Famous British Political Leaders

The government of the United Kingdom operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state, but it is also a unitary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government. Sir Robert Walpole is generally considered to be the first prime minister of the nation and one of the greatest politicians in British history. While Prime Minister William Pitt was the first to publicly oppose the Slave Trade, another great political leader Charles Grey abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. However Grey was against women’s suffrage which ironically fuelled the movement further. Winston Churchill who served as prime minister three different times in his career is held in history as one of the greatest wartime leaders of all time as he courageously led his people through the darkest days of World War II. British politics is also credited to have produced one of the best known female leaders of all time in Margaret Thatcher who served as the first female Prime Minister of the UK. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous British political leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill.
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 2 Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson.
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: June 19, 1964
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Upper East Side, New York, United States

The current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson has been active in politics for over two decades. Prior to joining politics, he worked as a journalist. His supporters hail him for unconventional image and sense of humor while his detractors criticize him for being “ruthless, elitist, and biased".

 3 Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 4 Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin.
Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Milk Street, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 5 Theresa May

Theresa May.
Famous As: Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Eastbourne, United Kingdom

Theresa May is a British politician who became the United Kingdom's second female prime minister. She served as prime minister from 2016 to 2019. During her prime ministership, May's involvement in the Brexit negotiations gave rise to the Brexit withdrawal agreement. She is also credited with co-founding Women2Win, which promotes women empowerment.

 6 King James I

King James I.
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Died: March 27, 1625

King James I of England and Ireland was also the king of Scotland as James VI. Son of Mary, Queen of Scots, he believed in royal absolutism. He had major conflicts with the Parliament and its ever-growing powers, which eventually led to revolts against his successor, Charles I.

 7 Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden.
Famous As: Prime Minister of UK
Birthdate: June 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Windlestone Hall, England
Died: January 14, 1977
Conservative politician Anthony Eden was the prime minister of England from 1955 to 1957. He had also served as the youngest British Army brigade-major during World War I. He earned a lot of criticism for his handling of the Suez Canal issue during his tenure as the prime minister.
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 8 Jeremy Corbyn

Jeremy Bernard Corbyn.
Famous As: Politician, Trade Unionist
Birthdate: May 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chippenham

Jeremy Corbyn had served as the Labour Party leader and the leader of the opposition in the U.K. from 2015 to 2020. He earned the Gandhi International Peace Award for his anti-war stance. He has been serving as an Islington North MP since 1983. He calls himself a democratic socialist.

 9 David Cameron

David Cameron.
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 9, 1966
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marylebone, London, England

British politician David Cameron served as the prime minister of the UK from 2010 to 2016. During his prime ministership, Cameron's government introduced large-scale changes to education, healthcare, immigration policy, and welfare. His administration also legalized same-sex marriage in Wales and England and privatized the Royal Mail

 10 Tony Blair

Tony Blair.
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland

Former Labour Party leader Tony Blair was the prime minister of the U.K. from 1997 to 2007. He supported the U.S.’s “War on Terror.” Blair was the youngest British PM since 1812 and the longest-tenured from his party. He is known for introducing the “New Labour” and the “Third Way.”

 11 Harold Wilson

Harold Wilson.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 11, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Huddersfield
Died: May 24, 1995

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for two non-consecutive terms, Harold Wilson was a British Labour politician. Historians commend him for leading his party through difficult political issues with considerable skill. With a moderate approach to socialism, he was a popular politician during his first tenure as the prime minister; his second tenure wasn’t as successful.

 12 Keir Starmer

Keir Starmer.
Famous As: Party leader of the Labour Party
Birthdate: September 2, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Southwark, London, England

Keir Starmer is a British politician who is currently the Leader of the Labour Party and the Leader of the Opposition. He won the leadership contest in April 2020 after Jeremy Corbyn resigned as the party leader following the massive defeat in 2019 general elections. Known to support socialism, Starmer backs social ownership in public services, abolition of university tuition fees, among other things.

 13 Jacob Rees-Mogg

Jacob Rees-Mogg.
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 24, 1969
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hammersmith, London

Jacob Rees-Mogg is a British politician. Since 2019, he has been serving as Leader of the House of Commons. A controversial personality in British politics, Jacob Rees-Mogg is known for his traditionalist attitude, which has earned him the nickname Honourable Member for the 18th century. A conviction politician, Jacob Rees-Mogg's anachronistic upper-class mannerisms are often viewed as entertaining.

 14 Nigel Farage

Nigel Farage
Famous As: Politician, Autobiographer, Commodity broker, Spokesperson
Birthdate: April 3, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Downe

Former United Kingdom Independence Party leader Nigel Farage later launched and led the Brexit Party. Born to affluent parents in Kent, he was educated at the prestigious Dulwich College. The Times Briton of the Year of 2014, he had also hosted his own radio show, The Nigel Farage Show.

 15 Priti Patel

Priti Patel
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 29, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

 16 Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: February 10, 1894
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cadogan Place, London
Died: December 29, 1986

Harold Macmillan, also known as “Supermac” because of his witty personality, served as the British prime minister from 1957 to 1963. He was injured and rendered partially immobile while serving in World War I. He was known for supporting the nuclear test ban and for association with the Suez Crisis.

 17 Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain.
Famous As: Prime Minister of the U.K.
Birthdate: March 18, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: November 9, 1940

Neville Chamberlain was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, Chamberlain served as UK's prime minister from 1937 to 1940. Known for his signing of the Munich Agreement, which is also called the Munich Betrayal, Neville Chamberlain is regarded by many as one of the most controversial prime ministers of the UK.

 18 Sadiq Khan

Sadiq Khan.
Famous As: Mayor of London
Birthdate: October 8, 1970
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tooting, London
Sadiq Khan, the current mayor of London, has previously been the shadow secretary of state for transport and the minister of state for transport. He has also been a solicitor specialising in human rights. Named to Time 100, he has been praised for promoting tolerance reducing polluting vehicles in London.

 19 Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown.
Birthdate: February 20, 1951
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Govan
Gordon Brown served as the British prime minister from 2007 to 2010. Blinded in on eye, he had previously been a lecturer and a journalist. He has been the Chancellor of the Exchequer, has held various Shadow Cabinet posts, and been the UN’s special envoy on global education. 

 20 John Bercow

John Bercow.
Famous As: Former Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: January 19, 1963
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edgware, London, England
Conservative politician John Bercow served as the Speaker of the House of Commons from 2009 to 2019 and was also an MP from Buckingham from 1997 to 2019. He became the first MP to be elected as the Speaker without having served as the Deputy Speaker, since Selwyn Lloyd. 

 21 John Major

John Major.
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Britain
Birthdate: March 29, 1943
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St Helier, London
John Major served as the British prime minister from 1990 to 1997. He initiated the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the Citizen's Charter. He also sent British troops to the Gulf War. He was also the Foreign Secretary and the Chancellor of the Exchequer under Margaret Thatcher. 

 22 Rishi Sunak

Rishi Sunak
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 12, 1980
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Southampton, Hampshire, England

 23 Jerry Springer

Jerry Springer.
Famous As: Talk Show Host, Former Politician, Former News Anchor
Birthdate: February 13, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London

English-born American television presenter, actor, politician, and musician Jerry Springer is a multifaceted man. A qualified lawyer, he shifted to politics from law as a young man. After a few years, he moved to journalism and found considerable success. As a TV presenter, he is best known for the tabloid talk show, The Jerry Springer Show. 

 24 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.
Famous As: Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dublin
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.

 25 Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: January 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Putney
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 26 Walter Raleigh

Walter Raleigh.
Famous As: Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 22, 1554
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: East Budleigh
Died: October 29, 1618
English explorer Walter Raleigh is best remembered for his involvement in the Siege of Smerwick and for colonizing North America. He made smoking tobacco popular in England. His accounts of his first voyage to South America led to the legend of El Dorado. He was executed to please the Spanish.

 27 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 15, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 24, 1848

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, or Lord Melbourne, was a Whig and a close advisor of Queen Victoria. Apart from being the leader of the opposition, he had also been the British prime minister. However, he was known more for his love for theology and literature than his political exploits.

 28 Edward Heath

Edward Heath.
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: July 9, 1916
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Broadstairs, England, United Kingdom
Died: July 17, 2005
Edward Heath served as the British prime minister from 1970 to 1974. He reformed the local governments and introduced many metropolitan counties. He supported the European Communities and attempted to curb trade unions, with a view to deregulate the economy. He was the Father of the House for 9 years.

 29 Nicola Sturgeon

Nicola Sturgeon.
Famous As: First Minister of Scotland
Birthdate: July 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland

Nicola Sturgeon is a Scottish politician. Since 2014, Sturgeon has been serving as the leader of the Scottish National Party and first minister of Scotland. Being the first woman to serve in these positions, Nicola Sturgeon is seen as a major inspiration to women across Scotland.

 30 Jeremy Thorpe

Jeremy Thorpe
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 29, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Surrey, England, UK
Died: December 4, 2014

British MP from North Devon and Liberal Party leader Jeremy Thorpe was born into a family of Conservative MPs. His political career was marred by a murder conspiracy charge. He had apparently planned to kill his homosexual partner, model Norman Scott, but had shot his dog by mistake.

 31 Dominic Raab

Dominic Raab
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 25, 1974
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buckinghamshire, England

 32 John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer

John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
Famous As: Earl Spencer
Birthdate: January 24, 1924
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 29, 1992

 33 Michael Portillo

Michael Portillo.
Famous As: Journalist, Political Leader
Birthdate: May 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hertfordshire
Former Conservative MP from Enfield Southgate, and Kensington and Chelsea, Michael Portillo, later hosted the BBC documentaries Great British Railway Journeys and Great Continental Railway Journeys. A Thatcherite and an EU-sceptic, he gave rise to the term "Portillo moment" when he lost the Conservative Enfield Southgate seat in 1997.

 34 Michael Gove

Michael Gove
Famous As: Journalist, Politician, Judge
Birthdate: August 26, 1967
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Edinburgh

 35 Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli.
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

 36 Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 5, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rochdale, England

 37 Jo Cox

Jo Cox
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 22, 1974
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Batley, West Yorshire, England, UK
Died: June 16, 2016

British MP and Labour Party politician Jo Cox had also worked with Oxfam. The world was shocked by the news of her brutal assassination in 2016. She was shot and stabbed multiple times by far-right terrorist Thomas Mair, who believed the white race was under threat due to leftist beliefs.

 38 David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George.
Famous As: Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chorlton-on-Medlock
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.

 39 Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
Famous As: Former PM of UK
Birthdate: July 2, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mayfair, London
Died: October 9, 1995

Alec Douglas-Home was a British politician. He served as the United Kingdom's prime minister for 363 days, becoming the second briefest prime minister of the 20th century. During his premiership, his government passed the abolition of resale price maintenance legislation in 1964.

 40 James Callaghan

James Callaghan.
Birthdate: March 27, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Portsmouth
Died: March 26, 2005

James Callaghan was a British politician who served as the prime minister from 1976 to 1979. Also having served as Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Callaghan is the only person in the history of the United Kingdom to have served in all the four Great Offices of State.

 41 Stephen of England

Stephen of England
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1092 AD
Birthplace: Blois
Died: October 25, 1154

 42 William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce.
Famous As: Abolitionist
Birthdate: August 24, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kingston upon Hull
Died: July 29, 1833
William Wilberforce, an independent MP from Yorkshire, was a champion for the British anti-slavery movement and made a significant contribution to the passage of the 1807 Slave Trade Act and the 1833 Slavery Abolition Act. He supported missionaries in India, founded the Church Mission Society, and was against animal cruelty.

 43 Amber Rudd

Amber Rudd.
Famous As: Former Home Secretary of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: August 1, 1963
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Marylebone, London, England

Amber Rudd is a former politician who served as the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions of the United Kingdom from 2018 to 2019. From 2016 to 2018, she served as Home Secretary under Prime Minister Theresa May. Also a humanitarian, Amber Rudd is part of an organization called Snowdon Trust, which helps disabled people access education.

 44 Randolph Churchill

Randolph Churchill.
Famous As: Journalist, Politician
Birthdate: May 28, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: June 6, 1968

Randolph Churchill was a British journalist and writer. The only son of Sir Winston Churchill, Randolph Churchill followed in the footsteps of his father and became a prominent politician, serving as a member of parliament for Preston. Randolph Churchill was portrayed by famous actors in several TV series and films like Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years and Darkest Hour.

 45 Jeremy Hunt

Jeremy Hunt.
Famous As: Former British Foreign Secretary
Birthdate: November 1, 1966
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kennington, London, England

 46 Rory Stewart

Rory Stewart.
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: January 3, 1973
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: British Hong Kong

 47 Diane Abbott

Diane Abbott.
Famous As: Former Shadow Home Secretary
Birthdate: September 27, 1953
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom

 48 Robert Peel

Robert Peel.
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ramsbottom
Died: July 2, 1850

Statesman Robert Peel had been the prime minister of the U.K twice. He was also a two-time home secretary. He established the Metropolitan Police Service and also introduced the Tamworth Manifesto, thus co-founding the modern Conservative Party. He died of injuries after a horse he was riding fell on him.

 49 Enoch Powell

Enoch Powell.
Birthdate: June 16, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: February 8, 1998

Enoch Powell was a British politician, linguist, classical scholar, philologist, and poet. Also a soldier, Powell served in World War II, reaching the rank of brigadier. His political career is remembered for his iconic and infamous Rivers of Blood speech, which was interpreted as a demonstration of racism. The speech became the subject of a play titled What Shadows.

 50 Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester

Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 24, 1532
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: September 4, 1588