The government of the United Kingdom operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state, but it is also a unitary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government. Sir Robert Walpole is generally considered to be the first prime minister of the nation and one of the greatest politicians in British history. While Prime Minister William Pitt was the first to publicly oppose the Slave Trade, another great political leader Charles Grey abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. However Grey was against women’s suffrage which ironically fuelled the movement further. Winston Churchill who served as prime minister three different times in his career is held in history as one of the greatest wartime leaders of all time as he courageously led his people through the darkest days of World War II. British politics is also credited to have produced one of the best known female leaders of all time in Margaret Thatcher who served as the first female Prime Minister of the UK. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous British political leaders.
Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill
30 November 1874
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Boris JohnsonBoris Johnson
19 June 1964
British Prime Minister

Margaret ThatcherMargaret Thatcher
13 October 1925
Former British Prime Minister

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599
English Statesman

Tony BlairTony Blair
06 May 1953
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
24 August 1759
Harold WilsonHarold Wilson
11 March 1916
Former British Prime Minister

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897
Prime Minister of UK

Michael PortilloMichael Portillo
26 May 1953
Journalist, Political Leader
David CameronDavid Cameron
09 October 1966
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Nicola SturgeonNicola Sturgeon
19 July 1970
First Minister of Scotland
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
01 May 1769
Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain
18 March 1869
Prime Minister of the U.K.

Jeremy Bernard CorbynJeremy Corbyn
26 May 1949
Politician, Trade Unionist

Harold MacmillanHarold Macmillan
10 February 1894
Former British Prime Minister

John MajorJohn Major
29 March 1943
Former Prime Minister of Britain
Clement AttleeClement Attlee
03 January 1883
Former British Prime Minister

Jerry SpringerJerry Springer
13 February 1944
Talk Show Host, Former Politician, Former News

Gordon BrownGordon Brown
20 February 1951

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Edward HeathEdward Heath
09 July 1916
Former British Prime Minister

Robert PeelRobert Peel
05 February 1788
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George
17 January 1863
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

Jacob Rees-MoggJacob Rees-Mogg
24 May 1969

Randolph ChurchillRandolph Churchill
28 May 1911
Journalist, Politician
Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912

Sadiq KhanSadiq Khan
08 October 1970
Mayor of London
Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli
21 December 1804
British Prime Minister

Robert CliveRobert Clive
25 September 1725
British Military Officer

William Ewart GladstoneWilliam Ewart Gladstone
29 December 1809
William Pitt the YoungerWilliam Pitt the Younger
28 May 1759
Youngest Prime Minister of Britain

Continue Reading Below
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl GreyCharles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
13 March 1764
Former Prime Minister of United Kingdom
James CallaghanJames Callaghan
27 March 1912

Glenda JacksonGlenda Jackson
09 May 1936

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeAlec Douglas-Home
02 July 1903
Former PM of UK

Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633
Member of Parliament
Stanley BaldwinStanley Baldwin
03 August 1867
Former British Prime Minister
Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica

Edward Wood, 1st Earl of HalifaxEdward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
16 April 1881
Former Viceroy of India

Christopher Francis PattenChris Patten
12 May 1944

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount MelbourneWilliam Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
15 March 1779
Former British Prime Minister
H. H. AsquithH. H. Asquith
12 September 1852
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sebastian CoeSebastian Coe
29 September 1956
Middle Distance Runner, Politician

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676
First Prime Minister of Great Britain

Amber RuddAmber Rudd
01 August 1963
Former Home Secretary of the United Kingdom

Rachel JohnsonRachel Johnson
03 September 1965
Editor, Journalist
Ramsay MacDonaldRamsay MacDonald
12 October 1866
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Rory StewartRory Stewart
03 January 1973
Political Leader
Arlene FosterArlene Foster
03 July 1970
Political Leader

Richard CromwellRichard Cromwell
04 October 1626

Dennis SkinnerDennis Skinner
11 February 1932
Political Leader
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of KedlestonGeorge Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
11 January 1859
Former Viceroy of India

William Pitt, 1st Earl of ChathamWilliam Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
15 November 1708
The Great Commoner
James ConnollyJames Connolly
05 June 1868
Socialist Leader

Kenneth ClarkeKenneth Clarke
02 July 1940
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

Norman TebbitNorman Tebbit
29 March 1931
Member of Parliament

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588
Politician, Theologian

Arthur BalfourArthur Balfour
25 July 1848
Former Prime Minister of Britain
Michael FootMichael Foot
23 July 1913

Jess PhillipsJess Phillips
09 October 1981
Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and AlbanyPrince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
16 August 1763
Duke of York and Albany

Charles Stewart ParnellCharles Stewart Parnell
27 June 1846
Leader of the Irish Home Rule League
David TrimbleDavid Trimble
15 October 1944
First Minister of Northern Ireland

Mo MowlamMo Mowlam
18 September 1949
Ernest BevinErnest Bevin
09 March 1881
British statesman

Hugh GaitskellHugh Gaitskell
09 April 1906

David BlunkettDavid Blunkett
06 June 1947
Former British Home Secretary
Rab ButlerRab Butler
09 December 1902
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

John WilkesJohn Wilkes
17 October 1725
English journalist
Betty BoothroydBetty Boothroyd
08 October 1929

Shirley WilliamsShirley Williams
27 July 1930
Political Leader

George CanningGeorge Canning
11 April 1770
Former British Prime Minister
Lord MountbattenLord Mountbatten
25 June 1900
Last Viceroy of British India and Governor-General

Henry Campbell-BannermanHenry Campbell-Bannerman
07 September 1836
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Peter Carington, 6th Baron CarringtonPeter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
06 June 1919
Former Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom

Robert WinstonRobert Winston
15 July 1940
Surgeon, Scientist, TV Presenter

Chris HuhneChris Huhne
02 July 1954
Former Journalist, Politician

Austen ChamberlainAusten Chamberlain
16 October 1863
Ben BradshawBen Bradshaw
30 August 1960
John BrightJohn Bright
16 November 1811
British Radical and Liberal Politician

Arthur HendersonArthur Henderson
13 September 1863

King James IKing James I
19 June 1566
King of Scotland

Tony ClementTony Clement
27 January 1961
Member of the Canadian House of Commons
Philip Noel-BakerPhilip Noel-Baker
01 November 1889

Lord NorthLord North
13 April 1732

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834

Charles Pelham VilliersCharles Pelham Villiers
03 January 1802

Lord John RussellLord John Russell
18 August 1792
Prime Minister of Great Britain
James DouglasJames Douglas
15 August 1803
British colonial governor on Vancouver Island (now

Andrew Bonar LawAndrew Bonar Law
16 September 1858
Unknown Prime Minister
Philip Stanhope Lord chesterfieldPhilip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield
22 September 1694
British Statesman

C.P. ScottC.P. Scott
26 October 1846
Former Editor of 'The Guardian'
Feargus OConnorFeargus OConnor
18 July 1794
Chartist Leader
Robert MaxwellRobert Maxwell
10 June 1923
Politician, Entrepreneur, Writer, Publisher,