Richard Cromwell Biography
Birthday: October 4, 1626 (Libra)
Born In: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Richard Cromwell was a British statesman who served as the second Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, succeeding his father, Oliver Cromwell, the first Lord Protector. Richard was elected to the ‘First Protectorate Parliament’ as a member of parliament (MP) for Huntingdon and to the ‘Second Protectorate Parliament’ as an MP for ‘Cambridge University.’ He succeeded Oliver as the chancellor of ‘Oxford University.’ He also became a ‘Council of State’ member. He was inducted into the committee of trade but was not as successful as his father was. Oliver groomed Richard after a new constitution gave him the power to select his successor. Oliver (possibly) designated Richard as his successor, and upon his death, Richard became the Lord Protector. This, however, did not sit well with the English army. Richard faced serious issues. The high-ranking army officers were furious when he took personal charge of the army, refusing the request to appoint an experienced officer as the commander-in-chief. Moreover, issues between the army and the parliament eventually led the army to seize power and compel Richard to dissolve the parliament. The ‘Rump Parliament’ was recalled, and it dismissed Richard. Richard then officially renounced his power. He left England, returning only after 2 decades. He lived in seclusion till his death at age 85.