Famous People Born In 1881

Discover the most famous people born in 1881. The list includes people like Pablo Picasso, Alexander Fleming, Pope John XXIII, Smedley Butler, Cecil B. DeMille and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, soldiers, military leaders and philosophers born in 1881. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Pablo Picasso
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century and Co-Founder of the 'Cubist Movement')
Pablo Picasso
82
Birthdate: 25th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

 2 
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
(Founder of the Republic of Turkey,)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
62
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 19th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 
 3 
Guccio Gucci
(Italian Businessman)
Guccio Gucci
30
Birthdate: 26th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence
Died: January 2, 1953
Son of an Italian leather-goods maker, Guccio Gucci was initially reluctant to join his family business and worked in hotels instead. Changing his mind later, he opened the first Gucci shop in Florence in 1921. The year of his death, 1953, saw the opening of the first Gucci store abroad.
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 4 
Alexander Fleming
(Physician and Microbiologist Who Discovered ‘Penicillin’ World’s First Broadly Effective Antibiotic Substance)
Alexander Fleming
21
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 6th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Darvel, East Ayrshire, Scotland
Died: March 11, 1955

Alexander Fleming was a Scottish microbiologist and physician. He is credited with discovering penicillin, the world's first effective antibiotic substance; a discovery that changed the course of history. He also discovered lysozyme, an antimicrobial enzyme which forms part of the innate immune system. In 1999, Fleming was named in Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century list.

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 5 
Cecil B. DeMille
(One of the Most Commercially Successful Producers & Directors in Film History)
Cecil B. DeMille
3
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ashfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 21, 1959

Cecil B. DeMille was an American filmmaker. DeMille is widely regarded as a founding father of the cinema of the United States. He is also considered the most successful filmmaker in the history of American cinema. The recipient of several prestigious awards, DeMille's work has influenced several filmmakers. The Cecil B. DeMille Award is named in his honor. 

 6 
P G Wodehouse
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 15th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guildford, England
Died: February 14, 1975
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 7 
Bela Bartok
(One of the Most Important Composers of the 20th Century)
Bela Bartok
15
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 25th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sânnicolau Mare, Romania
Died: September 26, 1945

Bela Bartok was a Hungarian pianist, composer, and ethnomusicologist. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most prominent composers, Bartok is also counted among Hungary's greatest composers of all time. He is credited with co-founding comparative musicology, which came to be known as ethnomusicology.

 8 
Anna Pavlova
(Russian Ballerina and One of the Most-Celebrated Ballet Dancers of Her Time)
Anna Pavlova
8
Listed In: Ballet Dancers
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 23, 1931

One of the first ballerinas to travel extensively around the world, Anna Pavlova had first gained an interest in the dance form after watching an adaptation of The Sleeping Beauty. She initially gained fame dancing with Mikhail Mordkin and later made waves with her iconic role in The Dying Swan.

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 9 
Stefan Zweig
(One of the Most Popular and Widely Translated Writers in the World During 1920s & 1930s)
Stefan Zweig
6
Birthdate: 28th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 22, 1942

Stefan Zweig was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist, and biographer. He was one of the most widely translated and most popular writers in the world at the height of his career. His best-known work is Sternstunden der Menschheit, in which he wrote about decisive historical events. His later years were very difficult and he died by suicide in 1942.

 10 
Smedley Butler
(United States Marine Corps officer)
Smedley Butler
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 30th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 21, 1940
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 11 
Wesley Branch Rickey
(Baseball player)
Wesley Branch Rickey
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 20th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Portsmouth, Ohio, United States
Died: December 9, 1965
 12 
Ettore Bugatti
(Automobile Designer, Founder and Proprietor of the Automobile Manufacturing Company ‘Automobiles E. Bugatti’)
Ettore Bugatti
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: August 21, 1947

Ettore Bugatti was an automobile designer and manufacturer. He is credited with founding the popular car manufacturer Automobiles E. Bugatti, which gained prominence as the maker of some of the fastest and technologically advanced cars of its day. In 2000, Ettore Bugatti was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.

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 13 
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
(Jesuit Priest who Co-developed the Concept of Noosphere & was Part of the Discovery of Peking Man)
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
4
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Orcines, France
Died: April 10, 1955

French paleontologist and Jesuit priest Pierre Teilhard de Chardin is remembered as someone who deviated from theology to science. He discovered the fossilized remains known as the Peking man in China, but faced a lot of opposition from his religious superiors when it came to publishing his scientific thoughts.

 14 
Alexander Kerensky
(Minister-President of the Russian Republic (September 1917 - November 1917))
Alexander Kerensky
8
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: June 11, 1970

Alexander Kerensky was a Russian revolutionary and lawyer who played a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Alexander Kerensky is often portrayed in films and TV series. In the 1971 epic historical drama film Nicholas and Alexandra, he was played by John McEnery. In the 2019 series The Last Czars, he was portrayed by Kestutis Cicenas.

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 15 
William Boeing
(American Aviation Pioneer and Founder of ‘The Boeing Company’)
William Boeing
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan, United States
Died: September 28, 1956
Aviation mogul and Boeing founder William Boeing was initially a timber man. While learning to fly from Glenn L. Martin, he bought a plane from him, damaged it, and managed to repair it. Inspired by this, he built his first plane. He was also a horse-breeder and an avid reader.
 16 
Fernand Léger
(French Painter and Sculptor Best Known for His Painting ‘My Mother's Garden’)
Fernand Léger
1
Listed In: Cubist Painters
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Argentan, France
Died: August 17, 1955

Fernand Léger was a French sculptor, painter, and filmmaker. Widely regarded as the forerunner of pop art, Léger was also active as a teacher for several years. He is also credited with establishing his own Académie Fernand Léger, where he taught for many years. Many of his pupils went on to establish themselves as successful artists.

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 17 
Władysław Sikorski
(Politician, Military personnel)
Władysław Sikorski
4
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tuszów Narodowy
Died: July 4, 1943

Władysław Sikorski was a Polish political and military leader. He played important roles in both the First and Second World War. A supporter of Polish independence prior to the war, Sikorski fought in the Polish Legions during World War I. He was also an influential figure in the newly created Polish Army that took part in the Polish–Soviet War.

 18 
Lu Xun
(Chinese Writer, Essayist, Poet & Literary Critic)
Lu Xun
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China
Died: October 19, 1936

Lu Xun was a Chinese writer, poet, essayist, and literary critic. An important and influential personality of modern Chinese literature, Lu Xun's work influenced Chinese literature and popular culture after the May Fourth Movement. Mao Zedong, a lifelong admirer of Lu's work, declared him the saint of modern China shortly after his death. His works have been translated into English.

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 19 
George Enescu
(Romanian Composer, Violinist and Conductor)
George Enescu
5
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: George Enescu, Romania
Died: May 4, 1955
 20 
Irving Langmuir
1
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: August 16, 1957

Irving Langmuir was an American physicist, chemist, and engineer. He is credited with popularizing the concentric theory of atomic structure. Irving Langmuir is also credited with inventing the hydrogen welding technique and the gas-filled incandescent lamp. In 1932, Langmuir won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his contribution to surface chemistry. He also won other prestigious awards like Faraday Medal.

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 21 
King Oliver
(Musician)
King Oliver
0
Birthdate: 19th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aben, Louisiana, United States
Died: April 10, 1938
 22 
Enver Pasha
(Ottoman Military Officer, Revolutionary and Convicted War Criminal Who Formed One-Third of the 'Three Pashas' Triumvirate)
Enver Pasha
16
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 22nd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 4, 1922
Ottoman military officer Enver Pasha is remembered as one of the main figures of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk leader was one of the Three Pashas who ruled over the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was killed by the Soviets during the Basmachi Revolt.
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 23 
Jess Willard
(Boxer)
Jess Willard
1
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 29th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pottawatomie County, Kansas
Died: December 15, 1968
 24 
Ernest Bevin
(British statesman)
Ernest Bevin
0
Birthdate: 9th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Winsford, Somerset
Died: April 14, 1951
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 25 
Günther Quandt
(German industrialist who founded an industrial empire that today includes BMW and Altana (chemicals))
Günther Quandt
0
Birthdate: 28th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pritzwalk, Germany
Died: December 30, 1954
 26 
Ludwig von Mises
(One of the Most Influential Economic and Political Thinkers of the 20th Century)
Ludwig von Mises
3
Listed In: Economists
Birthdate: 29th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: October 10, 1973
A polyglot at age 12, Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises grew up to acquire a doctorate in law and taught at the universities of New York and Vienna. Known for his works such as The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, he supported free-market liberalism and opposed socialism. 
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 27 
Pope John XXIII
(Head of the Catholic Church from 1958 to 1963)
Pope John XXIII
17
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 25th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII, Italy
Died: June 3, 1963

Pope John XXIII served as the Bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church from 1958 until his death in 1963. He took many people by surprise when he called the historic Second Vatican Council, which addressed relations between the modern world and the Catholic Church. Pope John XXIII was canonized on 27 April 2014.

 28 
Alastair Denniston
(Scottish Field Hockey Player)
Alastair Denniston
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 1st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died: January 1, 1961

Alastair Denniston was a Scottish code breaker and hockey player. He was deputy head of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) from 1919 to 1942. As a member of the Scottish Olympic hockey team in 1908, he won a bronze medal. He worked as a code breaker during the war years. He taught French and Latin following his retirement. 

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 29 
Eugène Schueller
(Founder of L'Oréal)
Eugène Schueller
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 20th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 23, 1957
 30 
Asta Nielsen
(Actress)
Asta Nielsen
2
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 11th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vesterbro, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: May 24, 1972
 31 
Natalya Goncharova
(Russian artist)
Natalya Goncharova
1
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nagayevo, Russia
Died: October 17, 1962

Natalya Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde painter, writer, illustrator, costume designer, and set designer. A member of avant-garde groups like Jack of Diamonds and Donkey's Tail, Goncharova influenced several unconventional artists in Russia and Paris. Goncharova also had a successful career as a costume designer; she designed costumes for the Ballets Russes.

 32 
Crystal Eastman
(Lawyer)
Crystal Eastman
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 25th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Marlborough, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 8, 1928
 33 
Erwin von Witzleben
(Russian American Actress)
Erwin von Witzleben
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 4th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: August 8, 1944

German field marshal Erwin von Witzleben was one of the main conspirators of the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Arrested for his crimes, he was later forced to appear in court without his false teeth and eventually executed and hung from a meat hook by a piano wire.

 34 
Luisa Casati
(Socialite,Model)
Luisa Casati
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 23rd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: June 1, 1957
 35 
Hermann Staudinger
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 23rd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Worms, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Died: September 8, 1965

Hermann Staudinger was a German organic chemist whose demonstration of the existence of polymers earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1953. He also played a key role in the development of pyrethroid insecticides as he was able to explain clearly the molecular structures of pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II. Hermann Staudinger is also credited with discovering ketenes. 

 36 
Tommy Burns
(Canadian Professional Boxer)
Tommy Burns
0
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover, Ontario, Canada
Died: May 10, 1955
 37 
Max Gerson
(Physician)
Max Gerson
1
Birthdate: 18th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wągrowiec
Died: March 8, 1959

German-American physician Max Gerson was the proponent of the Gerson Therapy, which began as a diet-based treatment for migraine but ended up being used by him as a treatment for tuberculosis and cancer. Though Gerson died of pneumonia, there was an alternate theory that stated he had been murdered.

 38 
François Darlan
(Politician, Military personnel)
François Darlan
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 7th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nérac
Died: December 24, 1942
 39 
Clinton Davisson
(Physicist)
Clinton Davisson
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bloomington, Illinois, United States
Died: February 1, 1958
 40 
Mikhail Larionov
(Painter Known for Pioneering the First Approach to Abstract Russian Art)
Mikhail Larionov
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tiraspol, Moldova
Died: May 10, 1964

Russian avant-garde artist and stage designer Mikhail Larionov is best known as a co-founder of the Rayonist movement, which he established along with his wife and collaborator Natalya Goncharova. He also introduced abstraction in painting and spent his later life in France, obtaining a French citizenship.

 41 
Hans Kelsen
(Austrian Jurist and Philosopher Who Formulated a Kind of Positivism Known as the 'Pure Theory' of Law)
Hans Kelsen
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 11th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: April 19, 1973

Hans Kelsen was an Austria-born jurist, legal philosopher and writer on international law, known especially for his Pure Theory of Law and his defense of democracy. Author of the 1920 Austrian Constitution, he left his homeland in 1930 due to rising totalitarianism. He went to the USA, where he taught at well-known universities, concurrently producing important works like Principles of International Law.

 42 
Ed Walsh
(Baseball pitcher)
Ed Walsh
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 14th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Plains Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 26, 1959
 43 
Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Princess)
Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1
Birthdate: 30th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 21, 1967
 44 
Hans Wilsdorf
(Businessman)
Hans Wilsdorf
1
Birthdate: 22nd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kulmbach, Germany
Died: July 6, 1960
 45 
Fernande Olivier
(Model)
Fernande Olivier
1
Listed In: Models
Birthdate: 6th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 26, 1966
 46 
Octavian Goga
(37th Prime Minister of Romania (1937 - 1938))
Octavian Goga
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rășinari, Sibiu County, Romania
Died: May 7, 1938

Right-wing Romanian politician Octavian Goga was a significant part of the Romanian nationalistic movement and the Romanian National Party. He later formed the National Christian Party and led Romania as its prime minister. He was a talented poet, playwright, and journalist, too, and penned works such as The Olt River.

 47 
Raymond Hood
(Architect)
Raymond Hood
1
Birthdate: 29th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pawtucket, Rhode Island, United States
Died: August 14, 1934
Raymond Hood was an American aechitect who worked in the Neo-Gothic and Art Deco styles and is known for his outsized influence on 20th-century architecture. An early proponent of a “city of towers”, Hood advocated for larger assemblages of land. He was noted for skyscraper designs in Chicago and New York City and is known for designing Tribune Tower, Rockefeller Center, and American Radiator Building.
 48 
Walter Rudolf Hess
(Physiologist)
Walter Rudolf Hess
1
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frauenfeld
Died: August 12, 1973

Walter Rudolf Hess was a Swiss physiologist whose research on the diencephalon earned him the 1949 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. His research helped him to map the parts of the brain that control the internal organs. In 1930, he helped found the International Foundation for the High Alpine Research Station Jungfraujoch and served as its director till 1937.

 49 
George Bacovia
(Poet)
George Bacovia
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 17th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bacău, Romania
Died: May 22, 1957
 50 
Theodore von Karman
(Mathematician)
Theodore von Karman
4
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 11th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: May 6, 1963

Hungarian-American mathematician Theodore von Karman is best known for his research on aeronautics. Born to a professor father, Karman was a math prodigy in childhood and was pushed into engineering. He was also the first recipient of the National Medal of Science. A bachelor for life, he lived with his mother and sister.