Talk about intellectuals and academicians and the list cannot be complete without the mention of Socrates, Plato or Aristotle! Some of the world’s most famous and influential intellectuals and academicians of all time belong to the land of Greece. An ancient country with a history dating back to the prehistoric era, Greece has been home to renowned intellectuals and academicians who have greatly contributed to the world civilization through their deep-seated knowledge and understanding. Aristarchus of Samos presented the world’s first ever known model of the solar system that placed the Sun at the centre of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. Alexamenus of Teos was the first to write philosophical dialogues. These intellectuals and academicians contributed to the ancient, byzantine and Modern Greek literature. Furthermore, Greek intellectuals and academicians are credit with introducing important literary forms such as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy into world literature. In their pursuit of the same, the Greeks strongly influenced Western art that idolized beauty and elegance. Check this section for the life and works of famous Greek intellectuals and academics.
PlatoPlato
0428 BC
Philosopher
AristotleAristotle
0384 BC
Philosopher

SocratesSocrates
0470 BC
Philosopher

PythagorasPythagoras
0570 BC
Philosopher and Mathematician

HippocratesHippocrates
0460 BC
Physician

HerodotusHerodotus
0483 BC
The Father of History
HeraclitusHeraclitus
0535 BC
Philosopher

EpictetusEpictetus
0055 AD
Philosopher

EpicurusEpicurus
31 January 0341
Greek Philosopher
PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &

ThucydidesThucydides
0460 BC
Historian
GalenGalen
0130 AD
Physician

EratosthenesEratosthenes
 
Mathematician

DemocritusDemocritus
0460 BC
Philosopher

XenophonXenophon
0430 BC
 

ParmenidesParmenides
0515 BC
Philosopher
StraboStrabo
0064 BC
Geographer, Philosopher, Historian

PolybiusPolybius
0208 BC
Historian

AnaximanderAnaximander
0610 BC
Philosopher

Zeno of CitiumZeno of Citium
0334 BC
Philosopher
EmpedoclesEmpedocles
0490 BC
Philosopher

vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883
Philosopher and Writer
ChrysippusChrysippus
0279 BC
Philosopher

ProtagorasProtagoras
0490 BC
Greek Philosopher

AnaxagorasAnaxagoras
0510 BC
Philosopher
Hipparchus Hipparchus
0190 BC
Astronomer & Mathematician

ThalesThales
0624 BC
Philosopher
PytheasPytheas
0350 BC
Geographer, Explorer

Anna ComnenaAnna Comnena
01 December 1083
Greek Princess & Scholar

Diogenes Of SinopeDiogenes Of Sinope
0412 BC
Philosopher
DiogenesDiogenes
0412 BC
philosopher

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Yanis VaroufakisYanis Varoufakis
24 March 1961
Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction
Saints Cyril and MethodiusSaints Cyril and Methodius
0826 AD
Christian theologians

TheophrastusTheophrastus
0371 BC
Plant biologist

MegasthenesMegasthenes
0350 BC
Historian, Diplomat

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
0015 AD
Philosopher
AntisthenesAntisthenes
0445 AD
Philosopher
ArrianArrian
0086 AD
Greek historian

Andreas PapandreouAndreas Papandreou
05 February 1919
Politician, Economist, University teacher

PyrrhoPyrrho
0360 BC
Philosopher

LeucippusLeucippus
Philosopher
Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University

Gregory PalamasGregory Palamas
1296 AD
Theologian

Georgios PapandreouGeorgios Papandreou
13 February 1888
Politician, Economist, Diplomat, Lawyer

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
Historian

Apollodorus of AthensApollodorus of Athens
0180 BC
Historian
ProdicusProdicus
0465 BC
Philosopher

Pherecydes of SyrosPherecydes of Syros
0580 BC
Author
Lucas PapademosLucas Papademos
11 October 1947
Economist, Politician, University teacher, Banker

CleanthesCleanthes
0330 BC
Philosopher

XenocratesXenocrates
0396 BC
Philosopher
Athenagoras of AthensAthenagoras of Athens
0133 AD
Philosopher

HippiasHippias
0460 BC
Author
ArcesilausArcesilaus
0315 BC
Greek philosopher

Melissus of SamosMelissus of Samos
0470 BC
Philosopher

PanaetiusPanaetius
0185 BC
Philosopher

Philitas of CosPhilitas of Cos
0340 AD
Scholar

Cyril LucarisCyril Lucaris
13 November 1572
Theologian
Spyridon MarinatosSpyridon Marinatos
04 November 1901
Archaeologist

George PachymeresGeorge Pachymeres
1242 AD
Historian

Constantine LascarisConstantine Lascaris
1434 AD
Scholar

John XI of ConstantinopleJohn XI of Constantinople
1225 AD
Patriarch of Constantinople
Munejjim-bashi Ahmed DedeMunejjim-bashi Ahmed Dede
1631 AD
Courtier

Patriarch Metrophanes of AlexandriaPatriarch Metrophanes of Alexandria
1589 AD
Monk
HecataeusHecataeus
0550 BC
Historian, Geographer.

John VI CantacuzenusJohn VI Cantacuzenus
1292 AD
Byzantine emperor

Manolis AndronicosManolis Andronicos
23 October 1919
Archaeologist