Famous British Political Leaders

The government of the United Kingdom operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state, but it is also a unitary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government. Sir Robert Walpole is generally considered to be the first prime minister of the nation and one of the greatest politicians in British history. While Prime Minister William Pitt was the first to publicly oppose the Slave Trade, another great political leader Charles Grey abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. However Grey was against women’s suffrage which ironically fuelled the movement further. Winston Churchill who served as prime minister three different times in his career is held in history as one of the greatest wartime leaders of all time as he courageously led his people through the darkest days of World War II. British politics is also credited to have produced one of the best known female leaders of all time in Margaret Thatcher who served as the first female Prime Minister of the UK. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous British political leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 2 Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin
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Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, American
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 3 King James I

King James I
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Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: March 27, 1625

 4 Nigel Farage

Nigel Farage
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Famous As: Politician, Autobiographer, Commodity broker, Spokesperson
Birthdate: April 3, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British

 5 Nicola Sturgeon

Nicola Sturgeon
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Famous As: First Minister of Scotland
Birthdate: July 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British, Scottish

Nicola Sturgeon is a Scottish politician. Since 2014, Sturgeon has been serving as the leader of the Scottish National Party and first minister of Scotland. Being the first woman to serve in these positions, Nicola Sturgeon is seen as a major inspiration to women across Scotland.

 6 Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli
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Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

 7 Jo Cox

Jo Cox
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 22, 1974
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: June 16, 2016
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 8 Jerry Springer

Jerry Springer
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Famous As: Talk Show Host, Former Politician, Former News Anchor
Birthdate: February 13, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British, American

English-born American television presenter, actor, politician, and musician Jerry Springer is a multifaceted man. A qualified lawyer, he shifted to politics from law as a young man. After a few years, he moved to journalism and found considerable success. As a TV presenter, he is best known for the tabloid talk show, The Jerry Springer Show. 

 9 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
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Famous As: Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.

 10 Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: January 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 11 Walter Raleigh

Walter Raleigh
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Famous As: Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 22, 1554
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: October 29, 1618
English explorer Walter Raleigh is best remembered for his involvement in the Siege of Smerwick and for colonizing North America. He made smoking tobacco popular in England. His accounts of his first voyage to South America led to the legend of El Dorado. He was executed to please the Spanish.

 12 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 15, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: November 24, 1848

 13 Jeremy Thorpe

Jeremy Thorpe
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 29, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: December 4, 2014

 14 William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce
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Famous As: Abolitionist
Birthdate: August 24, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1833
William Wilberforce, an independent MP from Yorkshire, was a champion for the British anti-slavery movement and made a significant contribution to the passage of the 1807 Slave Trade Act and the 1833 Slavery Abolition Act. He supported missionaries in India, founded the Church Mission Society, and was against animal cruelty.

 15 Michael Portillo

Michael Portillo
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Famous As: Journalist, Political Leader
Birthdate: May 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Former Conservative MP from Enfield Southgate, and Kensington and Chelsea, Michael Portillo, later hosted the BBC documentaries Great British Railway Journeys and Great Continental Railway Journeys. A Thatcherite and an EU-sceptic, he gave rise to the term "Portillo moment" when he lost the Conservative Enfield Southgate seat in 1997.

 16 Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 5, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 17 David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George
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Famous As: Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.

 18 James Callaghan

James Callaghan
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Birthdate: March 27, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: March 26, 2005

James Callaghan was a British politician who served as the prime minister from 1976 to 1979. Also having served as Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Callaghan is the only person in the history of the United Kingdom to have served in all the four Great Offices of State.

 19 Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
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Famous As: Former PM of UK
Birthdate: July 2, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: October 9, 1995

Alec Douglas-Home was a British politician. He served as the United Kingdom's prime minister for 363 days, becoming the second briefest prime minister of the 20th century. During his premiership, his government passed the abolition of resale price maintenance legislation in 1964.

 20 Amber Rudd

Amber Rudd
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Famous As: Former Home Secretary of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: August 1, 1963
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 21 Stephen of England

Stephen of England
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1092 AD
Nationality: British
Died: October 25, 1154

 22 Randolph Churchill

Randolph Churchill
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Famous As: Journalist, Politician
Birthdate: May 28, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: June 6, 1968

Randolph Churchill was a British journalist and writer. The only son of Sir Winston Churchill, Randolph Churchill followed in the footsteps of his father and became a prominent politician, serving as a member of parliament for Preston. Randolph Churchill was portrayed by famous actors in several TV series and films like Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years and Darkest Hour.

 23 Jeremy Hunt

Jeremy Hunt
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Famous As: Former British Foreign Secretary
Birthdate: November 1, 1966
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British

 24 Rory Stewart

Rory Stewart
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: January 3, 1973
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 25 Diane Abbott

Diane Abbott
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Famous As: Former Shadow Home Secretary
Birthdate: September 27, 1953
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 26 Robert Peel

Robert Peel
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Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: July 2, 1850

Statesman Robert Peel had been the prime minister of the U.K twice. He was also a two-time home secretary. He established the Metropolitan Police Service and also introduced the Tamworth Manifesto, thus co-founding the modern Conservative Party. He died of injuries after a horse he was riding fell on him.

 27 Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester

Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 24, 1532
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: September 4, 1588

 28 Ed Miliband

Ed Miliband
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 24, 1969
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 29 George Osborne

George Osborne
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Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: May 23, 1971
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

 30 Rachel Johnson

Rachel Johnson
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Famous As: Editor, Journalist
Birthdate: September 3, 1965
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British

Rachel Johnson is a British television presenter, journalist, and author. She is known for appearing in panel discussion programs and debate programs, such as The Pledge and Question Time. A well-known novelist, Johnson served as a judge of the 2013 Women's Prize for Fiction, one of the most prestigious literary prizes in the UK.

 31 Matt Hancock

Matt Hancock
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 2, 1978
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 32 Glenda Jackson

Glenda Jackson
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 9, 1936
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

Glenda Jackson is best known for her Academy Award-winning roles in the films Women in Love and A Touch of Class. She has also won two Emmys for playing Elizabeth I in the TV series Elizabeth R and a Tony for her role in the play Three Tall Women.

 33 George Galloway

George Galloway
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Famous As: Politician, Columnist, Political writer, Radio personality
Birthdate: August 16, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 34 Ed Balls

Ed Balls
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: February 25, 1967
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British

 35 William Pitt the Younger

William Pitt the Younger
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Famous As: Youngest Prime Minister of Britain
Birthdate: May 28, 1759
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: January 23, 1806

British statesman, William Pitt the Younger, became the youngest prime minister of Great Britain in 1783 when he was just 24. During his stint as the prime minister, he was also Chancellor of the Exchequer. Several major political events,  including the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, happened during his tenure.  He is ranked highly among all British Prime Ministers.

 36 John Dennis Profumo

John Dennis Profumo
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 9, 2006

 37 Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: March 28, 1884

 38 Andrea Leadsom

Andrea Leadsom
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 13, 1963
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

 39 William E. Gladstone

William E. Gladstone
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: May 19, 1898

 40 Zac Goldsmith

Zac Goldsmith
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Famous As: Member of House of Lords of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: January 20, 1975
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 41 Gavin Williamson

Gavin Williamson
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 25, 1976
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British

 42 Philip Hammond

Philip Hammond
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 4, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 43 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: October 18, 1865

 44 Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan
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Famous As: Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

 45 Ann Widdecombe

Ann Widdecombe
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 4, 1947
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 46 Robert Clive

Robert Clive
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Famous As: British Military Officer
Birthdate: September 25, 1725
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: November 22, 1774

 47 Esther McVey

Esther McVey
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 24, 1967
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British

 48 Stanley Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: August 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: December 14, 1947

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative statesman. He served as prime minister of the United Kingdom on three occasions during the interwar period. Baldwin's second government, which was formed by him after winning the 1924 general election, saw tenures of office by important personalities like Winston Churchill, Neville Chamberlain, and Sir Austen Chamberlain.

 49 Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys
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Famous As: Member of Parliament
Birthdate: February 23, 1633
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: May 26, 1703

 50 Emily Thornberry

Emily Thornberry
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 27, 1960
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British