Famous People Born In 1871

Discover the most famous people born in 1871. The list includes people like Ernest Rutherford, Marcel Proust, Rosa Luxemburg, Cordell Hull, James Weldon Johnson and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, psychologists and journalists born in 1871. This list includes people from France, United States, United Kingdom & Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Orville Wright
(Co-inventor of First Successful Airplane)
Orville Wright
45
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dayton, Ohio, United States
Died: January 30, 1948

Orville Wright was an aviation pioneer who alongside his brother, Wilbur, built and flew the world's first successful motor-operated airplane, the Wright Flyer, a heavier-than-air aircraft. The three-axis control system developed by the brothers remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. Orville also served on the board of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).

 2 
Ernest Rutherford
(New Zealand Physicist Who is Known as the Father of Nuclear Physics)
Ernest Rutherford
36
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brightwater, New Zealand
Died: October 19, 1937

New Zealand physicist Ernest Rutherford is remembered as the father of nuclear physics. His discovery of radioactive half-life and of radon, and his differentiation of alpha and beta radiation, won him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. Element 104 was named rutherfordium in his honor.

 3 
Marcel Proust
(French Novelist Who is Regarded as One of the Most Influential Authors of the 20th Century)
Marcel Proust
3
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 10th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Neuilly-Auteuil-Passy, France
Died: November 18, 1922

Marcel Proust was a French novelist, essayist, and critic best known for writing the world-renowned novel In Search of Lost Time, which was published between 1913 and 1927 in seven parts. Many writers and critics regard him as one of the 20th century's most influential and important authors.

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 4 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
17
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
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James Weldon Johnson
8
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Died: June 26, 1938
 6 
Aleksandr Scriabin
(One of the Most Controversial Composer-Pianists of the Early 20th Century)
Aleksandr Scriabin
6
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 14, 1915

Russian composer and pianist Aleksandr Scriabin is considered one of the most innovative and controversial of early modern composers. Interested in music from an early age, he built pianos as a young man and didn’t take long to establish himself as a brilliant composer. Unfortunately, he died at the height of his career, at the age of just 43. 

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 7 
Stephen Crane
(Writer, Journalist, Poet, Baseball player, Novelist, Screenwriter)
Stephen Crane
5
Listed In:
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Newark
Died: June 5, 1900
 8 
Theodore Dreiser
(American Novelist and Journalist)
Theodore Dreiser
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 27th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Terre Haute, Indiana, United States
Died: December 28, 1945
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 9 
Cordell Hull
(47th United States Secretary of State)
Cordell Hull
3
Birthdate: 2nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Olympus, Tennessee, United States
Died: July 23, 1955
 10 
Pop Warner
(American Football coach)
Pop Warner
3
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: September 7, 1954
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 11 
Friedrich Ebert
(1st President of Germany (1919 - 1925))
Friedrich Ebert
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: February 28, 1925

Friedrich Ebert was a German politician who served as the president of Germany from 1919 to 1925. He played an important role during the German Revolution of 1918–19, which helped replace the federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary republic, which came to be known as the Weimar Republic. Friedrich Ebert also worked towards restoring peace in Germany.

 12 
Pietro Badoglio
(Prime Minister of Italy from 1943 to 1944)
Pietro Badoglio
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grazzano Badoglio, Italy
Died: November 1, 1956

Initially an artillery officer, Pietro Badoglio served as a general during the two World Wars. He eventually signed an armistice with the Allies to withdraw Italian forces from World War II. He eventually served as the prime minister of Italy and was also the 1st Duke of Addis Abeba.

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 13 
Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia
(Aristocrat)
Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia
2
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 10, 1899
 14 
Guillermo Kahlo
(Former Photographer who photographically documented important architectural works, churches, streets, landmarks, as well as industries and companies in Mexico)
Guillermo Kahlo
0
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pforzheim, Germany
Died: April 14, 1948
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 15 
Hubert Cecil Booth
(Engineer)
Hubert Cecil Booth
0
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris
Died: January 14, 1955

Civil engineer Hubert Cecil Booth had designed everything from Ferris wheels to bridges, but the product that he is most remembered for is the vacuum cleaner, which he invented to introduce a hygienic method of dust removal. He had also designed Navy ships. He rejected the knighthood offered to him.

 16 
Paul Valery
(French Poet, Essayist and Philosopher)
Paul Valery
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sète, France
Died: July 20, 1945

Paul Valery was a French poet, philosopher, and essayist. Thanks to his immense contribution to literature, Valery received several nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature. The title of the 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film The Wind Rises was inspired by one of Paul Valery's verses. Also, his poem Palme inspired James Merrill's celebrated poem, Lost in Translation.

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 17 
W. H. Davies
(British poet)
W. H. Davies
1
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Newport, Wales
Died: September 26, 1940

After losing his father at age 3, Georgian poet W. H. Davies was raised by his grandparents. He later spent moving from place to place in the US and Canada, taking up odd jobs, and even lost his right foot while trying to jump a freight train.

 18 
Lesya Ukrainka
(Writer)
Lesya Ukrainka
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Novohrad-Volyns'kyi, Ukraine
Died: August 1, 1913
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 19 
Jack Butler Yeats
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 28, 1957
Son of painter John Butler Yeats and brother of poet W. B. Yeats, Jack Butler Yeats was an Irish artist who included elements of Celtic mythology and landscapes in his art and thus redefined romanticism and nationalism following the Irish War of Independence. His later paintings drew from Expressionism.
 20 
Charles Freer Andrews
(Anglican Priest, Christian Missionary, Educator and Social Reformer)
Charles Freer Andrews
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: England, United Kingdom
Died: April 5, 1940

Charles Freer Andrews was a Christian missionary and Anglican priest. He was also an educator and social reformer. A close friend of Indian freedom fighters Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi, he supported the Indian struggle for independence. Gandhi fondly called him Deenabandhu, or "Friend of the Poor". Even today, Andrews is widely respected in India. 

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 21 
John Millington Synge
(Irish Playwright, Poet and a Key Figure in the Irish Literary Revival)
John Millington Synge
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 16th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rathfarnham, Dublin, Ireland
Died: March 24, 1909

A major figure of the Irish Literary Revival, John Millington Synge is best remembered for his play The Playboy of the Western World, which caused riots in Dublin due to its satiric depiction of the Irish nature of boasting. His life ended abruptly at 37, due to blood cancer.

 22 
Nicolae Iorga
(34th Prime Minister of Romania (1931 - 1932))
Nicolae Iorga
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Botoșani, Romania
Died: November 27, 1940

Nicolae Iorga was a Romanian politician, historian, memoirist, poet, playwright, literary critic, and Albanologist. He is credited with co-founding the Democratic Nationalist Party. Nicolae Iorga is best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Romania from 19 April 1931 to 6 June 1932. 

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 23 
Guangxu Emperor
(Tenth Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1875 - 1908))
Guangxu Emperor
6
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 14th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prince Chun Mansion, Beijing, China
Died: November 14, 1908

Guangxu Emperor reigned over the Qing dynasty from 1875 to 1908. He was also the ninth Qing emperor to reign over the Eighteen Provinces or China proper. He is best remembered for initiating the Hundred Days' Reform, which was brought to an end by Empress Dowager Cixi in 1898. Subsequently, Guangxu Emperor lost power and was killed in 1908.

 24 
Grazia Deledda
(Italian Author and Winner of 1926 Nobel Prize for Literature)
Grazia Deledda
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 27th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nuoro, Italy
Died: August 15, 1936

Grazia Deledda was an Italian writer who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926, becoming the first Italian woman to receive the prize. Interested in writing from a young age, she became a writer despite her family’s objections. Today, her work is highly regarded across the world, and generations of writers continue to be inspired by her.  

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 25 
Arthur Griffith
(Former Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom (1918-1922))
Arthur Griffith
0
Birthdate: 31st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: August 12, 1922

Best known as the founder of the political party Sinn Féin, Arthur Griffith was also a journalist who launched the nationalist newspaper United Irishman. Though he didn’t participate in the Easter Rising, he was arrested and later released. He negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty and became the president of Dáil Éireann.

 26 
František Kupka
(Artist)
František Kupka
0
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Opočno, Czech Republic
Died: June 24, 1957
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 27 
Doppo Kunikida
(Japanese Author of Novels and Romantic Poetry During the Meiji Period)
Doppo Kunikida
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chōshi, Chiba, Japan
Died: June 23, 1908
A Japanese author who wrote novels and romantic poetry, Kunikida Doppo belongs to the Meiji period. Noted as one of the inventors of Japanese naturalism, Doppo served in the Sino-Japanese War as a reporter. After war, he published a compilation of poems titled Doppo's Poems. Later, he published a romantic short story titled Musashino followed by Doppo shu and Unmei.
 28 
John Langalibalele Dube
(South African Essayist, Novelist, Poet and Founding President of the South African Native National Congress)
John Langalibalele Dube
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 22nd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Died: February 11, 1946

John Langalibalele Dube was a South African essayist, philosopher, politician, publisher, educator, editor, novelist, and poet. He served as the president of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) from 1912 to 1917. He felt strongly about human rights and founded the Inanda Seminary Institute for Girls. He was passionate about encouraging black people to launch their own businesses. 

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 29 
Seebohm Rowntree
(British Sociologist and Philanthropist Known for His Studies of Poverty and Welfare)
Seebohm Rowntree
0
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York, England
Died: October 7, 1954

Though he initially studied chemistry, Seebohm Rowntree soon joined his family cocoa business. He soon introduced employee-friendly policies, such as the 5-day work week and a pension plan, in the company. His pioneering study of working-class homes in York became an iconic sociological treatise on the poor.

 30 
Florine Stettheimer
(Painter)
Florine Stettheimer
0
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rochester, New York, United States
Died: May 11, 1944
 31 
Prince Randian
(Actor and Circus performer)
Prince Randian
1
Birthdate: 12th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Demerara, British Guiana
Died: December 19, 1934
 32 
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon
(Politician)
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 8th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belfast, Ireland
Died: November 24, 1940
 33 
Christian Morgenstern
(Poet)
Christian Morgenstern
1
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 6th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 31, 1914
 34 
Stjepan Radić
(Croatian Politician and Croatian People's Peasant Party Founder Who Was Assassinated in the Parliament)
Stjepan Radić
2
Birthdate: 11th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Desno Trebarjevo, Croatia
Died: August 8, 1928

Croatian politician Stjepan Radić, who founded the Croatian People's Peasant Party, is remembered for his pioneering work in uniting the peasant community of Croatia into a prominent political entity. He supported Croatian autonomy. He died of a fatal wound after being shot in the parliament by rival politician Puniša Račić.

 35 
George Washington
(Inventor and Businessperson)
George Washington
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kortrijk, Belgium
Died: March 29, 1946
 36 
Gjergj Fishta
(Poet)
Gjergj Fishta
2
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 23rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Fishtë, Albania
Died: December 30, 1940
 37 
Jovan Dučić
(Poet)
Jovan Dučić
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Trebinje, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Died: April 7, 1943
 38 
Lyonel Feininger
(Painter)
Lyonel Feininger
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: January 13, 1956
 39 
Olga Preobrajenska
(Russian Ballerina)
Olga Preobrajenska
0
Listed In: Ballet Dancers
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 27, 1962

Olga Preobrajenska was a Russian ballet dancer who worked at the popular Imperial Russian Ballet. Although she was born with a crooked spine, Preobrajenska went on to pursue her dream of becoming a prima ballerina. Remembered for her turnout and toe point, Preobrajenska exhibited the desired grace of a dancer with ease. She also taught popular ballerinas like Irina Baronova.

 40 
Heinrich Mann
(Novelist)
Heinrich Mann
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 27th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lübeck, Germany
Died: March 11, 1950
 41 
Alexander von Zemlinsky
(Composer)
Alexander von Zemlinsky
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 14th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 15, 1942
 42 
Wilhelm Stenhammar
(Composer, Conductor)
Wilhelm Stenhammar
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 7th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 20, 1927
 43 
Aarnoud van Heemstra
(Governor-General of Suriname (23 May 1921 – 21 May 1924))
Aarnoud van Heemstra
0
Birthdate: 22nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vreeland, Netherlands
Died: December 30, 1957
 44 
Margaret Floy Washburn
(American Psychologist)
Margaret Floy Washburn
1
Listed In: Psychologists
Birthdate: 25th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: October 29, 1939
 45 
Kōtoku Shūsui
(Japanese Socialist and Anarchist Who Played a Leading Role in Introducing Anarchism to Japan)
Kōtoku Shūsui
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nakamura, Japan
Died: January 24, 1911

Japanese socialist leader Kōtoku Shūsui initially worked as a houseboy for Tokyo politician Hayashi Yūzō. He later educated himself and began writing for newspapers, eventually spearheading the Social Democratic Party. Later accused of conspiring against the Emperor, he was executed, spelling the end of the socialist movement in Japan temporarily.

 46 
William McDougall
(English Psychologist)
William McDougall
0
Birthdate: 22nd June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chadderton, Lancashire, England
Died: November 28, 1938
 47 
Ernst Zermelo
(Former Mathematician, Logician known for his role in developing Zermelo–Fraenkel axiomatic set theory and his proof of the well-ordering theorem)
Ernst Zermelo
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 21, 1953
 48 
Georges Rouault
(Painter)
Georges Rouault
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 27th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 13, 1958
 49 
William Stern
(Psychologist)
William Stern
0
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 27, 1938
 50 
Leonid Andreyev
(Playwright)
Leonid Andreyev
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 21st August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 12, 1919