Famous People Who Died In 1916

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1916. This list includes people like Grigori Rasputin, Jack London, Franz Joseph I of Austria, Henry James, Charles Taze Russell and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include artists, soldiers, poets and novelists who died in 1916. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany & Russia and many more countries.
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 1 
Jack London
(Novelist & Journalist)
Jack London
20
Birthdate: January 12, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: November 22

Jack London was an American novelist, social activist, and journalist. A pioneer of American magazines and commercial fiction, London was one of the first authors from the US to become an international celebrity. His life and work inspired several films, such as the 1943 movie Jack London and 1980 film Klondike Fever. He was also portrayed in several TV series.

 2 
Franz Joseph I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria King of Hungary (1848 - 1916))
Franz Joseph I of Austria
7
Birthdate: August 18, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 21

Franz Joseph I of Austria reigned as the Emperor of Austria from 1848 until his death in 1916. He also served as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia and monarch of other states of Austria-Hungary. During his reign, Austria-Hungary decided to wage war against the Kingdom of Serbia, which eventually resulted in the First World War.

 3 
Henry James
(British Author Who is Regarded as a Key Transitional Figure Between Literary Realism and Literary Modernism)
Henry James
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 15, 1843
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York City, United States
Died: February 28

Henry James was an author, regarded as one of the greatest novelists ever to write in the English language. One of his novellas titled The Turn of the Screw has been the most analyzed ghost story in the history of English language literature. While his works have been adapted into films, he has been the subject of several other stories.

 4 
Saki
(Writer)
Saki
51
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 18, 1870
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sittwe, Myanmar (Burma)
Died: November 14
 5 
Grigori Rasputin
51
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 21, 1869
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pokrovskoe, Russia
Died: December 30

Arguably the most controversial and mythologized Russian of the 20th century, Grigori Rasputin was a self-styled monk and mystic infamous for the spell he cast over the wife and child of the last Romanov emperor. The scandal and political intrigue he left in his wake led to his eventual assassination during WWI, and rang the death-knell for imperial Russia.

 6 
James Connolly
(Socialist Leader)
James Connolly
8
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12
 7 
Patrick Pearse
(Barrister and a Leader of the Easter Rising in 1916)
Patrick Pearse
5
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: November 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 3

Patrick Pearse was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, and revolutionary. He was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. Opinionated with radical views, he decided as a boy that he would dedicate his life to Irish freedom. A relentless idealist, he was executed after the Easter Rising and was immortalized as a symbol of the rebellion.

 8 
Rubén Darío
(Nicaraguan Poet Who Initiated the Spanish-Language Literary Movement Known as "Modernismo")
Rubén Darío
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 18, 1867
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ciudad Darío, Nicaragua
Died: February 6

The leader of the 19th-century Spanish-American Modernismo movement, Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío had been a prodigy who had started writing poems at age 14. Best remembered for his works such as Azul, he earned the tag of the Prince of Castilian Letters. He had also held various diplomatic posts.

 9 
Henryk Sienkiewicz
(Polish Writer Who Won the '1905 Nobel Prize in Literature')
Henryk Sienkiewicz
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1846
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wola Okrzejska, Poland
Died: November 15

Henryk Sienkiewicz was a Polish journalist and novelist best remembered for his historical novels. He was the author of the internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis. Beginning his career as a journalist, he soon became one of the most popular Polish authors of his era. He was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature for his contribution to literature. 

 10 
Ernst Mach
(Physicist)
Ernst Mach
3
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 18, 1838
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brno, Czech Republic
Died: February 19

Austrian physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach is remembered for his contributions to the study of shock waves. He is also credited for discovering a non-acoustic function of the inner ear that helps control human balance. As a philosopher of science, he is considered a major influence on logical positivism and American pragmatism. 

 11 
Roger Casement
(British Diplomat Known as ‘Father of Twentieth-Century Human Rights Investigations')
Roger Casement
5
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: September 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sandycove, Ireland
Died: August 3

Roger Casement was an Irish nationalist and diplomat. Also a well-known humanitarian activist, Casement is remembered for the Casement Report, a 1904 document in which he wrote about the abuses in the Congo Free State. His investigations of human rights abuses earned him a knighthood in 1911. However, Casement was stripped of his knighthood after being charged with high treason.

 12 
Richard Dedekind
(German Mathematician Known for His Important Contributions to Number Theory, Abstract Algebra and Modern Set Theory)
Richard Dedekind
28
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 6, 1831
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: February 12

German mathematician Richard Dedekind is best remembered for his ideas on the real number and infinity. Initially interested in subjects such as physics and chemistry, he later deviated to math. He taught at various institutes and was awarded honorary doctorates from universities of Zurich, Oslo, and Braunschweig.

 13 
Hetty Green
(financier)
Hetty Green
1
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: November 21, 1834
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: July 3
 14 
William Ramsay
(Scottish Chemist Who Discovered the Noble Gases)
William Ramsay
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 2, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: July 23

The son of a civil engineer, Nobel Prize-winning Scottish chemist William Ramsay revolutionized science with his pathbreaking discovery of the noble gases, thus forming an entirely new segment of the periodic table. He is also remembered for his long association with UCL. He was knighted for his achievements.

 15 
Thomas Eakins
(American Photographer, Realist Painter, Fine Arts Educator, and Sculptor)
Thomas Eakins
1
Birthdate: July 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 25

Thomas Eakins was an American photographer, realist painter, fine arts educator, and sculptor. Often counted among the most prominent American artists of all time, Eakins painted several hundred portraits during his lifetime. As an educator, Thomas Eakins played an important role in influencing the American art during his generation.

 16 
Percival Lowell
(Astronomer, Mathematician)
Percival Lowell
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 13, 1855
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston
Died: November 12

Born into the famous Brahmin Lowell family of Massachusetts, Percival Lowell studied at Harvard, where he excelled in math. He managed a cotton mill and also spent time in Asia as a diplomat. He is best remembered for initiating the discovery of Pluto and for studying the canals on Mars.

 17 
Thibaw Min
(King)
Thibaw Min
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1859
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mandalay, Myanmar
Died: December 19
 18 
James J. Hill
(Canadian-American railroad executive, Businessman)
James J. Hill
4
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: September 16, 1838
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eramosa Township, Ontario, Upper Canada
Died: May 29
 19 
Karl Schwarzschild
(German Physicist and Astronomer)
Karl Schwarzschild
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: May 11

Karl Schwarzschild was a German astronomer and physicist. He is remembered for his contributions to the general theory of relativity; Schwarzschild came up with the first exact solution to the Albert Einstein field equations. He also contributed immensely to the theory of black holes.

 20 
John S. Mosby
(Confederate army cavalry battalion commander)
John S. Mosby
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 6, 1833
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Powhatan County, Virginia, United States
Died: May 30
 21 
Franz Marc
(German Painter, Printmaker and One of the Key Figures of German Expressionism)
Franz Marc
1
Birthdate: February 8, 1880
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 4

Best known as one of the founders of the German Expressionist group The Blue Rider, German painter Franz Marc mostly depicted animals through his works. The Tower of Blue Horses and Yellow Cow are two of his notable works. Children and the mentally disabled also appeared as his subjects.

 22 
Otto of Bavaria
(King)
Otto of Bavaria
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 27, 1848
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Munich Residenz, Munich, Germany
Died: October 11
 23 
James Whitcomb Riley
(Author)
James Whitcomb Riley
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 7, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Greenfield, Indiana, United States
Died: July 22
 24 
Enrique Granados
(Spanish Pianist and Composer Known for His Works: ‘Goyescas’, ‘Spanish Dances’, and ‘María del Carmen’)
Enrique Granados
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 27, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lleida, Spain
Died: March 24

Spanish pianist and composer Enrique Granados gained fame with his nationalistic music. He is remembered for his iconic work Goyescas, which premiered as an opera in New York. Granados lost his life when the ship he was traveling to England in drowned after being torpedoed by a German submarine.

 25 
Princess Augusta of Cambridge
(Princess)
Princess Augusta of Cambridge
0
Birthdate: July 19, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Palace of Montbrillant, Hanover
Died: December 5
 26 
Élie Metchnikoff
(Former zoologist best known for his pioneering research in immunology)
Élie Metchnikoff
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: May 15, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ukraine
Died: July 15
 27 
Helmuth von Moltke the Younger
(officer)
Helmuth von Moltke the Younger
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 23, 1848
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Parchim
Died: June 18

Helmuth von Moltke the Younger was a German military officer who served as a general. Moltke the Younger became the Chief of the German General Staff and led the German Army between 1906 and 1914. His influence on Germany's decision to enter World War I has tarnished his legacy. The failure of his Schlieffen Plan has also earned him criticisms.

 28 
Ivan Franko
(Poet)
Ivan Franko
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: August 27, 1856
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nahuievychi, Ukraine
Died: May 28
 29 
Lanoe Hawker
(British Aviator and Military Personnel)
Lanoe Hawker
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 30, 1890
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Longparish, Hampshire, England
Died: November 23
 30 
Julius Fučík
(Composer)
Julius Fučík
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 18, 1872
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Town, Prague, Czech Republic
Died: September 25

Legendary Czech composer Julius Fučík, also known as the Bohemian Sousa, initially played the bassoon for the Austro-Hungarian Regiment and then bagged a job with the German opera theater in Prague. His best-known marches include the Florentine March and Entrance of the Gladiators. He spent his final years in Berlin.

 31 
Sholem Aleichem
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 2, 1859
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pereiaslav, Ukraine
Died: May 13
 32 
Elisabeth of Wied
(Queen Consort of Romania (1881 - 1914))
Elisabeth of Wied
1
Birthdate: December 29, 1843
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Schloss Monrepos
Died: March 2

The daughter of German nobleman Hermann, Prince of Wied, Elisabeth of Wied had a flair for writing and initially wished to be a teacher. She later became the first queen of Romania, as the wife of King Carol I. She also wrote many plays, poems, and novels as Carmen Sylva.

 33 
Vasily Surikov
(Russian Realist History Painter)
Vasily Surikov
0
Birthdate: January 24, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Died: March 19

Vasily Surikov was a Russian painter best remembered as an exponent of Realist history painting. Many of his paintings have been used as illustrations and that has contributed to his popularity among the general public. His life and career inspired a biographical movie named Vasily Surikov where Surikov was played by Russian-American actor Yevgeni Nikolayevich Lazarev.

 34 
Hugo Münsterberg
(Psychologist, University teacher, Philosopher)
Hugo Münsterberg
0
Birthdate: June 1, 1863
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gdańsk
Died: December 16
 35 
George Butterworth
(English Composer and Musicologist)
George Butterworth
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 12, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paddington, London, England
Died: August 5
 36 
Prince Mircea of Romania
(Prince)
Prince Mircea of Romania
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 3, 1913
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: November 2
 37 
Oswald Boelcke
(German Aviator and Military Personnel)
Oswald Boelcke
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 19, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: October 28
 38 
Charles de Foucauld
(French Soldier, Explorer, Catholic Priest and Hermit)
Charles de Foucauld
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 15, 1858
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: December 1

Charles de Foucauld was a cavalry officer in the French Army in the late 19th century. He later became an explorer and geographer, eventually adopting the life of a hermit and a Catholic priest. He was assassinated in 1916 and is listed as a martyr in the liturgy of the Catholic Church. 

 39 
Charles Booth
(British Philanthropist and Social Reformer Known for His Innovative Philanthropic Studies on Working-Class Life in London)
Charles Booth
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 30, 1840
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Liverpool, England
Died: November 23

Charles Booth was not just a shipowner but also a prominent social reformer, best known for his 17-volume Life and Labour of the People in London, which threw a light on the social conditions of the poor in London. He also developed statistical methods to ascertain the social issues of the working class.

 40 
Charles Taze Russell
(Christian Restoration Minister)
Charles Taze Russell
11
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 16, 1852
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: October 31

Charles Taze Russell was an American restorationist minister who is credited with founding the Bible Student movement, which formed the basis for several independent Bible Student groups. He is also credited with co-founding a not-for-profit, non-stock organization called the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, which is an important publisher of religious books in America.

 41 
Eduard Strauss
(Composer)
Eduard Strauss
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: February 14, 1835
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Austria
Died: December 28
 42 
Francis Sheehy-Skeffington
(Writer)
Francis Sheehy-Skeffington
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: December 23, 1878
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bailieborough, Ireland
Died: April 26

Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, or Skeffy, was an Irish author and radical activist. Known for his quirks such as wearing a badge that said “Votes for Women” in college, he started his career as a journalist and later added his wife’s surname to his. He was killed while preventing looting during the Easter Rising.

 43 
Grenville M. Dodge
(Officer)
Grenville M. Dodge
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 12, 1831
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Danvers, Massachusetts,United States
Died: January 3
 44 
Martinus Theunis Steyn
(Former 6th State President of the Orange Free State (1896 - 1902))
Martinus Theunis Steyn
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: October 2, 1857
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Winburg, South Africa
Died: November 28

Marthinus Theunis Steyn was a South African lawyer, politician, and statesman. As a young man, he studied law at the Inner Temple in London and returned home to set up his practice. He became the sixth and last president of the independent republic the Orange Free State in 1896, a position he held till 1902.  

 45 
Jack Cornwell
Jack Cornwell
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 8, 1900
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leyton
Died: June 2
 46 
Paolo Tosti
(Composer)
Paolo Tosti
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: April 9, 1846
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ortona, Italy
Died: December 2
 47 
Walter Sutton
(American Geneticist)
Walter Sutton
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 5, 1877
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utica, New York, United States
Died: November 10

Walter Sutton was an American physician and geneticist best remembered for his Boveri-Sutton chromosome theory, which is widely regarded as one of the most important contributions to present-day biology. Walter Sutton is also credited with improving several medical and surgical practices, such as anesthetic techniques.

 48 
Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach
(Author)
Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 13, 1830
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Zdislavice (Troubky-Zdislavice), Troubky-Zdislavice, Czechia
Died: March 12

Best known for her psychological novels which depicted the lives of both the affluent and the poor, Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach was the daughter of an Austrian baron. One of the finest German authors ever, she experimented with the bildungsroman and penned works such as The Child of the Parish.

 49 
Prince Heinrich of Bavaria
(Prince)
Prince Heinrich of Bavaria
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 24, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: November 8
 50 
Seth Low
(Educator)
Seth Low
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 18, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: September 17