Ernst Mach Biography
Birthday: February 18, 1838 (Aquarius)
Born In: Brno, Czech Republic
Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was a noted Austrian philosopher and physicist. He is well known for his contributions to the fields of physics, philosophy and physiological psychology. He was the first physicist to study the super-sonic motion, which led to his name being used as a standard for measuring super-sonic speed. His work is cited as the influence for the further understanding of Doppler Effect. One of his most notable contributions was his critique and eventual rejection of Isaac Newton’s notion regarding time and space, which later served as an inspiration for Albert Einstein and his theory of relativity. In philosophy, His views and observations formed the backbone for the ideas of logical positivism and American pragmatism among others. His best known philosophical contribution is considered to be his influence on the Vienna Circle (the pre-Vienna Circle association was named ‘Ernst Mach Verein’). Some of his influences are now being re-examined for being more complicated and delicate than their evaluation in the past. He also was an important historian of science and chaired the Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences at the University of Vienna. His positivist-empiricist views influenced generations to come due to his systematic rejections of conservative views on both philosophy and physics.