Famous British Political Leaders

The government of the United Kingdom operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state, but it is also a unitary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government. Sir Robert Walpole is generally considered to be the first prime minister of the nation and one of the greatest politicians in British history. While Prime Minister William Pitt was the first to publicly oppose the Slave Trade, another great political leader Charles Grey abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. However Grey was against women’s suffrage which ironically fuelled the movement further. Winston Churchill who served as prime minister three different times in his career is held in history as one of the greatest wartime leaders of all time as he courageously led his people through the darkest days of World War II. British politics is also credited to have produced one of the best known female leaders of all time in Margaret Thatcher who served as the first female Prime Minister of the UK. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous British political leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
46
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 2 Robert Peel

Robert Peel
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ramsbottom
Died: July 2, 1850

Statesman Robert Peel had been the prime minister of the U.K twice. He was also a two-time home secretary. He established the Metropolitan Police Service and also introduced the Tamworth Manifesto, thus co-founding the modern Conservative Party. He died of injuries after a horse he was riding fell on him.

 3 Jacob Rees-Mogg

Jacob Rees-Mogg
9
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 24, 1969
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hammersmith, London

Jacob Rees-Mogg is a British politician. Since 2019, he has been serving as Leader of the House of Commons. A controversial personality in British politics, Jacob Rees-Mogg is known for his traditionalist attitude, which has earned him the nickname Honourable Member for the 18th century. A conviction politician, Jacob Rees-Mogg's anachronistic upper-class mannerisms are often viewed as entertaining.

 4 Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli
5
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

 5 William Pitt the Younger

William Pitt the Younger
4
Famous As: Youngest Prime Minister of Britain
Birthdate: May 28, 1759
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hayes, Bromley
Died: January 23, 1806

British statesman, William Pitt the Younger, became the youngest prime minister of Great Britain in 1783 when he was just 24. During his stint as the prime minister, he was also Chancellor of the Exchequer. Several major political events,  including the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, happened during his tenure.  He is ranked highly among all British Prime Ministers.

 6 Walter Raleigh

Walter Raleigh
5
Famous As: Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 22, 1554
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: East Budleigh
Died: October 29, 1618
English explorer Walter Raleigh is best remembered for his involvement in the Siege of Smerwick and for colonizing North America. He made smoking tobacco popular in England. His accounts of his first voyage to South America led to the legend of El Dorado. He was executed to please the Spanish.

 7 David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George
4
Famous As: Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chorlton-on-Medlock
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.
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 8 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
5
Famous As: Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.

 9 Michael Portillo

Michael Portillo
5
Famous As: Journalist, Political Leader
Birthdate: May 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hertfordshire
Former Conservative MP from Enfield Southgate, and Kensington and Chelsea, Michael Portillo, later hosted the BBC documentaries Great British Railway Journeys and Great Continental Railway Journeys. A Thatcherite and an EU-sceptic, he gave rise to the term "Portillo moment" when he lost the Conservative Enfield Southgate seat in 1997.

 10 Nicola Sturgeon

Nicola Sturgeon
7
Famous As: First Minister of Scotland
Birthdate: July 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland

Nicola Sturgeon is a Scottish politician. Since 2014, Sturgeon has been serving as the leader of the Scottish National Party and first minister of Scotland. Being the first woman to serve in these positions, Nicola Sturgeon is seen as a major inspiration to women across Scotland.

 11 Sadiq Khan

Sadiq Khan
10
Famous As: Mayor of London
Birthdate: October 8, 1970
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tooting, London
Sadiq Khan, the current mayor of London, has previously been the shadow secretary of state for transport and the minister of state for transport. He has also been a solicitor specialising in human rights. Named to Time 100, he has been praised for promoting tolerance reducing polluting vehicles in London.

 12 Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher
42
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 13 Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 5, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rochdale, England

 14 William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce
4
Famous As: Abolitionist
Birthdate: August 24, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kingston upon Hull
Died: July 29, 1833
William Wilberforce, an independent MP from Yorkshire, was a champion for the British anti-slavery movement and made a significant contribution to the passage of the 1807 Slave Trade Act and the 1833 Slavery Abolition Act. He supported missionaries in India, founded the Church Mission Society, and was against animal cruelty.

 15 Jo Cox

Jo Cox
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 22, 1974
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Batley, West Yorshire, England, UK
Died: June 16, 2016

British MP and Labour Party politician Jo Cox had also worked with Oxfam. The world was shocked by the news of her brutal assassination in 2016. She was shot and stabbed multiple times by far-right terrorist Thomas Mair, who believed the white race was under threat due to leftist beliefs.

 16 William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone
6
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: May 19, 1898

William Ewart Gladstone was a British politician and statesman. During a career that spanned six decades, Gladstone served as prime minister of the UK for 12 years, which included four different terms. Often counted among Britain's greatest leaders, Gladstone has been portrayed in several films and television series, such as Parnell, The Prime Minister, Edward the Seventh, and Number 10.

 17 Jerry Springer

Jerry Springer
6
Famous As: Talk Show Host, Former Politician, Former News Anchor
Birthdate: February 13, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London

English-born American television presenter, actor, politician, and musician Jerry Springer is a multifaceted man. A qualified lawyer, he shifted to politics from law as a young man. After a few years, he moved to journalism and found considerable success. As a TV presenter, he is best known for the tabloid talk show, The Jerry Springer Show. 

 18 Stanley Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin
4
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: August 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bewdley
Died: December 14, 1947

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative statesman. He served as prime minister of the United Kingdom on three occasions during the interwar period. Baldwin's second government, which was formed by him after winning the 1924 general election, saw tenures of office by important personalities like Winston Churchill, Neville Chamberlain, and Sir Austen Chamberlain.

 19 Randolph Churchill

Randolph Churchill
4
Famous As: Journalist, Politician
Birthdate: May 28, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: June 6, 1968

Randolph Churchill was a British journalist and writer. The only son of Sir Winston Churchill, Randolph Churchill followed in the footsteps of his father and became a prominent politician, serving as a member of parliament for Preston. Randolph Churchill was portrayed by famous actors in several TV series and films like Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years and Darkest Hour.

 20 Jeremy Corbyn

Jeremy Corbyn
11
Famous As: Politician, Trade Unionist
Birthdate: May 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chippenham

Jeremy Corbyn had served as the Labour Party leader and the leader of the opposition in the U.K. from 2015 to 2020. He earned the Gandhi International Peace Award for his anti-war stance. He has been serving as an Islington North MP since 1983. He calls himself a democratic socialist.

 21 Amber Rudd

Amber Rudd
4
Famous As: Former Home Secretary of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: August 1, 1963
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Marylebone, London, England

Amber Rudd is a former politician who served as the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions of the United Kingdom from 2018 to 2019. From 2016 to 2018, she served as Home Secretary under Prime Minister Theresa May. Also a humanitarian, Amber Rudd is part of an organization called Snowdon Trust, which helps disabled people access education.

 22 Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan
12
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: February 10, 1894
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cadogan Place, London
Died: December 29, 1986

Harold Macmillan, also known as “Supermac” because of his witty personality, served as the British prime minister from 1957 to 1963. He was injured and rendered partially immobile while serving in World War I. He was known for supporting the nuclear test ban and for association with the Suez Crisis.

 23 Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole
4
Famous As: First Prime Minister of Great Britain
Birthdate: August 26, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk
Died: March 18, 1745

 24 H. H. Asquith

H. H. Asquith
4
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: September 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morley
Died: February 15, 1928

 25 Harold Wilson

Harold Wilson
12
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1964-1970, 1974-1976)
Birthdate: March 11, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Huddersfield, England
Died: May 24, 1995

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for two non-consecutive terms, Harold Wilson was a British Labour politician. Historians commend him for leading his party through difficult political issues with considerable skill. With a moderate approach to socialism, he was a popular politician during his first tenure as the prime minister; his second tenure wasn’t as successful.

 26 Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain
10
Famous As: Prime Minister of the U.K.
Birthdate: March 18, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: November 9, 1940

Neville Chamberlain was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, Chamberlain served as UK's prime minister from 1937 to 1940. Known for his signing of the Munich Agreement, which is also called the Munich Betrayal, Neville Chamberlain is regarded by many as one of the most controversial prime ministers of the UK.

 27 Theresa May

Theresa May
12
Famous As: Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Eastbourne, United Kingdom

Theresa May is a British politician who became the United Kingdom's second female prime minister. She served as prime minister from 2016 to 2019. During her prime ministership, May's involvement in the Brexit negotiations gave rise to the Brexit withdrawal agreement. She is also credited with co-founding Women2Win, which promotes women empowerment.

 28 Rachel Johnson

Rachel Johnson
4
Famous As: Editor, Journalist
Birthdate: September 3, 1965
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England

Rachel Johnson is a British television presenter, journalist, and author. She is known for appearing in panel discussion programs and debate programs, such as The Pledge and Question Time. A well-known novelist, Johnson served as a judge of the 2013 Women's Prize for Fiction, one of the most prestigious literary prizes in the UK.

 29 Glenda Jackson

Glenda Jackson
4
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 9, 1936
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Birkenhead, Cheshire, England

Glenda Jackson is best known for her Academy Award-winning roles in the films Women in Love and A Touch of Class. She has also won two Emmys for playing Elizabeth I in the TV series Elizabeth R and a Tony for her role in the play Three Tall Women.

 30 Ramsay MacDonald

Ramsay MacDonald
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lossiemouth
Died: November 9, 1937

 31 Diane Abbott

Diane Abbott
5
Famous As: Former Shadow Home Secretary
Birthdate: September 27, 1953
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom

 32 George Osborne

George Osborne
4
Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: May 23, 1971
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England

Conservative Party politician George Osborne is the son of Osborne & Little co-founder Sir Peter Osborne. He initially aspired to be a journalist but started his career as an MP from Tatton and later served as the Chancellor Of The Exchequer and the First Secretary of State of the U.K.

 33 Enoch Powell

Enoch Powell
6
Birthdate: June 16, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: February 8, 1998

Enoch Powell was a British politician, linguist, classical scholar, philologist, and poet. Also a soldier, Powell served in World War II, reaching the rank of brigadier. His political career is remembered for his iconic and infamous Rivers of Blood speech, which was interpreted as a demonstration of racism. The speech became the subject of a play titled What Shadows.

 34 Ed Balls

Ed Balls
4
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: February 25, 1967
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Norwich, Norfolk, England, UK

 35 James Callaghan

James Callaghan
4
Birthdate: March 27, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Portsmouth
Died: March 26, 2005

James Callaghan was a British politician who served as the prime minister from 1976 to 1979. Also having served as Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Callaghan is the only person in the history of the United Kingdom to have served in all the four Great Offices of State.

 36 Stephen of England

Stephen of England
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1092 AD
Birthplace: Blois
Died: October 25, 1154

 37 Jeremy Hunt

Jeremy Hunt
4
Famous As: Former British Foreign Secretary
Birthdate: November 1, 1966
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kennington, London, England

 38 Rory Stewart

Rory Stewart
4
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: January 3, 1973
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: British Hong Kong

 39 Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys
4
Famous As: Member of Parliament
Birthdate: February 23, 1633
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 26, 1703

 40 Zac Goldsmith

Zac Goldsmith
4
Famous As: Member of House of Lords of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: January 20, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westminster Hospital, London, United Kingdom

 41 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died: October 18, 1865

 42 Ed Miliband

Ed Miliband
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 24, 1969
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fitzrovia, London, England

 43 Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28, 1884

 44 Priti Patel

Priti Patel
12
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 29, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

 45 Robert Clive

Robert Clive
4
Famous As: British Military Officer
Birthdate: September 25, 1725
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Styche Hall, England
Died: November 22, 1774

 46 George Galloway

George Galloway
4
Famous As: Politician, Columnist, Political writer, Radio personality
Birthdate: August 16, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dundee

 47 John Graves Simcoe

John Graves Simcoe
4
Famous As: First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Birthdate: February 25, 1752
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cotterstock, Oundle, England
Died: October 26, 1806

 48 Dennis Skinner

Dennis Skinner
4
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: February 11, 1932
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Clay Cross, United Kingdom

 49 Esther McVey

Esther McVey
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 24, 1967
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Liverpool, Merseyside, England, UK

 50 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
4
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of United Kingdom
Birthdate: March 13, 1764
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fallodon, Northumberland, England
Died: July 17, 1845