(Ancient Greek Pre-Socratic Philosopher)
Born In: Abdera, Greece
Democritus was a renowned Ancient Greek philosopher who is respected by many modern scientists and scholars for formulating the most accurate early atomic theory of the universe. One of the best known pre-Socratic philosophers, he was influenced by Leucippus of Miletus and had proposed revolutionary ideas which were in conflict with those by Socratic philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. What distinguished him from his contemporaries is the fact that he had visited many distant countries during his early life and shared ideas with scholars around the world, which might explain his rationalism, humanism, and love of freedom. Much of his work has been lost or available only as fragments, because of which the exact expanse of his knowledge might never be known. For the same reason, it is often difficult to distinguish his work from that of his mentor Leucippus, whose mere existence has been denied by Epicurus, the philosophical heir of Democritus. However, the philosophies and doctrines he covered can be tracked via numerous citations of his works by many later scholars, which point to the fact that he wrote over seventy books on natural philosophy. Based on the precision of many of his philosophical ideas, many consider him the 'father of modern science'.