosopher
vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883
Philosopher and Writer

ProtagorasProtagoras
0490 BC
Greek Philosopher

Hipparchus Hipparchus
0190 BC
Astronomer & Mathematician
AnaxagorasAnaxagoras
0510 BC
Philosopher

Diogenes Of SinopeDiogenes Of Sinope
0412 BC
Philosopher
ThalesThales
0624 BC
Philosopher

PytheasPytheas
0350 BC
Geographer, Explorer

Anna ComnenaAnna Comnena
01 December 1083
Greek Princess & Scholar
Yanis VaroufakisYanis Varoufakis
24 March 1961
Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction

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TheophrastusTheophrastus
0371 BC
Plant biologist
Saints Cyril and MethodiusSaints Cyril and Methodius
0826 AD
Christian theologians

Clement of AlexandriaClement of Alexandria
0150 AD
Theologian

MegasthenesMegasthenes
0350 BC
Historian, Diplomat

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
0015 AD
Philosopher
DiogenesDiogenes
0412 BC
philosopher
GorgiasGorgias
0483 BC
Philosopher

AntisthenesAntisthenes
0445 AD
Philosopher

Andreas PapandreouAndreas Papandreou
05 February 1919
Politician, Economist, University teacher

ArrianArrian
0086 AD
Greek historian
PyrrhoPyrrho
0360 BC
Philosopher

ValentinusValentinus
0100 AD
Theologian

Georgios PapandreouGeorgios Papandreou
13 February 1888
Politician, Economist, Diplomat, Lawyer

AppianAppian
0095 AD
Historian

LeucippusLeucippus
Philosopher
Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University

John VI CantacuzenusJohn VI Cantacuzenus
1292 AD
Byzantine emperor
Hecataeus of MiletusHecataeus of Miletus
0550 AD
Historian

Gregory PalamasGregory Palamas
1296 AD
Theologian

PhilolausPhilolaus
0470 AD
Philosopher
Crates of ThebesCrates of Thebes
0365 AD
Philosopher

EpimenidesEpimenides
Philosopher
ArchytasArchytas
0428 BC
Philosopher

Cassius LonginusCassius Longinus
0213 AD
Philosopher

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
Historian

CleanthesCleanthes
0330 BC
Philosopher

Apollodorus of AthensApollodorus of Athens
0180 AD
Scholar
Pherecydes of SyrosPherecydes of Syros
0580 BC
Author

ProdicusProdicus
0465 BC
Philosopher

Dio ChrysostomDio Chrysostom
0040 AD
Orator

XenocratesXenocrates
0396 BC
Philosopher
CallisthenesCallisthenes
0360 AD
Historian

Demetrius of PhalerumDemetrius of Phalerum
0350 AD
Orator
Isidore of KievIsidore of Kiev
1385 AD
Cardinal

Diogenes of BabylonDiogenes of Babylon
0240 AD
Philosopher

Alexander Of AphrodisiasAlexander Of Aphrodisias
Philosopher
Lucas PapademosLucas Papademos
11 October 1947
Economist, Politician, University teacher, Banker

Heraclides PonticusHeraclides Ponticus
0390 AD
Philosopher
Crates of MallusCrates of Mallus
Grammarian

AristoxenusAristoxenus
0360 AD
Philosopher

Athenagoras of AthensAthenagoras of Athens
0133 AD
Philosopher
John SkylitzesJohn Skylitzes
1040 AD
Historian

HippiasHippias
0443 AD
Author
HippiasHippias
0460 BC
Author

Straton Of LampsacusStraton Of Lampsacus
0335 AD
Philosopher

PanaetiusPanaetius
0185 BC
Philosopher

Aristophanes Of ByzantiumAristophanes Of Byzantium
0257 AD
Scholar
Hellanicus of LesbosHellanicus of Lesbos
0490 AD
Historian
Ariston Of ChiosAriston Of Chios
0320 AD
Philosopher

SpeusippusSpeusippus
0408 AD
Philosopher

AenesidemusAenesidemus
0080 AD
Greek philosopher

Diogenes Of ApolloniaDiogenes Of Apollonia
0460 AD
Philosopher
EphorusEphorus
0400 AD
Greek historian

Hesychius of AlexandriaHesychius of Alexandria
Grammarian

Melissus of SamosMelissus of Samos
0470 BC
Philosopher

TheopompusTheopompus
0380 AD
Historian

ArcesilausArcesilaus
0315 BC
Greek philosopher
TimaeusTimaeus
0345 AD
Historian

Numenius of ApameaNumenius of Apamea
Philosopher
Aristarchus Of SamothraceAristarchus Of Samothrace
0220 AD
Grammarian

Timon Of PhliusTimon Of Phlius
0320 AD
Philosopher
Laonikos ChalkokondylesLaonikos Chalkokondyles
1430 AD
Byzantine historian
EunapiusEunapius
0346 AD
Historian